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Ascension (John Coltrane album)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ascension
In a black-and-white photo, Coltrane sits on a stool facing right, wearing a three-piece suit and holding his saxophone between his legs. To the right, the word "stereo" appears in the upper corner in black, with "Ascension" written in multiple colors beneath it, followed by "John Coltrane" in black below that.
Studio album by
ReleasedFebruary 1966[1]
RecordedJune 28, 1965
StudioVan Gelder Studio, Englewood Cliffs, NJ
GenreFree jazz, avant-garde jazz
Length40:49 (Edition II)
38:30 (Edition I)
79:19 (CD release)
LabelImpulse!
ProducerBob Thiele
John Coltrane chronology
The John Coltrane Quartet Plays
(1965)
Ascension
(1966)
New Thing at Newport
(1965)
Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
Allmusic5/5 stars[2]
The Penguin Guide to Jazz4/4 stars (crown)[3]
Rolling Stone Album Guide5/5 stars[4]
The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide4/5 stars[5]

Ascension is a jazz album by John Coltrane recorded in 1965 and released in 1966. It is often considered to be a cornerstone of Coltrane's work, with the albums recorded before it being more conventional in structure and the albums recorded after it being looser, free jazz inspired works. In addition, it signaled Coltrane's interest in moving away from the quartet format. Coltrane described Ascension in a radio interview as a "big band thing", although it resembles no big band recording made before it. The most obvious antecedent is Ornette Coleman's octet (or "double quartet") recording, Free Jazz: A Collective Improvisation, which—like Ascension—is a continuous 40-minute performance with ensemble passages and without breaks. Jazz musician Dave Liebman, commenting on Ascension, recalled that the album was the "torch that lit the free jazz thing".

Music

Coltrane's horn section is moored to a rhythm section, centered on pianist McCoy Tyner, double bassists Jimmy Garrison and Art Davis, and drummer Elvin Jones. On Ascension (and unlike on Ornette Coleman's Free Jazz), group ensembles alternate with solos, and take up about equal space. The basic theme stated in the opening and closing ensembles is a variation on the major motif of Coltrane's earlier album A Love Supreme, recorded in December 1964, particularly the opening bass riff stated on said album's opening track, "Acknowledgment".

Coltrane gave the musicians no directions for their solos, other than that they were to end with a crescendo. The ensemble passages are more structured. There were chords, but apparently they were optional; it is more accurate to say that the ensembles consist of a progression of modes rather than chords, with mode changes signaled by Coltrane, pianist McCoy Tyner, and trumpeter Freddie Hubbard. By comparison to Free Jazz, Ascension features a much expanded "front line", with two altos, three tenors, and two trumpeters.

The horn section consisted mostly of younger players, most of whom would soon attain some degree of fame on the (free) jazz scene. An exception is trumpeter Dewey Johnson, who plays the first solo of the album after Coltrane. Plagued by mental illness, Johnson never made another professional recording (he had played previously on Paul Bley's 1964 album Barrage), eventually disappearing in New York City in the 1980s. He spent his later years in Coler Specialty Hospital and Nursing Home on Roosevelt Island in New York City before passing away in 2018.[6] Because of Johnson's obscurity, and his prominent place on the album, his solo is sometimes mistaken for Hubbard's.

Order of soloists and ensembles

The solo order differs slightly between the takes; Edition II also features no drum solo by Elvin Jones.

Track listing

Two recordings of "Ascension" exist, called Edition I and Edition II. The latter replaced Edition I (also as A-95, with "EDITION II" etched on the vinyl runout circle[7]) some months after the original release. Both versions are available on the single-CD version released by Impulse!/Verve/Universal in 2000 and were previously available on the 1992 double-disc collection The Major Works of John Coltrane on Impulse!/GRP/MCA. [8]

Edition I

"Ascension" (John Coltrane) – 38:30

Edition II

"Ascension" (Coltrane) – 40:49

Personnel

References

  1. ^ Billboard Feb 5, 1966
  2. ^ Allmusic review
  3. ^ Cook, Richard; Morton, Brian (2008). The Penguin Guide to Jazz Recordings (9th ed.). Penguin. p. 291. ISBN 978-0-141-03401-0.
  4. ^ All Music Guide Info and Review.
  5. ^ Swenson, J., ed. (1985). The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide. USA: Random House/Rolling Stone. p. 47. ISBN 0-394-72643-X.
  6. ^ https://www.thewire.co.uk/in-writing/essays/the-alphabet-of-dewey-johnson-1939-2018-pierre-crepon
  7. ^ "John Coltrane – Ascension (Edition II) (Vinyl, LP, Album) at Discogs". Discogs. Retrieved August 19, 2011.
  8. ^ Ascension (CD insert, CD back cover). John Coltrane. Impulse. 2009. 0602517920248.

Sources

  • Kahn, Ashley. A Love Supreme: The Creation of John Coltrane's Classic Album, Granta Books, paperback 2003, ISBN 1-86207-602-2
This page was last edited on 15 December 2018, at 03:12
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