To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Baltacı Mehmet Pasha

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Pakçemüezzin Baltacı

Mehmet

Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
In office
18 August 1710 – 20 November 1711
MonarchAhmet III
Preceded byKöprülü Numan Pasha
Succeeded byAğa Yusuf Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
In office
25 December 1704 – 3 May 1706
MonarchAhmet III
Preceded byKalaylıkoz Hacı Ahmed Pasha [tr]
Succeeded byÇorlulu Damat Ali Pasha
Personal details
Born1652
Osmancık, Çorum, Ottoman Empire
DiedJuly 1712
Lemnos, Ottoman Empire
Nationality
Flag of the Ottoman Empire.svg
Turkish
Military service
Allegiance Ottoman Empire
Branch/service Ottoman Navy (1704)
 Ottoman Army
Years of service1704–06, 1710–12
RankKapudan Pasha (1704)
Serdar (Commander-in-Chief; 1710–12)
Battles/warsPruth River Campaign

Baltacı Mehmet Pasha (also called Pakçemüezzin Baltacı Mehmet Pasha, sometimes known just as Baltacı or Baltadji; 1662, Osmancık – July 1712, Lemnos) was an Ottoman statesman who served as grand vizier of the Ottoman Empire from 1704 to 1706, and as Kapudan Pasha (grand admiral of the Ottoman Navy) in 1704.

Early years

Mehmet was born in Osmancık, near Çorum (modern Turkey). He was of Turkish origin.[1] He travelled to North Africa, which was then Ottoman territory. He then came to Constantinople, the capital of the empire, where he found a job as a baltacı (palace employee) in the palace of the sultan which earned him the epithet Baltacı. He also worked as a secretary and muezzin (person who calls others to prayer in Islamic tradition) and earned the nickname pakçemuezzin. Soon, he was promoted to be the chief stableman (imrahor) and then Grand Admiral (Kapudan Pasha) in 1704. On 25 December 1704, he became the grand vizier.[2][3]

First term as Grand Vizier and governor

There are no remarkable feats in his first term as Grand Vizier, and in 1706 he was dismissed. In just four years, he was appointed three times to various remote provinces, namely Erzurum, the island Chios (Turkish: Sakız), and Aleppo (Turkish: Halep) as a governor (presently, Erzurum is in Turkey, Chios in Greece, and Aleppo is in Syria). On 18 August 1710, he began his second term as Grand Vizier.

Second term as Grand Vizier

His second term is quite well known. In 1709, during the Great Northern War, Charles XII of Sweden had been defeated by the Russians in the battle of Poltava and took refuge in Ottoman territory, with Peter I of Russia in pursuit. The Ottoman Empire declared war on Russia. Baltacı Mehmet was named the commander (serdar) of the army. He was able to encircle the Russian army near the Pruth River (now forming the border line between Romania and Moldova), forcing Peter to sue for peace. The Treaty of Pruth stipulated the return of the fortress Azov, which had been annexed by Russia by the Treaty of Karlowitz, to the Ottomans; several Russian fortresses were to be demolished; Peter I promised not to interfere into the affairs of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Charles XII was given a free passage to his country.[4]

Some contemporaries, such as Voltaire in his book Peter the Great, reported that Mehmet Pasha was involved in an affair with future-Empress Catherine I of Russia, then the consort of Peter.[5] Surrounded by overwhelming numbers of Turkish troops, Catherine suggested before surrendering, that her jewels and those of the other women be used in an effort to bribe Baltacı Mehmet Pasha into allowing a retreat.[6] Mehmet allowed the retreat, whether motivated by the bribe or considerations of trade and diplomacy.[7]

The story of Mehmet Pasha's relationship with Catherine I and his subsequent punishment by exile has been the subject of several works of literature in both Turkey and Russia, including the 1961 play Lütfen Dokunmayın by Turkish playwright Haldun Taner and the book Baltacı ile Katerina ("Baltacı and Catherine") by Murat Sertoğlu.[5]

From Constantinople to Lemnos

Although the initial reaction of Sultan Ahmet III to the treaty was satisfactory, Baltacı Mehmet Pasha's political rivals, as well as Charles XII and Devlet II Giray, the vassal Crimean khan, were dissatisfied with the terms. He was accused of accepting the aforementioned bribe from Peter I of Russia (through Catherine) and was dismissed from his post on 20 November 1711.[8] Baltacı was exiled to the modern-day Greek islands of Lesbos (Midilli) and later Lemnos (Limni), where he died the next year in July 1712.

References

  1. ^ İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 52. (in Turkish)
  2. ^ Biography of Baltacı Mehmed (in Turkish)
  3. ^ Ayhan Buz: Osmanlı Sadrazamları, Neden Yayınları, İstanbul, 2009 ISBN 978-975-254-278-5 p 165
  4. ^ Prof. Yaşar Yüce-Prof. Ali Sevim: Türkiye tarihi Cilt III, AKDTYKTTK Yayınları, İstanbul, 1991 p 259-262
  5. ^ a b Stanley Hochman (1984). McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of World Drama: An International Reference Work in 5 Volumes. VNR AG. p. 6. ISBN 978-0-07-079169-5.
  6. ^ T. Byram Karasu (2007). Of God and Madness: A Historical Novel. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 49. ISBN 978-0-7425-5975-2.
  7. ^ Skavronsky
  8. ^ Ahmad III, H. Bowen, The Encyclopaedia of Islam, Vol. I, ed. H.A.R. Gibb, J.H. Kramers, E. Levi-Provencal and J. Shacht, (E.J.Brill, 1986), 269.
Political offices
Preceded by
Kalaylıkoz Hacı Ahmed Pasha [tr]
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
25 December 1704 – 3 May 1706
Succeeded by
Çorlulu Damat Ali Pasha
Preceded by
Köprülü Numan Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
18 August 1710 – 20 November 1711
Succeeded by
Ağa Yusuf Pasha
This page was last edited on 1 February 2019, at 20:29
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.