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Arsenic and Old Lace (film)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Arsenic and Old Lace
Theatrical release poster
Directed byFrank Capra
Screenplay by
Based onArsenic and Old Lace
by Joseph Kesselring
Produced by
Starring
CinematographySol Polito
Edited byDaniel Mandell
Music byMax Steiner
Distributed byWarner Bros.
Release dates
  • September 1, 1944 (1944-09-01) (New York City)[1]
  • September 23, 1944 (1944-09-23) (United States)
Running time
118 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$1.2 million[2]
Box office$4.8 million[2]

Arsenic and Old Lace is a 1944 American screwball mystery black comedy film directed by Frank Capra and starring Cary Grant. The screenplay by Julius J. Epstein and Philip G. Epstein is based on Joseph Kesselring's 1941 play of the same name.[3] The contract with the play's producers stipulated that the film would not be released until the Broadway run ended. The original planned release date was September 30, 1942. The play was hugely successful, running for three and a half years, so the film was not released until 1944.

The lead role of Mortimer Brewster was originally intended for Bob Hope, but he could not be released from his contract with Paramount Pictures. Capra had also approached Jack Benny and Richard Travis before learning that Grant would accept the role. On the Broadway stage, Boris Karloff played Jonathan Brewster, who is said to "look like Boris Karloff". According to Turner Classic Movies, Karloff, who gave permission for the use of his name in the film, remained in the play to appease the producers, who were afraid of what stripping the play of all its primary cast would do to ticket sales.[4] Raymond Massey took Karloff's place on screen.[5][Note 1] The film's supporting cast also features Jack Carson, Priscilla Lane, Peter Lorre, and Edward Everett Horton.

Josephine Hull and Jean Adair portray the Brewster sisters, Abby and Martha, respectively. Hull and Adair, as well as John Alexander (who played Teddy Brewster), reprised their roles from the 1941 stage production.[4] Hull and Adair both received an eight-week leave of absence from the stage production, which was still running, but Karloff did not, as he was an investor in the stage production and its main draw. The entire film was shot within those eight weeks. The film cost just over $1.2 million of a $2 million budget to produce.[7]

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  • Arsenic and Old Lace (2/10) Movie CLIP - Elderberry Wine (1944) HD
  • Arsenic and Old Lace - Trailer

Transcription

Plot

The Brewster family of Brooklyn, New York, is descended from Mayflower settlers. Several illustrious forebears' portraits line the walls of the ancestral home.

Waiting for a marriage license (Priscilla Lane and Cary Grant)

Mortimer Brewster, a writer who has repeatedly denounced marriage as "an old-fashioned superstition", falls in love with Elaine Harper, his neighbor and the minister's daughter. On Halloween day, Mortimer and Elaine get married. Elaine goes to her father's house to tell her father and pack for the honeymoon and Mortimer returns to Abby and Martha, the aunts who raised him in the old family home. Mortimer's brother, Teddy, who believes he is Theodore Roosevelt, resides with them. Each time Teddy goes upstairs, he yells "Charge!" and runs up the stairs, imitating Roosevelt's famous 1898 charge up San Juan Hill.

Jean Adair, Josephine Hull and Cary Grant in Arsenic and Old Lace

Searching for the notes for his next book, Mortimer finds a corpse hidden in the window seat. He assumes in horror that Teddy's delusions have led him to murder. Abby and Martha cheerfully explain that they are responsible, that as serial murderers, they minister to lonely old bachelors by ending their "suffering". They post a "Room for Rent" sign to attract a victim, then serve a glass of elderberry wine spiked with arsenic, strychnine, and cyanide while getting acquainted with them. The bodies are buried in the basement by Teddy, who believes they are yellow fever victims who perished in the building of the Panama Canal.

While Mortimer digests this information, his brother Jonathan arrives with his alcoholic accomplice, plastic surgeon Dr. Herman Einstein. Jonathan is also a serial murderer trying to escape from the police and dispose of his latest victim, Mr. Spenalzo. Jonathan's face, altered by Einstein while drunk, resembles Boris Karloff's Frankenstein monster makeup.[Note 2] Jonathan learns his aunts' secret and proposes to bury his victim in the cellar. Abby and Martha object vehemently because their victims were "nice" gentlemen while Jonathan's victim is a stranger and a "foreigner". Jonathan also declares his intention to kill Mortimer.

Elaine is impatient to leave on their honeymoon but is concerned about Mortimer's increasingly odd behavior as he frantically attempts to control the situation. He tries unsuccessfully to alert the bumbling police to Jonathan's presence. To draw attention away from his aunts and deprive them of their willing but uncomprehending accomplice, Mortimer tries to file paperwork to have Teddy legally committed to a mental asylum. Worrying that the genetic predisposition for mental illness resides within him, Mortimer explains to Elaine that he can't remain married to her.

Eventually Jonathan is arrested, Einstein flees after signing Teddy's commitment papers, Teddy is safely consigned to an institution, and his aunts insist upon joining him. Upon hearing that Mortimer signed the commitment papers as next of kin, Abby and Martha are concerned they may be null and void; they inform Mortimer that he is not a Brewster after all: his mother was the family cook and his father was a chef on a steamship. Relieved, he lustily kisses Elaine and whisks her off to their honeymoon.

Cast

Background

The play Arsenic and Old Lace was written by Joseph Kesselring, son of German immigrants and a former professor at Bethel College, a pacifist Mennonite college. It was written in the anti-war atmosphere of the late 1930s.[8] Capra scholar Matthew C. Gunter argues that the deep theme of both the play and film is America's difficulty in coming to grips with both the positive and negative consequences of the liberty it professes to uphold, and which the Brewsters demand. Although their house is the nicest in the street, there are 12 bodies in the basement. That inconsistency is a metaphor for America's struggle to reconcile the violence of much of its past with the pervasive myths about its role as a beacon of freedom.[9]

The set used for the Brewster home in Arsenic and Old Lace was reused in the 1942 film George Washington Slept Here. To ensure it looked the part of a dilapidated farmhouse in the latter movie, Warner Bros. crews knocked out bannisters, rafters and floors on the set.[10]

Reception

Box office

Trailer (1944)
Publicity photo of Grant and Lane

According to Warner Bros. records, the film grossed $2,836,000 domestically and $1,948,000 internationally.[2]

Critical response

The contemporary critical reviews were uniformly positive. The New York Times critic summed up the majority view, "As a whole, Arsenic and Old Lace, the Warner picture which came to the Strand yesterday, is good macabre fun."[1] Variety declared, "Capra's production, not elaborate, captures the color and spirit of the play, while the able writing team of Julius J. and Philip G. Epstein has turned in a very workable, tightly-compressed script. Capra's own intelligent direction rounds out."[11] Harrison's Reports wrote: "An hilarious entertainment, it should turn out to be one of the year's top box-office attractions."[12] John Lardner of The New Yorker called the film "practically as funny in picture form as it did on the stage, and that is very funny indeed."[13]

Assessing the film in 1968, Charles Higham and Joel Greenberg state in Hollywood in the Forties that "Frank Capra provided a rather overstated and strained version of Arsenic and Old Lace".[14]

On the review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 86% based on 35 reviews, with an average rating of 7.7/10.[15]

The film is recognized by American Film Institute in AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs (#30) in 2000.[16]

Radio adaptations

Arsenic and Old Lace was adapted as a half-hour radio play for the November 25, 1946, broadcast of The Screen Guild Theater with Boris Karloff and Eddie Albert.[17] A one-hour adaptation was broadcast on January 25, 1948 on the Ford Theatre, with Josephine Hull, Jean Adair, and John Alexander reprising their roles.[18]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ As stated in an episode of This Is Your Life, Karloff was actually an investor and a producer of the stage play who received royalties whenever it was performed.[6]
  2. ^ The self-referential joke highlights Karloff's portrayal of the character in the Broadway production.[6]

References

  1. ^ a b "'Arsenic and Old Lace,' With Cary Grant, in Premiere at Strand – 'Youth Runs Wild' Is New Palace Theatre Feature". The New York Times. September 2, 1944. Archived from the original on April 8, 2019. Retrieved July 22, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c Warner Bros financial information in The William Shaefer Ledger. See Appendix 1, Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, (1995) 15:sup1, 1-31 p 25 DOI: 10.1080/01439689508604551
  3. ^ McGilligan 1986, p. 170.
  4. ^ a b "Arsenic and Old Lace (1944) – Notes". Turner Classic Movies. Archived from the original on January 18, 2016. Retrieved December 24, 2022.
  5. ^ Atkinson, Brooks (January 11, 1941). "The Play; Joseph Kesselring's 'Arsenic and Old Lace' Turns Murder Into Fantastic Comedy". The New York Times. Retrieved December 24, 2022.
  6. ^ a b Nixon, Rob. "The big idea behind Arsenic and Old Lace". Turner Classic Movies. Archived from the original on April 26, 2013. Retrieved June 25, 2012.
  7. ^ "Special feature section." Arsenic and Old Lace, DVD release: 65025.1B.
  8. ^ Sprunger, Keith L. (May 29, 2013). "Another Look: Joseph Kesselring, Bethel College, and the Origins of Arsenic and Old Lace". Mennonite Life. Archived from the original on February 24, 2014.
  9. ^ Gunter 2012, pp. 49–51.
  10. ^ "George Washington Slept Here (1942) – Notes". Turner Classic Movies. Archived from the original on August 16, 2016. Retrieved December 24, 2022.
  11. ^ "Film Reviews". Variety. New York. September 6, 1944. p. 10.
  12. ^ "'Arsenic and Old Lace' with Cary Grant, Raymond Massey, Peter Lorre and Priscilla Lane". Harrison's Reports. September 2, 1944. p. 143.
  13. ^ Lardner, John (September 9, 1944). "The Current Cinema". The New Yorker. p. 51.
  14. ^ Higham & Greenberg 1968, p. 161.
  15. ^ "Arsenic and Old Lace". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved August 31, 2023.
  16. ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs" (PDF). American Film Institute. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 24, 2016. Retrieved August 5, 2016.
  17. ^ "Boris Karloff to Repeat 'Arsenic' Role Monday, WHP". Harrisburg Telegraph. November 23, 1946. p. 19. Retrieved September 13, 2015 – via Newspapers.com. open access
  18. ^ "Horace Heidt's Talent Search Will Bring District Artists to Network Tonight". Youngstown Vindicator. January 25, 1948. p. C-12 – via Google News Archive.

Bibliography

External links

This page was last edited on 18 September 2023, at 13:19
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