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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mongozo banana beer
Mongozo banana beer

Banana beer is an alcoholic beverage made from fermentation of mashed bananas. Sorghum, millet or maize flour are added as a source of wild yeast.[1]

Etymology

In Uganda, banana beer is known as mubisi, in DR Congo as Kasiksi, in Kenya as urwaga, and in Rwanda and Burundi as urwagwa.[2]

Background

Banana beer is sometimes consumed during rituals and ceremonies.[3] A similar product called mwenge is made in Uganda with only bananas and sorghum.[4] It can also be found under the names kasiksi, nokrars, rwabitoke, urwedensiya, urwarimu and milinda kaki.

Production

Making local banana beer in Western Uganda
Making local banana beer in Western Uganda
Selling banana beer in Tanzania
Selling banana beer in Tanzania

Banana beer is made from ripe (but not over-ripe) East African Highland bananas (Musa acuminata Colla (AAA-EA), Mbidde clone set).[5] To accelerate the ripening of bananas, a hole is dug in the ground, lined with dried banana leaves which are then set on fire. Fresh banana leaves are laid on top of them, and then the unripe bananas. These are then covered by more fresh banana leaves and pseudostems. After four to six days, the bananas are ripe enough.[1] This method only works in the dry season. During the rainy season, bananas are ripened by putting them on a hurdle near a cooking fire.[6]

There are two types of banana that are used for banana beer: the harsh tasting igikashi and the milder tasting igisahira.[7] The banana beer mixture consists of one third igikashi and two thirds igisahira. Once ripened, the bananas are peeled. If they cannot be peeled by hand, they are not ripe enough. After peeling, the bananas are kneaded until soft. The juice is then filtered to get clear banana juice, which is then diluted with water. Sorghum is ground and lightly roasted and then added to the juice. This mixture is left to ferment for 24 hours and then filtered.[5]

After filtering, the beer is packaged in glass or plastic bottles. In commercial production, the beer may first be pasteurized before packaging to stop fermentation and extend shelf life.[5]

Brands

Commercial brands include:

  • Mongozo Banana Beer
  • Raha
  • Agashya

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Banana Beer". Xs4all.nl. Retrieved 2013-06-21.
  2. ^ "Fermented and vegetables. A global perspective. Chapter 4". Fao.org. Retrieved 2013-06-21.
  3. ^ Adekunle, Julius (2007). Culture and Customs of Rwanda. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 0-313-33177-4.
  4. ^ Handbook of Indigenous Fermented Foods, 2nd edition 1995 ISBN 0-8247-9352-8
  5. ^ a b c "Banana Beer | Practical Answers". Practical Action. Archived from the original on 2011-09-21. Retrieved 2013-06-21.
  6. ^ Appropedia:Banana beer (Practical Action Brief)
  7. ^ "Laisvalaikis - ZEBRA". Zebra.lt. Retrieved 2013-06-21.
This page was last edited on 10 July 2020, at 06:44
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