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August Buchner

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

August Buchner
Buchner , engraving by Johann Jacob Haid
Born(1591-11-02)2 November 1591
Died12 February 1661(1661-02-12) (aged 69)
  • Philologist
  • Poet
  • Professor of poetry
  • Professor of rhetoric
  • University director

August Buchner (2 November 1591 – 12 February 1661) was a German philologist, poet and literary scholar, an influential professor of poetry and rhetoric at the University of Wittenberg.


Buchner was born in Dresden the son of Paul Buchner and his wife Maria, the daughter of the mayor of Dresden Bastian Kröß [de]. After private education, he attended from 17 November 1604 the Landesschule Pforta,[1] where he received education in religion, classical languages and the liberal arts.[2] He studied at the University of Wittenberg from 19 November 1610, first law and philosophy. He studied poetry with Friedrich Taubmann [de] and Johann Rodenberg [de], ethics with Balthasar Meisner [de], Greek with Erasmus Schmidt [de], and rhetoric with Adam Theodor Siber [de].

Before he achieved the magister degree, he was appointed professor of poetry in 1616[1] as the successor of Rodenberg by the court of Saxony. Among his students are Simon Dach, Paul Fleming, Johann Franck, Paul Gerhardt, Christian Gueintz, Christian Keymann, Balthasar Kindermann, Johann Klaj, Martin Opitz, David Schirmer, Andreas Tscherning, Jakob Thomasius, Philipp von Zesen and Caspar Ziegler. After Opitz had died, Buchner was regarded as most influential for German Baroque poetry. He was Rektor of the university in 1618, 1632 and 1654.[1] He died in Apollensdorf.[3]


Buchner's Hauptwerk, Anleitung zur deutschen Poeterei (Instructions for German poetry), was published in Wittenberg in 1665 after his death by his son-in-law Otto Praetorius [de]. It contains his lectures on poetry, compiled from his manuscripts and those of students. He contributed to the Thesaurus Eruditionis Scholasticae, a Latin dictionary first printed in 1571.[4] Buchner wrote the libretto for a ballet-opera Orpheus und Euridice with music by Heinrich Schütz, which was performed on 20 November 1638 for a courtly wedding. The musical score of this work has subsequently been lost.[1]

Selected works

The German National Library holds 17 of his publications.[5] The VD 17 (Bibliography of Books Printed in the German Speaking Countries from 1601 to 1700) lists 216 publications related to him, including collections of dissertations, speeches and letters, including:

  • Dissertationum academicarum Wittenberg 1650 (VD 17, 134)
  • Oratio panegyrica. Halle 1661[5]
  • Epistolae (letters) Dresden 1697 (VD 17, No. 5–7)

As editor

  • Plautus: Comoediae Wittenberg 1640 (VD 17, 174–176)
  • Gabriel Naudé: Bibliographia politica Wittenberg 1641 (VD 17, 173)
  • Pliny the Younger (ed.): Epistolarum libri X Wittenberg 1643 (VD 17, 169)


  • Hans Heinrich Borchardt: August Buchner und seine Bedeutung für die deutsche Literatur des 17. Jahrhunderts. Habilitationsschrift, München 1919
  • Wilhelm Buchner: August Buchner, sein Leben und Wirken. Hannover 1863 Online
  • Franz Hahne: Paul Gerhardt und Augustus Buchner. In: Euphorion 15 (1908), pp. 19–34
  • Martin Keller: Johann Klajs Weihnachtsdichtung. Berlin 1971
  • Käte Lorenzen: Augustus Buchner. In: Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart, 2 (1952), pp. 416–418
  • William Jervis Jones: Sprachhelden und Sprachverderber – Dokumente zur Erforschung des Fremdwortpurismus im Deutschen (1478–1750). de Gruyter, 1995, ISBN 3-11-014480-8, pp. 455–462



External links

This page was last edited on 29 January 2021, at 18:37
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