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BMW 1 Series
BMW F40 Leonberg 2019 IMG 0019.jpg
Body and chassis
ClassSubcompact executive car (C)
LayoutFR layout (2004–2019)
Front-engine, front-wheel drive (2019–present)
Front-engine, all-wheel drive (2011–present)
PredecessorBMW 3 Series Compact
SuccessorBMW 2 Series (for coupé/convertible)

The BMW 1 Series is a range of subcompact executive cars (C-segment) manufactured by BMW since 2004. It is the successor to the BMW 3 Series Compact and is currently in its third generation.

The first generation was produced in hatchback, coupe and convertible body styles. Since the second generation (introduced in 2013), the coupé and convertible models have been marketed as the 2 Series, therefore the 1 Series range no longer includes these body styles. A sedan model became available for the Chinese market in 2017.

The 1 Series is BMW's entry level of model range. Unusually for a small car, the 1 Series range is mostly rear-wheel drive, (except for the F52 sedan, which is front-wheel drive) with optional all-wheel drive being available on some models.

An M version was produced for the first generation: the BMW 1 Series M Coupe, which was succeeded by the BMW M2.

First generation (E81/E82/E87/E88; 2004–2011)

E87 5-door hatchback
E87 5-door hatchback
E82 2-door coupe
E82 2-door coupe

The BMW E81/E82/E87/E88 is the first generation of the 1 Series, which was produced from 2004 to 2013. It replaced the 3 Series Compact as the smallest and most affordable vehicle in the BMW range.

The body styles consist of a 3-door hatchback (E81), 5-door hatchback (E87), 2-door coupe (E82) and 2-door convertible (E88).

The engines available were four-cylinder diesel and four- and six-cylinder petrol, in both naturally aspirated and turbocharged forms. Unlike most hatchback competitors, the E81/E82/E87/E88 uses rear-wheel drive (instead of front-wheel drive).[1][2]

The 1 Series accounted for nearly one-fifth of the total BMW sales in 2008.[3]

Second generation (F20/F21; 2011–2019)

F20 5-door hatchback
F20 5-door hatchback
F21 3-door hatchback
F21 3-door hatchback

The F20/F21 is the second generation of the 1 Series, which was released in 2011.

The body styles of the F20/F21 range are a 3-door hatchback (model code F21) and a 5-door hatchback (model code F20).

For the second generation of 1 Series, the coupe and convertible models were spun off to create the BMW 2 Series range.

The F20/F21 was initially powered by four-cylinder petrol, four-cylinder diesel and six-cylinder petrol engines. In 2015, three-cylinder petrol and diesel engines were added to the model range. All engines are turbocharged.

Unlike most hatchback competitors, the F20/F21 uses a longitudinally-mounted engine and rear-wheel drive (instead of front-wheel drive) for most models. The F20/F21 is the first 1 Series to offer an optional all-wheel drive (called "xDrive" by BMW).[4]

Facelift (2015)

The 1 series went through a significant face lift in 2015 which mainly consisted of a re-design of the shape of the front and rear light clusters along with changes to the front and rear bumpers to accommodate the new clusters accordingly. They also released a M140i which had a 6-cylinder, 3.0-litre engine producing 340 hp.

1 Series sedan (F52; 2017–present)

F52 4-door sedan – front
F52 4-door sedan – front
F52 4-door sedan – rear
F52 4-door sedan – rear

The 1 Series (F52) is a four-door sedan that began production in 2017 in China. It is made by BMW Brilliance, a joint venture between BMW and Brilliance Auto. The F52 uses the front-wheel-drive UKL platform shared with the X1 (F48) and Mini Hatch.[5][6] The car is also sold by BMW in Mexico starting in 2018.

Third generation (F40; 2019–present)

F40 5-door hatchback
F40 5-door hatchback

The 1 Series was redesigned for 2019 models, featuring the UKL2 front-wheel-drive platform which is shared with the F48 X1 and the F60 Countryman. It will be offered with 5 engines; the base model is the 116d, while the range-topping model is the M135i xDrive. Transmissions include a six-speed manual, a seven-speed dual clutch automatic and an eight-speed automatic.[7]


  1. ^ "BMW 1 Series SE review". Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  2. ^ "1 Series - E87 (2004 - ...)". Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  3. ^ "Annual Report 2008" (PDF). BMW Group. March 2009. p. 21. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 January 2010. Retrieved 1 July 2015.
  4. ^ "BMW Group PressClub Global". Retrieved 2011-10-15.
  5. ^ Horatiu Boeriu (21 November 2016). "BMW 1 Series Sedan makes world debut at Auto Guangzhou 2016". BMWBLOG. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
  6. ^ Stefan Ogbac (18 July 2016). "2017 BMW 1 Series Sedan Revealed for Chinese Market". Motor Trend. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
  7. ^ Golson, Daniel (28 May 2019). "The New BMW 1-Series Is a FWD-Based Hot Hatchback with 302 HP". Car and Driver. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
This page was last edited on 10 August 2020, at 12:34
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