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Battle of Martinique (1794)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Battle of Martinique was a successful 1707-1800 Kingdom of Great Britain month and a half invasion from February 5th to March 24th of 1794 of the 1792-1804 1st Republic of France held island of Martinique in the West Indies, during the 1789-1799 French Revolutionary Wars.

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  • ✪ GUADELOUPE - Les Marches des Esclaves : lieu de mémoire à Petit-Canal (English subtitles)

Transcription

The Steps of the Slaves is located in the city of Petit-Canal, in Grande-Terre. The steps were built in front of the dock where slaves landed when they arrived in Guadeloupe. There are several facilities to be discovered. Visit this site of history with us... The staircase is composed of 49 steps. It leads to the Church where the sale of slaves was held upon their arrival in Guadeloupe. On each step is the name of one of the peoples whose residents were transported in Guadeloupe. Congos: delta of the Congo River Yorubas: South-West, Nigeria, Togo, Benin Ibos: Southeastern Nigeria Wolofs: Nigeria, Senegal, Congo Peuls: West Africa Bamilekes: West of Cameroon The Church is there This drum represents the eternal flame in memory of the Unknown Slave. It was inaugurated in May 1994. Underneath the “ka” is the Trunk of Souls, a place where the whips of forty plantation owners were buried at the abolition of slavery. Bust of Louis Delgres who chose to die, as well as 300 of his men, rather than capitulate in 1802. Work carried out in tribute to Solitude. After the first abolition of slavery in 1794, she joined a community of Maroons then fought alongside Delgres in 1902. Having survived the battle, she was captured and hanged the day after she gave birth to her child, on November 29th, 1902. Note: We didn't not go this time, but you can also visit the remains of the former slaves’ prison about 200 meters from the stairs. Jade: Oh, is it over honey? Lise: Yes Jade, the video is over.. Jade: But we have a lot of things left to see, a lot of meals to eat!.. Lise: I know, Jade, but this will be for the next videos! Well, Jade is a bit behind, but you can keep following our adventures: Subscribe to our channel, like and share this video, ok? Jade: I’m not < a bit behind>!…

Contents

Background

During 1794 the British were in negotiations with a French planter, Louis-François Dubuc, who wished to gain British protection, as the then French Constitutional Assembly of the 1st Republic was busy passing a law abolishing slavery, which had actually took place in Paris on 4 February of 1794. However the Whitehall Accord of 19 February, 1794, between counter-revolutionary French colonists and Great Britain, which allowed colonial French slave-owners to maintain slavery, was not signed until after the British had landed.

Invasion

Thus on 5 February, the day after slavery was abolished in Paris, in what just might be one of world history's greatest feats of precognition, a British fleet under the command of Royal Navy Admiral Sir John Jervis landed troops under the command of General Charles Grey in a campaign which would last six weeks.[1]

By 20 March only Fort Bourbon and Fort Royal still held out. Jervis ordered the fourth rate ship of the line HMS Asia (64 guns), and the sloop, HMS Zebra to take Fort Saint Louis.[2] Asia was unable to get close, Zebra went in alone, with her captain, Richard Faulknor. Despite facing heavy fire, Faulknor ran Zebra close under the walls. He and his ship's company then used Zebra's boats to land. The British stormed the fort and captured it. Zebra lost only her pilot killed and four men wounded. Meanwhile the boats of the British fleet captured Fort Royal and two days later Fort Bourbon capitulated.[1]

Aftermath

The Governor General of Martinique at the time was Donatien Marie Joseph de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau who surrendered to Grey.

The British then occupied Martinique until the Treaty of Amiens returned the island to the French in 1802.

References

  1. ^ a b "No. 13643". The London Gazette. 22 April 1794. pp. 353–359.
  2. ^ James (1837), Vol. 1, p.218
Bibliography


This page was last edited on 13 January 2019, at 17:50
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