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Barry M. Gough

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Barry Morton Gough
Born (1938-09-17) 17 September 1938 (age 82)
Occupationmaritime and naval historian

Barry Morton Gough is a global maritime and naval historian recognized for the range and quality of his body of work and his influence in the wider good of the profession. He is an accomplished biographer, having written the lives of such diverse persons as the mariner Juan de Fuca, the fur trading organizer Peter Pond, and the intrepid trans-continental explorer Sir Alexander Mackenzie. As an historiographer, he has examined the lives of rival British naval historians Arthur Marder and Captain Stephen Roskill, and more recently, as an analyst of British naval history, has written the interlocking lives of the titans at the admiralty, Admiral Lord Fisher and Prime Minister Winston Spencer Churchill, whose work was essential to Britain's maintenance of sea supremacy in the First World War. Gough has made a number of monographic contributions to ethnohistory, cross-cultural relations, patterns of missionary acceptance among Northwest Coast peoples, frontier–borderland studies and environmental history.[1] With the perspective of British sea power worldwide,[2] he has set out the maritime dimensions of British Columbia history and has worked to recast and reaffirm the imperial foundations of Canadian history.[3]


The pattern of a working historian's experiential learning was set in early school years and continued. Guest lectureships have since taken him to Duke, Otago, Singapore, Canberra, Natal, Belfast and other universities. "I was born in 1938, and as soon as peace came, in 1945, my family was able to begin its annual summer camping expeditions. I am an islander, having been born and raised in Victoria, Vancouver Island. Each summer we went far afield — up into the Cariboo country, into the Rockies, down into central, arid Washington State, followed the tortuous Columbia River on both sides of the border, hiked in the fabulous Olympic Mountains and Mount Rainier, etc. I was inspired by the variety and majesty of this remarkable quarter of North America. And I saw it before much despoliation. There is another reason: my father was an author, besides being a Superintendent of Schools in Victoria. He was writing school texts in geography and history.... Our travels helped him scope out the land and its history."[4]

Gough was educated at Victoria High School[5] and Victoria College,[6] completing his undergraduate degree at the University of British Columbia and master's studies at the University of Montana. Earning his PhD at King's College London, he was tutored in the maritime foundations of imperial history by Gerald S. Graham, Rhodes Professor of Imperial History in the University of London.[7] His doctoral research on seapower and geopolitics across the Pacific Rim became the inaugural publication in 1971 of the University of British Columbia Press: The Royal Navy and the Northwest Coast of North America, 1810–1914: A Study of British Maritime Ascendancy. Former Dominion Archivist W. Kaye Lamb remarked that "author and publisher alike have set a high standard for the publications of the new Press."[8] Heritage House later published an expanded edition as Britannia's Navy on the West Coast of North America, 1812–1914. Years after the earned doctorate, Gough was awarded an honorary Doctorate of Literature from University of London in 1991 for distinguished contributions to Imperial and Commonwealth history.[9]

Teaching and consulting

Initially returning to Victoria High School as teaching staff, Gough became in turn Lecturer, Assistant and Associate Professor at Western Washington University in Bellingham, Washington, and Co-director of the Centre for Pacific Northwest Studies. From 1972 to 2004 in the history faculty at Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, he was named Associate Professor, then Professor and University Research Professor. He was founding director of Canadian Studies at Laurier[10] and served as coordinator of Interdisciplinary Studies and Assistant Dean of Arts.[11] The material in a series of public lectures he organized was published with his introduction as In Search of the Visible Past.[12]

During that period of teaching and multiple fellowships, his conversations with anthropologists and ethnologists were part of the shaping of the Laurier Conference on Ethnohistory in 1981 and, working with the Canadian Historical Association, to creation of the Aboriginal History Studies Group in 1982. The papers presented at the Second Laurier Conference on Ethnohistory and Ethnology, held 11-13 May 1983 at University of Western Ontario, encompassed research by scholars on North American native peoples that was important in breaking new ground on cross-disciplinary lines at a time aboriginal rights in Canada were being recognized in the Charter of Rights and Freedoms. The material was later published as New Dimensions in Ethnohistory: Papers of the Second Laurier Conference on Ethnohistory and Ethnology.[13]

Gough designed a two-semester course in native studies within the university and followed that strong interest in his subsequent work. He was asked to prepare a historical legal claims dossier for the Tribal Council of the Nuu Chah Nulth in the Meares Island case (Moses Martin et al. v H.M. the Queen) in 1985 [14] and later, on behalf of the U.S. Department of Justice, to prepare materials on the Alaska inland waters case, Alaska v the United States of America (2005). [15]

His writings, including young adult non-fiction and coursework for civilian and military personnel, are used in various teaching contexts.[16] His Great Lakes shipwrecks research led to involvement with HMCS Haida and him becoming the ship's official historian. Gough was advisory editor to Macmillan Publishing for World Explorers and Discoverers (1992)[17] and to Scribner's for Explorers: From Ancient Times to the Space Age (1998),[18] and he was editor-in-chief of the magazine American Neptune based at the Peabody Essex Museum in Massachusetts (1997–2003).[19] Following publication of From Classroom to Battlefield, he wrote guidelines for community groups or classes of students to draft manuscripts about Canadian high schools and the First World War: the approach and methodology of the historian, materials available for use, and suggestions for giving individuals' stories their historical contexts.[20]

At his retirement from WLU after thirty-three years, Gough was appointed University Professor Emeritus[21]and moved from Ontario to his Victoria childhood home to engage with the community and continue writing. Since 2007, he has been Adjunct Professor of War Studies and History, Royal Military College of Canada in Kingston, Ont.[22]

In October 2020, Professor Gough was lead speaker at a symposium sponsored by the Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge, commemorating the life and legacy of Admiral Lord Jacky Fisher. The event marking the centenary of Fisher's death and the transfer of new material to the Centre was filmed and is online.[23]

On Winston Churchill's birthday in November 2020, the Faculty of Humanities at University of Victoria announced a signal honour: the new Churchill Foundation Vancouver Island Barry Gough Scholarship in English. Churchill won the Nobel Prize for Literature 1953 for his multi-volume History of the English-Speaking Peoples, and this endowed scholarship acknowledging eloquent and engaged citizenship was created to support academically outstanding undergraduate English students in their upper years of study who demonstrate leadership, innovation and determination in a combination of academic work and community engagement. At the University of Victoria, Gough has supported the creation of eight scholarships. [24]

Affiliations and affinities

Gough is a former President of the British Columbia Historical Federation and after his term was named BCHF honorary president, an "ambassadorial" or "historian laureate" role he characterizes as "a sort of spokesman and advocate for B.C. history." The federation of ninety-nine member societies and roughly 25,000 members works to recognize historical preservation work being done through local museums, archives, collections and special projects, and honours those involved.[25][26]

Gough is Past President of the Canadian Nautical Research Society, Past President of the Sir Winston Churchill Society of Vancouver Island,[27] and past member of the Board of Academic Advisers, The Churchill Centre, Chicago.[28] He is Past President of the North American Society for Oceanic History, Past President of the Organization for the History of Canada, and Past Vice-President of the Champlain Society of Canada. In the Ontariio years, he was President of the Rotary Club of Kitchener and, after his return to B.C., resumed active participation as Chair, Victoria High School Alumni Association.

He worked with the Vancouver Maritime Museum as curator for the Vancouver 125 exhibition, "Captain George Vancouver" (2011), and was advisor to the Maritime Museum of BC, Victoria, on projects such as "War of 1812 in the Pacific" (2012). Continuing as historical consultant to CFB Naval and Military Museum, Esquimalt, B.C., he was in 2017 curator of the Canada 150 Public History Project, "The Royal Canadian Navy and the Pacific Gateway to Wider Seas." A corresponding video production was released the following year as Our Seas Our Coasts Our Navy.[29]

He is a Life Member of the Association of Canadian Studies, founding member of the Association for Canadian Studies in the United States and past Chair of the Joint Committee of the American Historical Association and the Canadian Historical Association. He is president of the book selection committee of the Society for the History of Navy Medicine, based at the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland.[30] He lectures on maritime and naval topics, on Canadian history and public affairs, and since the 1970s has served on the editorial boards of a number of scholarly journals, including BC Studies: The British Columbian Quarterly[31] and Terrae Incognitae: The Journal of the Society for the History of Discoveries.[32] In November 2019, he was named a Fellow of the Society for the History of Discoveries.[33]

A lifelong jazz clarinetist, he has been a member of the non-profit society Universal Jazz Advocates and Mentors (U-JAM) for many years. Gough was 2012 president, performed 22 June 2014 at the TD Victoria International JazzFest,[34] and continues to mentor.[35]


Gough and his writings have received honours, prizes and awards in the United States, the U.K., Spain and Canada.[36]

A life member of the Society for the History of Discoveries, he was in November 2019 named a Fellow of the Society "for his many outstanding publications in Canadian and British imperial and naval history; for his fine record of teaching and mentoring students, particularly at Wilfrid Laurier University; and for his contributions to the scholarly community of imperial, international and maritime historians...."[37]

The British Maritime Foundation announced in November 2015 that Pax Britannica: Ruling the Waves and Keeping the Peace before Armageddon won the Mountbatten Literary Award 2015 for best literary contribution to the understanding of the importance of the seas.[38] "I've always felt the seas were blindsided in the writing of Canadian history, and I have made it my own particular calling to turn that around," Gough said in 1994.[39]

The U.K. award was followed in September 2016 by the highest award bestowed by the Washington State Historical Society, the Robert Gray Medal for lifetime achievement.[36][40]

Gough has received the Psi Upsilon Distinguished Service Alumnus Award, the Wilfrid Laurier University Alumni Hoffmann-Little Award for Outstanding Teaching,[41][42] and was recognized with a Distinguished Alumni award in 2019 from the University of Victoria.[43] For civic contributions in both Ontario and British Columbia, he received the Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal[44] and the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal.[45] In November 2014, Her Honour Judith Guichon, Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia, presented him with the Maritime Museum of B.C.'s 2014 SS Beaver Medal for Maritime Excellence.[46][47]

Prizes have included the Clio Prize of the Canadian Historical Association[48][49] and medals, awards and honourable mentions from a number of organizations: the North American Society for Oceanic History,[50] the Writers Trust of Canada Non-Fiction Prize,[51] the Roderick Haig-Brown Regional Prize, B.C. Book Prizes, and the Lieutenant-Governor's Medal for Historical Writing given by the British Columbia Historical Federation.[52][53] The Hallmark Heritage Society of Victoria chose Vic High alumni Gough's study of teachers and students in the Canadian Expeditionary Force, From Classroom to Battlefield: Victoria High School and the First World War, for its 2015 Communication Award.[54]

Gough's Churchill and Fisher: Titans at the Admiralty was chosen by the Canadian Nautical Research Society for a 2018 Keith Matthews Award, which recognizes outstanding publications in the field of nautical research. Evaluators noted that his research, which included newly accessible papers of both Fisher and Churchill at the Churchill Archives Centre of Cambridge University, "generated a human perspective of the pressures both faced."[55]

The same award had gone to Gunboat Frontier: British Maritime Authority and Northwest Coast Indians, 1846–1890 in 1985 and then in 2010 to Historical Dreadnoughts: Arthur Marder, Stephen Roskill and Battles for Naval History.[56] In 1993, the CNRS judges awarded honourable mention to The Northwest Coast: British Navigation, Trade, and Discoveries to 1812. [57][58]

Published works

As historian and educator, Gough has shared the maritime history of the Pacific Northwest and of the continent's interior and northern regions,[59] presenting British Columbia in a worldwide context.[60] His dissertation and first book argued that British Columbia owed its existence to British sea power, that the Hudson's Bay Company was not the only agent in the commercial and political project of creating British Columbia's boundaries: "Russian rivalry on the north and American expansion into Oregon, by settlement and political design, prompted the British response.... The Navy based at Esquimalt became the main agency supporting colonial government, hydrographical surveying, and cross-cultural relations."[61] His investigations of early navigation in the Strait of Juan de Fuca and Strait of Georgia resulted in publication of Charles Duncan's long-neglected plan and elevation of Cape Flattery and Fuca's Pillar, charted by Duncan in August 1788 and first published in 1790.[62]

Gough's 1997 account of Sir Alexander Mackenzie's overland explorations to the Arctic and Pacific coasts, First Across the Continent, continues as a central contribution to the study of North American exploration in the 18th and 19th centuries.[63] Mackenzie, the "Scottish-born son of Loyalists, is spurred on through his exploratory ambitions by none other than the eccentric and aptly named Peter Pond, a Connecticut Yankee with similar interests in travelling and the fur trade, and whose early maps of tributaries and rivers led many to believe he had indeed found the fictitious Northwest Passage."[64]

Press coverage of the pending auction of an 18th-century pistol engraved with Peter Pond's name drew new attention to The Elusive Mr. Pond, Gough's study of the soldier, fur trader and explorer, historically important in pushing northwest into the Mackenzie River basin and establishing the North West Company. "He presciently forecast," said Gough in an interview, "a transcontinental Canada linking the St. Lawrence with the Pacific, all based on trade and under the British flag."[65]

Pax Britannica in 2014 explored the intersection of British naval reach and the guarding of imperial commerce during the post-Napoleonic century.[66] [67] Britannia's Navy two years later documented within a global context a century of events in the North Pacific, the further evolution of the strategic Esquimalt naval base and jurisdictional disputes and developments vis-à-vis the U.S.[68]

Churchill and Fisher: Titans at the Admiralty (2017) received early acclaim as an inquiry into the role of personality in the making of history: the administration of the Royal Navy in the Great War by First Sea Lord Admiral Sir John ("Jacky") Fisher and his young political master, First Lord Winston Churchill.[69]

In The Times Literary Supplement, Jan Morris wrote: "This enthralling book by an eminent Canadian naval historian is a work of profound scholarship and interpretation…. Barry Gough has himself heightened the book's sense of personal drama by surrounding his central characters with powerful expositions of the state of the world around them."[70] James Wood in The Ormsby Review leads with the Morris comments, then attends to Gough's accounts of the struggles within the Admiralty and British Cabinet in formulating strategy and policy for war and the "bitter complications" of Churchill's and Fisher's fall from power. He wraps up with the essentials "the daemonic duo" did accomplish.[71] The Australian Naval Institute forum noted an approach in which the author "distilled and weighed the rancour, political intrigue, strategic and operational challenges and the (mostly) dismal record of the war at sea up to Jutland. The well-known politicians and admirals return to life with all their proclivities – admirable and less so."[69] British politician and military historian Keith Simpson called it "a fascinating study."[72] A reviewer in Finest Hour: The Journal of Winston Churchill and his Times, saying the dual biography was long past due, noted the primary sources and valuable insights into the fraught partnership and complexities of the issues confronting Fisher and Churchill.[73] The bulletin of The Churchill Project at Hillsdale College called it "a highly readable landmark study" and "a hugely important book...sure to join the shelf of vital Churchill studies."[74] One military-website commentator, observing that Gough writes "history as literature," says this "places Dr. Gough in a distinguished company of historians who are also great and readable writers. Sir Steven Runciman, Barbara Tuchman and Sir Winston Churchill come to mind." He adds this is "likely to remain the definitive work on this subject for years to come."[75]

The following year, research in Spanish and English archival sources became the 2018 book by Gough and Charles Borras, The War Against the Pirates: British and American Suppression of Caribbean Piracy in the Early Nineteenth Century, which examines the roots of piracy in those seas and how its suppression laid the foundation for the decline of the Spanish empire in the Americas.[76]

The third edition of the Historical Dictionary of Canada, edited by Stephen Azzi and Barry M. Gough, was published in April 2021.[77] This follows from Gough's work on the 2011 second edition.

Selected bibliography

  • The Royal Navy and the Northwest Coast of North America, 1810–1914: A Study of British Maritime Ascendancy. UBC Press, 1971. ISBN 0-7748-0000-3. Rev. edition, 2016.
  • Canada. Modern Nations in Historical Perspective Series. Prentice Hall, 1975. ISBN 0-13-112789-6.
  • New Dimensions in Ethnohistory: Papers of the Second Laurier Conference on Ethnohistory and Ethnology. Huron College, University of Western Ontario, 1983. Co-edited with Laird Christie. Canadian Ethnology Service, Mercury Series Paper 120. Ottawa: Canadian Museum of Civilization, 1991. ISBN 0-660-12911-6.
  • The Northwest Coast: British Navigation, Trade and Discoveries to 1812. UBC Press, 1992. ISBN 0-7748-0399-1. UBC Press 1980 first edition published as Distant Dominion.
  • Gunboat Frontier: British Maritime Authority and Northwest Coast Indians. UBC Press. 1984. ISBN 978-0-7748-0175-1.
  • The Falkland Islands/Malvinas: Struggle for Empire in the South Atlantic. London: Continuum, 1992/Athlone Press, 1992. ISBN 978-0-485-11419-5.
  • First Across the Continent: Sir Alexander Mackenzie. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press. 1997. ISBN 978-0-8061-3002-6.; Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1997. ISBN 978-0-7710-3406-0.
  • "Possessing Meares Island," The Journal of Canadian Studies 33, no. 2 (Summer 1998), 177–85.
  • Fighting Sail on Lake Huron and Georgian Bay: The War of 1812 and its Aftermath. Naval Institute Press/Vanwell Publishing. 2002. ISBN 978-1-55750-314-5.
  • Geography and Exploration: Biographical Portraits. Vol. 4, The Scribner Science Reference Series. Princeton, N.J.: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2002. ISBN 0-684-80662-2.
  • Through Water, Ice and Fire: Schooner Nancy of the War of 1812. Dundurn Press Ltd. 2006. ISBN 978-1-55002-569-9. Barry M. Gough.
  • Britain, Canada and the North Pacific: Maritime Enterprise and Dominion, 1778-1914. Ashgate Variorum, 2004. ISBN 0-86078-939-X.
  • "From Nootka Sound to Trafalgar: Commodore Dionisio Alcalá Galiano," in Emilio Soler Pascual, ed., Trafalgar y Alcalá Galiano, Jornadas internacionales, Cabra, 17 al 23 de octobre de 2005. Madrid: Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional, 2006.
  • Fortune's a River: The Collision of Empires in Northwest America. Harbour Publishing, 2007. ISBN 1-55017-428-2.[78]
  • Historical Dreadnoughts: Arthur Marder, Stephen Roskill and Battles for Naval History. Seaforth/Pen & Sword, 2010. ISBN 978-1-84832-077-2.
  • Introduction to Andrew David, ed., William Robert Broughton's Voyage of Discovery to the North Pacific 1795–1798. Hakluyt Society, 2010. ISBN 978-0-904180-97-8.
  • The Historical Dictionary of Canada. Scarecrow Press. 1999. ISBN 978-0-8108-3541-2.; 2nd edition, 2011. 3rd edition, 2021, Rowman & Littlefield (Stephen Azzi and Barry M. Gough, eds.) ISBN 978-1-5381-2033-0 hc, ISBN 978-1-5381-2034-7 eBook.
  • Juan de Fuca's Strait: Voyages in the Waterway of Forgotten Dreams. Harbour Publishing, 2012. ISBN 978-1-55017-573-8.
  • "A Tangle of Rock and Moving Water: William Broughton's 1792 Exploration of the San Juan Archipelago," Columbia 27, no. 4 (Winter 2013–14), 20–7.[79]
  • From Classroom to Battlefield: Victoria High School and the First World War. Heritage House Publishing, 2014. ISBN 978-1-77203-006-8.
  • The Elusive Mr. Pond: The Soldier, Fur Trader and Explorer Who Opened the Northwest. Douglas & McIntyre, 2014. ISBN 978-1-77162-039-0.
  • Pax Britannica: Ruling the Waves and Keeping the Peace before Armageddon. Palgrave Macmillan, 2014. ISBN 978-0-23035-430-2.
  • Britannia's Navy on the West Coast of North America, 1812–1914. Heritage House Publishing, 2016. ISBN 978-1-77203-109-6.
  • "The Caneing in Conduit Street," Trafalgar Chronicle: Journal of the 1805 Club 25 (2015), 201–12.
  • That Hamilton Woman: Emma and Nelson. Seaforth Publishing, 2016 ISBN 978-1-4738-7563-0, in conjunction with the exhibition Emma Hamilton: Seduction and Celebrity, 3 Nov 2016 – 17 Apr 2017, National Maritime Museum, Greenwich; and Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2016. ISBN 1591146135.
  • "Writing a Canadian High School History of the Great War: Victoria High School: Challenges, Pitfall, and Sources." Canadian Military History 25 (no. 1), article 13 (2016).[80]
  • "Charles Duncan, Cape Flattery, and the Strait of Juan de Fuca: A Voyage to the Waterway of Forgotten Dreams," Terrae Incognitae: The Journal of the Society for the History of Discoveries 49:1 (April 2017), 37–49; retrieved 25 April 2017 at
  • Churchill and Fisher: Titans at the Admiralty. In the U.K., Seaforth/Pen & Sword, 2017 (ISBN 9781526703569); in the U.S., Naval Institute Press, 2017 (ISBN 9781526703569); in Canada, James Lorimer Ltd., 2017 (ISBN 9781459411364).
  • Barry Gough and Charles Borras. The War Against the Pirates: British and American Suppression of Caribbean Piracy in the Early Nineteenth Century. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018. ISBN 978-0-230-35481-4; eBook 978-1-137-31414-7.

See also


  1. ^ Inventory of work, University of Victoria Libraries, Victoria, B.C., search term "Barry M. Gough"; retrieved 2011-02-22.
  2. ^ Rose Simone, "Naval historian named research prof of the year," The Record (Kitchener, Ont.), 28 Oct 1994, p. B-4.
  3. ^ Works by or about Barry M. Gough in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
  4. ^ Breck Baumann, "Interview with Barry Gough," The Colonial Review, 24 February 2020. Retrieved 2019-12-15 at
  5. ^ "Barry Gough '56". Victoria High School Celebrates Victoria 150.
  6. ^ Gough was one of the Lansdowne-era students at Victoria College (VC '57), precursor to University of Victoria, and is mentioned among its notable alumni; retrieved 2020-01-16 at Edward B. Harvey, ed., The Lansdowne Era: Victoria College 1946–1963, McGill-Queen's University Press, 2008. Retrieved 2020-01-16 at
  7. ^ G. S. Graham (University of London), 1964 lecture at Queen’s University Belfast, School of History and Anthropology, "An epoch of Maritime Empire: the nineteenth century," published as ‘’The politics of naval supremacy:  Studies in British Maritime Ascendancy’’ (Cambridge, 1965) Archived 27 September 2012 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2011-02-25.
  8. ^ W. Kaye Lamb on The Royal Navy and the Northwest Coast of North America, 1810–1914 by Barry M. Gough, BC Studies, No. 12 (Winter 1971/72), pp. 75–78. Archived 23 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2011-02-25.
  9. ^ International Who’s Who 2004,  entry at "Gough, Barry Morton"; Europa Publications/Routledge, p. 634; retrieved 2011-02-02.
  10. ^ "The Canadian Studies curriculum was brought within the North American Studies program in academic year 2008/2009. Laurier Faculty of Arts home page, retrieved 2011-05-10". Archived from the original on 29 April 2012. Retrieved 11 May 2011.
  11. ^ "Biography note, B.C. Studies Conference, New Westminster, B.C., 2–4 May 2013; retrieved 2013-05-01". Archived from the original on 2 July 2013. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  12. ^ Barry Gough, In Search of the Visible Past: History Lectures at Wilfrid Laurier University 1973–1974. Waterloo, Ontario: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 1975. ISBN 9781554584772. Retrieved 2018-05-12 at
  13. ^ Hull, Quebec: Canadian Museum of Civilization, 1991. Co-edited with Laird Christie. Mercury Series, Canadian Ethnology Service, Paper No. 120. Retrieved 2020-01-07 at
  14. ^ Discussed in Gough, "Possessing Meares Island," Journal of Canadian Studies, 1 July 1998 (Trent University, Peterborough, Ont.); retrieved 2011-02-21 Archived 2 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine; as specified in keynote intro, B.C. Studies Conference, New Westminster, B.C., 2–4 May 2013; retrieved 2013-05-01 [1] Archived 2 July 2013 at the Wayback Machine here].
  15. ^ "Body Politic".
  16. ^ Curriculum material in the Scribner Science Reference Series (Geography and Exploration – Biographical  Portraits, Barry M. Gough, ed.; retrieved 2011-02-24.) and coursework in the DNDLearn modules, Royal Military College, Kingston, Ont., online DNDLearn modules, Royal Military College, Kingston, Ont.; retrieved 2011-02-26.
  17. ^ Bohlander, Richard E., ed., World Explorers and Discoverers (New York: Macmillan, 1992); bibliography and reading list online Archived 29 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2011-02-24.
  18. ^ Explorers sequence, information; retrieved 2011-02-25.
  19. ^ [ [ Archived 7 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine retrieved 2011-02-23]
  20. ^ Gough, Barry (2016) "Writing a Canadian High School History of the Great War: Victoria High School: Challenges, Pitfalls, and Sources," Canadian Military History 25, Issue 1, article 13; retrieved 2016-10-21; evaluation, Communication Awards segment, Preserve: Newsletter of the Hallmark Heritage Society, Spring/Summer 2015, p. 8; retrieved 2020-01-23 at
  21. ^ Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ont., Barry Gough fonds, retrieved 2011-02-09; Wilfrid Laurier University Press, author listings, retrieved 2018-05-11.
  22. ^ Letter of appointment as adjunct professor of history, War Studies, RMC (online listings password-protected); course readings for HIE208 Canadian Military History (2010), Module 2, Week 3, Barry Gough and Roger Sarty, "Sailors and Soldiers: The Royal Canadian Navy, the Canadian Forces, and the Defence of Atlantic Canada, 1890–1914"; retrieved 2011-02-26.
  23. ^ The 20 Oct 2020 footage from Trident Films, released as Veritable Volcano, is online at; retrieved 30 Dec 2020.
  24. ^ Press release, 30 Nov 2020, University of Victoria, Victoria, B.C., retrieved 13 Dec 2020 at
  25. ^ BCHF council page, retrieved 2016-01-31
  26. ^ Don Descoteau, "Victoria-area author jazzed about B.C. history's future," Goldstream News Gazette, updated 4 June 2016, retrieved 2016-06-06 and 2019-11-10.
  27. ^ Speaker, Churchill birthday event 30 November 2005: "Titans at the Admiralty: Sir Winston and Admiral Lord Fisher"; speaker-archive Archived 21 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2011-02-17. Churchill Foundation Vancouver Island,
  28. ^ Readings and reviews at Churchill Centre, Chicago; retrieved 2011-03-02.
  29. ^ CFB Esquimalt: Marpac Imaging, 2018.
  30. ^ Thomas L. Snyder, "Society Announces the 2019 Harry D. Langley Book Prize Winner," posted 27 July 2019 at
  31. ^ Masthead, BC Studies 196 (Winter 2017–18).
  32. ^ Masthead, Terrae Incognitae 49.2 (September 2017).
  33. ^ Citation posted during the 60th Annual Meeting of the SHD, Gainesville, FL, 15 Nov 2019, retrieved 15 Dec 2019 at
  34. ^ Rolling credits at; published 1 July 2014; retrieved 28 July 2019.
  35. ^ Laura Lavin, "Gallery gets jazzy," Saanich News, 27 Jan 2012, A-13; retrieved 2012-02-28]
  36. ^ a b Harbour Publishing: Barry Gough.
  37. ^ Lauren Beck, citation, 60th AGM of the Society for the History of Discoveries, Gainesville, FL., 15 November 2019; retrieved 2019-12-25 at
  38. ^ "Barry Gough wins the Mountbatten Maritime Award for Pax Britannica #MMA2015," Maritime Foundation @BMCF_UK 12 Nov 2015; Richard Watts, "Our History: When Britannia ruled the waves," Times Colonist, 9 Jan 2016, retrieved 2016-01-11 here.
  39. ^ Rose Simone, "Naval historian named research prof of the year," The Record (Kitchener, Ont.), 28 Oct 1994, B-4.
  40. ^ "Washington State Historical Society > History Awards".
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  50. ^ The North American Society for Oceanic History (NASOH) gives the John Lyman Book Awards annually for books published in six categories of the maritime history field. Gough's Fortune's a River: The Collision of Empires in Northwest America (Harbour Publishing) was 2007 winner in category "Canadian Naval and Maritime History"; Through Water, Ice and Fire: Schooner Nancy of the War of 1812 (Dundurn Press) received a 2006 Honourable Mention in category "Canadian Naval and Maritime History"; and Fur Traders from New England: The Boston Men in the North Pacific, 1787–1800 (Arthur H. Clark Co.) was 1997 winner in category "Primary Source Materials, Reference Works, and Guide Books"; discussion of awards retrieved 2011-02-19 here.
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  61. ^ Barry Gough, "From British Columbia to Pax Britannica and Return," British Columbia History 46:2 (Summer 2015), p.15. Retrieved 2019-11-28 at
  62. ^ Barry Gough, "Charles Duncan, Cape Flattery, and the Strait of Juan de Fuca: A Voyage to the Waterway of Forgotten Dreams, Terrae Incognitae: The Journal of the Society for the History of Discoveries 49:1 (April 2017), 37–49. Retrieved 2017-05-25 at
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  75. ^ Contributor metellus cimber II, “Churchill and Fisher: Titans at the Admiralty,”Firetrench, posted 2017-11-06; retrieved 2017-11-09.
  76. ^ Barry Gough and Charles Borras, The War Against The Pirates: British and American Suppression of Caribbean Piracy in the Early Nineteenth Century. London: Palgrave, 2018. Britain and the World series. Retrieved 2018-08-09 at
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