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Areas annexed by Nazi Germany

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Clockwise from the north: Memel, Danzig, Polish territories, General Government, Sudetenland, Bohemia-Moravia, Ostmark (Anschluss), Northern Slovenia, Adriatic littoral, Alpine foothills, Alsace-Lorraine, Luxembourg, Eupen-Malmédy, Wallonia, Flanders and Nord-Pas-de-Calais . The areas in light green were the fully annexed territories, while those in dark green were the partially incorporated territories. The territory of Germany before 1938 is shown in blue.
Clockwise from the north: Memel, Danzig, Polish territories, General Government, Sudetenland, Bohemia-Moravia, Ostmark (Anschluss), Northern Slovenia, Adriatic littoral, Alpine foothills, Alsace-Lorraine, Luxembourg, Eupen-Malmédy, Wallonia, Flanders and Nord-Pas-de-Calais . The areas in light green were the fully annexed territories, while those in dark green were the partially incorporated territories. The territory of Germany before 1938 is shown in blue.

There were many areas annexed by Nazi Germany both immediately before and throughout the course of World War II. Territories that were part of Nazi Germany before the annexations were known as the "Altreich" (Old Reich).[1]

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  • ✪ The Invasion of Poland (1939)
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Transcription

Invasion of Poland September 1st through October 6th, 1939 World War II The German invasion of Poland began on September 1st, 1939 and besides Germany and Poland brought the United Kingdom and France into the war. German preparations for the invasion started months before the attack and included not only military preparations, but also aggressive propaganda and similar actions to justify German aggression against Poland. Operation Himmler, also known as the operation Canned Goods was a false flag operation conducted in order to make the appearance of Polish aggression towards Germany. The most famous action of the operation was the glyphosate on August 31st 1939. The Germans staged an attack on a radio station in. Glyphosate look as it was attacked by poles and broadcasted a false call to poles in Germany to rise against Hitler. Along with other similar staged incidents the Germans used this event as an excuse to attack Poland. Contrary to the Germans who had already disposed their units along the border with Poland before the attack, the poles had delayed their mobilization of their troops as they were pressured by their British and French allies not to do it. They believed that mobilization would only provoke Hitler and give him a reason to violate peace on the European continent . For that reason, the Polish forces didn't gather all their troops in time by September 1st when the Germans attacked them. Fall Weiss or Case White was the German plan to invade Poland from three directions through the north from Prussia and Northeastern Germany. A main attack through the Western border of Poland from East Germany and through the South from the border of the puppet state of Slovakia. Two army groups north and south were ordered to encircle the Polish troops and to meet near Warsaw. For the invasion, the German forces engaged two thirds of their infantry: almost all Panzer units and more than 2,000 planes leaving the rest of its units on Germany's western border in case of a French attack Since the Germans anticipated that the British and French would enter the war once Poland was attacked, they planned to finish the invasion quickly before the French and British troops would have time to mobilize. The invasion began in the early hours of September 1st with the guns of a German battleship which was visiting the Polish port of Danzig opening fire. The Polish defense known as plan West anticipated the protection of the entire border with Germany and Slovakia since this region was the industrial heart of the country. This proved to be a big mistake since most of the units couldn't made the quick maneuvers of German Panzer troops, leaving them to become surrounded. The first days of the invasion saw intense German attacks for both land and air. The Luftwaffe gained air superiority immediately, even though the Polish pilots put up a brave resistance. Attacks made by German Panzer troops were so intense that Polish units were forced to retreat from their defensive positions after the first days of combat. France and the United Kingdom declared war on Germany on September 3rd, but without any true support. The German forces used their tactic of Blitzkrieg - a swift combined arms attack that overwhelmed the enemy and surrounded them. German technological and numerical superiority proved to be a decisive feature of the campaign that Poland just couldn't oppose However, the Polish army did try to counter-attack the German forces at the Battle of Zura near Warsaw. During the 10 days of the battle from September 9 to September 18, the Polish forces were destroyed by the attacks from the Luftwaffe and Panzer units. In the two weeks of the invasion, the whole of Western Poland was conquered. Where that they couldn't establish any kind of tactical advantage, Polish command decided to retreat its troops to the southeastern part of the country, where there was a hilly landscape suitable for organizing a proper resistance. The vicinity of the Romanian border also gave the opportunity to withdraw from the country. The Polish plan was to establish a solid defence in order to prolong the invasion for a French and British response on the west. However, the British and French support would never come. The French only engaged in a small limited skirmish in the Saar land with no effect. The Polish plans proved futile went on September 17th, the Soviet Union suddenly violated a non-aggression pact at hand with Poland and attacked it with a pretext to protect the Belarusian and Ukrainian population. The Soviet invasion of Poland was pre-arranged with Germany on August 23rd 1939 with the notorious Molotov Ribbentrop non-aggression pact. This pact not only anticipated friendly behavior between the two countries, but also a joint invasion of Poland and its division afterwards. When 800,000 Red Army soldiers entered Poland, the Polish forces knew that it couldn't oppose the enemies on two fronts. Even though the poles continued to resist the German forces like in the Battle of Tohmatsu Lubezki all efforts were futile. Polish units were being surrounded everywhere and such was the case with Polish cities the capital of Poland Warsaw surrendered on September 27th after 16 days of struggle. The last Polish unit surrendered on October 6th after the Battle of Core Facing more powerful and numerous enemies on two fronts and abandoned by its allies, Poland suffered defeat. After it had been defeated Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union divided its territory, thus ending the Second Republic of Poland. For the German forces the Polish campaign helped invaluable lessons for future operations that led to the conquest of Europe. Even though defeated on the battlefield what was left of the Polish military continued to fight with the British forces until the end of the war. Subscribe and click the notification bell for more history videos. Get your copy of simple history World War 2 today. Hey Simple History fans, if you are looking for a better way to support the channel and help us create more epic content consider becoming a sponsor on our channel. Sponsoring means that for just 5 bucks a month you get these amazing perks You can be the first to see new episodes with early access. You'll be able to watch new episodes before anyone else with this perk a custom icon that shows alongside your username in the comment section and in live chat When you sponsor us you also become an influencer with sponsor only comments. You can communicate directly with us and help us pick the topics that we'll do next on simple history Our videos will continue to be uploaded as usual and remember it's not mandatory to sponsor us Thank you for letting us feed your hunger for his

Contents

Fully annexed territories

German-occupied Europe at the height of the Axis conquests in 1942
German-occupied Europe at the height of the Axis conquests in 1942
Gaue, Reichsgaue and other administrative divisions of Germany proper in January 1944
Gaue, Reichsgaue and other administrative divisions of Germany proper in January 1944

The territories listed below are those that were fully annexed into Germany proper.

Areas annexed by Nazi Germany
Date of annexation Annexed area Succeeded by
1935-03-01 Territory of the Saar Basin Gau Palatinate-Saar
1938-03-12 Federal State of Austria Reichsgau Carinthia
Reichsgau Lower Danube
Reichsgau Salzburg
Reichsgau Styria
Reichsgau Tirol-Vorarlberg
Reichsgau Upper Danube
Reichsgau Vienna
1938-10-01 Sudetenland, Bohemia, Czechoslovak Republic Gau Bavarian Eastern March
Reichsgau Upper Danube
Reichsgau Lower Danube
Territory of the Chief of Civil Administration of the Sudetenland
Sudetenland, Moravia-Silesia, Czechoslovak Republic Reichsgau Lower Danube
Territory of the Chief of Civil Administration of the Sudetenland
1939-03-16 Bohemia, Czechoslovak Republic Gau Bavarian Eastern March
Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia[2]
Moravia-Silesia, Czechoslovak Republic
Reichsgau Lower Danube
Bohemia, Czechoslovak Republic
Reichsgau Sudetenland
Moravia-Silesia, Czechoslovak Republic
Bohemia, Czechoslovak Republic Reichsgau Upper Danube
1939-03-23 Klaipėda Region, Republic of Lithuania Gau East Prussia
1939-09-02 Free City of Danzig Territory of the Chief of Civil Administration of Danzig
1939-10-08 Military Administration in Poland Gau East Prussia
Gau Silesia
Reichsgau Posen
Reichsgau West Prussia
1940-05-18 Eupen-Malmedy, Liège, Wallonia, Military Administration in Belgium and Northern France Gau Cologne-Aachen
1942-07-29 Military Administration of Luxembourg Territory of the Chief of Civil Administration of Luxembourg
1940-08-02 Moselle, French State Territory of the Chief of Civil Administration of Lorraine
Bas-Rhin, French State Territory of the Chief of Civil Administration of Alsace
Haut-Rhin, French State
1941-04-17 Military Administration in Yugoslavia Territory of the Chief of Civil Administration of Carinthia and Carniola
Territory of the Chief of Civil Administration of Lower Styria
1941-07-22 Military Administration in the Soviet Union Territory of the Chief of Civil Administration of Bialystok
1944-12-18 – 1944-12-25 Dunkirk, Nord, Provisional Government of the French Republic Reichsgau Flanders
Wallonia, Kingdom of Belgium Reichsgau Wallonia

Partially incorporated territories

The territories listed below are those that were partially incorporated into the Greater German Reich.

General Government for the Occupied Polish Territories / General Government
Date of establishment Preceded by Succeeded by
1939-10-12 Military Administration in Poland General Government for the Occupied Polish Territories
1941-08-01 Military Administration in the Soviet Union District of Galicia, General Government
Kraków District, General Government
Operational zones
Date of establishment Preceded by Succeeded by
1943-09-10 Province of Gorizia, Kingdom of Italy Operational Zone of the Adriatic Littoral
Province of Ljubljana, Kingdom of Italy
Province of Pola, Kingdom of Italy
Province of Fiume, Kingdom of Italy
Province of Trieste, Kingdom of Italy
Province of Udine, Kingdom of Italy
Province of Belluno, Kingdom of Italy Operational Zone of the Alpine Foothills
Province of Bolzano, Kingdom of Italy
Province of Trento, Kingdom of Italy

Planned annexations

Areas announced for annexation to Nazi Germany
Date of announcement of annexation Area planned to be annexed Planned succession
1944-12-15 Brussels, Kingdom of Belgium District of Brussels
Flanders, Kingdom of Belgium Reichsgau Flanders
Comines-Warneton, Wallonia, Kingdom of Belgium
Nord, Provisional Government of the French Republic Reichsgau Wallonia
Pas-de-Calais, Provisional Government of the French Republic
Voeren, Flanders, Kingdom of Belgium
Wallonia, Kingdom of Belgium

In the coming Nazi New Order, other lands were considered for annexation sooner or later, for instance North Schleswig, German-speaking Switzerland, and the zone of intended German settlement in north-eastern France, where a Gau or a Reichskommissariat centred on Burgundy was intended for creation, and which Heinrich Himmler wanted to turn into the SS's very own fiefdom. The goal was to unite all or as many as possible ethnic Germans and Germanic peoples, including non-Germanic speaking ones considered "Aryans", in a Greater Germanic Reich.

The eastern Reichskommissariats in the vast stretches of Ukraine and Russia were also intended for future integration into that Reich, with plans for them stretching to the Volga or even beyond the Urals, where the potential westernmost reaches of Imperial Japanese influence would have existed, following an Axis victory in World War II. They were deemed of vital interest for the survival of the German nation, as it was a core tenet of Nazism that Germany needed "living space" (Lebensraum), creating a "pull towards the East" (Drang nach Osten) where that could be found and colonized.

North-East Italy was also eventually to be annexed, including both the Operational Zone of the Adriatic Littoral and the Operational Zone of the Alpine Foothills, but also the Venice region.[3][4] Goebbels went as far as to suggest taking control of Lombardy as well:

Whatever was once an Austrian possession we must get back into our own hands. The Italians by their infidelity and treachery have lost any claim to a national state of the modern type. — Joseph Goebbels, September 1943 [5]

The annexation of the entire North Italy was also suggested in the long run.[6]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Kaplan, Marion A. (1999). Between Dignity and Despair: Jewish Life in Nazi Germany. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-983905-6.
  2. ^ Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin
  3. ^ Petacco 2005, p. 50.
  4. ^ Santi Corvaja, Hitler & Mussolini: The Secret Meetings, p. 269
  5. ^ Rich, Norman (1973). Hitler's war aims. Norton. pp. 320, 325. ISBN 0393054543. [verification needed]
  6. ^ Kersten 1947, p. 186.
This page was last edited on 2 January 2020, at 14:10
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