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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Baraba
Paraba, Barama, бараба, барама
Flag of the Sybyr people.svg
Regions with significant populations
 Russia8,380
Languages
Baraba dialect[1] of Siberian Tatar, Russian
Religion
Sunni Islam[1]

The Baraba (Siberian Tatar: параба, бараба, барама) are a sub-group of Siberian Tatars and the indigenous people of the Ob-Irtysh interfluve.[2] After a strenuous resistance to Russian conquest and much suffering at a later period from Kyrgyz and Kalmyk raids, they now live by agriculture — either in separate villages or along with Russians. Some of them still speak Baraba dialect of Siberian Tatar language. They traditionally live on the Baraba steppe.

Population

They were first mentioned as a separate ethnic group in the Russian Empire Census in 1897 and First All-Union Census of the Soviet Union in 1926. According to 1897 Census their population was 4,433. In 1926 there were 7,528 Baraba Tatars.

Ethnographers estimated that their population reached 8,380 in 1971.[3]

According to the data of the Institute of Philology of the Siberian Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, there were 8,000 Baraba Tatars in Novosibirsk Oblast in 2012.[4]

History

The Baraba Tatars are descended from Kipchak tribes who inhabited the region during the 12th and 13th centuries. The region was conquered by the Mongols in the 13th century and was incorporated into the White Horde. The Baraba Tatars lived in the eastern portion of the Khanate of Sibir when it was established in the 15th century.[5]

The Dzungar Khanate extracted yasaq (tribute) from their Baraba Muslim underlings. Converting to Orthodox Christianity and becoming Russian subjects was a tactic by the Baraba to find an excuse not to pay yasaq to the Dzungars.[6] Since Muslim Siberian Bukharans had legal advantages and privileges under Russia, Barabas pretended to be them.[7]

Sources

Wixman, Ronald. The Peoples of the USSR: An Ethnographic Handbook (Armonk: M. E. Shapre, 1984) p. 22

References

  1. ^ a b Радлов В. В. Из Сибири: Страницы дневника. — М.: Наука. Главная редакция восточной литературы, 1989.— 749 с. ISBN 5-02-017025-9 (in Russian)
  2. ^ Корусенко, С.Н.; Кулешова, Н.В. (1999). Генеалогия и этническая история барабинских и курдакско-саргатских татар (in Russian). Новосибирск: Наука. p. 6.
  3. ^ Селезнёв, А.Г. (1994). Барабинские татары: Истоки этноса и культуры (in Russian). Новосибирск: Наука. p. 6.
  4. ^ В Новосибирской области осталось два коренных народа. НГС.НОВОСТИ (in Russian). 21 February 2012. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
  5. ^ "Baraba Tatars". www.eki.ee. The Red Book of the Peoples of the Russian Empire. Retrieved 2020-09-05.
  6. ^ Frank, Allen J. (1 April 2000). "Varieties of Islamization in Inner Asia The case of the Baraba Tatars, 1740-1917". Cahiers du monde russe. Éditions de l’EHESS: 252–254. doi:10.4000/monderusse.46. ISBN 2-7132-1361-4. ISSN 1777-5388.
  7. ^ Frank, Allen J. (1 April 2000). "Varieties of Islamization in Inner Asia The case of the Baraba Tatars, 1740-1917". Cahiers du monde russe. Éditions de l’EHESS: 255, 261. doi:10.4000/monderusse.46. ISBN 2-7132-1361-4. ISSN 1777-5388.

External links

This page was last edited on 5 September 2020, at 03:24
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