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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Babadag
Town
Coat of arms of Babadag

Coat of arms
Babadag is located in Romania
Babadag
Babadag
Location of Babadag
Coordinates: 44°53′53″N 28°44′31″E / 44.89806°N 28.74194°E / 44.89806; 28.74194
Country Romania
CountyTulcea County
StatusTown
Government
 • MayorGeorgian Caraman (National Liberal Party)
Area
 • Total121 km2 (47 sq mi)
Population (2002)
 • Total10,037
 • Density82/km2 (210/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
ClimateCfa
Websitehttp://www.primaria-babadag.ro/

Babadag (Romanian pronunciation: [babaˈdaɡ] (About this sound listen); Turkish: Babadağ, lit. "Father Mountain"), formerly known as Babatag,[1] is a town in Tulcea County, Romania, located on a small lake formed by the Taița river, in the densely wooded highlands of northern Dobruja. One of the several tombs of Sari Saltik is found in town.

The Babadag Lake is divided only by a strip of marshland from Razim Lake, a broad landlocked sheet of water spilling into the Black Sea.

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Transcription

Contents

History

Babadag at the end of the 19th century
Babadag at the end of the 19th century

The name of Babadag is connected with 13th century dervish Baba Sari Saltik, who is said to have led a number of Turcomans to Dobruja and to have settled them in this area. The town was first mentioned by Ibn Battuta under the name Baba Saltuk, as the furthermost outpost of the "Turks" (i.e., the Golden Horde).[2]

The town was conquered by Bayezid I, sultan of the Ottoman Empire, in his 1393 Danubian campaign. The construction of a fortress was begun here during the reign of Murad IV, but by 1650 only the fortress's foundation walls and towers were standing. In the 17th century, it occasionally served as the winter headquarters for the Grand Vizier of the Turks during their wars with Russia.[1] The town's location near to the Black Sea made it a target for the Russian navy, the town was bombed by the Russians in 1854 during the Crimean War.[1] In the mid-19th century, Babadag formed part of the region (sanjak) of Silistra within the "Bulgarian Government" (Danube Vilayet).[1] Following the 1877–1878 war between the Ottoman and Russian empires, Babadag became part of independent Romania.

At Babadag, the Romanian Army operates a military training facility. With a total surface area of 270 km², this is one of the largest and most modern training firing ranges in Europe. US forces have started to train at Babadag as part of Romania's integration into NATO.[3]

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1912 4,686—    
1930 4,626−1.3%
1948 4,022−13.1%
1956 5,549+38.0%
1966 7,343+32.3%
1977 8,564+16.6%
1992 10,437+21.9%
2002 10,878+4.2%
2011 8,940−17.8%
Source: Census data

In 1900 Babadag population was 3,500.[4] The 2011 census counted 8,940 inhabitants.

Population distribution:

84.8% were Romanian Orthodox and 14.2% Muslim.

Economy

Before the First World War, Babadag served as the market for wool and mutton from the Dobruja.[4]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d EB (1878).
  2. ^ Stănciugel et al., p.44-46
  3. ^ MEDIAFAX Foto
  4. ^ a b EB (1911).

References

  • Wikisource Baynes, T.S., ed. (1878), "Babatag", Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 (9th ed.), New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, p. 178.
  • Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911), "Babadag", Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 (11th ed.), Cambridge University Press, p. 91.

External links

This page was last edited on 25 July 2018, at 18:45
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