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Army of the Mississippi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Army of the Mississippi
Active February 23, 1862 - October 1863
Country  United States of America
Branch
Usdowseal.jpg
United States Army
Type Field Army
Engagements American Civil War

Army of the Mississippi was the name given to two Union armies that operated around the Mississippi River, both with short existences, during the American Civil War.

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  • Managing the Mighty Mississippi
  • U.S. ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS MISSISSIPPI RIVER DOCUMENTARY VALLEY OF THE GIANT 49794
  • FULL DOCUMENTARY: Mississippi's War: Slavery and Secession | MPB

Transcription

well the plaza reporters transportation superhighway sustain of life the mississippi river is many things to our nation third-largest watershed in the world and creams and area it stretches from montana to new york covering forty percent of the country it's fertile valley is the bread basket not only for america but for the world mississippi forms the backbone of a waterborne transportation system leads confuse america but it left uncontrolled the river is a mighty adversary taking as easily as it gives since the dawn of time the mississippi has wondered back-and-forth across its broad valley it's turning water eats away at the fine-grained alluvial soil along its banks creating a meandering serpentine channel as the river flows around the bend the faster more turbulent water moves to the outside of the curve where it attacks the bank undercutting to create a bluff the unsupported earth above falls into the river annex carried away to be deposited somewhere down stream swarthmore plastic water on the inside of the dayton cannot carry settlement low the settlement drops to the bottom where it accumulates creating a sandbox eventually the seine barbara comes covered in vegetation and new ground is established overtone i'm the den progressively moves outward until finally the river teach through the narrow neck of land the river then takes the shortcut abandoning the old channel to create them oxalate the water moves much faster through the new cut off hit attacks downstream beyond even harder continuing the erosion process this nineteen forty four map shows the mississippi river strangers over the years spring floods covered huge areas depositing layers of silt that's still the most part marriage disorder this process repeated itself against them again throughout the valley leaving the mississippi delta broad and flat with rich sohail the native americans who lived along the mississippi adapted to the changing moods of the river they simply move when the river flooded or changed course european settlers however build permanent structures then levees to protect their farms and villages from florence but the mighty mississippi still reentered destroying livings farms entails when it decided to change course the trees fell in the river created log jams and snags that were ministered to steamboats provided moving people includes on the river constantly shifting channels also left spots that were too shallow for the steamboat american needed to keep the river where it was to protect the riverbanks from being washed away rebecca is a protective covering foreign currency embankment earliest river road that mix was simply stone-faced six along the riverbank protecting the dry part of the bank with a large rocks called regret was easy enough but most erosion occurs along the water service where the rivers forces are unrelenting placing walk from the water in the swift current is difficult a rock dropped in the mississippi and one place is carried by the karen to another spot an enormous amount of rock is required to ensure coverage and on the cover it was needed that could resist the reverse forces yet be flexible enough to conform to the shape of the bank the corps of engineers began their attempts to reign in the wandering river in the late eighteen hundreds they first turn to the young willow trees grew in abundance along the river's edge the willows were tied together to form a flexible wouldn't mattress which covered several acres the mattress was floated into position and stuck with stone these will all maps were effective but their construction required thousands of trees great deal of manpower suitable below soon became sketch willows was sometimes halts sixty miles on board to make mattresses the japanese accredited with originating the idea of stringing together concrete blocks to form an articulated concrete metres it was durable and easy to place by the nineteen twenties the corps of engineers have adopted the japanese method the process involved and the poor perfected their use today articulated concrete maps of the fastest most durable cost effective method extreme bank protection the modern riff that my program is a regional effort involving three districts of the u_s_ army corps of engineers memphis vicksburg in new orleans districts work is a team to protect the riverbanks along more than nine hundred miles of river and that manufacturing processes conducted at three strategic locations along the river according to me is contractors can use the concrete matt had richardson landing just north of memphis tennessee at delta louisiana across the river from vicksburg mississippi and it's a practice the louisiana you bet on routes to begin the casting operation the contractor rolls out having paper to keep the layers of man from sticking together special stainless steel wire fabric is placed on the streets attached to reusable steel forms the forms of film concrete which has worked by several machines to fill every corner plasma she cuts groups in the surface of the matter these groups provide a home for micro invertebrates which in turn help feed the entire quality food chain the forms of leaving a concrete unit that's twenty five feet long four feet wide with sixteen separate plus this is a square which covers one hundred square feet the squares are cast in stacks thirteen layers hai natalie operated by the corps of engineers memphis district picks up the map with a special crane is stacking struck a billionaire a large floating crane places them to stax high towboat moves loaded barges away and bring skimpy parties into place floating meanwhile memphis districts bank grading unit is preparing the mississippi rivers banks to receive clearance in recalls the end of the graveyard to clear the treatments imports next from the water then the bank greater arrives on the scene the fifteen cubic yard bucket floating franklin uses be is a living and credit line part will still on the four hundred foot more about which he's held in place by cables attached to bulldoze is on the bank other bulldozers graders some slow dried line continues and slow underwater to gap of about after the bank is prepared i thin layer of crushed stone displeased with the waterline to protect against wave watch until the matches please this work is done during the fall months wind river levels below the mets sinking is operated by the big star history it specialized play because the only equipment of its type in the world met placement begins with one foot square steel paper plates data driven on edge about five feet into the soil when the cable is cool tight the plates rotates underground and provides a strong anchored to hold the matching place these anchors a placed about six feet apart along the bank the not bode is a special part with the slope of debt conflict with the road gantry cranes on the macro pickup two squares of matt at a time from the mets supply barge and placed the squares side by side on the road workers used private to precisely aligned square other workers use special tools took time to squares together performed for example concrete mattress that is one hundred and forty feet wide cement boat is connected to the warring parties it is floating perpendicular to the bank the mental moves along the warring barge to lay them at out on the river bottom bulldozers activist mobile anchors to hold everything in place what setup the entire system can be moved as needed by simply adjusting which here the netbook polls close to the bank where workers attach cables from that and that both the slowly backs out laying the lack of absolutely river bottom more squares are attached and that will continue stacking up until it clears the air of the four hundred foot mooring bark within that needs to extend farther into the river the morning barge can slide alongside other parties spar part much like an extension complaints matt up to nine hundred feet from the water's edge putting the map reaches seidler map will continue after the river bottom middleman campus phen-fen thirty-six review is located in the home each cable passes situate configuration around twelve pool really sticking this insurance that keeps launching released tagamet with specially developed just for this fall pieces of fourteen tolong steel wire coated with copper for promotion left the wire plus the luncheon the hundreds of liners wrapped around the luncheon cable controls the mac as it hangs vertically on its way into the bottom that his release that both morning march move into the wall is a had been moved upstream that's a place to move in upstream and each man overlaps the one previously like shingles on the roof so the current cannot get on because of the gives signals to guide the more in march into precise alignment with the previous mail because the large number of people involved in that sinking work locations the workers live on the river and floating dormitories called quarter squat about complexes completely self-contained making its own electricity and drinking water sewerage is treated on the trash burns financing the galley prepares three hot meals every day the food is great they concede the entire crew of two hundred and fifty when it's time to move towboat pushed the entire floating complex to the next job site in times of natural disaster the quarter boats provide food and lodging for up to five hundred harkensee responds the u_s_ army corps of engineers currently has more than one thousand miles of rebecca protecting the banks of the mississippi river every major again from caro illinois to the gulf of mexico has proved that my protection has the unusual matt placement nears completion the emphasis has shifted to maintenance and repair fixes the with them less than one percent of the net need repair or replacement each year but since so many miles to prevent minority claims still a big job core monitors matt conditions as the existing with batman's cage every year underwater surveys are taken of one-third of each district the latest surveys or compared with previous ones to see it scour is occurring below the surface representatives from all three districts read annually to plan and prioritize the upcoming work most americans take it for granted that mighty mississippi river will remain wary gaze the safety of millions of people talents and farms on the mississippi required that that father of waters stays in its current channel billions of dollars in our economy also depend on this table with her few people really that life in america depends heavily on the mississippi river and ultimately on the one hundred fifty thousand squares of underwater with that police each year to keep the giant revert in place

Contents

History

1862

General John Pope was the first commander of the Army of the Mississippi
General John Pope was the first commander of the Army of the Mississippi

The first army was created on February 23, 1862, with  Maj. Gen. John Pope in command. At its creation the army consisted of 2 divisions of infantry for service along the Mississippi River. When General Pope began to move against New Madrid, Missouri, the army was expanded with units from neighboring military districts. The army now totaled 5 divisions commanded respectively by David S. Stanley, Schuyler Hamilton, John M. Palmer, Eleazar A. Paine and Joseph B. Plummer. Gordon Granger commanded the Cavalry Division of two regiments and Napoleon B. Buford commanded the "Flotilla Brigade". In this capacity the Army fought at the Battle of Island Number Ten.

After the capture of Island No. Ten the army's divisions were consolidated into 3 divisions and became the "Left Wing" of Maj. Gen. Henry Halleck's Western Army Group. General Jefferson C. Davis's division from the Army of the Southwest was added, becoming the 4th Division. During the Siege of Corinth the Army of the Mississippi was consolidated into two wings of two divisions each. Maj. Gen. William S. Rosecrans commanded the "Left Wing" (1st and 2nd Divisions) and  Brig. Gen. Schuyler Hamilton commanded the "Right Wing" (3rd and 4th Divisions). After the capture of Corinth Pope was sent east to command the Army of Virginia and Maj. Gen. William S. Rosecrans assumed command of the Army of the Mississippi. The army was posted to the city of Corinth. Its position there was strengthened by two divisions from the Army of West Tennessee and fought at the battles of Iuka and Corinth. Rosecrans was transferred to command of the Army of the Ohio and the current army was discontinued in October 1862 and the regiments were dispersed between the XIII Corps and XIV Corps.

1863

General John McClernand was the final officer to use the name "Army of the Mississippi" for a field unit
General John McClernand was the final officer to use the name "Army of the Mississippi" for a field unit

In 1863 Maj. Gen. John A. McClernand was put in command of the expedition against down the Mississippi. He was given command of two corps from the Army of the Tennessee, his own XIII Corps led by Brig. Gen. George W. Morgan and Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's XV Corps. McClernand named his force the "Army of the Mississippi" and redesignated the XIII Corps the I Corps, Army of the Mississippi, and the XV Corps became the II Corps, Army of the Mississippi. McClernand was successful in capturing Arkansas Post. Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant did not like McClernand and after Sherman and Admiral Andrew H. Foote both voiced their opinions that McClernand was unfit to command, Grant personally took command of the expedition against Vicksburg and the old XIII Corps and XV Corps were returned to the Army of the Tennessee on January 12, 1863.

Command history

1862

Commander From To Major Battles and Campaigns
Brigadier General John Pope February 23, 1862 June 26, 1862 New Madrid, Island No. 10, Siege of Corinth
Brigadier General William S. Rosecrans June 26, 1862 24 October 1862 Iuka, Corinth

1863

Commander From To Major Battles
Major General John A. McClernand January 4, 1863 January 12, 1863 Arkansas Post

References

  • Eicher, John H., & Eicher, David J., Civil War High Commands, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.

External links

This page was last edited on 2 November 2018, at 00:11
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