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NASA Astronaut Corps

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

NASA space suits previously worn by the Astronaut Corps at the Johnson Space Center
NASA space suits previously worn by the Astronaut Corps at the Johnson Space Center

The NASA Astronaut Corps is a unit of the United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) that selects, trains, and provides astronauts as crew members for U.S. and international space missions. It is based at Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • NASA’s New Astronauts to Conduct Research Off the Earth, For the Earth and Deep Space Missions
  • NASA Astronaut Recalls Seeing ‘Alien Like’ Object in Space
  • NASA Astronauts Conduct Space Walk To Make Important Repairs On International Space Station
  • NASA Astronaut Discusses Life in Space with his Alma Mater
  • Here's What It Actually Takes to Be a NASA Astronaut

Transcription

>> GOOD AFTERNOON. AS MY HUSBAND THE MARINE SAYS. I'M FROM NASA'S OFFICE OF COMMUNICATION, AND WE'RE HERE AT THE JOHNSON SPACE CENTER HERE TO PROVIDE AN EXCITING UPDATE ABOUT THE FUTURE OF HUMAN SPACE FLIGHT, AND THE SELECTION OF THE NEW HUMAN ASTRONAUTS. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] ED. >> FOLLOWING THE INTRODUCTION AND REMARKS, THE NEW ASTRONAUT CANDIDATES WILL ANSWER SOME QUESTIONS. LET'S GO TO OUR COAST, AN ASTRONAUT AND VETERAN OF FOUR SPACE SHOULD FLIGHTS. [APPLAUSE] >> THANK YOU. IT'S MY PLEASURE TO WELCOME YOU TO JOHNSON SPACE CENTER TODAY, AND ESPECIALLY TO THIS BUILD WHERE ASTRONAUTS HAVE TRAINED FOR DECADES. WE'RE PROUD OF OUR ROLE IN LEADING SPACE EXPLORATION FOR NASA. WE MANAGE COMPLEX SPACE FLIGHT PROGRAMS, DEVELOP AND EVALUATE HUMAN-RATED SPACECRAFT AND SPACE CHUTES. RESEARCH AND MAINTAIN HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN SPACE, AND WE SELECT AND PROTECT ASTRONAUTS AND PLAN, TRAIN FOR AND FLY HUMAN SPACE FLIGHT MISSIONS. EVERY FEW YEARS WE TRAIN A NEW GROUP OF ASTRONAUTS. AND TODAY IS AN EXCITING DAY TO ANNOUNCE THOSE CANDIDATES. HELP ME TO WELCOME THE FOLLOWING OFFICIALS. REPRESENTING THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, VICE PRESIDENT MIKE PENCE. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] REPRESENTING THE STATE OF TEXAS, GOVERNOR GREG ABBOTT. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] STARTS SENATOR FROM THE STATE OF TEXAS, SENATOR TED CRUZ. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] UNITED STATES REPRESENTATIVE FROM THE TEXAS 21ST CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT CHAIRMAN LAMAR SMITH. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] UNITED STATES REPRESENTATIVE FROM THE TEXAS 35TH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT CHAIRMAN BABB BIT. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] NASA'S ACTING ADMINISTRATOR, ROBERT LIGHTFOOT. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] FROM THE STATE OF TEXAS AND THE CITY OF HOUSTON, HELP ME WELCOME TEXAS STATE SENATOR LARRY TAYLOR. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] TEXAS STATE REPRESENTATIVE DENNIS PAUL. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] HOUSTON CITY COUNCIL MEMBER DAVE MARTIN. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] AND ALSO HERE REPRESENTING THE OFFICER--THE OFFICE OF SENATOR TED CRUZ SOUTHEAST DIRECTOR JESSICA HART. MARY SNYDER, TY PETTY,.AND [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] AS YOU KNOW, WE RECEIVED OVER 18,300 APPLICATIONS. MORE THAN DOUBLING THE GREATEST NUMBER WE HAVE EVER RECEIVED FROM PREVIOUS ASTRONAUT CLASSES. I WOULD LIKE TO THANKS ALL OF THE PEOPLE WHO HELPED US TO REVIEW AND EVALUATE THOSE APPLICATIONS. WE HAVE PERSONNEL HUMAN RESOURCES GOING THROUGH THE REVIEWS. AND OF COURSE WE HAD GREAT SUPPORT FROM OUR MEDICAL PROFESSIONAL, TECHNICAL EXPERTS AND CURRENT ASTRONAUT CORE. THE APPLICATION PERIOD OPENED A YEAR AND A HALF AGO, AND WE SPENT 15 MONTHS IN THE SELECTION PROCESS, REVIEWING CAREER HISTORY, RECOMMENDATION, PERSONAL INTERVIEWS AND THOROUGH MEDICAL EVALUATION AND CONDUCTING ACTIVITIES DESIGNED TO EVALUATE LEADERSHIP, FOLLOWSHIP, AWARENESS AND DECISION MAKING AMONG OTHER THINGS. YOU'RE ABOUT TO BE INTRODUCED TO THE 12 OUTSTANDING INDIVIDUALS SELECTED FROM THOSE THOUSANDS OF APPLICANTS. WHILE WE WANT EVERYONE TO GET TO KNOW THEM AS INDIVIDUALS BECAUSE ASTRONAUTS ARE A VISIBLE PART OF WHAT WE DO, BUT WE WANT TO EMPHASIZE THAT SUCCESSFUL HUMAN SPACE FLIGHT IS A TEAM SPORT AND REQUIRES THE PASSION AND DEDICATION NOT ONLY AT THE JOHNSON SPACE CENTER COMMUNITY BUT CROSS MANY NASA CENTERS. NOW WE WELCOME THEM TO TEAM NASA. NOW I'LL INTRODUCE BRIAN B.K. KELLY, CHAIR OF THE ASTRONAUT SELECTION BOARD. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] >> ALL RIGHT, IT'S A GREAT DAY, PEOPLE. GOOD AFTERNOON, AMERICA. I KNOW YOU'RE ALL EXCITED TO FIND OUT WHO WE SELECTED FOR THE CLASS. BUT BEFORE I INTRODUCE THEM, WE'VE GOT SOME TIPS PROVIDED BY SOME OF THEIR BREAD ASSESSORS TO LET THEM KNOW ABOUT WHAT IS COMING AHEAD FOR THEM. SO WE'RE GOING TO PLAY A LITTLE SHORT VIDEO FOR YOU RIGHT NOW. >> WELCOME TO THE 2017 CLASS. WE REALLY ARE LOOKING FORWARD TO HAVING YOU JOIN OUR TEAM. THIS IS THE MOST I CAN GUARANTEE--THE MOST UNIQUE ENVIRONMENT YOU CAN GO TO WORK IN. WE LOVE IT. >> WOW, THROUGH ALL THOSE INTERVIEWS YOU FINALLY FOUND OUT, AND IT'S SO EXCITING TO HAVE YOU GUYS AS PART OF NASA. >> I'M HERE AT JOHNSON SPACE CENTER WHERE YOU'LL SOON BE WORKING. WE CAN'T WAIT TO GET TO TRAINING. YOU'RE IN FOR A RIDE, LITERALLY. >> THIS IS ONE OF THE MANY TRAININGS YOU CAN LOOK FORWARD TO, WELCOME ON BOARD. >> I CAN'T TELL YOU HOW MUCH I ENJOYED GETTING TO KNOW EVERYBODY AND LEARN FROM THEM, TO TAKE THE SHORT COURSES WE TOOK IN, GEOGRAPHY GEOLOGY, OCEANOGRAPHY. >> WHEN I FIRST CAME TO THE ASTRONAUT OFFICE, I BEGAN TO MEET THE INSTRUCTORS, THE SCIENTISTS, THE ENGINEERS, ALL KNOWS WHO MADE SPACE FLIGHT HAPPEN, AND I FELT TOTALLY OUT-CLASSED, AND YOU SHOULD, TOO. YOU HAVE A LOT OF AHEAD OF YOU. >> MY ADVISE IS TO HAVE FUN WITH THE TRAININGS YOU'RE GOING TO EMBARK ON OVER THE NEXT FEW YEARS. IT WILL BE TOUGH, SO HAVE A LITTLE FUN. >> NOW YOU GET TO TAKE OVER THE DUTY OF THE MOST RECENT CLASS. OH, DON'T WORRY ABOUT PICKING UP CLASS NAMES BECAUSE YOUR COLLEAGUES HERE ARE MORE THAN HAPPY TO HELP WITH YOU THAT. >> CLASS OF 2017 MY ADVANCE FOR YOU IS TO NOT TALK FOR YOUR FIRST THREE YEARS. WELCOME. >> WHEN YOU WALK IN THIS DOOR YOU'RE GOING TO BE HERE TO LEARN, TRAIN, AND BE CREW MEMBERS. THAT'S WHAT IS THE IMPORTANT PART. >> YOU'RE GOING TO BE AWESOME. AND YOU'RE GOING TO FLY IN SPACE. AND WE'RE VERY GLAD TO HAVE YOU. >> ENJOY THE TIME YOU'LL HAVE WITH THIS INCREDIBLE GROUP OF PEOPLE THAT YOU'LL BE TRAINING, PLAYING WITH. SEE YOU SOON. >> WE ON THE SPACE STATION WANTED TO SEND YOU A SPECIAL MESSAGE, AND I WANT TO SHOW YOU YOUR NEW OFFICE. IT'S CRAMPED, THE DESK IS KIND OF SMALL. BUT THE VIEW--OH, THE VIEW. LET ME SHOW YOU. FIRST WE'LL OPEN THE BIG WINDOW SO YOU CAN SEE OUTSIDE. YOUR JOB IS TO TAKE THE WONDER AND AMAZEMENT THAT WE GET TO SEE EVERY DAY, AND SHARE IT WITH THE WORLD. AND IGNITE THEIR PASSION TO EXPLORE. IT JUST DOESN'T GET ANY BETTER THAN THAT. CONGRATULATIONS AGAIN, CLASS OF 2017. WELCOME TO THE CLUB. [APPLAUSE] >> YOU MAY BE ABLE TO SEE, BUT MAYBE NOT HEAR WHAT THESE FOLKS HAVE TO LOOK FORWARD TO. IT'S GOING TO BE TREMENDOUS. WHAT DO YOU SAY? HOW ABOUT I INTRODUCE THE NEWEST MEMBERS OF OUR FLIGHT OPERATIONS TEAM, THE 2017 ASTRONAUT CANDIDATES! [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] I'M GOING TO START IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER. KALEY BARREN. HERE WE GO. KALEY IS 29, A LIEUTENANT IN THE UNITED STATES NAVY, HAILS FROM RICH LAND, WASHINGTON. SHE HAS A A BACHELORS FROM THE NAVAL ACADEMY AND A MASTERS FROM CAMBRIDGE. SHE IS A MEMBER OF THE FIRST CLASS OF WOMEN COMMISSIONED IN THE SUBMARINE WARFARE COMMUNITY. SHE'S THE AID TO SUPERINTENDENT OF THE U.S. NAVAL ACADEMY. KAYLA BARRENS. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] LET'S GIVE IT UP FOR ZENA CARDMAN. ZENA IS 29 AND HAILS FROM WILLIAMSBURG, VIRGINIA. SHE HAS A BACHELOR'S DEGREE IN BIOLOGIST FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA. CHAPEL HILL. SHE HAS EXTENDSIVE FIELD EXPERIENCE, AND SHE HAS BEEN INVOLVED WITH NASA ANALOG MISSIONS IN BRITISH COLUMBIA, IDAHO AND HAWAI'I. SHE'S CURRENTLY WORKING AT THE SCIENCE FOUNDATION AS A GRADUATE RESEARCH FELL LOW WORKING ON HER Ph.D AT PENN STATE UNIVERSITY. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] ALL RIGHT, RAJA CHARI, A 39-YEAR-OLD LIEUTENANT COLONEL FROM CEDAR FALLS, IOWA. HE HAS A BACHELORS FROM THE U.S. AIR FORCE ACADEMY. HE HAS A MASTERS FROM M.I.T. AND A GRADUATE FROM THE NAVY TEST PILOT SCHOOL. HE'S CURRENTLY THE COMMANDER OF THE 461ST FLIGHT TEST SQUADRON AT EDWARDS AIR FORCE BASE. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] MATT DOMINICK. MATT IS 35, LIEUTENANT COMMANDER IN THE UNITED STATES NAVY. FROM COLORADO, HE HAS A BACHELORS IN ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF SCALING, AND MASTER FROM SYSTEMS ENGINEERS FROM THE NOVEL GRADUATE SCHOOL. HE IS A GRADUATE FROM THE NAVAL TEST PILOT SCHOOL AND LET'S HERE IT FOR MATT. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] NEXT UP IS BOB, 42, HARRISBURG, PENNSYLVANIA. BOB HAS HIS BACHELORS IN AEROSPACE ENGINEERING AND MASTERS IN AEROSPACE ENGINEERING FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA. HE HAD A GRADUATE FROM THE UNITED STATES AIR FORCE TESTIFY A LOT SCHOOL. HE SERVED IN THE AIR FORCE AND AIR FORCE RESERVES FOR 18 YEARS. HE IS CURRENTLY A NASA RESEARCH PILOT AND BEST OUTFIT ON AND OFF THE PILOT AND RESEARCH DIRECTOR AT JOHNSON SPACE CENTER. ALREADY, NEXT UP IS WOODY HO HOLBERG. WOODY IS 31 FROM PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA. HE HAS A BACHELOR'S DEGREE FROM M.I.T. AND DOCTORATE IN ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING AND COMMUTER SCIENCE FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA BERKELEY. HE IS A PRIVATE PILOT WITH EXTENSIVE EXPERIENCE IN WILDERNESS SEARCH AND RESCUE. HE IS CURRENTLY A RESEARCH ASSISTANT AT M.I.T. NEXT UP IS DR. JOHNNY KIM. JOHNNY. JOHNNY IS 33-YEAR-OLD LIEUTENANT IN THE UNITED STATES NAVY WHO HAILS FROM LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA. HE HAS A DEGREE IN MATHEMATICS FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF SAN DIEGO AND DOCTORATE OF MEDICINE FROM HARVARD MEDICAL SCHOOL. JOHNNY STARTED OUT AS AN ENLISTED NAVY SEAL OPERATOR COMPLETELY OVER 100 COMBAT OPERATIONS. HE HAS BEEN AWARDED THE SILVER STAR AND BRONZE STAR AND CURRENTLY WITH THE NAVY MEDICAL CORE PURSUING RESIDENCY IN MASSACHUSETTS NEW JERSEY HOSPITAL. JOHNNY KIM. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] NEXT UP IS ROB GOLINE. ROB. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] >> ROB IS 33-YEAR-OLD GUY FROM ANCHORAGE, ALASKA. HE HAS A BACHELORS FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF DENVER AND MASTER IN MATERIAL SCIENCE FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SAN DIEGO. HE HAS A DOCTORATE IN ENGINEERING FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SAN DIEGO. HE HAS EXPERIENCE AS A COMMERCIAL FISHERMAN IN ALASKA, AN ICE DRILL CENTER IN ANTARCTICA. ROB. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] JASMINE. JASMINE IS A 33-YEAR-OLD MAJOR IN THE UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS. HER HOMETOWN OF BALDWIN, NEW YORK. SHE HAS A BACHELORS IN AEROSPACE ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY FROM M.I.T. SHE HAS A MASTERS FROM THE NAVALLY POST GRADUATE SCHOOL AND AN U.S. TEST PILOT SCHOOL GRADUATE. SHE HAS TESTED HELICOPTERS FOR MARINE OPERATIONAL TESTING EVALUATIONS SQUAD DROWN 1 IN YOU YUMA, ARIZONA, JASMINE. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] NEXT UP WE HAVE LAUREL, IN, FROM SUGARLAND, TEXAS. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] LAUREL HAS HER BACHELOR'S DEGREE IN AIR NOTTICS AND ASTRONAUTICS IN UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS SHE HAS WORKED IN AND PARTICIPATED IN REDUCE GRAVITY STUDENT FLIGHT OPERATION PROGRAM. SHE HAS BEEN INVOLVED IN THE NASA ACADEMY THE GODDARD SPACE FLIGHT CENTER AND INVOLVED IN THE INTERN PROGRAM. SHE'S CURRENTLY A RESEARCH ENGINEER AT OCEAN GRAPHIC INSTITUTION IN MASSACHUSETTS. LAUREL, WELCOME HOME. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] >> NEXT UP IS DR. FRANK RUBIO. FRANK IS A 41-YEAR-OLD MAJOR IN THE UNITED STATES ARMY WHO HAILS FROM MIAMI, FLORIDA. HE HAS A BACHELORS DEGREE FROM THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY. HE HAS A DOCTORATE OF MEDICINE FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF THE HEALTH SCIENCES. FRANK HAS MORE THAN 1100 HOURS OF FLIGHT TIME AS A PILOT IN THE U.S. ARMY INCLUDING OVER 600 HOURS OF COMBAT TIME. FRANK IS CURRENTLY SERVING AS A SURGEON AT FORT CARSON, COLORADO. LET'S HEAR IT FOR FRANK RUBIO. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] ALL RIGHT, NUMBER 12, JESSICA WATKINS. >> JESSICA HAS HER DOCTORATE IN GEOLOGY FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA LOS ANGELES. SHE WORKED AT NASA'S RESEARCH CENTER. JESSICA IS CURRENTLY A POST DOC FELLOW AT THE CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY COLLABORATING ON THE LABORATORY. WE INTEND TO SEND HER TO MARS ONE DAY, FOLKS. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] OUR FLIGHT OPERATION IS TO SELECT AND PROTECT OUR ASTRONAUTS, PLAN, TRAIN AND FLY OUR AVIATION MISSION. THAT WE JUST GOT THROUGH SELECTING THEM. NOW I WANT TO PRESENTED TO YOU THE 2017 ASTRONAUT CANDIDATE CLASS FOR THE GREAT OUTFIT OF NASA. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] >> WOW, YOU ARE ALL INCREDIBLE. WE KNOW SITTING HERE IS THE BEGINNING OF A DREAM CROP TRUE. WE WANT TO ASSURE OUR CANDIDATES THAT WE'RE JUST AS EXCITED TO HAVE YOU BECOME PART OF OUR NASA FAMILY. LET ME INTRODUCE YOU TO NASA'S ACADEMIC ADMINISTRATOR, MR. ROBERT LIGHTFOOT. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] >> OKAY, WELL, GOOD AFTERNOON, IT'S WONDERFUL TO BE HERE TODAY. THIS IS ONE OF THE ICONIC THINGS WE GET TO DO AS AN AGENCY. WE GET TO INTRODUCE OUR NEW CREW. I WANT TO WELCOME ALL 12 OF YOU INTO THE NASA FAMILY. AS ELLEN SAID, YOU'RE A TEAM HERE. I WANT TO THANK THE FAMILIES AS WELL THE FAMILIES ARE OUT HERE. YOU HAVE SUPPORTED THESE GUYS-- [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] YOU HAVE SUPPORTED THESE FOLKS AND YOU HAVE SEEN THE ACCOMPLISHMENTS, AND YOU'LL SUPPORT THEM EVEN MORE. THESE NEW CANDIDATES, AS YOU CAN SEE HAVE A VAST VARIETY OF EXPERIENCES. WE HAVE MILITARY, PHYSICISTS, PILOTS, AN AWESOME GROUP, AND YOU PRESENT A GREAT PART OF THIS COUNTRY. I HOPE YOU GET A CHANCE TO READ THESE FIRST BIOs ONLINE. THEY'RE GOING TO HAVE A GREAT EXPERIENCE HERE AT NASA. WHEN YOU THINK ABOUT WHAT WE DO AT THIS AGENCY, KIDS STILL LOOK UP TO THE HEAVENS AND THINK, I COULD BE AN ASTRONAUTS. I COULD BE UP THERE. YOU GUYS EPITOMIZE THAT. NOT JUST FLYING, BUT BEING THAT AMBASSADOR FOR US. WHEN YOU THINK ABOUT WHERE WE GO, THIS IS A SELECTIVE GROUP. FROM 18,000 TO 12, THAT'S A VERY SELECTIVE GROUP, AND WE ARE EXCITED ABOUT WHAT YOU'VE DONE AND WE'RE EXCITED ABOUT WHAT YOU WILL DO MOVING FORWARD. YOU'LL INSPIRE THE NEXT GROUP GENERATION TO COME IN AND CARRY ON. IT'S AN EXCITING TIME HERE IN NASA. ONE OF THE FOLKS BEHIND US COULD BEHE NEXT ONE TO TAKE THAT LEAP THAT BRINGS THE ENTIRE NASA FAMILY AND THIS ENTIRE WORLD WITH THEM. THAT'S WHAT THE FUTURE IS FOR THESE FOLKS. THAT'S VERY EXCITING AS WE THINK ABOUT IT. WE AS AN AGENCY WE WORK TOWARDS THAT GOAL. WE WORK TOWARDS THE GOAL SO WE CAN USE THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION IN A WAY THAT ALLOWS US TO GET THE RESEARCH DONE, GET THE TECHNOLOGIES BUILT SO THESE GUYS CAN MOVE FORWARD. IT'S JUST REALLY EXCITING. WE'LL BE ABLE TO BUILD ON THE BACKBONE OF WHAT WE DO TODAY AS WE STRETCH THIS INFRASTRUCTURE OUT FURTHER AND FURTHER INTO SPACE. VERY EXCITING. AS A GROUP, YOU GUYS REPRESENT THE PINNACLE OF AMERICAN EXCELLENCE. YOU'RE INSPIRING TO ALL OF US, AND AGAIN, MY GREAT HONOR TO WELCOME YOU TO THE NASA FAMILY. THIS ENTIRE NASA TEAM IS READY TO SUPPORT YOU AND GET YOU READY FOR THE MISSIONS THAT WE HAVE PLANNED FOR YOU. SO BEST OF LUCK TRAINING, AS WE GO FORWARD MY SINCERE CONGRATULATIONS, AND GOD SPEED. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] >> SO IT IS MY GREAT PLEASURE TO INTRODUCE A SPECIAL GUEST WITH A KEEN INTEREST IN SPACE. HE HAS TAKEN TIME OUT OF HIS BUSY SCHEDULE ON HIS BIRTHDAY, NO DOUBT, TO CONGRATULATE AND WELCOME YOU ALL FOR BEING HERE. GIVE A WARM NASA WELCOME TO THE VICE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, THE HONORABLE MIKE PENCE. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] >> THANK YOU, ROBERT. GOVERNOR ABBOTT, SENATOR CRUZ, CONGRESSMAN AND CHAIRMAN LAMAR SMITH. AND CONGRESSMAN AND CHAIRMAN BABB BIT. TO ADMINISTRATOR ROBERT LIGHTFOOT, AND ELLEN OCHOA AND THE TEAM HERE AT JOHNSON SPACE CENTER, I CAN'T TELL YOU HOW PRIVILEGED AND HONORED I FEEL TODAY TO BE ABLE TO CONGRATULATE THE NEWEST CLASS OF AMERICAN HEROES, THE 2017 CLASS OF AMERICA ASTRONAUT. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] THESE ARE 12 MEN AND WOMEN WHOSE PERSONAL EXCELLENCE, WHOSE PERSONAL COURAGE WILL TAKE OUR NATION TO GREATER HEIGHTS OF DISCOVERY. AND WILL INSPIRE OUR CHILDREN AND GRANDCHILDREN EVERY BIT AS MUCH AS THEIR FOREBEARS HAVE DONE IN THE PROGRAM. IT'S MY HONOR TO BRING THE SINCERE CONGRATULATION OF THE 45TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] YOUR PRESIDENT IS PROUD OF YOU, AND SO AM I. PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP IS FIRMLY COMMITTED TO NASA'S NOBLE MISSION LEADING AMERICA IN SPACE. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] EARLIER THIS YEAR AFTER THE SIGNING OF THE FIRST NASA AUTHORIZATION ACT IN SEVEN YEARS, THE PRESIDENT RENEWED, AND IN HIS WORDS OUR NATIONAL MILITARY NASA'S EXPLORATION AND DISCOVERY. THE PRESIDENT SAID WE MUST HAVE, IN HIS WORDS, THE COURAGE TO LOOK, LOOK FOR ANSWERS IN PLACES WE HAVE NEVER LOOKED BEFORE. TO THINK IN NEW WAYS. HE SAID THESE NEW DISCOVERIES REMIND US THAT HERE IN AMERICA ANYTHING IS POSSIBLE IF WE HAVE THE COURAGE AND THE WISDOM TO LEAD. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] NOW, FOR MY PART IS REALLY IS A JOY FOR THIS LIFELONG NASA FAN TO BE STANDING HERE AT THE JOHNSON SPACE CENTER--ON MY BIRTHDAY, NO LESS. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] THIS REALLY IS A SPECIAL PLACE. THINK ABOUT IT. FOR MORE THAN A HALF CENTURY, THEY HAVE GUIDED ASTRONAUTS TO THE HEAVEN. YOU HAVE MANAGED 211S A TREE NAUGHTS INTO SPACE. FROM 1965 AT THIS VERY MOMENT, HERE YOU'VE NAVIGATED THE FIRST MEMBERS OF THE HUMAN FAMILY TO THE MOON. BROUGHT THE CREW OF APOLO 13 HOME SAFE AND SOUND AND YOU WATCH ASTRONAUTS DO THEIR WORK AS THEY WALK ABOVE US. YOU KNOW, I CAUGHT SPICE FEVER AS A LITTLE BOY IN THIS SMALL TOWN IN SOUTHERN INDIANA. SOME OF MY MOST CHERISHED MEMORIES OF MY YOUTH IS WATCHING THAT BLACK AND WHITE TELEVISION WATCHING AMERICAN LEADERSHIP, AMERICAN COURAGE. I ASKED TO SERVE ON THE SCIENCE COMMITTEE, NASA SUB COMMITTEE. I HAD THE PRIVILEGE WITH MY WIFE KAREN AND OUR THREE CHILDREN TO WATCH SEVERAL SHUTTLE LAUNCHES AT THE KENNEDY SPACE CENTER. I HAVE NO DOUBT THAT MY SON, WHO IS NOW A MARINE CORPS AVIATOR HIMSELF, WAS ACTUALLY INSPIRED TO PUT ON THE UNIFORM AND GET IN THE COCKPIT FROM THAT ONE DAY WE SAT IN THE GRANDSTANDS WHEN HE WAS TEN YEARS OLD AT THE KENNEDY SPACE CENTER AND WATCHED WITH AWE AS AMERICA'S HEROIC ASTRONAUTS HURLED INTO THE HEAVENS. TO SEE A LAUNCH, ESPECIALLY AT NIGHT, CAPE CANAVERAL. IT'S LIKE SEEING THE EARTH GIVING A BIRTH TO THE SUN AND SENDING IT HOME. THE COURAGE OF ALL THE ASTRONAUTS THAT HAVE GONE BEFORE INSPIRED ME TO THIS VERY DAY. AMERICA'S MARVEL IS OUR ASTRONAUT. ONLY 338 AMERICANS HAVE HEALTH THE TITLE OF AMERICAN ASTRONAUTS. WHILE THEIR NUMBERS MAY BE FEW, THE INDOM MITTIBLE SPIRIT OF THE UNITED STATES. NASA HAS EXPANDED OUR VERIZON AND OUR HOPES AND INSPIRED NOT JUST THE AMERICAN PEOPLE BUT ALL THE WORLD WITH THEIR EXTRAORDINARY ACHIEVEMENTS. THEIR NAMES ARE ON THE HEARTS OF EVERY AMERICA. JOHN GLEN, ALAN SHEPHERD, THE REST OF THE MERCURY SET. NEIL ARMSTRONG, ALL THE MEN AND WOMEN WHO IT TOOK TO DO THAT. BUT IT'S NOT JUST THE ASTRONAUT. AS YOU KNOW ALREADY, AND YOU'LL LEARN MORE IN THE DAYS AHEAD, WE CAN'T GO WAYNE WHERE WITHOUT THE DEDICATION OF NAT MEN AND WOMEN OF NASA. WITH--LET ME SAY, WITH OUR ADMINISTRATION, THIS WILL BE TRUE. NASA WILL HAVE THE RESOURCES AND SUPPORTS YOU NEED TO CONTINUE TO MAKE HISTORY. TO PUSH THE BOUNDARIES OF HUMAN KNOWLEDGE, AND ADVANCE AMERICAN LEADERSHIP TO THE BOUNDLESS FRONTIER OF SPACE. CHEER HAS UNDER PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP, AMERICA WILL LEAD IN SPACE ONCE AGAIN, AND THE WORLD WILL MARVEL. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] PRESIDENT TRUMP RECOGNIZES THAT AMERICA NEEDS A COHESIVE APPROACH TO THE LAST AND GREATEST FRONTIER. THAT'S WHY I'M ESPECIALLY EXCITED TO ANNOUNCE AFTER MORE THAN TWO DECADES WHEN IT WAS DISBANDED, SOON PRESIDENT TRUMP WILL RELAUNCH THE NATIONAL SPACE CALM, AND IT WILL BE MY GREAT HONOR TO CHAIR THE NEW SPACE COUNCIL IN WASHINGTON DC. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] METROPOLITAN OUR NATION HAS HAD A FEDERAL LOBBY CHARGED WITH ADVISING THE PRESIDENT OF SPACE. OUR NATIONAL SPACE COUNCIL WILL REENERGIZE THE PIONEERING SPIRIT OF SPACE AND WILL MAKE SURE THAT AMERICA NEVER AGAIN LOSES THEIR LEAD IN SPACE EXPLORATION AND TECHNOLOGY. WE'LL CONTINUE TO UNLOCK THE MYSTERIES OF SPACE. BUT TO DO SO WE MUST REORIENT OUR SYLVIA PROGRAM TOWARDS DEEP SPACE EXPLORATION AND PROVIDE THE CAPABILITIES FOR AMERICA TO MAINTAIN A STAND PRESENCE IN THE LOWER ORBIT AND ON. THE AMERICAN SPIRIT IS AS LIMIT LIST AS WELL. BE WE CAN SEIZE OPPORTUNITIES THAT WILL BENEFIT OUR PEOPLE FOR GENERATIONS TO COME. HISTORY HAS BEEN MADE IN THESE HALLS. AND TODAY WE'RE MAKING HISTORY ONCE AGAIN. BEHIND ME STANDS 12 MEN AND WOMEN WHO HAVE ALREADY SOARED TO TREMENDOUS HEIGHTS IN THEIR CAREERS. THE NEWEST CLASS OF AMERICAN ASTRONAUTS. YOU 12 HAVE DISHED THEMSELVES. AS ADMINISTRATOR LIGHTFOOT MENTIONED MORE THAN 18,300 PEOPLE APPLIED TO BE PART OF THIS IN CLASS. IF YOU ARE THE 12 WHO MADE IT THROUGH. YOU HAVE JOINED THE ELITE. YOU ARE THE BEST AT LIFE AM. YOU CARRY YOUR HOPES AND DREAMS. AND I WOULD IMAGINE THAT YOUR FAMILIES FEEL AN INEXPRESSIBLE PRIDE, FOR YOU HAVE BEEN CHOSEN TO BECOME ASTRONAUTS. LET'S GIVE THESE FAMILIES ANOTHER ROUND OF APPLAUSE. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] YOU KNOW, THERE IS AN OLD SAYING WHEN YOU SEE A BOX TURTLE ON A FENCE POST. ONE THING YOU KNOW FOR SURE, HE DIDN'T GET THERE ON HIS OWN. I KNOW FOR EVERY ONE OF YOU, THOSE WHO ARE GATHERED HERE AND THOSE LOOKING ON, YOU'VE BEEN THERE TO HELP YOU UP, AND LIFT YOUR ARMS AND BRING YOU TO THIS EXTRAORDINARY MOMENT IN YOUR LIFE. TO THINK ALL THAT YOU HAVE ACCOMPLISHED IS WHAT SO MANY AMERICANS HAVE DREAMED ABOUT. THEY'LL KEEP DREAMING ABOUT IT FOR GENERATIONS TO COME. WITH A FLIGHT OF FANTASY FOR A LITTLE BOY IN COLUMBUS, INDIANA, BUT FOR YOU THAT BECAME YOUR FUTURE. THAT DREAM BECAME YOUR DESTIN NAY. IN YEARS TO COME YOU'LL DEPART FROM THIS BLUE MARVEL AND TAKE YOUR PLACE AMONG THE ROLE OF THE LEGACY. NOW THEIR LEGACY WILL FALL TO YOU AND YOU MAY RETURN OUR NATION TO THE MOON. YOU MAY BE THE FIRST TO TRAVEL TO MARS. YOU MAY HAVE EXPERIENCES THAT WE CAN ONLY IMAGINE, THOSE OF US WHO WALK ON TERAFIRMA. BUT AS YOU GO FORWARD BE ASSRE . T#OGAP Af >> LET ME SAY THAT THESE ASTRONAUTS AND ALL THAT ARE GATHERED HERE, WE WILL WIN. UNDER THE LEADERSHIP OF PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP, THE UNITED STATES WILL USHER IN A NEW ERA OF SPACE EXPLORATION IT WILL STRENGTHEN OUR NATIONAL SECURITY AND THE AMERICAN PEOPLE. IT WILL STRENGTHEN OUR ECONOMY AS WE UNLOCK NEW SOURCES OF PROSPERITY. IT WILL STRENGTHEN EDUCATION IN INSPIRING A RISING GENERATION OF AMERICANS TO STUDY SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING AND MATH. MORE THAN ANYTHING ELSE, THE PRESIDENT BELIEVES THAT IT WILL STRENGTHEN THE AMERICAN SPIRIT AS WE REACH OUT AGAIN TO TOUCH THE HEAVENS, RAISE OUR HEADS TO GAZE IN WONDER AT THE STARS AND THE HEROES THAT HAVE THE COURAGE TO EXPLORE THEM. YOU 12 WILL BE PART OF OUR VANGUARD. YOU'RE THE HEROES. YOU'RE THE PATRIOTS. THE TRAIL BLAZERS, THE BEST AMERICAN TRADITION. AND I KNOW YOU'RE HUMBLE. TO THE 12 MEMBERS OF THIS CLASS OF AMERICAN ASTRONAUTS, CONGRATULATIONS. WHEN YOU LIFT OFF THE LAUNCH PAD TO BOLDLY GO, YOU'LL CAPTURE THE IMAGINATION OF YOUR NATION AND THE WORLD. AND I BELIEVE WITH ALL OF MY HEART WHEN YOU GO YOU WILL NOT GO ALONE FOR AS THE PSALMIST TEACH US, YOU RISE ON THE WINGS OF THE DAWN AND YOU GO UP TO THE HEAVENS. EVEN THERE HIS HAND WILL GUIDE YOU. AS YOU BEGIN THIS JOURNEY KNOW THAT YOU WILL BE CARRIED BY GRACE, AND BY THE PRAYERS OF THE AMERICAN PEOPLE. GOD SPEED TO THE CLASS OF 2017. MAY GOD GUIDE YOU AND BLESS YOU. MAY GOD BLESS NASA, AND MAY GOD BLESS THE UNITED STATES. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] >> NOW WE'RE GOING TO GET TO KNOW OUR 12 ASTRONAUT CANDIDATES A LITTLE BIT BETTER WITH A QUESTION AND ANSWER. EVERYONE HAS BEEN INTERESTED IN HEARING WHAT YOU WERE DOING WHEN YOU GOT THE CALL LETTING YOU KNOW THAT YOU HAVE BEEN SELECTED. >> MY STORY IS UNIQUE. I DIDN'T GET THE CALL. I WORK HERE AS AN INSTRUCTOR PILOT. WE HAD BEEN TOLD TO STAY BY OUR PHONE AND EXPECT A PHONE CALL. MAY 25TH, IT TURNED OUT THAT I WAS SCHEDULED TO FLY. I WAS WITH ONE OF THE INSTRUCTOR PILOTS THAT DAY. THAT DAY ROLLS AROUND, AND THE FIRST THING IN THE MORNING WE GET DRESSED AND READY TO GO OUT TO THE AIRPLANES. WE'RE READY TO LEAVE THE POINT. THE GUY I WAS WITH SAID I GOT TO TAKE THIS CALL. I'LL MEET YOU OUT THERE. ALL RIGHT. THAT'S A LITTLE INTERESTING. I SEE CHRIS CASSIDY STRAPPED IN, AND HE'S HIJACKING MY JET. I THINK SOMETHING IS UP, BUT I'M NOT GOING TO BE PRESUMPTUOUS AND I'M NOT GOING TO GO THERE. WE FLY AND DON'T TALK ABOUT A THING. IT WAS ME AND CHRIS AND THIS GIANT ELEPHANT IN THE COCKPIT THAT WE'RE NOT TALKING ABOUT. HE DROPPED A COUPLE OF HINTS HERE AND THERE. BUT I WAS NOT BITING. WE DON'T TALK ABOUT MUCH REALLY. WE GET BACK TO THE PATTERN AND SHOW HIM WHERE I LIVE. AND IT WAS ONLY THEN THAT HE DROPPED, HEY, THAT'S A PRETTY SWEET COMMUTE YOU GOT RIGHT NOW. ARE YOU SURE YOU WANT TO DOUBLE IT. ALL RIGHT, SOMETHING IS UP. I'M STILL NOT BITING. WE GET BACK IN, AND WE SHUT THE AIRPLANE DOWN AND GET BACK OUT. DK IS THERE ALONG WITH RAY JAY, IT WAS A PHENOMENAL EXPERIENCE. HAD IT BEEN AT 8:00 IN THE MORNINGS I WOULD HAVE BEEN THE FIRST GUY NOTIFIED THAT DAY. IT WAS PRETTY AWESOME. [APPLAUSE] >> MY STORY IS ALSO A LITTLE BIT DIFFERENT. I DIDN'T GET TO GET A PHONE CALL BECAUSE OF WHERE I WAS. I'M A NAVAL AVIATOR FIGHTING WITH SQUADRON 115 OUT OF JAPAN. WE SPENT HALF OF THE YEAR THERE, AND THE OTHER HALF WE FLY OFF THE USS RONALD REAGAN, WHICH IS ALSO IN JAPAN. AT THAT TIME I WAS ON TO TROLL. MY TIME, 5,000 OF MY FRIENDS, ONLY A THOUSAND FEET AWAY FROM ME. TRIED TO CALL AND TRIED TO CALL. IT WOULDN'T GO THROUGH. JUST SO YOU CAN IMAGINE HOW FRUSTRATING THAT WOULD BE TO TRY TO GET TO KNOW YOUR FUTURE. IS IT A YES OR IS IT A NO? AND FOR TENOR 10 OR 15 MINUTES NOT MATCHING THE KEYS OVER AND OVER AGAIN, A COUPLE OF KEY STROKES. FINALLY I E-MAILED AND SAID I WAS NOT ABLE TO GET THROUGH. I WAS FINALLY ABLE TO GET THROUGH AND THEN TO GET THAT HEY, WE WOULD LIKE TO OFFER YOU A JOB. THAT'S INCREDIBLE WHEN YOU'RE ON THAT SHIP HAVING BEEN AT SEA FOR A WHILE. IT WAS AWESOME. I COULDN'T EVEN GET YES OUT. I COULDN'T BELIEVE IT, AND THEN NOT BEING ABLE TO TELL PEOPLE UNTIL TODAY, YOU KNOW, LIKE THE PRESIDENT SAID, I FEEL LIKE A BOXED TURTLE RIGHT NOW. I'M DEFINITELY IN A BOX TURTLE ON THAT FENCE POST, WITH MY TEACHERS THROUGHOUT MY LIVE. I'M DEFINITELY THAT TURTLE ON THE FENCE POST. >> WHAT STUDIES OUTSIDE OF SCHOOL HELPED YOU TO GET HERE? >> I'VE ALWAYS BEEN CURIOUS, LOVE TRYING NEW THINGS, LEARNING NEW SKILLS, AND I'VE JUST BEEN FORTUNATE MY CONSPIRACY APPEARANCE IS MY FIRST INVOLVEMENT IN NASA. I GREW UP WITH JOHNSON SPACE CENTER RIGHT DOWN THE ROAD. AND STARTED WITH THE PROGRAM OF GROWING TOMATOES ON THE SPACE STATION, A PROGRAM THAT IS STILL GOING ON TODAY. I THINK A LOT OF OUR CLASS SHARES THE CURIOSITY AND EXCITEMENT FOR EXPLORING THE WORLD AND GOING FARTHER THAN ANYONE HAS COME BEFORE. THANK YOU. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] >> EVERYONE ASSEMBLED HERE HAS A BACKGROUND IN SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, MATH OR ENGINEERING. WOODY, YOU'VE BEEN TEACHING THE NEXT GENERATION OF AEROSPACE ENGINEERS AT M.I.T. WHAT MAKES EDUCATION SO IMPORTANT TODAY? >> I THINK WE'RE SURROUNDED BY TECHNOLOGY. TECHNOLOGY ENABLES US TO DO AMAZING THINGS. WE'RE ABLE TO SAVE LIFE AND OTHER AMAZING THINGS. IF YOU DIG INTO THE NUTS AND BOLTS AND SEE WHAT MAKES THESE TECHNOLOGIES WORK, ONE WAY TO DO THAT IS TO STUDY THE STEM FIELD. IF YOU WANT TO CONTRIBUTE TO THE ECONOMY, NATIONAL SECURITY, CONTRIBUTE INNOVATION, GIVING YOUNG PEOPLE THAT SKILL IS AN INVALUABLE THING TO DO. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] >> JASMINE, YOU'RE OUR LONE UNITED STATES MARINE IN THIS CLASS. ALTHOUGH THERE IS A GOOD REPRESENTATION IN THIS GLASS SELECTION FROM OUR ARMED FORCES, WHAT IS IT ABOUT THE TRAINING AND EXPERIENCE YOU RECEIVED IN THE MILITARY THAT HAS PREPARED YOU FOR CHALLENGING JOBSES, LIKE BEING AN ASTRONAUT? >> WELL, I COULD LITERALLY GO ON FOR HOURS IN THE MANY WAYS THE MARINE CORPS HAS PREPARED ME FOR THIS. BUT I WILL SPARE YOU. I CAN'T TELL YOU HOW MANY TIMES THE MARINE CORPS HAS TAKEN ME OUT OUTSIDE OF MY COMFORT ZONE OR PUSHED ME TO THE POINT OF OF THE NURTURE, AND THE FLEXIBILITY, AND THE ATTENTION TO DETAIL AM IF AS WELL AS THE ORGANIZATIONEL THESE ARE CORE CONCEPTS THAT ARE SHARED BY MY CLASSMATES HERE. THE MAIN POINT IS THAT I WOULD NOT BE HERE TODAY SITTING UP ON THIS STAGE IF IT WERE NOT FOR THE MANY OPPORTUNITIES AFFORDED ME BY THE MARINE CORPS. I'M GRATEFUL FOR THE MENTORS THAT I HAVE HAD THREW IN THE LIFE WHO HAVE HELPED ME GET HERE. TO MY FRIENDS AND FAMILY WHO HAVE SUPPORTED ME AND CHALLENGED ME TO BE A BETTER PERSON. AND TO THE MARINES I'VE HAD THE HONOR AND PLEASURE LEADING WITH AND SERVING AND LEADING, THEY'VE HELPED ME ALONG THE WAY. THANK YOU SO MUCH. I HAVE TO SAY ONE THING, THANK YOU. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] >> THIS CLASS BRINGS A DIVERSE SPECTRUM OF CAREER EXPERIENCE. JOHNNY, KAYLA AND ROB, WHAT IS YOUR CAREER PREPARED YOU TO BE AN ASTRONAUT? >> SO IT'S HARD TO CONDENSE WHAT ALL THE VARIOUS EXPERIENCE THAT I'VE HAD THAT HELP PREPARE ME FOR THIS. BUT TWO THINGS STAND OUT. ONE, I'VE ALWAYS HAD INCREDIBLE SET OF MENTORS, LEADERS, COLLEAGUES, FRIENDS, FAMILY, WHO WERE ALWAYS THERE FOR ME, EVERY STEP OF THE WAY WHEN I WAS DOWN. AND I WOULDN'T BE HERE TODAY IF IT WASN'T FOR THEM. THEIR CARE AND COMPASSION WAS ABSOLUTELY INSTRUMENTAL FOR MY PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT. THE SECOND THING IS THAT PROBABLY THE MOST IMPORTANT EXPERIENCE HAS BEEN WORKING WITH SMALL TEAMS WITH LIMITED DATA AND MAKING DECISIONS OFF OF THAT. I HAD TO DO THIS AS A WARFARE IN THE NAVY WHERE WE WORKED IN SMALL TEAMS AND WE WOULD USE EACH OTHER'S STRENGTHS TO COMPLETE THE MISSION. AND IT TRANSLATED WELL IN THE MEDICAL CORE WHERE I WORK WITH PHYSICIANS, NURSES, WHERE WE WORK WITH PATIENTS WHO ARE VERY SICK WITH LIMITED DATA AT A AND HAVE TO MAKE DECISIONS THAT HELP OUR PATIENTS. SO THANK YOU. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] >> I THINK WE SHARE THE COMMON BOND HAVING COME FROM AMAZING THEMES THAT CHALLENGE US. I'M AN OFFICER, SO I WAS LUCKY ENOUGH TO BE PART OF THE NAVY TEAM THAT WAS IN SPINED SPACES AND IN THE HOSTILE ENVIRONMENT OF THE SPACE STATION. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] >> IT'S ALL ABOUT THE OPPORTUNITIES YOU'RE GIVEN. FIRST I HAD WILD EXPERIENCES WORKING AS A FISHERMAN BACK IN ALASKA GROWING UP. I THANK MY FAMILY FOR THAT. IT IS GOING TO EXPAND YOUR HORIZON AND EXPAND YOUR ABILITY TO WORK WITH OTHERS. IT LEADS TO GREAT OPPORTUNITIES. MOST RECENTLY I'VE BEEN WORKING AT SPACE TECH, AN INCREDIBLE OPPORTUNITY. HOPEFULLY I CAN FLY A VEHICLE, I I--NK IN THIS GOES >> SPEAKING OF ANTARCTICA, ZENA, WHAT ABOUT YOUR EXPERIENCE DO YOU THINK IS IMPORTANT TO YOUR ROLE AS AN ASTRONAUT? >> WELL, THERE ARE A LOT OF SIMILARITIES. AND ART CAN IS A REMOTE PLACE. YOU LEARN TO FIX THINGS WHEN YOU CAN'T JUST GO TO THE STORE FOR A NEW PARK. THERE IS A LACK OF FRESH FRUIT AND VEGETABLES, BUT ROB MENTIONED THIS, YOU'RE NOT ONLY RESEARCH BUT YOUR LIFE RELIES ON TEAM WORK AND REALLY CLOSE TEAM WORK AN INTERNATIONAL GROUP. YOU WIND UP WITH EVERYTHING FROM ENGINEERS TO BIOLOGISTS LIKE ME ALL WORKING FOR THIS GOAL EVER EXPLORATION AND SCIENCE. AND THEN LASTLY, IT REQUIRES FAMILY MEMBERS AND FRIENDS WHO ARE WILLING TO SUPPORT YOU FROM AFAR, AND THAT'S BEEN REALLY HUMBLING AND A GIFT TO ME. MY MOM IS SITTING IN THE FRONT ROW THERE. THE FIRST TIME I WENT TO ANTARCTICA SHE SAID OKAY, AT LEAST YOU'RE ON THIS PLANET FOR NOW. THANK YOU FOR THAT SUPPORT. I KNOW WE HAVE A LOT OF PEOPLE SUPPORTING US. [APPLAUSE] >> AS ZENA MENTIONED THERE ARE SEVERAL PROUD FAMILY MEMBERS IN THE AUDIENCE. FRANK, CAN YOU TELL US HOW YOUR FAMILY FEELS, AND WHAT IT MEANS TO HAVE THEM HERE WITH YOU TODAY? [INAUDIBLE] >> AS ALREADY HAS BEEN SAID BUT IT'S WORTH REPEATING, NONE OF US WOULD BE HERE WITHOUT THEIR SUPPORT AND LOVE AND SACRIFICE. IT TAKES A LOT OF SUPPORT TO DO THE THINGS THAT WE'VE ALL BEEN BLESSED TO BE ABLE TO DO. WE'RE ETERNALLY GRATEFUL FOR THAT, AND WE THANK ALL OF YOU GUYS FOR WHAT YOU'VE DONE. [APPLAUSE] >> YOU'VE BEEN PLAYING THE F35 AMERICA'S NEXT GENERATION FIGHTER JET. HOW DO YOU FEEL HAVING FLOWN THE NEXT FIGHTER JET. >> I THINK WHAT IS AMAZING THE INCREDIBLE GOVERNMENT WHO THAT IS TAKEN THAT THEME FROM A POWER POINT IDEA TO THE REALITY. THE F-35 HAS HAD ITS CHALLENGES, BUT THAT'S WHY I LOVE THAT AIRCRAFT. WE RUN INTO PROBLEMS AND WE FIND TECHNOLOGIES THAT WE NEVER TESTED BEFORE, AND THAT'S EXACTLY WHAT WE'VE DONE. WHETHER IT'S THE SCORE LINE OR THE DRAGON OR THE ORION, I DON'T CARE. I'M JUST EXCITED TO BE PART OF THE IN COUNTRY THAT SUPPORTS US, I'M JUST THRILLED TO BE A PART OF IT. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] >> WELL, YOU'RE ALL NOW JOINING OUR NASA FAMILY. BUT SOME OF YOU HAVE SPENT TIME WITH US BEFORE. JESSICA, WHAT HAVE YOU BEEN UP TO, AND WHAT BROUGHT YOU TO NASA? >> I'M SUPER GRATEFUL TO HAVE THE OPPORTUNITY TO HAVE SEVERAL EXPERIENCES AT NASA THROUGHOUT MY MY CAREER. I'VE BEEN ABLE TO WORK ON SEVERAL MISSIONS. I ENJOYED THAT. BUT MOST RECENTLY I'VE BEEN WORKING AS A MEMBER OF THE SCIENCE TEAM ON THE CURIOSITY MARS ROVER. THAT HAS BEEN QUITE THE EXPERIENCE, AND A BIG PART OF THAT IS WORKING ON DAILY OPERATIONS OF THE ROVER, WHICH INVOLVES WORKING WITH A DIVERSE TEAM OF SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS AND FIGHTING WHAT WE WANT TO DO WITH THE RECOVER EVERY DAY. I REALLY ENJOYED THAT EXPERIENCE AND I LOOK FORWARD TO AND I'M SO EXCITED AND HONORED TO BE PART OF THIS AMAZING GROUP AS WE START TO MOVE TOWARDS EXPLORING TH SOLAR SYSTEM AND HOPEFULLY MARS. THANK YOU. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] >> WE'LL NOW TAKE TWO QUESTIONS FROM SOCIAL MEDIA. MEGAN? >> ALL RIGHT, AT WHAT AGE DID YOU KNOW YOU WANTED TO BECOME AN ASTRONAUT. MY 11-YEAR-OLD DO YOU IS ABSOLUTELY SURE SHE WANTS TO BE THE FIRST FEMALE ON MARS. >> SO I KNEW WHEN I WAS IN SIXTH GRADE I DID A BOOK REPORT ON VALENIFNA. AND WE HAD TO DRESS UP LIKE THE PERSON. I THOUGHT IT WAS A COSTUME, AND I RECENTLY FOUND A PICK, AND IT WAS NOT AS IMPRESSIVE AS I REMEMBERED. BUT I'VE ALWAYS BEEN INTERESTED IN MATH AND THOSE KINDS OF THINGS AND I KNEW I WANTED TO BE AN ASTRONAUT. I'M THINKING THAT IT'S IMPORTANT IMPORTANT--WHEN I REALIZED THAT'S WHAT I WANTED TO DO, I STARTED LOOKING AT WHAT I NEEDED TO DO. START LOOKING INTO THE THINGS THAT YOU NEED TO BE DONE. SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING AND MATH IS GOING TO BE A BENEFIT IF YOU'RE INTERESTED, BUT MAKE SURE YOU'RE DOING WHAT YOU LOVE DOING. THAT'S WHAT I DID AND THAT'S WHAT INEVITABLY GOT ME HERE AT THE END OF THE DAY. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] >> RANDY ON FACEBOOK WANTS TO KNOW AS A NEW ASTRONAUT WHO AND WHAT WAS YOUR MOTIVATION ALONG THE WAY. >> I HAD EVERY PHASE OF LIFE THERE WAS SOMEONE PUSHING YOU. I DON'T THINK ANY OF US WOULD BE HERE IF THAT WEREN'T THE CASE. AS A YOUNG CHILD IT WAS MY PARENTS. MY FATHER CAME FROM INDIA AND BROUGHT THE REST OF HIS FAMILY HERE AND TRULY ENFORCED EARLY IN MY LIFE THE IMPORTANCE OF SCHOOL, AND EDUCATION BEING A GIFT, NOT A PRIVILEGE. IN GRADE SCHOOL UP THROUGH HIGH SCHOOL I HAD A NUMB OF TEACHERS, AND EVERY POINT ALONG THE WAY THERE WAS ALWAYS THAT EXPECTATION THAT HEY, I THINK YOU CAN DO MORE. JUST LIKE THEY SAID, SOMETIME AROUND THE EIGHTH AND NINTH GRADE, I REALIZED I WANTED TO DO THE NIGHT TEST OF THE ASTRONAUTS, THE WHOLE IDEA, I HAD GREAT MENTORS THAT PUSHED THAT ALONG THE WAY. AS I PROGRESSED IN THE MILITARY, IT BECOMES COMMANDER AND PEERS AND FOLKS WHO TAKE THE TIME TO HELP YOU OUT. AND I DON'T THINK THEN WOULD HAVE BEEN HERE REMEMBER. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ] WE'RE GOING TO HAVE MORE CHANCES TO TALK WITH OUR ASTRONAUT CANDIDATES THIS AFTERNOON. AT 3:30 P.M. CENTRAL AND 4:30 P.M. EASTERN. WE'LL BE BACK ON NASA TV HERE AT JOHNSON SPACE CENTER. STAY TUNE FOR VIDEO FROM VICE PRESIDENT PENCE'S VISIT. THANK YOU FOR JOINING US TODAY. IT'S GREAT TO SEE THE EXCITEMENT THAT EVERYONE HAS FOR THE NEW ASTRONAUT CANDIDATE CLASS. YOU CAN LEARN MORE ABOUT THE 2017 ASTRONAUT CANDIDATES AND THEIR UP COMING TRAINING AND FOLLOW ON TWITTER. ONE MORE ROUND OF APPLAUSE FOR NASA'S NEW EXPLORERS. [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE ]

Contents

History

The first U.S. astronaut candidates were selected by NASA in 1959, for its Project Mercury with the objective of orbiting astronauts around the Earth in single-man capsules. The military services were asked to provide a list of military test pilots who met specific qualifications. After stringent screening, NASA announced its selection of the "Mercury Seven" as its first astronauts. Since then, NASA has selected 20 more groups of astronauts, opening the corps to civilians, scientists, doctors, engineers, and school teachers. As of the 2009 Astronaut Class 61% of the astronauts selected by NASA have come from military service.[1]

NASA selects candidates from a diverse pool of applicants with a wide variety of backgrounds. From the thousands of applications received, only a few are chosen for the intensive Astronaut Candidate training program. Including the "Original Seven", 339 candidates have been selected to date.[2]

Organization

The Astronaut Corps is based at the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center in Houston, although members may be assigned to other locations based on mission requirements, e.g. Soyuz training at Star City, Russia.

The Chief of the Astronaut Office is the most senior leadership position for active astronauts in the Corps. The Chief Astronaut serves as head of the Corps and is the principal adviser to the NASA Administrator on astronaut training and operations. The first Chief Astronaut was Deke Slayton, appointed in 1962. The current Chief Astronaut is Patrick Forrester.

Salary

Salaries for newly hired civilian astronauts are based on the federal government's General Schedule pay scale for grades GS-11 through GS-14. The astronaut's grade is based on his or her academic achievements and experience.[3] Astronauts can be promoted up to grade GS-15.[4] As of 2015, astronauts based at the Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas, earn between $66,026 (GS-11 step 1) and $158,700 (GS-15 step 8 and above).[5]

Military astronauts are detailed to the Johnson Space Center and remain on active duty for pay, benefits, leave, and similar military matters.

Qualifications

There are no age restrictions for the NASA Astronaut Corps. Astronaut candidates have ranged between the ages of 26 and 46, with the average age being 34. Candidates must be U.S. citizens to apply for the program.

There are three broad categories of qualifications: education, work experience, and medical.[6]

Candidates must have a bachelor's degree from an accredited institution in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics. The degree must be followed by at least three years of related, progressively responsible, professional experience (graduate work or studies) or at least 1,000 pilot-in-command time in jet aircraft. An advanced degree is desirable and may be substituted for experience (master's degree = 1 year or a doctoral degree = 3 years). Teaching experience, including experience at the K - 12 levels, is considered to be qualifying experience.

Candidates must have the ability to pass the NASA long-duration space flight physical, which includes the following specific requirements:

  • Distant and near visual acuity: Must be correctable to 20/20, each eye separately (corrective lenses are allowed)
  • The refractive surgical procedures of the eye, PRK and LASIK, are allowed, providing at least 1 year has passed since the date of the procedure with no permanent adverse after effects.
  • Blood pressure not to exceed 140/90 measured in a sitting position
  • Standing height between 62 and 75 inches

Members

Astronauts

As of November 2018 the corps has 38 active astronauts[7] and 18 "management astronauts", who are "employed at NASA but are no longer eligible for flight assignment".[8] The highest number of active astronauts at one time, was in 2000 when there were 149.[9] All of the current astronaut corps are from the classes of 1996 (Group 16) or later.

There are currently 19 "international active astronauts", "who are assigned to duties at the Johnson Space Center",[10] who were selected by their home agency but trained with and serve alongside their NASA counterparts. International astronauts, Payload Specialists, and Spaceflight Participants are not considered members of the NASA Astronaut Corps.

Astronaut Candidates

The term "Astronaut Candidate" (informally "ASCAN"[11]) refers to individuals who have been selected by NASA as candidates for the NASA Astronaut Corps and are currently undergoing a candidacy training program at the Johnson Space Center. The most recent class of Astronaut Candidates was selected in 2017 after receiving more than 18,300 applications. Upon completion of a two-year training program, they will be promoted to the rank of Astronaut.[12]

Former members

Selection as an Astronaut Candidate and subsequent promotion to Astronaut does not guarantee the individual will eventually fly in space. Some have voluntarily resigned or been medically disqualified after becoming astronauts but before being selected for flights.

Civilian candidates are expected to remain with the Corps for at least five years after initial training; military candidates are assigned for specific tours. After these time limits, members of the Astronaut Corps may resign or retire at any time.

Three members of the Astronaut Corps (Gus Grissom, Edward White, and Roger B. Chaffee) were killed during a ground test accident while preparing for the Apollo 1 mission. Eleven were killed during spaceflight, on Space Shuttle missions STS-51-L and STS-107.[13] Another four (Elliot See, Charles Bassett, Theodore Freeman, and Clifton Williams) were killed in T-38 plane crashes during training for space flight during the Gemini and Apollo programs. Another was killed in a 1967 automobile accident, and another died in a 1991 commercial airliner crash while traveling on NASA business.

Two members of the Corps have been involuntarily dismissed: Lisa Nowak and William Oefelein. Both were returned to service with the U.S. Navy.

Selection groups

See also

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

  1. ^ "Astronauts". nasa.gov.
  2. ^ NASA - Astronaut Selection
  3. ^ NASA - Astronaut Selection Archived 2010-12-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ "Astronaut Job". Scribd.
  5. ^ "Pay & Leave : Salaries & Wages - OPM.gov". U.S. Office of Personnel Management.
  6. ^ "- Astronaut Candidate Program".
  7. ^ "NASA Active Astronauts". nasa.gov. 2018-08-01. Retrieved 2018-08-31.
  8. ^ "NASA Management Astronauts". nasa.gov. 2018-08-01. Retrieved 2018-08-31.
  9. ^ "How Many Astronauts Does NASA Need? (Dec. 7, 2010)". 7 December 2010.
  10. ^ "Astronaut Biographies: International Astronauts". Jsc.nasa.gov. 2013-08-12. Retrieved 2014-07-13.
  11. ^ "Breaking News | NASA instroduces its new class of astronauts". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 2014-07-13.
  12. ^ [1] Archived August 27, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  13. ^ Three Payload Specialists were also killed on the two missions.

External links

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