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Archduke Rudolf of Austria (1919–2010)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Archduke Rudolf
Erzherzog Rudolf1.jpg
BornRudolf Syringus Peter Karl Franz Joseph Robert Otto Antonius Maria Pius Benedikt Ignatius Laurentius Justiniani Marcus d'Aviano
(1919-09-05)5 September 1919
Prangins, Switzerland
Died15 May 2010(2010-05-15) (aged 90)
Brussels, Kingdom of Belgium
(m. 1953; died 1968)

Princess Anna Gabriele of Wrede
(m. 1971)
IssueArchduchess Maria Anna
Archduke Karl Peter
Archduke Simeon
Archduke Johannes Karl
Archduchess Catharina-Maria
FatherCharles I of Austria
MotherPrincess Zita of Bourbon-Parma

Rudolf von Habsburg (5 September 1919 – 15 May 2010) was the sixth child and youngest son of Emperor Charles I of Austria and Zita of Bourbon-Parma.

Early life

He was born in Prangins, Switzerland, where the former Austrian Imperial family were staying after they had been sent into exile. He was named after Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria.[1]

Educated with his siblings first in Spain then in Belgium, in 1944 he and his brother Archduke Carl Ludwig of Austria secretly entered Austria to join the Austrian resistance[citation needed], but Rudolf was expelled in 1946 once his membership in the formerly imperial House of Habsburg was exposed.[2] After the war he travelled to the United States, Canada and the Belgian Congo.[2]

Rudolf worked as a Wall Street junior executive[3] and a bank director.[2][4]

First marriage

Rudolf was married by Archbishop Fulton Sheen to Countess Xenia Czernichev-Besobrasov the daughter of Count Sergei Aleksandrovich Czernyshev-Besobrasov and Countess Elizabeta Dmitrievna Sheremeteva, on 22 June 1953 at Tuxedo Park, New York.[4] They had four children. Xenia was killed in a car crash on 20 September 1968, in which Rudolf was also seriously injured.[5]

Second marriage

Rudolf was married secondly to Princess Anna Gabriele von Wrede (11 September 1940) on 15 October 1971 in Ellingen, Bavaria.[2] They have one daughter.[2]


Rudolph died on 15 May 2010. He was survived by two older brothers; Otto and Felix.



  1. ^ Brook-Shepherd, Gordon (2003). Uncrowned Emperor. Hambledon Continuum. p. 54. ISBN 1-85285-439-1.
  2. ^ a b c d e f de Badts de Cugnac, Chantal. Coutant de Saisseval, Guy. Le Petit Gotha. Nouvelle Imprimerie Laballery, Paris 2002, p. 172-174, 196-198 (French) ISBN 2-9507974-3-1
  3. ^ "Milestones". Time Magazine. 6 July 1953. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 1 March 2008.
  4. ^ a b c Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Fürstliche Häuser XV. "Haus Österreich". C.A. Starke Verlag, 2001, pp. 87, 97. (German) ISBN 3-7980-0814-0.
  5. ^ "Archduchess Xenia of Habsburg killed". New York Times. 27 September 1968.
  6. ^ Austrian Princess Maria Galitzine dead at 31
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ de Badts de Cugnac, Chantal. Coutant de Saisseval, Guy. Le Petit Gotha’’. Nouvelle Imprimerie Laballery, Paris 2002 (French) ISBN 2-9507974-3-1
  9. ^ Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Fürstliche Häuser XV. "Spanien". C.A. Starke Verlag, 1997, pp. 104-105. (German) ISBN 3-7980-0814-0.
This page was last edited on 15 April 2021, at 02:34
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