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Askham Richard

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Askham Richard
Askham Richard.jpg

Askham Richard
Askham Richard is located in North Yorkshire
Askham Richard
Askham Richard
Location within North Yorkshire
Population351 (2011)
OS grid referenceSE536480
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townYORK
Postcode districtYO23
Dialling code01904
PoliceNorth Yorkshire
FireNorth Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°55′30″N 1°11′06″W / 53.925°N 1.185°W / 53.925; -1.185

Askham Richard is a village and civil parish in the unitary authority of City of York in the north of England, six and a half miles south-west of York, close to Copmanthorpe, Bilbrough and Askham Bryan. The population of the civil parish as of the 2011 census was 351.[1] Before 1996 it formed part of the district of Selby. The village became a Conservation Area in 1975. Nearby is Askham Bryan College of Agriculture.

History

The village is mentioned in the Domesday Book. The name comes from ascam or ascha meaning "enclosure of ash-tree". It has been also known as "Little" or "West" Askham".[2][3] The "Richard" in the village name is reputed to be that of Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall.[4]

The villages of Askham Richard and close-by Askham Bryan were once just one manor around the time of Edward the Confessor and belonged to Edwin, Earl of Mercia. When Edwin's lands were confiscated by the William the Conqueror, the village was granted to Roger de Mowbray who then passed the Manor to his friend, William de Tykhill, a former Warden of Foss Bridge.[5][6]

Governance

Askham Bryan lies in the Rural West York Ward of the City of York Unitary Authority. As of the 2019 elections it is represented by Councillors James Barker and Anne Hook who are both members of the local Liberal Democrats.[7] It is also a part of the UK Parliamentary Constituency of York Outer as well as the EU region of Yorkshire and the Humber.

Demography

In 1848, parish records show the population as 232.[8] In 1881, the National Census showed the population as 226.[6] According to the 2001 census the parish had a population of 273. The 2011 census recorded the population as 351.[9]

Geography

The village consists of one main street, where the main village green and duck pond are located, and a couple of small lanes. The soil consists of gravel and clay.[2]

The village is 1.7 miles west of Askham Bryan, 2.3 miles south of Rufforth, 1.5 miles north-east of Bilbrough.

Economy

Within the village is Her Majesty's Prison Askham Grange.[10] Also in the village is the Rose and Crown pub. There are three farms, but the remainder are dwellings. The nearby Askham Bryan College of Agriculture and Horticulture provides some local employment.

Transport

Utopia coaches service 37 stops in the village which is on the Tadcaster to York route.[11]

Education

Primary education is catered for at St. Mary Church of England primary school. Nearby is Askham Bryan College of Agriculture and Horticulture. The college was originally known as the Yorkshire Institute of Agriculture, which opened in 1948. It became Askham Bryan College of Agriculture and Horticulture 19 years later. It now includes equine management, animal management, land management, business, food production, engineering and bioscience.[12]

Religious sites

The Norman-styled church is dedicated to St Mary and was partly rebuilt in 1887. The church is Grade II* listed,[13] and there is record of a church as far back as 1086.[6][14]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "Civil parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Origin of Name". Retrieved 4 December 2010.
  3. ^ "Village Name". Retrieved 4 December 2010.
  4. ^ "Village name". Retrieved 4 December 2010.
  5. ^ "Nobility" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 6 November 2010.
  6. ^ a b c Bulmer's Topography, History and Directory (Private and Commercial) of North Yorkshire 1890. S&N Publishing. 1890. p. 863. ISBN 1-86150-299-0.
  7. ^ "Councillors". Retrieved 10 August 2019.
  8. ^ "Population 1848". Retrieved 4 December 2010.
  9. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Silverdale Parish (1170211381)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 4 March 2018.
  10. ^ "Askham Grange Prison". H.M.Prison. Archived from the original on 15 October 2010. Retrieved 4 December 2010.
  11. ^ "Bus Service for route 37" (PDF). Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  12. ^ "Education". Archived from the original on 25 March 2008. Retrieved 6 November 2010.
  13. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary  (Grade II*) (1316686)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
  14. ^ "Church". Archived from the original on 9 October 2012. Retrieved 4 December 2010.

External links

This page was last edited on 22 March 2020, at 03:03
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