To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

BBC Select (1992–1995)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

BBC Select
BBC Select Logo.png
Launched21 January 1992; 31 years ago (1992-01-21)[1]
Closed8 October 1995; 27 years ago (1995-10-08)
Replaced byBBC Learning Zone
Former namesBritish Medical TV (1989–1992; not direct predecessor)
At time of closure
UK AnalogueBBC1

BBC Select was an overnight television service run by the BBC during the hours when BBC1 or BBC2 had closed down, usually between 2am and 6am. The channel showed programming intended for specialist audiences, such as businessmen, lawyers, nurses and teachers, and was designed to be viewed after broadcast via a video recording. It was funded by a subscription, and most programming was scrambled.[2][3]


The service was officially launched during the overnight hours of 21 January 1992,[2] and ran on both BBC1 and 2.[3] A spiritual predecessor of BBC Select intended for members of the British health care profession, called British Medical TV (BMTV), aired encrypted health care-related programming during the overnight hours of BBC1 and 2 between 1989 and 1992.[4][5] BBC Select experimented with programming for specific audiences, and with overnight broadcasts, experience that the BBC would later use when broadcasting the BBC Learning Zone. By broadcasting the programming then, it allowed the BBC to broaden their audience, while allowing more time in the day for other programming.

The programming was specifically aimed at the professional services of business, nurses, teachers and lawyers[2] with programming made in-house by the BBC with some programming supplied by other independent companies as part of their remit. An example of this was Thames Television whose film Living with Disabilities, and their series The Way Ahead, both made for the Department of Social Security, were distributed free, on condition that no financial gain be made from it: as a result the programme was broadcast un-encrypted.[6]

Corporate companies also took advantage of the service. In 1992 and 1993 Cable & Wireless used BBC Select to broadcast highlights of their annual general meeting (AGM). The first broadcast, of their 1992 AGM, was the first time in the UK that a company AGM had been televised. These highlights were broadcast unencrypted.

The service was closed on 8 October 1995 with the launch of BBC Learning Zone.

BBC Selector

To watch programming, a set-top box, or BBC Selector and BBC Select viewing card was required which both decoded and unscrambled the programme.[3] The box also received signals, sent out prior to the programme start, that would alert the box to the fact the programme was starting. The box would then trigger VCRs to begin recording by sending out a pulse of Infrared to set off the VCR's recorder, as if the viewer had pressed the record button.[3]

The scrambling system used was called "VideoCrypt 'S'".[3] The system was very similar to what British Sky Broadcasting were using for their analogue satellite transmissions, but was modified due to technical limitations of terrestrial TV.[3][7]


The new service had differing presentation to the BBC channels that they broadcast on. The presentation featured a single gold circle in centre screen with the BBC Select caption beneath. The 'S' in Select of the caption has a circle around it. The channel featured no announcements, promotions or captions for upcoming programming, with presentation featuring only the ident, filler and promotions of the service itself.[1][8]

The ident featured the circle that began rotating, becoming a coin, City of London seal, a rotating machinery part, a retracting telescope, stage light, aeroplane Jet engine and film reel before finally becoming the circle again. The ident could also form out of the background, as the circle drew itself from the top clockwise. This was occasionally used at the startup of the service.[1][8]

Because the service was designed to be played back on VCR, the breaks between programmes were deliberately long, the average gap was five minutes and gaps could easily reach ten minutes, so that programmes could be set to overrun for 5 minutes so the end would not be missed, but it would avoid disrupting recording of a subsequent programme. In these five-minute breaks, a filler was used that composed the static ring logo against a background that constantly and gradually changes colour, to an extended version of the ident music. This would then usually fade into the ident.[1][8]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d "Idents 2". BBC One 1991–1997. TV Room. Archived from the original on 4 February 2013. Retrieved 18 September 2011. Contains images of BBC Select idents and presentation.
  2. ^ a b c Cain, John (1992). The BBC: 70 years of broadcasting. London: British Broadcasting Corporation. pp. 137 and 151. ISBN 0563367504.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Smith, Jack (February 1993). "VideoCrypt "S" for BBC Select" (PDF). Smart Card News. 2 (2): 30–31. Retrieved 2 June 2012.
  4. ^ "The history of the BBC trade test transmission (part 3)". Clean Feed. 24 May 2020.
  5. ^ "BBC "TWO" | British Medical TV | Boxing Day 1989 | Part 1". YouTube. Archived from the original on 5 December 2021.
  6. ^ Stephen, Duncan. "BBC Select". Blog. Retrieved 2 June 2012. Includes link to YouTube clips of BBC Select programmes.
  7. ^ "LINESHUFFLING: Development of a scrambling system for terrestrial UHF television broadcasts" (PDF). BBC Research and Development. 1995. Retrieved 26 February 2014.
  8. ^ a b c "BBC Miscellaneous". TVARK – The Online Television Museum. TVARK. Archived from the original on 29 April 2012. Retrieved 18 September 2011. Contains video evidence of BBC Select idents, presentation and a promo explaining the service.

External links

This page was last edited on 29 January 2023, at 10:24
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.