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Battling Levinsky

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Battling Levinsky
Battling Levinsky portrait BNF.jpg
Statistics
Real nameBarney Lebrowitz
Weight(s)Light Heavyweight
Height5 ft 11 in (1.80 m)
Reach70 in (178 cm)
Nationality American
Born(1891-06-10)June 10, 1891
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
DiedFebruary 12, 1949(1949-02-12) (aged 57)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
StanceOrthodox
Boxing record
Total fights287
Wins196
Wins by KO30
Losses54
Draws37

Barney Lebrowitz (June 10, 1891 – February 12, 1949), better known as Battling Levinsky, was the world light heavyweight champion from 1916 to 1920. Statistical boxing website BoxRec lists Levinsky as the #12 ranked light heavyweight of all-time, while The Ring Magazine founder Nat Fleischer placed him at #9.[1] The International Boxing Research Organization rates Levinsky as the 20th best light heavyweight ever.[2] He was inducted into the Ring Magazine Hall of Fame in 1966, the International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame in 1982, and the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 2000.[3]

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Transcription

Contents

Early life

Born in Philadelphia on June 10, 1891 of Jewish immigrant parents from Russia, he shined shoes and sold newspapers after school to contribute to his family. In his earliest boxing days, he sold jewelry during the day, but boxed in the evening at the clubs in Philadelphia, probably to hide his fledgling boxing career from his parents.

Boxing career

Full-length portrait of Levinsky
Full-length portrait of Levinsky

Career beginnings

Battling Levinsky began his boxing career under the name Barney Williams. He fought his first recorded match in 1910 at Philadelphia's Diamond Lew Bailey's Broadway Athletic Club, with a first round knockout of his opponent, Mat Ryan, who outweighed him by over sixty pounds.[4] He received little attention until he took on “Dumb” Dan Morgan as his manager in 1913,[5] who changed Barney’s name along with his boxing fortunes. He was known for possessing incredible defensive skills, not frequently winning by knockout, but often leaving the ring at the end of a fight without having received a truly damaging blow.[6]

Morgan came up with his name of "Battling Levinsky" to obscure the fact that Barney's boxing style was actually more defensive than aggressive in order to give his opposition the impression that he was an aggressive puncher.[6]

Because Levinsky first entered the pro ranks as Barney Williams around 1906, many of his fights between 1906 and 1910, when he became "Battling Levinsky," were not recorded by boxing publications, particularly Nat Fleischer's Ring Record Book. He did not officially become "Battling Levinsky" until 1913. In his first 100 fights between 1910 and 1914, he lost only three of his bouts.[6]

Between 1914 and 1918, Levinsky fought 127 times, averaging an impressive 37 fights a year, even for his era. Levinsky fought 37 times in 1914 — 9 times in the month of January alone. In January 1915, he began the year with two 10-round bouts on New Year’s Day — 1 each in Brooklyn, New York City and 12 round bout in Waterbury, Connecticut.[6]

World light heavyweight champion, 1916

Jack Dillon
Jack Dillon

After two title-match losses to world light heavyweight champion Jack Dillon, (April 1914 and April 1916), Levinsky finally wrested the crown from him on October 24, 1916 in a twelve round points decision in Boston. The new champion was believed by many to have won every round but the fifth which was even. Levinsky had around a three inch advantage in height, a few extra inches in reach, and as much as a ten pound weight advantage. Though he was not known as a strong puncher, his defensive skills were considered exceptional, and they weighed heavily in his victory. His better blows were landed with his left, often to the jaw and body of Dillon. Fatigued by the fifth, Levinsky carried the match after the sixth, landing blows to the face, jaw and body of Dillon, who landed only a few blows that usually lacked steam. The referee's decision was met with approval by the fans.[7] Some reporters speculated that Dillon's hands were still sore from his bout the previous night with Larry Williams, a very capable light heavyweight, in Philadelphia. Many of Dillon's blows were body punches, but he tried to go to the face or jaw on several occasions, often missing due to Levinsky's fluid defense.[8][9] Dillon's dangerous right, which landed on a few occasions in the second, usually glanced off Levinsky's face for the remainder of the bout, as the Philadelphia fighter showed his ability to move away from Dillon's most valuable blow, while occasionally countering with rapid left jabs. [10]

Harry Greb defeated Levinsky in a somewhat close six round newspaper decision of a no decision bout on August 6, 1918 at Philadelphia's Shibe Park. Though the Wilkes-Barre Times Leader had Levinsky winning four of the six rounds, the majority of local papers had Levinsky winning the battle. In their ten round bout in Buffalo on February 17, 1919, Levinsky countered and blocked well against Greb's characteristic aggressive two handed attack, and the Pittsburgh Post wrote that the contest was "one of the most brilliant big glove exhibitions ever staged", but many local papers agreed with the Buffalo Enquirer, that "Greb won by his aggressive attack."[11]

Levinsky met future champion Jack Dempsey on November 6, 1918 and lost in Philadelphia from a third round knockout administered by a left to the jaw. Dempsey connected on several occasions in the first two rounds, landing short rights and lefts that seriously affected his opponent. Dempsey was particularly effective with his left, which he often followed with a right to the body. Dempsey had an advantage in height, weight and reach, which he used to his benefit throughout the match. He was not bothered by Levinsky's frequently used left jabs, and set a very fast pace for Levinsky who at twenty-seven was a critical five years older.[12] By most records, it was the first time, Levinsky had ever lost a match by knockout.[13]

Loss of light heavy title, 1920

On October 12, 1920, fifty-nine bouts later, and almost four years to the day after he took the title, he lost his championship in a fourth round knock out to France’s enormously popular Georges Carpentier in Jersey City, New Jersey.[14] Before a crowd of 15,000, after a series of rights and lefts from Carpentier, Levinsky lost his title as he fell from a heavy right to the jaw, one minute and seven seconds into the fourth round. Levinsky received his largest purse of $25,000 for the fight.[4][15] Carpentier had dominated the battle, and sent Levinsky down twice for counts of eight. Struggling to rise after being counted out, the vanquished Levinsky had to be brought to his feet and partly carried to his corner by Jack Britton, who had assisted him with the bout.[16]

Though not unique for his boxing era, Levinsky fought many of his opponents multiple times. According to historian Ken Blady, Levinsky fought Dillon a total of ten times in his career. Perhaps his worthiest opponent, Nat Fleischer once rated Dillon the third greatest Light Heavyweight of all time while boxing promoter Charley Rose placed him at #2. Levinsky met Jim Flynn, the only man to ever knock out Jack Dempsey, and heavyweight "Porky" Flynn a total of nine times.[6] In his New York bout with Flynn on July 30, 1913, Levinsky's strong rally in the last round allowed him to end the match with a draw as Flynn had taken the third, fourth, seventh, eighth and ninth rounds.[17]

Career record

Jack Dempsey, future heavyweight champion
Jack Dempsey, future heavyweight champion

In an era when the winners of bouts could not be decided by the votes of referees and boxing judges, and titles changed hands only in the case of a knockout, Levinsky fought all comers, including losses to future heavyweight champions Gene Tunney and Jack Dempsey.

He also fought the 1923 World Middleweight Champion Harry Greb at least three times between 1918 and 1919, successfully defending his Light Heavyweight title in each meeting. Levinsky loved to fight, although his claim to having fought close to 500 bouts has not been fully substantiated.[18]

His official professional record: 287 bouts – won 196 (30 KOs), lost 54, drew 37.

In his early career, Levinsky was managed by Fred Douglas (1910–11) and Jack Hanlon (1911–13), and then fell primarily under the management of Dan Morgan until 1922. Al Lippe managed him in his comeback, from 1926–1929.[3][19]

Life after boxing

After his loss to Gene Tunney on January 13, 1922, Levinsky attempted to retire from boxing and entered the Real Estate business.[6] Around 1926, he returned to the ring as a heavyweight after a series of financial losses and faced Tommy Madden, beginning his four-year comeback.[6][18] He fought around forty-two times in his comeback, losing only twelve matches.[18] After losing badly to Herman Weiner on January 15, 1929, he seriously discussed retirement before boxing one more time the following year in October 1930 in New York, beating Joe Simms in three rounds.[18]

Levinsky's son Stanley was killed in the Battle of the Bulge, WWII. His daughter Harriet, a graduate and valedictorian at West Philadelphia High School, currently resides in Lancaster, PA. Levinsky's grandchildren are Stanley Solodky, Barry Solodky, and Susan Oldham.[20]

Levinsky invested much of his total boxing winnings of $250,000 in real estate, but lost most of it in the Depression of the early 30's.[4] During the height of the depression, in the mid-1930's Levinsky worked for the Works Progress Administration (WPA). After his retirement from the ring in 1930, he sold many of the remaining Apartment houses he owned, and purchased a Meat Slaughtering House in Chicago which he retained until around 1947, though continuing to live in Philadelphia.[21]

After an illness of several months that had been aggravated by a car accident on January 17, Levinsky died at his home on February 12, 1949 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania at the age of 59. He was buried at Har Zion Cemetery.[6][19][22][23]

He was inducted into the Boxing Hall of Fame in 1966, and is in both the Pennsylvania Hall of Fame and Jewish Sports Hall of Fame in Israel.[6]

Selected fights

(NWS=Newspaper Decision)

7 Wins, 13 Losses, 2 Draws[19]
Result Opponent(s) Date Location Duration Notes
Win Paddy Burns 1909 Pottsville, PA 6 Rounds No decision
*Draw* Dan Flynn Jul 30, 1913 New York 10 Rounds
Win Jack "Twin" Sullivan Sep 27, 1913 Brooklyn 10 Rounds NWS -
Win "Fireman" Jim Flynn Dec 9, 1913 New York 10 Rounds NWS -
*Draw* Alfred "Soldier" Kearns Jan 27, 1914 New York 10 Rounds -
Loss Jack Dillon Apr 14, 1914 Butte, Montana 12 Rounds For Vacant Light heavy title
Loss Jack Dillon May 29, 1914 Indianapolis 10 Rounds NWS* Dillon claimed Light heavy title
Loss Jack Dillon Feb 8, 1916 Brooklyn, NY 10 Rounds NWS Dillon claimed Light heavy title
Loss Jack Dillon Apr 25, 1916 Kansas City 15 Rounds For World Light heavy title
Win Jack Dillon Jul 13, 1916 Baltimore 10 Rounds NWS
Non-title
Dillon claimed Light heavy title
Win Billy Miske Oct 12, 1916 Brooklyn 10 Rounds NWS Non-title
Win Jack Dillon Oct 24, 1916 Boston 12 Rounds Won World Light heavy title
Loss Tommy Gibbons Mar 23, 1917 St. Paul, MN 10 Rounds
Non-title
Loss Jack Dempsey Nov 6, 1918 Philadelphia 3rd Round KO Non-title
Loss Harry Greb Feb 17, 1919 Buffalo, NY 10 Rounds NWS
No decision
Knockout loss required to lose title
Loss Harry Greb Apr 28, 1919 Canton, OH 12 Rounds NWS Knockout loss required to lose title
Loss Harry Greb Jul 14, 1919 Philadelphia 6 Round NWS
No decision
Knockout loss required to lose title
Loss Georges Carpentier Oct 12, 1920 Jersey City, NJ 4th Round KO Lost World Light heavy title
Win Mike McTigue Sept 14, 1921 Montreal, Canada 10 Round NWS Future light heavy champ
Loss Gene Tunney Jan 13, 1922 Madison Sq. Garden, NY 12 Rounds For "American Light heavy title"
Loss Young Stribling Nov 11, 1926 Des Moines, Iowa 10 Rounds
No decision
-
Loss Herman Weiner Jan 15, 1929 Haggerstown, Maryland 1st Round KO -

See also

References

  1. ^ "All-Time Light Heavyweight Rankings". BoxRec. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  2. ^ All-Time Light Heavyweight Rankings IBROresearch.com Retrieved on 2014-04-29
  3. ^ a b Cyber Boxing Encyclopedia - Battling Levinsky CyberBoxingZone.com Retrieved on 2014-04-30
  4. ^ a b c "Battling Levinsky Dies", Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, pg. 37, 13 February 1949
  5. ^ http://www.thefightcity.com/the-legend-of-battling-levinsky-boxing/
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i Blady, Ken, The Jewish Boxer's Hall of Fame, (1988) Shapolsky Publishers, Inc., New York, NY, pg. 99-103
  7. ^ "Jack Dillon Tires, Losing to Levinsky", The Boston Globe, Boston, Massachusetts, pg. 7, 25 October 1916
  8. ^ "Battling Levinsky Awarded Decision Over Jack Dillon", The Evening World, New York City, pg. 14, 25 October 1916
  9. ^ Weight advantage in "Levinsky Claimed Championship after he Outpointed Jack Dillon", Star Gazette, Elmira, New York, pg. 8, 25 October 1916
  10. ^ "Jack Dillon Failed Miserably in his Boston Battle with Levinsky", The Buffalo Commercial, Buffalo, New York, pg. 10, 26 October 1916
  11. ^ "Greb Shades Bat", Buffalo Enquirer, Buffalo, New York, pg. 13, 18 February 1919
  12. ^ "Dempsey Knocks Out Levinsky", The Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, pg. 14, 7 November 1918
  13. ^ "Dempsey Wins by a Knockout", The Tribune, Scranton, Pennsylvania, pg. 12, 7 November 1918
  14. ^ "Battling Levinsky". BoxRec. Retrieved 9 March 2016.
  15. ^ "Levinsky is Easy for Carpentier", Ashbury Park Press, Ashbury Park, New Jersey, pg. 213 October 1920
  16. ^ "Carpentier Knocks Out Levinsky in Fourth Round", The Central New Jersey Home News, New Brunswick, New Jersey, pg. 9, 13 October 1920
  17. ^ "Flynn Gets Even Beter", The Boston Globe, Boston, Massachusetts, pg. 5, 31 July 1913
  18. ^ a b c d "Battling Levinsky". BoxRec. Retrieved 9 March 2016.
  19. ^ a b c Roberts, James, and Skutt, Alexander,Boxing Register, (2006) International Boxing Hall of Fame, McBooks Press, Ithaca, New York, pgs. 166-7
  20. ^ Son died in Battle of the Bulge in "Battling Levinsky Dies", The Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, pg. 37, 13 February 1949
  21. ^ Slater, Robert, Great Jews in Sports, (1983), Johnathan David Publishers, Middle Village, New York, pg. 177-8
  22. ^ Accident on January 17 in "Battling Levinsky is Critical Here", The Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, pg. 33, 3 February 1949
  23. ^ Died at his home in "Battling Levinsky Dies", The Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, pg. 37, 13 February 1949

External links

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Jack Dillon
World Light Heavyweight Champion
24 October 1916–12 October 1920
Succeeded by
Georges Carpentier
This page was last edited on 19 January 2020, at 07:50
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