To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Audi e-tron (2018)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Audi e-tron
Audi e-tron 55 quattro at IAA 2019 IMG 0551.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerAudi
Also calledAudi e-tron Quattro
Production2018–present
AssemblyBelgium: Forest (Audi Brussels)
China: Changchun (FAW-Volkswagen Changchun plant)
Body and chassis
ClassMid-size luxury crossover SUV
Body style5-door SUV
5-door coupé SUV
LayoutDual-motor, four-wheel drive
PlatformMLB[1]
Powertrain
TransmissionSingle speed with fixed ratio
Battery
Range
  • EPA:
  • 55 quattro, post-update: unknown
  • 55 quattro: 204 mi (328 km)
  • 50 quattro: unknown
  • 55 quattro Sportback: 218 mi (351 km)
  • 50 quattro Sportback: unknown
  • WLTP:
  • 55 quattro, post-update: 227 to 271 mi (365 to 436 km)
  • 55 quattro: 222 to 259 mi (358 to 417 km)
  • 50 quattro: 171 to 209 mi (276 to 336 km)
  • 55 quattro Sportback: 229 to 276 mi (369 to 444 km)
  • 50 quattro Sportback: 174 to 214 mi (280 to 345 km)
Plug-in chargingEU: 11 kW AC
22 kW AC (optional)
US: 9.6 kW AC
150 kW DC[note 1]
(also compatible with 50-300 kW DC charging stations)
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,928 mm (115.3 in)
Length4,901 mm (193.0 in)
Width1,935 mm (76.2 in)
Height1,616 mm (63.6 in)
Kerb weight~2,560 kg (5,643.8 lb)

The Audi e-tron is a fully-electric mid-size luxury[2] crossover SUV produced by Audi, which was unveiled as a concept car at the 2015 Frankfurt Motor Show. It is the company's first electric mass production car, and was first delivered in May 2019. It has an EPA range of 204 miles (328 km).

A Sportback variant entered production in early 2020.[3]

History

The Audi e-tron is based on the e-tron quattro concept that was unveiled at the 2015 Frankfurt Motor Show.[4] The final production version was revealed in San Francisco on 17 September 2018,[5] and it publicly debuted at the 2018 Paris Motor Show.[6]

The car's certification in Germany by the KBA (Federal Motor Transport Authority) was not obtained until required changes were made to the car's software.[7][8][9] In January 2019, United States market deliveries were due to commence in June.[10]

The first customer in Germany received his e-tron in March 2019, in late April 2019 it was reported that prospective customers faced waiting lists of 6–7 months (putting the expected delivery date close to the end of 2019).[11][full citation needed][12] The delays caused controversy in Norway, where customers were informed that their cars would be delivered up to 6 months later than originally promised unless they paid extra for a significantly more expensive "Fast Track" car. Further to this, some customers were also informed that were they to cancel their reservation they would be liable for a fine equal to 8% of the purchase price. [13][full citation needed]

Both in Germany and in the United States, hundreds of e-trons were registered before the first publicized delivery to a customer in the respective area occurred,[14][15] which suggests they performed the role of test vehicles of some sort. In June 2019 Audi of America claimed there are 1,644 e-trons in the United States and 540 of these are in the hands of customers.[16]

During the first three quarters of 2019, there were 3,540 registrations of the e-tron in the United States,[17] 3,824 in Norway,[18] 2,997 in Germany,[19] and 706 in the Netherlands.[20]

In Norway, the e-tron was the best-selling car or truck of any kind in October 2019. In November 2019, it ranked #3.[21][full citation needed][22][full citation needed]

In the Netherlands, the e-tron was the #2 most registered car of any kind in December 2019.[23][note 2][full citation needed]

Audi paused production of the e-tron in February 2020 due to supply chain problems including issues with adequate supply of batteries for the e-tron.[24]

Specifications

e-tron 55 Quattro
e-tron 55 Quattro

The Audi e-tron is powered by a 95 kWh battery[25] pack of which 83.6 kWh is usable.[26] It is able to get an 80% charge in around 30 minutes when using 150 kW DC fast-chargers. For at-home charging in the EU, there is a standard 11 kW charger which charges it in 8.5 hours, while an optional 22 kW charger halves this time.[27] In the US, a 40A 9.6kW J1772 charger is used instead. A liquid cooling system (also serving the motors and power electronics) keeps the battery between 23-35 degrees Celsius, and battery modules (twelve 60 Ah cells each) can be replaced.[26]

The quattro electric all-wheel drive uses two electric motors, one mounted to the front and one at the rear. In "boost mode," the two motors provide a total system output of 300 kW (408 PS; 402 hp) and 664 N⋅m (490 lb⋅ft) of torque enabling the car to accelerate from 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph) in 5.7 seconds. When not in boost mode, the combined peak motor power is 265 kW (360 PS; 355 hp), with 125 kW (170 PS; 168 hp) from the front motor at a torque of 247 N⋅m (182 lb⋅ft) and 140 kW (190 PS; 188 hp) from the rear motor at a torque of 314 N⋅m (232 lb⋅ft). This allows the car to accelerate from 0–100 km/h (0-62 mph) in 6.6 seconds and on to its top speed of 200 km/h (120 mph).[28]

The car uses an energy recuperation system which, on average, contributes 30% to the range. Recuperation can be achieved both when the driver releases the accelerator and when applying pressure to the brake.[27]

When the car is equipped with the virtual side mirrors the car has a drag coefficient of 0.27.[29] The e-tron also sits slightly lower than a traditional SUV; at 1,616 mm (63.6 in) high, it is 43 mm (1.7 in) lower than the Audi Q5. It has 660 litres (23 cu ft) of boot space, 160 l (5.7 cu ft) more than the Mercedes-Benz EQC, along with 60 litres (2.1 cu ft) of storage space in the front.[27]

Cold-weather performance

In temperatures ranging from −6.5 to −4.5 °C (20.3 to 23.9 °F), with cabin heating on, the e-tron achieved a real-world range of 331 kilometres (206 mi), compared to 370 kilometres (230 mi) in the summer, which means a 10.5% range drop. The tests were done at the speed of 90 kilometres per hour (56 mph).[30][31]

The real range drop might by slightly higher because in the aforementioned tests the "winter" car had the advantage of more aerodynamic wheels than the "summer" car.

This stands well in comparison to other EVs; five other electric vehicles, including the 2017 Tesla Model S 75D, were tested at the temperature of −6.7 °C (20 °F) with cabin heating on, and all of them had a range drop of at least 30%, and 41% on average (compared to when the temperature was 23.9 °C (75.0 °F) and cabin heating/air conditioning was off).[32]

The e-tron is, in summer driving and without reaching European highway speeds, less efficient than the Tesla Model X in terms of distance covered per kWh of energy. However, as the e-tron is less affected by low temperatures, driving in the winter brings the results of these two vehicles closer. In a test done at temperatures in the 13 to 15 °C (55 to 59 °F) range and including high-speed highway driving, the e-tron's efficiency was about 12.4% worse than in the Model X.[33][34] In slightly below-freezing conditions, the difference was even smaller and the e-tron's efficiency was about 8.6% worse than in the Model X.[35]

Charging

The e-tron[note 1] can be charged at an effective rate of 150 kW using a 175 kW charger. This is possible in a wide state-of-charge window, until the battery is about 80% charged. With such a charger, adding 100 kilometres (62 mi) of range takes only 10 minutes.[36] Audi of America is more cautious with their estimates, saying that 87 kilometres (54 mi) of range can be added in 10 minutes when using a 150 kW charger.[37]

At 90%, charging rate is about 82 kW and it remains above 50 kW until reaching 100%.[36]

Using a 50 kW charger, the car can be charged at a constant rate of 50 kW, up until reaching 100%.[36]

Equipment

Virtual side mirrors
Virtual side mirrors

Standard equipment for the e-tron includes 12-way heated and ventilated front seats, a panoramic moonroof, and 20-inch wheels. Upgrades include massage seats, power door closers, leather upholstery, 21-inch wheels and orange brake calipers. The interior is in line with other Audi models with a 10.1-inch infotainment screen, a smaller 8.6-inch touchscreen display, Amazon Alexa voice control, Virtual Cockpit system, and an optional head up display. Other equipments include a Bang & Olufsen sound system, and an available Driver Assistance package with enhanced adaptive cruise control, automatic parking assist and night vision.[38] The e-tron is the second production car to offer optional virtual side mirrors, which replaces the traditional side-view mirrors and instead use cameras transmitting images to a high-contrast 7-inch OLED embedded in the door panels.[27][39]

Sportback version

e-tron Sportback preview at the 2019 Geneva International Motor Show
e-tron Sportback preview at the 2019 Geneva International Motor Show
e-tron Sportback
e-tron Sportback

In addition to the conventional SUV body style, Audi released a 'Sportback' version with a sloping rear part of the roof, similar to the BMW X6 and the Mercedes-Benz GLE Coupe. Audi decided to compete with these ICE-powered rivals by offering only a pure electric vehicle.

Comparisons to the styling of Audi's own A7 have also been made.[40]

The production version debuted at AutoMobility LA in Los Angeles in November 2019.[41] The length and width are the same as in the standard model, while the height is 1.3 cm (0.5 in) lower.[note 3][42][43] A drag coefficient lower that in the standard model (0.25 vs. 0.27)[note 4] allows for longer highway range, as the powertrain and battery are the same as in the original model.[44]

Cargo space measured by European standards is reduced from 660 l (23.3 cu ft) to 615 l (21.7 cu ft).[45][note 5][46] American sources, however, measure cargo space in a different way and indicate that the original e-tron has as much as 821 l (29.0 cu ft)[47] of cargo space, so the reduction to 615 l (21.7 cu ft)[48] is substantial.

It entered production in early 2020[49] and will be available in Europe in the spring of 2020.[50][40]

Models

Model Years Power Torque 0–100 km/h (0-62 mph) Top speed Range
e-tron 55
quattro
(post-update)
2020– 125 kW
(168 hp) + 140 kW
(188 hp)
(boost mode: 300 kW
(402 hp))
247 N⋅m
(182 lb⋅ft) + 314 N⋅m
(232 lb⋅ft)
(boost mode: 664 N⋅m
(490 lb⋅ft))
6.6 s
(boost mode: 5.7s[51])
200 km/h
(124 mph)[51]
EPA: unknown

WLTP: 365 to 436 km (227 to 271 mi)[51]

e-tron 55
quattro
2018–2019 125 kW
(168 hp) + 140 kW
(188 hp)
(boost mode: 300 kW
(402 hp))
247 N⋅m
(182 lb⋅ft) + 314 N⋅m
(232 lb⋅ft)
(boost mode: 664 N⋅m
(490 lb⋅ft))
6.6 s
(boost mode: 5.7 s)
200 km/h
(124 mph)[52]
EPA: 204 mi (328 km)

WLTP: 358 to 417 km (222 to 259 mi)[52]

e-tron 50
quattro
2019– 100 kW
(134 hp) + 130 kW
(174 hp)[53]
230 N⋅m
(170 lb⋅ft) + 310 N⋅m
(229 lb⋅ft)[53]
6.8 s[53] 190 km/h
(118 mph)[53]
EPA: unknown

WLTP: 276 to 336 km (171 to 209 mi)[53]

e-tron 55
quattro Sportback
2020– 125 kW
(168 hp) + 140 kW
(188 hp)
(boost mode: 300 kW
(402 hp))
247 N⋅m
(182 lb⋅ft) + 314 N⋅m
(232 lb⋅ft)
(boost mode: 664 N⋅m
(490 lb⋅ft)
6.6 s
(boost mode: 5.7 s[54])
200 km/h
(124 mph)[54]
EPA: 218 mi (351 km)

WLTP: 369 to 444 km (229 to 276 mi)[54]

e-tron 50
quattro Sportback
2020– 100 kW
(134 hp) + 130 kW
(174 hp)[55]
230 N⋅m
(170 lb⋅ft) + 310 N⋅m
(229 lb⋅ft)[55]
6.8 s[55] 190 km/h
(118 mph)[55]
EPA: unknown

WLTP: 276 to 336 km (171 to 209 mi)[55]

Marketing

The e-tron made an appearance in an Audi commercial tied to Avengers: Endgame, where it was introduced to Captain Marvel who was briefed about the events of Avengers: Infinity War and the things that had changed on Earth while she was gone[56], although it never made an appearance in the movie itself.[note 6] Later, the e-Tron appeared in Spider-Man: Far From Home where it was used by characters played by Samuel L. Jackson and Cobie Smulders.[57][58]

The name e-Tron is very similar to the French word étron (meaning turd), causing some ridicule of the e-Tron in France[59] and by Tesla-CEO Elon Musk.[60]

Production issues and recall

Reports surfaced in April 2019 that the e-tron was subject to production delays and a cut in production targets due to supply of batteries and electric motors. Subsequently, weekly production hours at the assembly plant were foreseen to be reduced from 30 to 24.[61] Audi announced a recall of certain e-tron models in early June 2019. The recall relates to a water leak that could lead to the high voltage electronics shorting, potentially causing a fire in extreme cases.[62]

Markets

Asia-Pacific

Thailand

The Audi e-tron will be launched in Thailand by Meister Technik in 2019.

North America

Canada

The vehicle went on sale in Canada in 2019.[63] The price starts at CA$ 90,000.[64]

Mexico

The Audi e-tron will be launched in Mexico for the 2021 model year. It will be priced in MXN$1,919,900.[65]

United States

Deliveries to American customers started no later than in June 2019. There were 3,540 e-trons registered in the United States during the first three quarters of 2019,[66] ahead of Germany (2,997 units),[67] though still less than in Norway (3,824 units).[68]

Notes

  1. ^ a b In the low-end model called 50 quattro, charging speed is limited to 120 kW.
  2. ^ Data as of December 28, 2019.
  3. ^ In the European-specification model.
  4. ^ Both cars equipped with virtual side mirrors; Sportback also equipped with S-line package.
  5. ^ Or, according to a different methodology, from 605 l (21.4 cu ft) to 555 l (19.6 cu ft).
  6. ^ The e-tron Sportback concept as shown at the 2017 Shanghai Motor Show, looking different than the production e-tron Sportback, made an appearance in the movie.

References

  1. ^ "Audi E-tron one of twelve electric Audis to launch by 2025 - Autocar". Autocar.co.uk. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  2. ^ "2019 Audi e-tron arrives next month: Fully electric SUV built for everyday use is designed for customers to go electric today" (Press release). Audi Newsroom. 2019-04-04. Retrieved 2019-04-08.
  3. ^ https://www.audi-mediacenter.com/en/brussels-belgium-203
  4. ^ "Audi Q6 e-tron quattro confirmed for production - Autocar". Autocar.co.uk. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  5. ^ "Audi just unveiled an electric SUV that will rival Tesla — take a closer look". nordic.businessinsider.com. 2018-09-18. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  6. ^ "New Audi E-tron prototype reviews: an SUV with off-road ability | The Week UK". Theweek.co.uk. 2018-10-12. Retrieved 2018-10-21.
  7. ^ "Audi confirms: e-tron electric car delayed until 2019". electrive.com. December 17, 2018.
  8. ^ "Here Are The First 7 Out Of Audi's 12 Electric Cars". December 28, 2018.
  9. ^ e-tron, Audi. "Audi E-Tron Reservations Soar To 20,000: Deliveries Delayed Again". InsideEVs.
  10. ^ "Audi future EVs - should Elon fear e-tron?". www.just-auto.com. January 22, 2019.
  11. ^ "Report: Battery shortages lead to Audi E-tron production delays". Green Car Reports.
  12. ^ Eric C., Evarts (29 March 2019). "Audi étron delays". Green Car Reports.
  13. ^ "Despite Delay, Audi Dealers May Fine You for Canceling E-Tron Order". Inside EVs. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  14. ^ "Audi e-tron Jumps to #4 in Germany in January — #CleanTechnica Electric Car Sales Report". CleanTechnica. February 16, 2019.
  15. ^ Tesla, BMW Audi Chevrolet Chrysler Ford Honda Hyundai Jaguar Kia Mercedes-Benz Mitsubishi Nissan Smart Subaru Toyota Volkswagen Volvo General Motors. "Monthly Plug-In EV Sales Scorecard: May 2019". InsideEVs.
  16. ^ "Audi in talks over Europe recall of the e-tron due to fire risk". Automotive News Europe. June 10, 2019.
  17. ^ "Audi e-tron Sales in U.S. Continue to Decline in September".
  18. ^ "EV registration statistics for the Netherlands, Norway and Spain".
  19. ^ "Zulassungszahlen, Tageszulassung KFZ".
  20. ^ "EV registration statistics for the Netherlands, Norway and Spain".
  21. ^ "In October 2019, 58% of Car Sales in Norway Were Plug-Ins".
  22. ^ "Plug-In EV Car Sales in Norway Decreased, but Market Share Improved".
  23. ^ "Personenauto Kentekenregistraties".
  24. ^ Randall Suba (24 February 2020). "Tesla rival Audi hits the pause button on e-tron production". Teslarati. Retrieved 25 February 2020.
  25. ^ "Top Electric Cars To Watch Out For In 2020". Caringly Yours. 2020-02-05. Retrieved 2020-02-08.
  26. ^ a b Hogan, Mack (10 September 2019). "Why No One Is Beating Tesla's Range". Gizmodo Australia.
  27. ^ a b c d "Audi E-tron: brand's first full electric model to cost £70,805 - Autocar". Autocar.co.uk. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  28. ^ "55 quattro". audi.de (in German). Retrieved 2019-04-28. Die Leistung von 265 kW bezieht sich auf die elektrische Peakleistung (60 Sekunden). Der vordere Elektromotor, der für ein optimales Packaging achsparallel angeordnet ist, kommt auf 125 kW Peak-Leistung bei 247 Nm Drehmoment. Die hintere, koaxial angeordnete Maschine gibt 140 kW ab bei einem Drehmoment von 314 Nm.
  29. ^ Smith, Luke John (18 September 2018). "Audi e-Tron REVEALED - New electric car range, specs and price released". Express.co.uk. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  30. ^ "Audi e-tron Winter Range Test: Video".
  31. ^ "Audi e-tron Summer Range Test Proves Its Thirsty Nature: Video".
  32. ^ "New AAA Study Shows Electric Vehicle Range is Cut Dramatically in Winter - How Did Tesla Do?".
  33. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AgvkgnL0Ndw
  34. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TFu9pkpunuo
  35. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=blqZ_rZ7WFI
  36. ^ a b c "Charging with an Audi e-tron".
  37. ^ https://www.audiusa.com/models/audi-e-tron
  38. ^ "Say hello to the 2019 Audi E-Tron all-electric SUV". Nydailynews.com. Retrieved 2018-10-21.
  39. ^ Ulrich, Lawrence (2019-05-03). "The New Lexus ES 350 Ditches Side View Mirrors for Digital Cameras". IEEE Spectrum: Technology, Engineering, and Science News. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  40. ^ a b Frank, Michael (19 November 2019). "2020 Audi e-tron Sportback is the A7 of Audi EVs". Car and Driver. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  41. ^ "AutoMobility LA 2019 Poised to Have One of the Largest Number of Debut Vehicles in Show History".
  42. ^ https://www.auto-motor-und-sport.de/elektroauto/audi-e-tron-quattro-2018-elektroauto-suv/technische-daten/
  43. ^ https://www.auto-motor-und-sport.de/elektroauto/audi-e-tron-55-sportback-2020-suv-coupe-check/technische-daten/
  44. ^ "The 2020 Audi E-Tron Sportback Trims Cargo Space for Style".
  45. ^ "2020 Audi e-tron Sportback is second electric Audi SUV".
  46. ^ "Audi e-tron Sportback unveiled | carwow".
  47. ^ "2019 Audi e-tron is an EV Hiding in Plain Sight". 2019-09-30.
  48. ^ "The 2020 Audi E-Tron Sportback Trims Cargo Space for Style".
  49. ^ https://www.audi-mediacenter.com/en/brussels-belgium-203
  50. ^ https://www.audi-mediacenter.com/en/press-releases/suv-coupe-for-the-e-tron-family-the-audi-e-tron-sportback-12725
  51. ^ a b c "Verbrauchs- und Emissionswerte nach WLTP" [Consumption and Emission values per WLTP]. audi.de (in German). Retrieved 2020-05-21. elektrische Reichweite (Kombiniert) 365–417 km
  52. ^ a b "Verbrauchs- und Emissionswerte nach WLTP" [Consumption and Emission values per WLTP]. audi.de (in German). Retrieved 2019-04-28. elektrische Reichweite (Kombiniert) 358–417 km
  53. ^ a b c d e "Verbrauchs- und Emissionswerte nach WLTP" [Consumption and Emission values per WLTP]. audi.de (in German). Retrieved 2020-05-21. elektrische Reichweite (Kombiniert) 276–336 km
  54. ^ a b c "Verbrauchs- und Emissionswerte nach WLTP" [Consumption and Emission values per WLTP]. audi.de (in German). Retrieved 2020-05-21. elektrische Reichweite (Kombiniert) 369–444 km
  55. ^ a b c d e "Verbrauchs- und Emissionswerte nach WLTP" [Consumption and Emission values per WLTP]. audi.de (in German). Retrieved 2020-05-21. elektrische Reichweite (Kombiniert) 276–336 km
  56. ^ Audi USA (2019-04-18), Audi "The Debriefing" - Marvel Studios' Avengers: Endgame, retrieved 2019-05-05
  57. ^ http://www.imcdb.org/movie_6320628-Spider-Man--Far-From-Home.html
  58. ^ "Spider Man Trailer Rocks E Trons". audiclubna. 2019-01-15. Retrieved 2019-04-28.
  59. ^ "Audi, l'e-Tron ou l'étron?". Slate (in French). Retrieved 2019-07-29.
  60. ^ "Tweet by Elon Musk". twitter. Retrieved 2019-07-29.
  61. ^ "Battery shortage forces Audi Brussels to slow down production". The Brussels Times. 16 April 2019. Retrieved 9 May 2019.
  62. ^ Inside EVs. "Audi Recalls E-Tron SUV For Water Leakage That Could Result In Fire". Inside EVs. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
  63. ^ "Audi's EV Plan Comes into Focus".
  64. ^ "The Audi e-tron > e-tron > Audi Canada".
  65. ^ "Audi e-tron: Precios, versiones y equipamiento en México". 2019-08-21.
  66. ^ "Audi e-tron Sales in U.S. Continue to Decline in September".
  67. ^ "Zulassungszahlen, Tageszulassung KFZ".
  68. ^ "EV registration statistics for the Netherlands, Norway and Spain".
This page was last edited on 23 July 2020, at 17:49
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.