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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mata Khtata, a village in Baz, Hakkari, c. 1900
Mata Khtata, a village in Baz, Hakkari, c. 1900

Baz (Syriac: ܒܙ) was one of the five independent Assyrian tribes of the Hakkari region.[1]


Maha Khtayya was the chief village of the region, followed by Shwawwa.[2] All the Maliks descended from the hereditary Malik-Younan family. The last malik, Malik Khamo Younan of Maha Khtayya died in 1937 at Baghdad, Iraq. The Baz region was also the birthplace and ancestral home of the Assyrian World War I commander General Agha Petros.[citation needed]

The Assyrians of the Baz tribe were renowned carpenters and iron-workers who worked not only in their villages, but throughout Mosul and other large towns of Upper Mesopotamia.[3]

Baznaye are traditionally adherents of the Assyrian Church of the East, and the majority remain adherents. Baznaye can also be found in the Chaldean Catholic Church due to the conversions made in the early 20th century and resettlement near traditional Chaldean villages. Some Baznaye also joined the Ancient Church of the East after the 1968 schism. A very small minority also adhere to Presbyterianism, Anglicanism and Evangelicalism. The patron saint of the region is Mar Qayyoma. Mar Zaia is also highly revered as it was the cathedral church of Diocese of Jilu and Baz.

Assyrian Villages in Baz, Turkey

The Assyrian settlements that traditionally comprised the Baz region in Hakkari consist of the following villages.[2][4] The region has been empty since they were abandoned in 1915 due to the Assyrian genocide.[2]

  • Arwantus (Artusnaye)
  • Shwawwa (Shawutnaye)
  • Maha Khtayya (Mahaye) (37°27 N, 43°53 E)
  • Be-Selim (Selimnaye)
  • Argab (Argabaye)
  • Kojij (Kojijnaye)

Current Baznaye settlements

These are the villages occupied after the Baznaye were resettled by the British in 1920s and the French in the 1930s.

  • Babilo (Shawutnaye)
  • Bagereh (Selimnaye)
  • Chaqala (Kojijnaye)
  • Sardarawa (Artusnaye)
  • Sorka (Mahaye)
  • Simele (Mahaye)
  • Badarrash (Artusnaye)
  • Sarsing (Artusnaye)
  • Sikren (Selimnaye)
  • Sedar (Shawutnaye)
  • Pirozawa (Argabaye)
  • Ain Sifne (Mixed Baznaye)
  • Mawana (Mixed Baznaye)

Famous people


  1. ^ Wilmshurst, David (2000). The ecclesiastical organisation of the Church of the East, 1318-1913. University of Virginia: Peeters. p. 285. ISBN 9782877235037.
  2. ^ a b c Mutzafi, Hezy (2000). "The Neo-Aramaic dialect of Maha Khtaya d-Baz. Phonology, morphology and texts". Journal of Semitic Studies. 45: 293, 294. doi:10.1093/jss/45.2.293.
  3. ^ Maunsell, F.R. (1901). "Central Kurdistan". The Geographical Journal. 18 (2): 138. doi:10.2307/1775333. JSTOR 1775333.
  4. ^ Ainsworth, William (1841). "An Account of a Visit to the Chaldeans, Inhabiting Central Kurdistan; And of an Ascent of the Peak of Rowandiz (Tur Sheikhiwa) in Summer in 1840". Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London. 11: 35. doi:10.2307/1797632. JSTOR 1797632.
  5. ^ a b Dodge, Bayard (1 July 1940). "The settlement of the Assyrians on the Khabbur". Journal of the Royal Central Asian Society. 27 (3): 314. doi:10.1080/03068374008730969. ISSN 0035-8789.
  6. ^ Fernandez, Alberto M. (1998). "Dawn at Tell Tamir: The Assyrian Christian Survival on the Khabur River" (PDF). Journal of Assyrian Academic Studies. 12 (1): 41, 42. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-08-28. Retrieved 2020-04-25.
  7. ^ Fernandez, Alberto M. (1998). "Dawn at Tell Tamir: The Assyrian Christian Survival on the Khabur River" (PDF). Journal of Assyrian Academic Studies. 12 (1): 41, 42. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-08-28. Retrieved 2020-04-25.

This page was last edited on 12 July 2021, at 06:02
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