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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Barak (Kazakh: Барақ-Хан) was Khan of the Golden Horde from 1423 to 1429.[1] His father was Quyurchuq, the son of Urus Khan, who was a descendant of Tuqa-Timur, the son of Jochi, the eldest son of Genghis Khan.[2]

Barak took support from Ulugh Beg, the Timurid khan, and in 1422 he dethroned Kepek, Ulugh Muhammad as well as Dawlat Berdi, khans of the Golden Horde. And Barak Khan reoccupied Sighnak from the Timurids. However, he was defeated in 1427 by Ulugh Muhammad and was promptly assassinated by Jochi's descendant, Mohammed, who claimed the steppe between the Ural and Syr Darya rivers for his dynasty.

In the 1460s, Barak’s sons, Kirai and Janibek rebelled against Abu'l-Khayr Khan and they immigrated to the environs of Jeti Su (Seven Rivers) and established the Kazakh Khanate.[3]


See also


  1. ^ "Barak khan · Prominent figures". Kazakhstan History portal. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
  2. ^ Gaev 2002: 10-15, 53; Sagdeeva 2005: 5, 42, 71; Počekaev 2010a: 155-156, 372; May 2018: 302, 304; for the primary sources, see Judin 1992, Tizengauzen 2006, Vohidov 2006.
  3. ^ Olcott, Martha Brill (1987). The Kazakhs. Hoover Press. p. 8. ISBN 9780817993535.
  • Bosworth, C. E., The New Islamic Dynasties, New York, 1996.
  • Gaev, A. G., "Genealogija i hronologija Džučidov," Numizmatičeskij sbornik 3 (2002) 9-55.
  • Howorth, H. H., History of the Mongols from the 9th to the 19th Century. Part II.1. London, 1880.
  • Judin, V. P., Utemiš-hadži, Čingiz-name, Alma-Ata, 1992.
  • May, T., The Mongol Empire, Edinburgh, 2018.
  • Počekaev, R. J., Cari ordynskie: Biografii hanov i pravitelej Zolotoj Ordy. Saint Petersburg, 2010a.
  • Sabitov, Ž. M., Genealogija "Tore", Astana, 2008.
  • Sagdeeva, R. Z., Serebrjannye monety hanov Zolotoj Ordy, Moscow, 2005.
  • Tizengauzen, V. G. (trans.), Sbornik materialov otnosjaščihsja k istorii Zolotoj Ordy. Izvlečenija iz persidskih sočinenii, republished as Istorija Kazahstana v persidskih istočnikah. 4. Almaty, 2006.
  • Vohidov, Š. H. (trans.), Istorija Kazahstana v persidskih istočnikah. 3. Muʿizz al-ansāb. Almaty, 2006.
Barak Khan
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Ulugh Muhammad and Dawlat Berdi
Khan of the Golden Horde
Succeeded by
Ulugh Muhammad
Preceded by Khan of the Blue Horde
Succeeded by
Mohammed and Mustafa

This page was last edited on 12 February 2023, at 12:05
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