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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Areca
Areca catechu - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-014.jpg
Areca catechu – 1897 illustration[1]
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Subfamily: Arecoideae
Tribe: Areceae
Subtribe: Arecinae
Genus: Areca
L.
Type species
Areca catechu [2]
Synonyms[3]
  • Mischophloeus Scheff.
  • Gigliolia Becc.
  • Pichisermollia H.C.Monteiro
  • Arecus

Areca is a genus of about 50 species of palms in the family Arecaceae, found in humid tropical forests from China and India, across Southeast Asia to Melanesia.[2][3] The generic name Areca is derived from a name used locally on the Malabar Coast of India.

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Transcription

Contents

Usage

Khichdi India's national dish and prasāda in a traditional areca leaf bowl at ISKCON Temple Bangalore
Khichdi India's national dish and prasāda in a traditional areca leaf bowl at ISKCON Temple Bangalore

The best-known member of the genus is A. catechu, the areca nut palm.[2][4] Several species of areca nuts, known for their bitter and tangy taste, raw or dried, are routinely used for chewing, especially in combination with the leaves of betel and dried leaves of tobacco. Areca nut is also popularly referred to as betel nut because of as its usage in the country for mastication with betel leaves. In Assam, areca nut is also known as tamul in the local dialect.

Species

(51 species)

  • Areca abdulrahmanii J.Dransf.
  • Areca ahmadii J.Dransf.
  • Areca andersonii J.Dransf.
  • Areca gandamatu Sultan Mardan Plantation
  • Areca arundinacea Becc.
  • Areca brachypoda J.Dransf.
  • Areca caliso Becc.
  • Areca camarinensis Becc.
  • Areca catechu L.
  • Areca celebica Burret
  • Areca chaiana J.Dransf.
  • Areca concinna Thwaites
  • Areca congesta Becc.
  • Areca costulata Becc.
  • Areca dayung J.Dransf.
  • Areca furcata Becc.
  • Areca glandiformis Lam.
  • Areca guppyana Becc.
  • Areca gurita Heatubun
  • Areca hutchinsoniana Becc.
  • Areca insignis (Becc.) J.Dransf.
  • Areca ipot Becc.
  • Areca jobiensis Becc.
  • Areca jugahpunya J.Dransf.
  • Areca kinabaluensis Furtado
  • Areca klingkangensis J.Dransf.
  • Areca laosensis Becc.
  • Areca ledermanniana Becc.
  • Areca macrocalyx Zipp. ex Blume
  • Areca macrocarpa Becc.
  • Areca minuta Scheff.
  • Areca montana Ridl.
  • Areca multifida Burret
  • Areca nannospadix Burret
  • Areca nigasolu Becc.
  • Areca novohibernica (Lauterb.) Becc.
  • Areca oxycarpa Miq.
  • Areca parens Becc.
  • Areca rechingeriana Becc.
  • Areca rheophytica J.Dransf.
  • Areca ridleyana Becc. ex Furtado
  • Areca rostrata Burret
  • Areca salomonensis Burret
  • Areca subacaulis (Becc.) J.Dransf.
  • Areca torulo Becc.
  • Areca triandra Roxb. ex Buch.-Ham.
  • Areca tunku J.Dransf. & C.K.Lim
  • Areca vestiaria Giseke
  • Areca vidaliana Becc.
  • Areca warburgiana Becc.
  • Areca whitfordii Becc.

See also

Worldwide areca yield
Worldwide areca yield

References

  1. ^ Areca catechu – the Areca palm. In botanical drawing from Köhler's Medizinal-Pflanzen – by Franz Eugen Köhler, in 1897.
  2. ^ a b c Charlie D. Heatubun; John Dransfield; Thomas Flynn; Sri S. Tjitrosoedirjo; Johanis P. Mogea; William J. Baker (2012). "A monograph of the betel nut palms (Areca: Arecaceae) of East Malesia". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 168 (2): 147–173. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2011.01199.x.
  3. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. ^ Zumbroich, Thomas J. (2008). "The origin and diffusion of betel chewing: A synthesis of evidence from South Asia, Southeast Asia and beyond". E-Journal of Indian Medicine. 1 (3): 87–140.


This page was last edited on 11 November 2018, at 22:47
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