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Basti district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Basti district
Location of Basti district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Basti district in Uttar Pradesh
StateUttar Pradesh
HeadquartersBasti, Uttar Pradesh
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesBasti
 • MPHarish Dwivedi
 • Total2,688 km2 (1,038 sq mi)
 • Total24,64,464[1]
 • Literacy67.2 per cent
 • Sex ratio963[1]
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationUP- 51
Major highwaysNational Highway 28
Average annual precipitation1166 mm

Basti district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state, India, and a part of Basti Division. Basti city is the district headquarters. In the freedom struggle of 1857, about 250 martyrs of Amorha State were hanged by the British Government from peepal trees located at Chhawani.[2][3][4][5]

Origin of name and history

Basti came from the original name vasisthi, vasisth the great sage ashram situated in this area.[6] Sher Shah Suri made a well and a sarai here and hence receiving the name.[clarification needed]

In 1801, the town Basti became a tehsil headquarter, and in 1865, it was chosen as the headquarters of the newly established Basti district of Gorakhpur Commissionary.[7]

Amorha Khas is a historical place situated at a distance of 41 km from the district headquarters. Its old name is Amorha, and it was once a province (state) of Raja Zalim Singh. Raja Zalim Singh's Mahal is here, old wall of mahal is still there with the mark of a bullet used by the English. The famous temple Ramrekha Mandir is here. Ramrekha Temple is one of the most ancient Hindu Mandir of Lord Ram and Goddess Sita. Lord Shri Ram stayed here for one day during his journey of Janakpur-Ayodhya. Lord Shri Rama and Sita with Lakshmana journeyed towards Ayodhya by the road called Ram Janki Marg (State Highway 72) near Chhawani.[3][4][5]


The district lies between the parallels of 26° 23' and 27° 30' North Latitude and 82° 17' and 83° 20' East longitude. Its maximum length from north to south is about 75 km. and breadth from east to west about 70 km. The district lies between newly created district Sant Kabir Nagar on the east and Gonda on the west on the south, the Ghaghra river near Amorha Khas previously known as Amorha Province or State of Raja Zalim Singh separates it from the Faizabad and newly created district Ambedkar Nagar. On the north it is bounded by district Sidharth Nagar.[8][9][10]


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
Religions in Basti District [12]
Religion Percent

According to the 2011 census, Basti district had a population of 2,464,464, of which only 5.6% lived in urban areas. This ranked it the 178th most populous district in India. The district had a population density of 917 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,380/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 18.21%. Basti had a sex ratio of 963 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 67.22%. The child sex ratio of Basti was 922 females for every 1000 males.[12]


At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 97.77% of the population in the district spoke Hindi and 2.14% Urdu as their first language.[13]

Languages spoken in the district include Awadhi in western areas and Bhojpuri in the eastern side. The district Basti may be considered as the demarcation of the languages Awadhi and Hindi. In city, due to increase in educated population, khari boli of Hindi is also observed in daily conversations.[14]

Indian diaspora

During the late 1800s some 6,415 people from the district of Basti migrated through the indenture system to the Fiji Islands and Suriname. A lot stayed and carried their traditions in the then British Colony.[15]


The district have medical college named Maharishi Vashishtha Medical College [16] and one Rajkiya Engineering College in Government Polytechnic, Basti.[17] The district follows a usual 10+2+3 pattern of education as elsewhere in India. Some notable schools and institutions of the district are :

Former President of India Dr A. P. J. Abdul Kalam as Chief Guest at Govt Inter College, Basti
Established in 1911, the Government Inter College, Basti celebrated its centenary year on February 11, 2011. Former President of India Dr A. P. J. Abdul Kalam graced the event as Chief Guest.


Raja Zalim Singh Smarak Sthal, Amorha, Basti, Uttar Pradesh (राजा ज़ालिम सिंह स्मारक स्थल, अमोढ़ा, बस्ती उ0प्र0)
Raja Zalim Singh Smarak Sthal, Amorha, Basti, Uttar Pradesh (राजा ज़ालिम सिंह स्मारक स्थल, अमोढ़ा, बस्ती उ0प्र0)

Basti town is the district headquarters of the district.[6] Basti district, a part of Basti division, is formed of four tehsils: Basti Sadar, Harriya, Bhanpur and Rudhauli and 15 development blocks,[19] 139 Nyay Panchayats, two Parganas named Amorha and Nagar as well as 10 Gram Sabhas. The development blocks included are:

  • Amorha (Pargana)
  • Nagar (Pargana)
  • Basti
  • Bahadurpur
  • Bankati
  • Dubauliya
  • Gaur
  • Harraiya (Tahsil)
  • Kaptanganj
  • Kudaraha
  • Paras Rampur
  • Ramnagar
  • Rudhauli (Tehsil)
  • Saltaua Gopal Pur
  • Sau Ghat
  • Vikram Jot


The district is noted for its cotton textiles and sugar industries. Cottage industries and small-scale industries including the manufacturing units of brassware, iron and carpentry goods, agricultural implements, bricks, agro-products, foot-wear, soaps, candles, and pottery are present here. Basti is also known for its bamboo, eucalyptus (Eucalyptus teritrornis), mango and shisham (Dalbergia sissoo) populations. Four sugar factories are housed in the district. Sugarcane, maize, paddy, pulses, wheat, barley, and potato are commonly cultivated. Most of the population depends for their livelihood on agricultural practices. The district is well-connected through NH 28 which reflects on its good economy. The city is well-connected through railways also.

Basti Railway platform
Basti Railway platform

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Basti one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[20] It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[20] City is also known for nationwide youth organisation National Association of Youth founded by Bhavesh Kumar Pandey and run from Basti. [21] The organization organizes Basti Mini Marathon every year since 2012.


NH 28 passing near Basti facilitates inter-district road transport
NH 28 passing near Basti facilitates inter-district road transport

Basti railway station lies on the main line connecting Lucknow with Gorakhpur and places in Bihar and Assam in the east passes through the south of the district. The main line has 7 railway stations which are, from east to west, Munderwa,[22] Orwara, Basti, Govindnagar, Tinich, Gaur, and Babhnan within the district. There is a daily Intercity express between Gorakhpur, Basti, Gonda, and Lucknow. National Highway 28, a part of the East West Corridor project of Government of India and NHAI,[23] also passes through Basti.

Flora and fauna

The forest cover of the district has dwindled with increasing use of land for agriculture. There are areas with high prevalence of mango (Mangifera indica), mahua (Madhuca longifolia), sal (Shorea robusta), and bamboo (Bambusa arundinacea) trees. Some of the wild animals of the district are the nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus), antelok (Anelok cervicapra), pig (Sus scrofa), wolf (Canis lupus), jackal (Conis aureus), fox (Vulpes bengalensis), hare (Lepus ruficandatus), monkey (Macaca mulatta), wild cat (Felis bengalensis) and the porcupine (Hystric leucura). Several species of game birds are also seen, including the peafowl (Pavo cristatus), the black partridge (Frencolinus francolinus) and the gray partridge (Francalinus pondicervanus). A number of migratory water fowls visit the water bodies of the district in winter, such as the goose (Anser anser), common teal (Anas crecca), red-crested pochard (Netta rufina), white-eyed pochard (Aythya rufa) and the wigeon (Mareca penelope). The cobra (Naja naja), krait (Bungarus caeruleus), and rat-snake (Ptyas mucosus) are commonly found. The Indian crocodile or naka (Crocodylus palustris), and the ghariyal (Gavialis gangeticus) are also found in the river Ghaghra. The common fish species are rohu (Lebeo rohita), bhakur (Catla catla), nain (Cirrhina mrigala), parhin (Wallagonia attu), krunch (Labeo calbasu), and tengan (Mystus seenghala).[6]

Ramrekha Mandir, Amorha, Basti, Uttar Pradesh, India (रामरेखा मन्दिर – अमोढ़ा)
Ramrekha Mandir, Amorha, Basti, Uttar Pradesh, India (रामरेखा मन्दिर – अमोढ़ा)

Notable people

Notable people from the district include:

See also


  1. ^ a b c "District Basti". National Informatics Centre, Ministry Of Electronics & Information Technology, Government Of India. Retrieved 27 October 2018.
  2. ^ "Places of Interest". Archived from the original on 29 June 2016. Retrieved 9 June 2016.
  3. ^ a b Thomas, D. (1998). Battles and Honours of the Royal Navy. Leo Cooper. p. 16. ISBN 9780850526233. Retrieved 14 January 2017.
  4. ^ a b Benett, W.C. (1878). The final settlement report on the Gonda district. 23. p. 22. Retrieved 14 January 2017.
  5. ^ a b Michael, B.A. (2014). Statemaking and Territory in South Asia: Lessons from the Anglo–Gorkha War (1814–1816). Anthem Press. p. 151. ISBN 9781783083220. Retrieved 14 January 2017.
  6. ^ a b c "Origin of name". Basti Govt. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 September 2018. Retrieved 8 June 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 30 June 2017. Retrieved 8 June 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Yahoo maps location of Basti". Yahoo maps. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  10. ^ Thomas, David (17 December 1998). "Battles & Honours of Royal Navy". Pen and Sword. Retrieved 25 July 2016 – via Google Books.
  11. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  12. ^ a b "Basti District : Census 2011 data". Retrieved 27 October 2018.
  13. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  14. ^ Gopeshwar Tripathi, ed. (2009). "Bhojpuri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  15. ^
  16. ^ Maharishi Vashishtha Medical College
  17. ^ Rajkiya Engineering College in Government Polytechnic
  18. ^ Kendriya Vidyalaya
  19. ^
  20. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  21. ^ "NAY". Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  22. ^ "Welcome – Munderwa". Archived from the original on 11 July 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  23. ^ "Welcome to NHAI". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 25 July 2016.

External links

This page was last edited on 23 July 2020, at 08:19
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