To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Battle of Mir (1812)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Battle of Mir (1812)
Part of the French invasion of Russia (1812)
Platov3.jpg

Cossack cavalry deployed at Mir (by V. Mazurovsky)
Date9–10 July 1812
Location
Mir, Russian Empire (present-day Belarus)

53°27′N 26°28′E / 53.450°N 26.467°E / 53.450; 26.467Coordinates: 53°27′N 26°28′E / 53.450°N 26.467°E / 53.450; 26.467
Result Russian victory[2]
Belligerents
Flag of the Duchy of Warsaw.svg
Duchy of Warsaw
Coat of Arms of Russian Empire.svg
Russian Empire[1]
Commanders and leaders
Flag of the Duchy of Warsaw.svg
Alexander Rozniecki
Tyszkiewicz
Coat of Arms of Russian Empire.svg
Matvei Platov
Alexander Vasilchikov
Strength

~3000 men, ~ 2 guns:

  • 2nd, 3rd, 7th, 11th, 15th, and 16th Uhlan Regiments
  • Polish 4th Chasseurs
  • One horse battery

~9000 men, 24 guns:

  • Eight Cossack regiments
  • Two Don batteries
  • Akhtyrka Hussars
  • Kiev and New Russia Dragoons
  • Two horse batteries
  • Lithuanian Uhlans
  • 5th Jaegers
Casualties and losses
700 killed, 248 taken prisoner Around 180 killed and wounded,[2] including two Cossack colonels killed

The Battle of Mir took place on 9 and 10 July 1812 during Napoleon's invasion of Russia. Three Polish Lancers divisions battled against Russian cavalry, ending in the first major Russian victory in the French invasion of Russia.[3]

Russian general Matvei Platov had eight Cossack regiments and two Don batteries deployed south of the village of Mir, when one brigade of the Polish Fourth Light Cavalry attacked his advance posts, numbering about 100 men. These advance posts had the dual job of both observation and sentry duty, and to entice the enemy to attack; ambushes of a hundred men each were set up farther down the road to Mir, on either side of it.[4] The Polish general Alexander Rosniecki's forces clashed with Russian Alexander Vasilchikov's cavalry, resulting in hand-to-hand combat with fairly even losses. Followed by Uhlans, they swept through the village, attacking Platov's main force. A third Polish brigade attempting to join the fight was encircled and broken by Cossacks, after which the entire Polish force gave ground, driven back with the aid of Russian Hussars.[5] After the arrival of Vasilchikov's Akhtyrka Hussars, Dragoons, and other reinforcements, the battle raged for six hours, shifting to the nearby village of Simiakovo. Platov defeated the enemy there, and moved on to Mir, where he inflicted further losses on the enemy before tactically withdrawing.[6] A complete rout was only averted by Tyszkiewicz's brigade, which covered the Polish retreat.[5]

The town of Mir and fort ruins were used as a headquarters by Jérôme Bonaparte, until he decided or had to leave the army, after a quarrel with his brother on 6 August 1812.[7] After retreating, the Mir Castle was destroyed with gunpowder.

References

  1. ^ Note that although no official flag existed during this period, the tricolour represents the officer sash colours and the Double Eagle represents the Tsar's official state symbol.
  2. ^ a b Smith, Digby (1998) The Napoleonic Wars Data Book, Greenhill, London: ISBN 1-85367-276-9
  3. ^ http://www.napoleon-series.org/military/listings/c_russia.html
  4. ^ Journal of the Military Service Institution of the United States, Volume 19. 1896.
  5. ^ a b Foord, Edward A. (1915). Napoleon's Russian campaign of 1812. Little, Brown and Co.
  6. ^ http://www.napolun.com/mirror/napoleonistyka.atspace.com/cossacks.htm
  7. ^ Davies, Norman (1998). Europe: a History. HarperCollins.

This page was last edited on 2 July 2018, at 06:35
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.