To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Battle of Galveston Harbor (1862)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Battle of Galveston Harbor
Part of the American Civil War
USS Harriet Lane.jpg

USRC Harriet Lane
DateOctober 4, 1862
Result Union victory. City re-occupied, Blockade later broken.
United States United States (Union) Confederate States of America Confederate States (Confederacy)
Commanders and leaders
William B. Renshaw Joseph J. Cook
Xavier Debray
Units involved
Western Gulf Blockading Squadron Galveston garrison
1 gunboat
1 mortar boat
1 shore battery
Casualties and losses
None None
Map of Galveston Harbor Battlefield core and study areas by the American Battlefield Protection Program.
Map of Galveston Harbor Battlefield core and study areas by the American Battlefield Protection Program.

The Battle of Galveston Harbor was a naval engagement between forces from the Union Navy and the Confederate States of America in the American Civil War. It was fought on October 4, 1862.[1][2]

The Union had been trying to blockade the city of Galveston, Texas for over a year, but it was still in Confederate hands. After an exchange of fire, Commander William B. Renshaw of the cutter Harriet Lane agreed a truce while the Confederates evacuated the city. It would later be re-taken in the Second Battle of Galveston.[3] (The Battle of Galveston Harbour is also known as the First Battle of Galveston.)

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/3
    89 689
    3 884
  • ✪ The Battle of Galveston Pt.1
  • ✪ US History Part 1
  • ✪ "Can Those Be Men?" - The Prisoner of War Experience in 1864 (Lecture)




The United States Navy began a blockade of Galveston Harbor in July 1861, but the town remained in Confederate hands for the next fourteen months. At 6:00 am on October 4, 1862, Commander W.B. Renshaw, commanding the blockading ships in the Galveston Bay area, sent USRC Harriet Lane into the harbor flying a flag of truce. The intention was to inform the military authorities in Galveston that if the town did not surrender, the U.S. Navy ships would attack; a one-hour reply would be demanded.[2]

Colonel Joseph J. Cook, Confederate military commander in the area, would not come out to the Union ship or send an officer to receive the communication, so Harriet Lane weighed anchor and returned to the fleet. Four Union steamers, with a mortar boat in tow, then entered the harbor and moved to the same area where Harriet Lane had anchored. Observing this activity, Confederates at Fort Point fired one or more shots and the U.S. Navy ships answered. Eventually, the Union ships disabled the one Confederate gun at Fort Point and fired at other targets.[2]

Two rebel guns from Fort Bankhead also fired at the flotilla but did no damage and were ignored by the Navy. A boat that Colonel Cook had dispatched now approached the Union vessels and two Confederate officers boarded USS Westfield. Renshaw demanded an unconditional surrender of Galveston or he would begin bombarding the town again. Cook refused Renshaw's terms, and conveyed to Renshaw that upon him rested the responsibility of destroying the town and killing women, children, men, and immigrants.[2]

Renshaw threatened to resume the shelling and made preparations for towing the mortar boat into position. One of the Confederate officers then asked if he could be granted time to talk with Colonel Cook again. This officer, a major, negotiated with Renshaw for a four-day truce to evacuate the women, children,from the city. Cook approved the truce, and agreed that if Renshaw would not move troops closer to Galveston, Cook would not permit his men to come below the city.[2]


The agreement was finalized but never written down, which later caused problems. The Confederates did evacuate, taking all of their weapons, ammunition, supplies, and whatever they could carry with them. Renshaw did not think that the agreement allowed for all this but, in the end, did nothing, due to the lack of a written document.[2]

The fall of Galveston meant that one more important Confederate port was closed to commerce. But the port of Galveston was not shut down for long, as Confederate forces reoccupied the area.[2] The Second Battle of Galveston in January 1863 resulted in a Confederate victory, and the port remained in Southern hands for much of the rest of the war.[3]


  1. ^ "Confederate Reports". Ohio State University. Retrieved 8 September 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Battle Summary". National Park Service. Retrieved 8 September 2016.
  3. ^ a b "Battle Summary". National Park Service. Retrieved 8 September 2016.


This page was last edited on 15 February 2019, at 20:12
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.