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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Map of Batu Islands.
Map of Batu Islands.
A council house in Baruyu Lasara, Tello island (1922)
Bride in the Batu Islands (1938)
Wedding in the Batu Islands (1938)

The Batu Islands are an archipelago of Indonesia located in the Indian Ocean, off the west coast of Sumatra, between Nias and Siberut. The three primary islands, of approximately equal size, are Pini, Tanahmasa, and Tanahbala. There are seventy-five smaller islands, of which the largest are Sipika, Simuk, Bodjo, Telo and Sigata; less than half are inhabited. The total land area of the seven administrative districts is 1,201.1 km2. The islands are governed as a part of South Nias regency within North Sumatra province. In Indonesian and Malay, batu means rock or stone.

The equator passes through the archipelago, north of Tanahmasa and south of Pini. Administratively, Pini (with offshore islets) forms the Pulau Pulau Batu Timur (East Batu Islands) District of South Nias Regency. The rest of the archipelago at the 2010 Census comprised the Pulau-pulau Batu (Batu Islands) and Hibala Districts of the same regency. However, both have been subsequently divided to form new Districts - Tanahmasa District has been formed from part of Hibala District, and three new districts have been formed from parts of Pulau Pulau Batu District - namely Pulau Pulau Batu Barat (West Batu Islands), Pulau Pulau Batu Utara (North Batu Islands) and Simuk Districts. The original districts remain with reduced areas and population, and thus the islands now form seven separate districts.

Name Area
in km2
Population
Census
2010[1]
Population
Census
2015[2]
Population
Estimate
2019[3]
Number
of
villages
Post
code
Hibala (a) 225.75 9,620 4,449 4,617 17 22881
Tanahmasa 451.43 (b) 3,626 3,763 12 22887
Pulau Pulau Batu (c)
(Batu Islands)
105.09 16,365 6,491 6,736 22 22882
Pulau Pulau Batu Timur
(East Batu Islands)
372.05 2,483 1,678 1,741 10 22884
Simuk (island) 20.42 (d) 1,217 1,262 6 22886
Pulau Pulau Batu Barat
(West Batu Islands)
21.06 (d) 1,511 1,568 9 22883
Pulau Pulau Batu Utara
(North Batu Islands)
6.30 (d) 2,447 2,538 12 22885
Totals for Kepulauan Batu 1,201.10 28,468 21,419 22,225 88

Notes: (a) Hibala District now comprises 42 islands. (b) The 2010 population of Tanah Masa District (comprising that part of Tanahmasa Island previously part of Hibala District) is included in the 2010 population of Hibala District. (c) Pulau Pulau Batu District now comprises 35 islands. (d) The 2010 populations of Simuk District (Simuk Island), Pulau Pulau Batu Barat District and Pulau Pulau Batu Utara District are included in the 2010 population of Pulau Pulau Batu District.

The four new districts in the Batu Islands are Pulau Pulau Batu Barat (West Batu Islands), Pulau Pulau Batu Utara (North Batu Islands), Simuk (Simuk Island) and Tanah Masa (that part of Tanahmasa Island previously part of Hibala District).

People

A man speaking Li Niha, the language of the Batu Islands.

The people of the Batu Islands have had substantial interaction with the populations of Nias, to the north, whose language they share. The islands have occasionally been a destination for slaves who escaped from Nias, and in the past decade have become a destination for surfing boat charters from Padang, on the Sumatran mainland. The population at the 2010 Census was 28,468.[4]

The islands were visited by Simon Reeve during Equator, a 2006 BBC TV Series.

Wildlife

A population of the Sunda clouded leopard had been recorded here.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  2. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2018.
  3. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2020.
  4. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  5. ^ Wilting A.; Christiansen P.; Kitchener A. C.; Kemp Y. J. M.; Ambu L.; Fickel, J. (2010). "Geographical variation in and evolutionary history of the Sunda clouded leopard (Neofelis diardi) (Mammalia: Carnivora: Felidae) with the description of a new subspecies from Borneo". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 58 (2): 317–28. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2010.11.007. PMID 21074625.[permanent dead link]

This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 13:42
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