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Audi e-tron (2018)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Audi e-tron
2020 Audi e-Tron Sport 50 Quattro.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerAudi
Production2018–present
AssemblyBelgium: Forest (Audi Brussels)
China: Changchun (FAW-VW)
Body and chassis
ClassMid-size luxury crossover SUV
Body style5-door SUV
5-door coupé SUV (Sportback)
LayoutDual-motor, four-wheel drive
PlatformMLB[1]
Powertrain
Electric motor2x Asynchronous motors (ASMs)[2]
TransmissionSingle speed with fixed ratio
Battery
Range
  • EPA:
  • 55 quattro, post-update: 222 mi (357 km) (manufacturer's claim)
  • 55 quattro: 204 mi (328 km)
  • 50 quattro: unknown
  • 55 quattro Sportback: 218 mi (351 km)
  • 50 quattro Sportback: unknown
  • WLTP:
  • 55 quattro, post-update: 227 to 271 mi (365 to 436 km)
  • 55 quattro: 222 to 259 mi (358 to 417 km)
  • 50 quattro: 171 to 209 mi (276 to 336 km)
  • 55 quattro Sportback: 229 to 276 mi (369 to 444 km)
  • 50 quattro Sportback: 174 to 214 mi (280 to 345 km)
Plug-in chargingEU: 11 kW AC
22 kW AC (optional)
US: 9.6 kW AC
150 kW DC[note 1]
(also compatible with 50-300 kW DC charging stations)
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,928 mm (115.3 in)
Length4,901 mm (193.0 in)
Width1,935 mm (76.2 in)
Height1,616 mm (63.6 in)
Kerb weight~2,560 kg (5,643.8 lb)

The Audi e-tron is an all-electric, midsize luxury[3] crossover produced by Audi, which was unveiled as a concept car at the 2015 Frankfurt Motor Show. It is the company's first electric mass production car, and was first delivered in May 2019. It has an EPA range of 204 miles (328 km), or 222 miles (357 km) in the updated model.[4]

A Sportback variant, with 218 miles (351 km) of EPA range, entered production in early 2020.[5]

History

The Audi e-tron is based on the e-tron quattro concept that was unveiled at the 2015 Frankfurt Motor Show.[6] The final production version was revealed in San Francisco on 17 September 2018,[7] and it publicly debuted at the 2018 Paris Motor Show.[8]

The car's certification in Germany by the KBA (Federal Motor Transport Authority) was not obtained until required changes were made to the car's software.[9][10][11] In January 2019, United States market deliveries were due to commence in June.[12]

The first customer in Germany received his e-tron in March 2019. In late April 2019 it was reported that prospective customers faced waiting lists of 6–7 months (putting the expected delivery date close to the end of 2019).[13][full citation needed][14] The delays caused controversy in Norway, where customers were informed that their cars would be delivered up to 6 months later than originally promised unless they paid extra for a significantly more expensive "Fast Track" car. Further to this, some customers were also informed that were they to cancel their reservation they would be liable for a fine equal to 8% of the purchase price. [15][full citation needed]

In Norway, the e-tron was the best-selling car or truck of any kind in October 2019. In November 2019, it ranked #3.[16][17]

In the Netherlands, the e-tron was the #2 most registered car of any kind in December 2019.[18]

In 2020 the New Zealand government started purchasing e-trons as official government cars.[19]

Audi paused production of the e-tron in February 2020 due to supply chain problems including issues with adequate supply of batteries for the e-tron.[20] Production resumed in early May.[21]

Specifications

Audi e-tron Quattro in 2021.
Audi e-tron Quattro in 2021.
e-tron 55 Quattro
e-tron 55 Quattro

The Audi e-tron is powered by a 95 kWh battery[22] pack, of which 86.5 kWh (formerly 83.6 kWh) is usable.[23] It can be charged from zero to 80% in around 30 minutes using 150 kW DC fast-chargers. For home charging in the EU, a standard 11 kW charger recharges the pack in 8.5 hours, while an optional 22 kW charger halves this time.[24] In the US, a 40A 9.6kW J1772 charger is used instead. A thermal management system (also serving the motors and power electronics) keeps the battery between 23-35 degrees Celsius, and battery modules (twelve 60 Ah cells each) can be replaced.[23]

The quattro electric all-wheel drive uses two electric motors, one mounted in the front and one in the rear. In the "boost mode," the two motors provide a total system output of 300 kW (408 PS; 402 hp) and 664 N⋅m (490 lb⋅ft) of torque enabling the car to accelerate from 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph) in 5.7 seconds. When not in the boost mode, the combined peak motor power is 265 kW (360 PS; 355 hp), with 125 kW (170 PS; 168 hp) from the front motor at a torque of 247 N⋅m (182 lb⋅ft) and 140 kW (190 PS; 188 hp) from the rear motor at a torque of 314 N⋅m (232 lb⋅ft). This allows the car to accelerate from 0–100 km/h (0-62 mph) in 6.6 seconds and on to its top speed of 200 km/h (120 mph).[25]

The car uses an energy recuperation system which, on average, contributes 30% to the range. Recuperation can be achieved both when the driver releases the accelerator and when applying pressure to the brake pedal.[24]

When equipped with the virtual side mirrors the car has a drag coefficient of 0.27.[26] The e-tron also sits slightly lower than a traditional SUV; at 1,616 mm (63.6 in) high, it is 43 mm (1.7 in) lower than the Audi Q5. It has 660 litres (23 cu ft) of boot space, 160 l (5.7 cu ft) more than the Mercedes-Benz EQC, along with 60 litres (2.1 cu ft) of storage space in the front.[24]

Cold-weather performance

In temperatures ranging from −6.5 to −4.5 °C (20.3 to 23.9 °F), with cabin heating on, the e-tron achieved a real-world range of 331 kilometres (206 mi), compared to 370 kilometres (230 mi) in the spring/summer (also with cabin heating/air conditioning on), which means a 10.5% range drop. The tests were done at the speed of 90 kilometres per hour (56 mph).[27][28]

The real winter range drop might be slightly higher, because in the aforementioned tests the "winter" car had the advantage of more aerodynamic wheels than the "summer" car.

This stands well in comparison to other EVs. Five other electric vehicles, including the 2017 Tesla Model S 75D, were tested at the temperature of −6.7 °C (20 °F) with cabin heating on, and all of them had a range drop of at least 30%, and 41% on average (compared to when the temperature was 23.9 °C (75.0 °F) and cabin heating/air conditioning was off).[29]

The Audi outperforms other EVs in cold weather and at high speeds.[citation needed]

The e-tron is, in summer driving, less efficient than the Tesla Model X in terms of distance per kWh of energy. However the e-tron is less affected by low temperatures, so driving in the winter brings the results of these two vehicles closer. In a test done at temperatures in the 13 to 15 °C (55 to 59 °F) range and including high-speed highway driving, the e-tron's efficiency was about 12.4% worse than in the Model X.[30][31] In slightly below-freezing conditions, the difference was smaller and the e-tron's efficiency was only about 8.6% worse than in the Model X.[32]

Charging

The e-tron[note 1] can be charged at an effective rate of 150 kW using a 175 kW charger. This is possible in a wide state-of-charge window, until the battery is about 80% charged. With such a charger, adding 100 kilometres (62 mi) of range takes only 10 minutes.[33] Audi of America is more cautious with their estimates, saying that 87 kilometres (54 mi) of range can be added in 10 minutes when using a 150 kW charger.[34]

At 90%, charging rate is about 82 kW and it remains above 50 kW until reaching 100%.[33]

Using a 50 kW charger, the car can be charged at a constant rate of 50 kW, up until reaching 100%.[33]

Equipment

Virtual side mirrors
Virtual side mirrors

Standard equipment for the e-tron includes 12-way heated and ventilated front seats, a panoramic moonroof, and 20-inch wheels. Upgrades include massage seats, power door closers, leather upholstery, 21-inch wheels and orange brake calipers. The interior is in line with other Audi models with a 10.1-inch infotainment screen, a smaller 8.6-inch touchscreen display, Amazon Alexa voice control, Virtual Cockpit system, and an optional head up display. Other equipments include a Bang & Olufsen sound system, and an available Driver Assistance package with enhanced adaptive cruise control, automatic parking assist and night vision.[35] The e-tron is the second production car to offer optional virtual side mirrors, which replaces the traditional side-view mirrors and instead use cameras transmitting images to a high-contrast 7-inch OLED embedded in the door panels.[24][36]

Sportback version

e-tron Sportback
e-tron Sportback
e-tron Sportback
e-tron Sportback

In addition to the conventional SUV body style, Audi released a 'Sportback' version with a sloping rear part of the roof, similar to the BMW X6 and the Mercedes-Benz GLE Coupe. Audi decided to compete with these ICE-powered rivals by offering only a pure electric vehicle.

Comparisons to the styling of Audi's own A7 have also been made.[37]

The production version debuted at AutoMobility LA in Los Angeles in November 2019.[38] The length and width are the same as in the standard model, while the height is 1.3 cm (0.5 in) lower.[note 2][39][40] A drag coefficient is lower that in the standard model (0.25 vs. 0.27),[note 3] while the powertrain and battery are the same as in the original model.[41]

The 2020 e-tron Sportback has an EPA range of 218 miles (351 km).[42] It is better than in the 2019 e-tron conventional SUV, partially because a larger percentage of the battery capacity is usable. The e-tron's battery management system keeps part of the battery capacity as a buffer, which is not part of the usable capacity; now the size of that buffer is decreased to unlock more usable capacity. This change (as well as some others like reducing usage of the AWD mode) was introduced in the e-tron conventional SUV during the production run;[43][44] while the Sportback already had these modifications when it first went on the market.

Cargo space measured by European standards is reduced from 660 l (23.3 cu ft) to 615 l (21.7 cu ft).[45][note 4][46] American sources, however, measure cargo space in a different way and indicate that the original e-tron has as much as 821 l (29.0 cu ft)[47] of cargo space, so the reduction to 615 l (21.7 cu ft)[48] is substantial.

It entered production in early 2020[49] and became available in Europe and in the US[50] in 2020.[51][37]

Models

Model Years Power Torque 0–100 km/h (0-62 mph) Top speed Range
e-tron 55
quattro
(post-update)
2020– 125 kW
(168 hp) + 140 kW
(188 hp)
(boost mode: 300 kW
(402 hp))
247 N⋅m
(182 lb⋅ft) + 314 N⋅m
(232 lb⋅ft)
(boost mode: 664 N⋅m
(490 lb⋅ft))
6.6 s
(boost mode: 5.7s[52])
200 km/h
(124 mph)[52]
EPA: 222 mi (357 km)

WLTP: 365 to 436 km (227 to 271 mi)[52]

e-tron 55
quattro
2018–2019 125 kW
(168 hp) + 140 kW
(188 hp)
(boost mode: 300 kW
(402 hp))
247 N⋅m
(182 lb⋅ft) + 314 N⋅m
(232 lb⋅ft)
(boost mode: 664 N⋅m
(490 lb⋅ft))
6.6 s
(boost mode: 5.7 s)
200 km/h
(124 mph)[53]
EPA: 204 mi (328 km)

WLTP: 358 to 417 km (222 to 259 mi)[53]

e-tron 50
quattro
2019– 100 kW
(134 hp) + 130 kW
(174 hp)[54]
230 N⋅m
(170 lb⋅ft) + 310 N⋅m
(229 lb⋅ft)[54]
6.8 s[54] 190 km/h
(118 mph)[54]
EPA: unknown

WLTP: 276 to 336 km (171 to 209 mi)[54]

e-tron 55
quattro Sportback
2020– 125 kW
(168 hp) + 140 kW
(188 hp)
(boost mode: 300 kW
(402 hp))
247 N⋅m
(182 lb⋅ft) + 314 N⋅m
(232 lb⋅ft)
(boost mode: 664 N⋅m
(490 lb⋅ft)
6.6 s
(boost mode: 5.7 s[55])
200 km/h
(124 mph)[55]
EPA: 218 mi (351 km)

WLTP: 369 to 444 km (229 to 276 mi)[55]

e-tron 50
quattro Sportback
2020– 100 kW
(134 hp) + 130 kW
(174 hp)[56]
230 N⋅m
(170 lb⋅ft) + 310 N⋅m
(229 lb⋅ft)[56]
6.8 s[56] 190 km/h
(118 mph)[56]
EPA: unknown

WLTP: 276 to 336 km (171 to 209 mi)[56]

Marketing

The e-tron logo can be seen in the last scene of Iron Man 3 but the car is not revealed, probably since it wasn't publicly released as concept by then. The e-tron made an appearance in an Audi commercial tied to Avengers: Endgame, where it was introduced to Captain Marvel who was briefed about the events of Avengers: Infinity War and the things that had changed on Earth while she was gone,[57] although it never made an appearance in the movie itself.[note 5] Later, the e-Tron appeared in Spider-Man: Far From Home where it was used by characters played by Samuel L. Jackson and Cobie Smulders.[58][59]

Production issues and recall

Reports surfaced in April 2019 that the e-tron was subject to production delays and a cut in production targets due to supply of batteries and electric motors. Subsequently, weekly production hours at the assembly plant were foreseen to be reduced from 30 to 24.[60] Audi announced a recall of certain e-tron models in early June 2019. The recall relates to a water leak that could lead to the high voltage electronics shorting, potentially causing a fire in extreme cases.[61]

Markets

Asia-Pacific

Australia

The e-tron and e-tron Sportback were launched in Australia in 2020. Prices start from AU$137,100 plus on-road costs (50 quattro) and AU$146,100 plus on-road costs (55 quattro).[62]

The e-tron has a 5 star ANCAP Safety Rating as tested in July 2019.[63]

Pakistan

The e-tron was launched in Pakistan in 2020.[64]

Thailand

The e-tron will be launched in Thailand by Meister Technik in 2019. On 15 October 2020, the e-tron Sportback will be introduced as well.

North America

Canada

The vehicle went on sale in Canada in 2019.[65] The price starts at CA$ 90,000.[66]

Mexico

The e-tron will be launched in Mexico for the 2021 model year. It will be priced at MXN$1,919,900.[67]

United States

Deliveries to American customers started in early 2019. There were 3,540 e-trons registered in the United States during the first three quarters of 2019,[68] ahead of Germany (2,997 units),[69] though still less than in Norway (3,824 units).[70]

Notes

  1. ^ a b In the low-end model called 50 quattro, charging speed is limited to 120 kW.
  2. ^ In the European-specification model.
  3. ^ Both cars equipped with virtual side mirrors; Sportback also equipped with S-line package.
  4. ^ Or, according to a different methodology, from 605 l (21.4 cu ft) to 555 l (19.6 cu ft).
  5. ^ The e-tron Sportback concept as shown at the 2017 Shanghai Motor Show, looking different from the production e-tron Sportback, made an appearance in the movie.

References

  1. ^ "Audi E-tron one of twelve electric Audis to launch by 2025 - Autocar". Autocar.co.uk. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  2. ^ "Audi e-tron Electric Motor Explored: Video". insideevs.com. Retrieved 25 June 2021.
  3. ^ "2019 Audi e-tron arrives next month: Fully electric SUV built for everyday use is designed for customers to go electric today" (Press release). Audi Newsroom. 2019-04-04. Retrieved 2019-04-08.
  4. ^ https://www.caranddriver.com/news/a33526095/2021-audi-etron-price-drop/
  5. ^ https://www.audi-mediacenter.com/en/brussels-belgium-203
  6. ^ "Audi Q6 e-tron quattro confirmed for production - Autocar". Autocar.co.uk. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  7. ^ "Audi just unveiled an electric SUV that will rival Tesla — take a closer look". nordic.businessinsider.com. 2018-09-18. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  8. ^ "New Audi E-tron prototype reviews: an SUV with off-road ability | The Week UK". Theweek.co.uk. 2018-10-12. Retrieved 2018-10-21.
  9. ^ "Audi confirms: e-tron electric car delayed until 2019". electrive.com. December 17, 2018.
  10. ^ "Here Are The First 7 Out Of Audi's 12 Electric Cars". December 28, 2018.
  11. ^ e-tron, Audi. "Audi E-Tron Reservations Soar To 20,000: Deliveries Delayed Again". InsideEVs.
  12. ^ "Audi future EVs - should Elon fear e-tron?". www.just-auto.com. January 22, 2019.
  13. ^ "Report: Battery shortages lead to Audi E-tron production delays". Green Car Reports.
  14. ^ Eric C., Evarts (29 March 2019). "Audi E-tron delays". Green Car Reports.
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  17. ^ "Plug-In EV Car Sales in Norway Decreased, but Market Share Improved". Column "Denne mnd" ("this month") under "Tall for 2019" shows the e-tron as the vehicle with the third highest number of registrations, and one of only three models to exceed 500 vehicles sold (the Golf, the Leaf and the e-tron)
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  22. ^ "Top Electric Cars To Watch Out For In 2020". Caringly Yours. 2020-02-05. Retrieved 2020-02-08.
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  28. ^ "Audi e-tron Summer Range Test Proves Its Thirsty Nature: Video".
  29. ^ "New AAA Study Shows Electric Vehicle Range is Cut Dramatically in Winter - How Did Tesla Do?".
  30. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AgvkgnL0Ndw
  31. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TFu9pkpunuo
  32. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=blqZ_rZ7WFI
  33. ^ a b c "Charging with an Audi e-tron".
  34. ^ https://www.audiusa.com/models/audi-e-tron
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  36. ^ Ulrich, Lawrence (2019-05-03). "The New Lexus ES 350 Ditches Side View Mirrors for Digital Cameras". IEEE Spectrum: Technology, Engineering, and Science News. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  37. ^ a b Frank, Michael (19 November 2019). "2020 Audi e-tron Sportback is the A7 of Audi EVs". Car and Driver. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  38. ^ "AutoMobility LA 2019 Poised to Have One of the Largest Number of Debut Vehicles in Show History".
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  40. ^ https://www.auto-motor-und-sport.de/elektroauto/audi-e-tron-55-sportback-2020-suv-coupe-check/technische-daten/
  41. ^ "The 2020 Audi E-Tron Sportback Trims Cargo Space for Style".
  42. ^ https://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/Find.do?action=sbs&id=42674
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  46. ^ "Audi e-tron Sportback unveiled | carwow".
  47. ^ "2019 Audi e-tron is an EV Hiding in Plain Sight". 2019-09-30.
  48. ^ "The 2020 Audi E-Tron Sportback Trims Cargo Space for Style".
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  55. ^ a b c "Verbrauchs- und Emissionswerte nach WLTP" [Consumption and Emission values per WLTP]. audi.de (in German). Retrieved 2020-05-21. elektrische Reichweite (Kombiniert) 369–444 km
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  58. ^ http://www.imcdb.org/movie_6320628-Spider-Man--Far-From-Home.html
  59. ^ "Spider Man Trailer Rocks E Trons". audiclubna. 2019-01-15. Retrieved 2019-04-28.
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  64. ^ https://www.pakwheels.com/blog/audi-e-tron-50-quattro-launched-pakistan-q1-2020
  65. ^ "Audi's EV Plan Comes into Focus".
  66. ^ "The Audi e-tron > e-tron > Audi Canada".
  67. ^ "Audi e-tron: Precios, versiones y equipamiento en México". 2019-08-21.
  68. ^ "Audi e-tron Sales in U.S. Continue to Decline in September".
  69. ^ "Zulassungszahlen, Tageszulassung KFZ".
  70. ^ "EV registration statistics for the Netherlands, Norway and Spain".
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