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Arthur Middleton (1681–1737)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Arthur Middleton
Arthur Middleton (1681–1737).jpg
Governor of South Carolina (acting)
In office
May 7, 1725 – December, 1730
Preceded byFrancis Nicholson
Succeeded byRobert Johnson
Personal details
BornOctober 29, 1681 (1681-10-29)
South Carolina
DiedSeptember 17, 1737 (1737-09-18) (aged 55)
South Carolina
Spouse(s)Mary Williams Middleton Sarah Middleton
ChildrenHenry, Hester, Thomas, William
Professionplanter, governor

Arthur Middleton (October 29, 1681 – September 17, 1737) was a South Carolina planter and Acting Governor of the Province of South Carolina from May 7, 1725 to December 1730.[1]


In 1678, Middleton's father (Edward) and his uncle, Arthur, moved from Barbados to South Carolina, and settled on 1,780 acres of land 14 miles north of Charles Town. His father, Edward had purchased his uncle's share of the landgrant, plus another 3,130 acres, then settled with his wife, Sara, on the plantation; and named the plantation The Oaks.

Middleton was born on October 29, 1681. He married Mary Williams and Sarah Middleton.[2][1]


Middleton’s father died in 1685, leaving to his wife, Sara, and their young son, Arthur, the plantation. In the following decade, English colonists learned how to cultivate rice in fresh water swamps, exploiting the knowledge and labor of enslaved Africans. The Oaks plantation had begun to make money. By 1720, the estate consisted of over 5,000 acres and Middleton owned over 100 slaves.[1]

A well-established member of the Carolina gentry, Middleton became an influential figure. In 1710, he traveled to London to discuss the political problems in the Carolinas.


Middleton died on September 17, 1737 at the age of 56, and at that time he owned 107 slaves. Though he had eight children, only three survived. His widow, Sarah Middleton died on September 24, 1765.[3]


  1. ^ a b c Lewis, J.D. "Arthur Middleton Royal Governor of South Carolina Province 1724 to 1729". Retrieved June 9, 2019.
  2. ^ "Arthur Middleton". Retrieved 15 September 2013.
  3. ^ Arthur Middleton. The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Volume 5. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
Preceded by
Francis Nicholson
Governor of South Carolina (acting)
May 7, 1725 to December, 1730
Succeeded by
Robert Johnson
This page was last edited on 13 September 2019, at 06:57
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