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Baiswada State

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Baiswada State
बैसवाड़ा राज्य
Coat of arms
• 1901
22,855 km2 (8,824 sq mi)
• 1901
• Established
• Accession to
Dominion of India
Succeeded by
Dominion of India
Today part ofUttar Pradesh,
Republic of India

Baiswada State, also called Kingdom of Baiswada, was one of the States of India in Awadh region.[1] Baiswada got its name because Bais Rajputs dominated this area. It was founded by Maharaj Abhaychandra Bais, from the 25th generation of Samrat Harsh Vardhan Bais of Thanesar. The capital of Baiswada was Daundiya Kheda.


Keshav Rai, alias Ganesh Rai, the ruler of Lohaganj in the 24th generation from Harshavardhan, died in the battle of Chandawar on behalf of Raja Jaichand against Muhammad Ghori. H sons Nirbhaychand and Abhaychand, along with their mother, went to Sialkot in Punjab. Living in secret, the two princes returned to their homeland when they grew up. Around the year 1230, the Gautamvanshi king of Argal was attacked by the Muslim Subedar of Kada, but Gautam Raja defeated him. After some time Gautam Raja's wife went to Gangasnan, where the Muslim Subedar sent his soldiers to capture the queen. Seeing this, the queen shouted that if there is any Kshatriya here, then protect me. Coincidentally both Bais princes were present. They immediately killed the Muslim soldiers. After rescuing the queen, Nirbhaychand died from multiple wounds, but Abhaychand survived. Abhaychand married Gautam Raja's daughter. Raja gave her 1440 villages in the dowry north of the Ganges, where Abhaychand laid the foundation of Bais state. This Bais state came to be called Baiswada.[2]

In 1856 when the British annexed Oudh State, then Maharaj Rao Ram Baksh Singh fought them and captured Oudh and merged it in Baiswada. Due to his bravery, Begum Hazrat Mahal gave him the title of "Raja-e-Awadh ".[3] After capturing Oudh, Baiswada became the fourth biggest state of India covering 30,905 sq miles.

In 1858, the British attacked on Daundiya Kheda Fort and with the help of Chandi Kewat, a treacherous accomplice of the King, captured and destroyed the fort.They arrested the King and hanged him on 28 December 1858. Army General of Baiswada Rana Beni Madho fought 20 battles in 22 months against the British and secured his victory in every battle.[4] When Britishers captured Baiswada in 1858, the state got under the Court of Words and later in 1949 was merged in republic of India.


  • Samrat Shalivahana
  • Maharaj Sundar Bhan
  • Maharaj Badri Bhan
  • Maharaj Suret Bhan
  • Maharaj Karn Bhan
  • Maharaj Uday Bhan
  • Maharaj Jagjiv Bhan
  • Maharaj Rajdev Bhan
  • Maharaj Shabd Bhan
  • Maharaj Ashwini Kumar
  • Maharaj Dhok Kumar
  • Maharaj Trilok Chandra I (captured Indraprasth)
  • Maharaj Vikram Chandra
  • Maharaj Kartik Chandra
  • Maharaj Ram Chandra
  • Maharaj Adhar Chandra
  • Maharaj Kalyan Chandra
  • Maharaj Bhim Chandra
  • Maharaj Bodh Chandra
  • Maharaj Govind Chandra
  • Maharani Prema Devi
  • (name of 6 kings missing)
    • Maharaj Nar Vardhan
    • Maharaj Rajya Vardhan I
  • Maharaj Aditya Vardhan
  • Maharaj Prabhakar Vardhan
  • Maharaj Rajyavardhana
  • Samrat Harsha (younger son of Prabhakar Vardhan, received throne after brother's death
  • Maharaj Yashkarn (grandson of Harsh Vardhan)
  • Maharaj Ranshakti
  • Maharaj Dhir Chandra
  • Maharaj Braj Kumar
  • Maharaj Ghosh Chandra
  • Maharaj Puranmal
  • Maharaj Jaganpati
  • Maharaj Parimal Dev
  • Maharaj Mani Chandra
  • Maharaj Kamaldev
  • Maharaj Yashdhar Dev
  • Maharaj Doril Dev
  • Maharaj Kripal Shah
  • Maharaj Ratan Shah
  • Maharaj Hindupati
  • Maharaj Raj Shah
  • Maharaj Pratap Shah
  • Maharaj Rudra Shah
  • Maharaj Vikramaditya
  • Maharaj Tambe Rai
  • Maharaj Kshatrapati Rao
  • Maharaj Jagat Pati
  • Maharaj Keshav Rai
  • Maharaj Abhay Chand (founder of Baiswada)
  • Maharaj Karn Rai
  • Maharaj Siddh Rai
  • Maharaj Purn Rao
  • Maharaj Ghatam Dev (founder of Ghatampur)
  • Maharaj Jajan Dev (founder of Jajmau)
  • Maharaj Ranvir Dev (founder of Ranvirpur Purva)
  • Maharaj Rohitashv
  • Maharaj Rao Satan Dev
  • Maharaj Trilok Chandra II Singh
  • Maharaj Rao Prithvi Chandra Singh
  • Maharaj Rao Dev Rai Singh
  • Maharaj Rao Bhairon Das Singh
  • Maharaj Rao Tara Chandra Singh
  • Maharaj Rao Sangram Singh
  • Maharaj Rao Kanak Singh
  • Maharaj Rao Prithiviraj Singh
  • Maharaj Rao Purandar Singh
  • Maharaj Rao Mardan Singh
  • Maharaj Rao Raghunath Singh
  • Maharaj Rao Verisal Singh
  • Maharaj Rao Hari Singh
  • Maharaj Rao Basant Singh (nephew of Hari Singh)
  • Maharaj Rao Ram Baksh Singh (died 1858) (throne vacant till now)
  • Maharaj Rao Ram Baksh Singh participated in 1858 revolt against Britishers.


  1. ^ "बैसवाडा का संक्षिप्त इतिहास "क्षत्रिय बैस राजपूतो" का समृद्ध सशक्त शक्तिशाली राज्य बैसवाड़ा रायबरेली उन्नाव कहलाता है।". 2021-09-03. Retrieved 2023-07-24.
  2. ^ "Gazetteer of the Province of Oudh, Vol. II-H to M". INDIAN CULTURE. Retrieved 2023-06-02.
  3. ^ Ahmad, M. (2022-08-30). "Begum Hazrat Mahal of Awadh". Kashmir Reader. Retrieved 2023-06-02.
  4. ^ "The legend of Rao Raja Ram". The Times of India. 2013-10-18. ISSN 0971-8257. Retrieved 2023-06-02.
This page was last edited on 24 July 2023, at 16:46
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