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Auguste Beernaert

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Auguste Beernaert
Auguste Beernaert(03).jpg
14th Prime Minister of Belgium
In office
26 October 1884 – 26 March 1894
MonarchLeopold II
Preceded byJules Malou
Succeeded byJules de Burlet
President of the Chamber of Representatives
In office
30 January 1896 – 18 July 1900
Preceded byThéophile de Lantsheere
Succeeded byLouis Marie Joseph de Sadeleer
Personal details
Born(1829-07-26)26 July 1829
Ostend, Netherlands
(now Belgium)
Died6 October 1912(1912-10-06) (aged 83)
Lucerne, Switzerland
Political partyCatholic Party
Alma materCatholic University of Leuven
Heidelberg University

Auguste Marie François Beernaert (26 July 1829 – 6 October 1912) was the 14th Prime Minister of Belgium from October 1884 to March 1894.

Auguste Beernaert around 1900.
Auguste Beernaert around 1900.

Born in Ostend in 1829, he entered the Faculty of Law at the Catholic University of Leuven at age 17. He finished five years later with greatest distinction.[1]

He was elected to the Chamber of Deputies in 1873, and became Minister of Public Works under Jules Malou, greatly improving the rail, canal and road systems. After his tenure as Prime Minister, he represented Belgium at the Hague conventions of 1899 and 1907. He was also co-winner (with Paul d'Estournelles de Constant) of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1909 for his work at the Permanent Court of Arbitration. He was chosen as president of the panel established under the rules of that organization in the Sarvarkar Case in 1911. A year later, he died in Lucerne, Switzerland. A lawyer by profession, he served as Minister of Public Works. He served as prime minister and Minister of Finance from 1884 to 1894. He held the post of president of the international law of association from 1903 to 1905. He was Belgium's first representative to the Hague peace conferences in 1899 and 1907.

Works

He was the primary force behind proposals to unify international maritime law. A number of conventions dealing with collision and assistance at sea drawn up in 1910 was soon signed by many nations.

Honours

In 1909, at age 80, Beernaert was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

Death

In the year 1912 he was hospitalised in Lucerne, where he died of pneumonia.

References

  • "In Memoriam: Mr. Auguste Beernaert". American Journal of International Law. American Society of International Law. 7 (2): 371–74. October 1913. JSTOR 2187220.
  1. ^ Jean Bartelous, Nos Premiers Ministres, de Léopold Ier à Albert Ier, 1983, Bruxelles, éd. J.M. Collet, p. 171.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Jules Malou
Prime Minister of Belgium
1884–1894
Succeeded by
Jules de Burlet
Preceded by
Théophile de Lantsheere
President of the Chamber of Representatives
1896–1900
Succeeded by
Louis Marie Joseph de Sadeleer
This page was last edited on 25 February 2019, at 05:55
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