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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A4165
Route information
Length3.7 mi (6.0 km)
Major junctions
South endOxford
  A4144
A40
A4260
North endNear Kidlington
Road network

Banbury Road[1] is a major arterial road in Oxford, England, running from St Giles' at the south end, north towards Banbury through the leafy suburb of North Oxford and Summertown, with its local shopping centre. Parallel and to the west is the Woodstock Road, which it meets at the junction with St Giles'. To the north, Banbury Road meets the Oxford Ring Road at a roundabout. The road is designated the A4165 (which continues for a short distance as Oxford Road to Kidlington). Prior to the building of the M40 motorway extension in 1990, the road formed part of the A423 from Maidenhead to Coventry.[citation needed]

Buildings

Shops on Banbury Road in Summertown.
Shops on Banbury Road in Summertown.
The former residence of the lexicographer James Murray, first editor of the Oxford English Dictionary, at 78 Banbury Road, opposite the junction with St Margaret's Road. Note the pillar box in front of the house, installed because of the volume of post that he sent, with a commemorative blue plaque behind, added in 2002.[2]
The former residence of the lexicographer James Murray, first editor of the Oxford English Dictionary, at 78 Banbury Road, opposite the junction with St Margaret's Road. Note the pillar box in front of the house, installed because of the volume of post that he sent, with a commemorative blue plaque behind, added in 2002.[2]

The former Mathematical Institute of Oxford University is at the lower end of the road on the east side. Opposite Keble Road is St Giles' Church, built in 1120 and consecrated in 1200. Further north are the Denys Wilkinson Building (astrophysics) and the prominent 1960s Thom Building of the Engineering Science department.

One of the University's former women's colleges, St Anne's College backs onto Banbury Road and another, St Hugh's College, flanks the road further up. Kellogg College and Wycliffe Hall, which are also part of the university are situated on Banbury Road, near to the junction with Bevington Road. The Independent Sixth Form of d'Overbroeck's College is in the Swan Building at 111 Banbury Road.

Wychwood School, an independent girls' school, is at 74 Banbury Road. The Banbury Road Medical Centre is a National Health Service facility at 172 Banbury Road.[3]

BBC Oxford is also based on Banbury Road and is home to the local televised news output and BBC Radio Oxford. In early 1970 the BBC Oxford studios were actually located further down at 242–254 Banbury Road (now a branch of Marks & Spencer), but were later moved to 269 in 1989 as local media services within BBC Oxford expanded.

People

Famous residents include the lexicographer James Murray who produced the first Oxford English Dictionary (a blue plaque now marks the site) and the zoologist Desmond Morris, author of The Naked Ape.

The artist Paul Nash (1889–1946) lived at 106 Banbury Road, marked with an Oxfordshire Blue Plaque.[4][5]

Jesse Elliston, the proprietor of what became Oxford's leading department store, Elliston & Cavell, died in the Banbury Road in 1853 at the age of only 47.

Dame Honor Fell DBE, FRS (1900–1986) studied at Wychwood School and this is commemorated with a blue plaque from the Society of Biology, installed in 2015.[6]

Christopher Strachey (1916–1975) founded and led the Programming Research Group (part of Oxford University) from 1965 until his untimely death, at 45 Banbury Road.[7] From 1977, the PRG was then led by Tony Hoare, located here until 1984.

Adjoining roads in North Oxford

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ "Banbury Road". UK: Oxford History. Retrieved 21 September 2014.
  2. ^ Blue Plaque marks home of first OED Editor, Blueprint: The newsletter of the University of Oxford, 21 November 2002.
  3. ^ "Banbury Road Medical Centre". UK: Oxfordshire NHS.
  4. ^ "Paul Nash (1889–1946) Artist, 106 Banbury Road, Oxford". UK: Oxfordshire Blue Plaques Board. Retrieved 21 September 2014.
  5. ^ "Paul Nash 1889–1946 artist lived here 1940–1946". Open Plaques. Retrieved 21 September 2014.
  6. ^ "Oxford Inscriptions: Dame Honor Fell, Wychwood School". History on the streets of Oxford. UK. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  7. ^ "Expenditure for house occupied by the Programming Research Group, 1966–1968". Bodleian Archives & Manuscripts. UK: Bodleian Library, University of Oxford. MS. Eng. misc. b. 255/B.25. Retrieved 7 September 2020.
  8. ^ Hinchcliffe, p.217.

Bibliography

This page was last edited on 8 September 2020, at 12:51
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