To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Barossa Valley

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Barossa Valley
South Australia
Tanunda.jpg
Autumn colour surrounding Tanunda
Barossa Valley is located in South Australia
Barossa Valley
Barossa Valley
The location of Tanunda, one of the key towns in the region.
Coordinates 34°32′S 138°57′E / 34.533°S 138.950°E / -34.533; 138.950
Population 20,000 (2006; approx.)[1]
 • Density 20/km2 (52/sq mi)  (approx.)
Area 912 km2 (352.1 sq mi)[2]
Time zone ACST (UTC+9.5)
 • Summer (DST) ACDT (UTC+10.5)
Location 60 km (37 mi) NE of Adelaide city centre
LGA(s) Barossa Council, Light Regional Council

The Barossa Valley is a valley in South Australia located 60 kilometres (37 mi) northeast of Adelaide city centre. The valley is formed by the North Para River. The Barossa Valley Way is the main road through the valley, connecting the main towns on the valley floor of Nuriootpa, Tanunda, Rowland Flat and Lyndoch. The Barossa Valley is notable as a major wine-producing region and tourist destination.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/5
    Views:
    5 755
    66 572
    5 064
    1 149
    6 892
  • Awesome Wine tasting in Australia’s Barossa Valley
  • "You Gotta Try...Barossa" - A visitors guide to Barossa, South Australia
  • Barossa Valley Scenic Tour - 'Barossa Valley', South Australia - Nuriootpa to Sandy Creek
  • Barossa Valley 2017 | drone
  • Barossa valley South Australia

Transcription

Contents

History

 An overview of the Bethany vineyard, first planted in 1852. Bethany was the first settlement in the Barossa region.
An overview of the Bethany vineyard, first planted in 1852. Bethany was the first settlement in the Barossa region.

The Barossa Valley derives its name from the Barossa Range, which was named by Colonel William Light in 1837. Light chose the name in memory of the British victory over the French in the Battle of Barrosa, in which he fought in 1811. The name "Barossa" was registered in error, due to a clerical error in transcribing the name "Barrosa". The area is approximately 13 by 14 kilometres (8.1 by 8.7 mi).

The three major towns of the Barossa all have distinctive personalities. Tanunda is generally recognised as the most German of the three, with long-standing traditions dating back to the 1840s when the first German settlers arrived in the area. Since many of the German settlers came from Prussian Silesia, they called the Barossa Neu-Schlesien, or "New Silesia".[3] The German influence survives to this day (see Barossa German). Angaston, in contrast, is considered the English town as it was settled predominantly by Cornish miners and others from Britain. The third (and largest) town, Nuriootpa, was influenced by both the German and British settlers, and today is the commercial hub of the Barossa and it is where most of the larger stores are located. Tanunda and Angaston are considered 'tourist towns' in comparison to Nuriootpa because they have many more facilities to cater for tourists.

In February 2011, South Australian Premier Mike Rann announced that special legislation would be introduced to protect the unique heritage of the Barossa Valley and McLaren Vale. Premier Rann said: "Barossa and McLaren Vale food and wine are key icons of South Australia. We must never allow the Barossa or McLaren Vale to become suburbs of Adelaide."[4] The Character Preservation (Barossa Valley) Act 2012 was subsequently passed by the South Australian Parliament.[5]

People

Currently, the Barossa Valley has a population of about 20,000. Most inhabitants live in Tanunda, Nuriootpa, Angaston, Williamstown and Lyndoch, each having over 1000 people. The remaining population lives in a few smaller towns, such as Moculta and Springton. All of these towns are part of the Barossa local government. Many facilities not available in these towns are usually supplemented in nearby Gawler. In recent years, increased development in the area has seen opposition from the local communities.[citation needed]

Religion

The region has a strong German Lutheran history, and many residents identify themselves as Lutherans. Some towns have more than one Lutheran church. Tanunda, for example, has Langmeil, St. Paul's, Tabor and St. Johns. Nuriootpa has St. Petri and Holy Trinity. Angaston has Zion and Salem (Penrice).

Each major town also has a Lutheran primary school. Tanunda has Tanunda Lutheran School, Nuriootpa has Redeemer, and Angaston has Good Shepherd. St. Jakobi, the Lutheran primary school at Lyndoch, hosts the Barossa Airshow annually as its fundraiser.

Population

Major Town Populations:

Rank Urban Centre Population, 2006 census
1 Nuriootpa 4,414[6]
2 Tanunda 4,153[7]
3 Angaston 1,865[8]
4 Williamstown 1,432[9]
5 Lyndoch 1,415[10]
6 Greenock 685[11]
7 Mount Pleasant 593[12]

As a rural region, there is also significant population outside of the town centres (not shown here).

Wine industry

 Wine grape vines in the Barossa Valley
Wine grape vines in the Barossa Valley

The wine industry plays a major role in the Barossa, being the main source of employment for many residents. The many hectares of vineyards are the most distinctive feature of the area, especially when viewed from the Mengler Hill lookout, which is positioned on the Barossa Range which forms much of the eastern side of the valley. The success of the wine industry has historically been celebrated every two years with a week-long Barossa Valley Vintage Festival. The festival draws visitors from all over the world and has entertainment for all tastes including a huge street parade, concerts and gourmet dining.

The Barossa Valley is primarily known for its red wine, in particular Shiraz.[13] Normally, large proportions of Barossa Shiraz are used in Penfolds Grange, Australia's most famous wine.[14] Other main grape varieties grown in the region include: Riesling; Semillon; Grenache and Cabernet Sauvignon. Fortified wines have been traditionally produced in the region as well.

The Barossa Valley is a rich source of some of the oldest Shiraz vines in the world. Shiraz vines planted as early as 1847 by Johann Frederick August Fiedler on Lot 1, Hundred of Moorooroo (the township of Tanunda) are still in commercial production today by Turkey Flat Vineyards.[15]

Food production

Although it is overshadowed by the wine industry, significant food production occurs in the Barossa Valley,[16] including:

  • Bakeries that produce traditional German breads and pastries
  • Butchers who produce meat and smallgoods in the German style
  • Artisan cheesemakers
  • Maggie Beer is a renowned cook, food author, restaurateur and food manufacturer. Her Farm Shop sells a range of condiments under her name. She is co-presenter of ABC Television's programme The Cook and the Chef.

The Barossa Valley holds a weekly Farmers' Market, supplying local produce which is sold directly by the producer.[17]

Festivals

Barossa Vintage Festival

The week-long Barossa Vintage Festival is held biennially, in odd-numbered years. The festival runs for around a week in autumn, and traditionally marks and celebrates the completion of the year's vintage season, at the end of March and beginning of April. A variety of wine-themed events are held during the festival, including wine tastings and competitions, musical events, food events with local produce, balls and parades.

The Barossa Vintage Festival was first held in 1947, to celebrate the end of the grape harvest, and the end of hostilities in World War II, and has run continually since. It is Australia's oldest and longest-running wine festival.[18]

Barossa Gourmet Weekend

The Barossa Gourmet Weekend is a three-day food, wine and art celebration held in the third weekend of August every year. Local wineries and venues host individual events throughout the Barossa, offering food, wine, music, arts and hospitality.[19]

See also

References

  1. ^ See Population
  2. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 March 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-07. 
  3. ^ LeRoy R. Hafen. Broken Hand. U of Nebraska Press, 1981. ISBN 0-8032-7208-1
  4. ^ 891 ABC, Feb 9, 2011:"No Urban Sprawl into Wine Region"
  5. ^ Rau, John (18 January 2013). "McLaren Vale and Barossa protected from today" (PDF). Government of South Australia. Retrieved 12 November 2014. [permanent dead link]
  6. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Nuriootpa (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 4 November 2012.  Map
  7. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Tanunda (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 4 November 2012.  Map
  8. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Angaston (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 4 November 2012.  Map
  9. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Williamstown (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 4 November 2012.  Map
  10. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Lyndoch (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 4 November 2012.  Map
  11. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Greenock (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 4 November 2012.  Map
  12. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Mount Pleasant (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 4 November 2012.  Map
  13. ^ White, Robert E. Soils for Fine Wines. Oxford University Press, USA, 2003. p. 245 ISBN 0-19-514102-4
  14. ^ Gordon, Kieth and Debra. Wine on Tuesdays: Be a Serious Wine Drinker without Taking Wine Too Seriously. Thomas Nelson, 2008. p. 136 ISBN 1-4016-0418-8
  15. ^ http://www.turkeyflat.com.au/blog/tag/history
  16. ^ "Food Barossa". Archived from the original on 20 January 2008. Retrieved 13 December 2007. 
  17. ^ http://www.barossafarmersmarket.com
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 February 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-07. 
  19. ^ http://www.barossagourmet.com

External links

This page was last edited on 2 February 2018, at 11:49.
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.