To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Battle of Ponza (1552)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Battle of Ponza
Part of the Ottoman-Habsburg wars
Kadırga Minyatür.jpg

An Ottoman galley.
Date5 August 1552
Location
Off Ponza, present-day Italy
Result Franco-Ottoman victory
Belligerents
 Republic of Genoa
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Ottoman Empire
 Kingdom of France
Commanders and leaders
Republic of Genoa Andrea Doria
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
Dragut
Kingdom of France Gabriel de Luetz d'Aramon
Strength
Republic of Genoa 40 galleys
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg
100 galleys
Kingdom of France 3 galleys
Casualties and losses
7 galleys captured

The Battle of Ponza (1552) was a naval battle that occurred near the Italian island of Ponza. The battle was fought between a Franco-Ottoman fleet under Dragut and a Genoese fleet commanded by Andrea Doria.[1] The Genoese were defeated and lost seven galleys captured. The battle made it easier for the Ottoman fleet to raid the coasts of Sicily, Sardinia, and Italy for the next three years.

Opposing fleets

The Ottoman fleet consisted of 100 galleys which had been sent to the Western Mediterranean when Henry II entered into conflict with Charles V in the Italian War of 1551-59.[2] The fleet was accompanied by three French galleys under the French ambassador Gabriel de Luetz d'Aramon, who accompanied the Ottomans from Istambul in their raids along the coast of Calabria in Southern Italy, capturing the city of Reggio.[3]

The Genoese fleet consisted of 40 galleys under the command of Andrea Doria.[4] Twenty of the galleys in the Genoese fleet belonged personally to Doria, six to an Antonio Doria and two to the House of Grimaldi of Monaco.[5]

Battle

The battle between the fleets took place on 5 August 1552 between the islands of Ponza and Terracina on the Italian mainland. The Ottomans captured seven of the Geonoese galleys which were full of troops.[1]

Aftermath

After the battle, the Franco-Ottoman fleet entered Majorca on 13 August 1552.[1] The Ottomans resisted pressure from the French to send their fleet further west, perhaps for personal reasons of the commander or due to the continuing war with Persia.[1] The victory gave the Ottomans better facility to attack Sicily, Sardinia, and the coasts of Italy for the next three years.[6] After the battle, the Ottoman fleet wintered in Chios, where it was joined by the French fleet of Baron de la Garde, ready for major naval operations the following year, including the, later failed, Invasion of Corsica in 1553. In 1560 the nephew of Doria, Giovanni Andrea Doria, led another attempt to thwart Dragut at the Battle of Djerba, but was defeated and Dragut continued his raiding of the Northern Mediterranean shores until his death five years later.[6]

Gabriel de Luetz d'Aramon accompanied the fleet of Dragut with 3 galleys in the Battle of Ponza.
Gabriel de Luetz d'Aramon accompanied the fleet of Dragut with 3 galleys in the Battle of Ponza.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean world in the age of Philip II by Fernand Braudel p.924 [1]
  2. ^ European warfare, 1494-1660 by Jeremy Black p.177
  3. ^ The History of England Sharon Turner, p.311
  4. ^ Whitehouse, Rosie (2013). Bradt Liguria: The Italian Riviera. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 91.
  5. ^ Kirk, Thomas Allison (2005). Genoa and the Sea: Policy and Power in an Early Modern Maritime Republic, 1559–1684. JHU Press. p. 41.
  6. ^ a b Konstam, Angus (2008). Piracy: The Complete History. Osprey. p. 87. Archived from the original on 3 January 2014. Retrieved 17 October 2016.

This page was last edited on 14 July 2020, at 14:29
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.