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 An illuminated manuscript of Arba'ah Turim from 1435.
An illuminated manuscript of Arba'ah Turim from 1435.

Arba'ah Turim (Hebrew: אַרְבַּעָה טוּרִים‬), often called simply the Tur, is an important Halakhic code composed by Jacob ben Asher (Cologne, 1270 – Toledo, Spain c. 1340, also referred to as Ba'al Ha-Turim). The four-part structure of the Tur and its division into chapters (simanim) were adopted by the later code Shulchan Aruch.

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Transcription

Flesh and sin die. Die with Christ, that's it. Rise with Christ. That's it. Holy Spirit, come. Holy Spirit come, set her free. Die with Christ. Holy Spirit, more. Come with your Holy Spirit. Fill me up. Just words started coming. Thank you, Lord! What was I doing? - What? What was I doing? What you were doing? You were praying in tongues. Does it hurt? - No. Not at all? - No. In Jesus' name, I thank you. Amen. It's done! Hallelujah! ...over one month and she is in shock. It's Jesus. I used to watch these things on TV and sometimes I do not believe, but today I do believe because it happens to me. Pain, go now. And you can do this. Now get all up. It's good, yeah? - Yeah. Thank you Father. Amen. Try to feel it. Can you feel any difference? Seriously, it does not hurt anymore. Wow! God, I thank you for healing. Thank you, the pain is going to go. Try to feel the head. No! I don't feel no pain, bro. Now the pain is gone. Now the pain is gone, yes. We, as the church today, are standing in front of a new reformation. A reformation, where we are coming back to what we read in the Book of Acts. If you look at the church today, it is so different from what we read in the Book of Acts. Because we have like 2000 years of history, where the church has been changed again and again. We can see that the church in the Book of Acts was a living body. It was a body of believers who were led by the Holy Spirit. The church was a movement, a disciples' movement. Christianity moved to Greece and became a philosophy. It came to Italy and became an institution. It came to Europe and became a culture. It came to America and became a business. If you take a body and make a business out of a body is that not prostitution? And this is what we have done today with the church. We have prostituted the church of Christ, the body of Christ. Because of that, we need to see a reformation, where we go so much deeper. Where we are talking about the doctrine, we are talking about the Spirit, and we are also talking about the whole system, the church system. Why we do church the way we do it. It's time to go back to what we read in the Book of Acts. God is now bringing us back to the beginning. What a mighty God we serve. What a mighty God we serve. Angels bow down. Heaven and earth adore Him. What a mighty God we serve. What a mighty God we serve. Angels bow down. Heaven and earth adore Him. What makes the Book of Acts the most unique book of the Bible, is that the Book of Acts is the only book in the entire Bible and all of Scripture, that shows us how to actually go out and make disciples. If you read the gospels that lead up to the Book of Acts, what's interesting is, that even though these books were written at a time, like when they were written, probably about thirty years after the cross, but the time periods covered are all before the cross. So we don't see the fullness of the Christian life there because Christ hadn't yet died, he hadn't yet been buried and resurrected and sent his Spirit. So we don't see in the gospels how they went out and actually made disciples. The Holy Spirit had not yet been given and plus, we didn't have the power yet to go out and be successful doing this. And I think that contributes to a lot of the fear today for those who don't know the Holy Spirit. Because Jesus told them to go and wait. He says, "When my Spirit comes, you will receive power and then you will be my witnesses." It's real! It's really real! Amen, it's real! Hallelujah. - She just got healed. Amazing, Jesus. - Thank you, Jesus. Look at that, she's walking. I know in many churches there is a sign on the church wall where it's written, 'Jesus is the same yesterday, today and forever.' We, today as believers, believe that Jesus is the same yesterday, today and forever. But if He's the same, the Holy Spirit is also the same. And if the Holy Spirit is the same, what we read in the Book of Acts should also be the same. By the power of Jesus Christ, she gets healed right now. This man has just healed this lady. And he's overwhelmed. It's done. - It's done. It is finished. It is finished, with his cry. I was walking like this because I could not move any faster. What can you do now? Sister, do like this. I could not do this. This I could not do. And this I could not do. I would've screamed up the whole place doing that. All glory be to His name. In the Book of Acts we see the very early Christians, the very early disciples of Christ. They were living this lifestyle of discipleship. They were reaching people in their homes, on the streets. They met people where they were at. And the gospel was exploding and spreading to the entire world. Thousands and thousands and thousands of people came to faith in Jesus Christ and were baptized and received the Holy Spirit. But at one point in church history, we see that Christianity was institutionalized and soon became a state religion. This hierarchy & institutionalized church was following us through the reformation where Luther, Calvin and Zwingli came. They were trying to reform and bring us back to the real gospel, back to the Book of Acts. But they failed. We still have the building. We still have the special priesthood. We still have people meeting in special buildings, on special dates, with a hierarchy and people trying to bring offerings to the church to gain the favor of God. Luther did not succeed in bringing the church back to what we read in the Book of Acts. The Bible is the book of life. And it doesn't become the book of life by studying it. It becomes the book of life by living it. I command the pain in this hand to go, in Jesus' name. Try to do it again. It's gone. What's this? In Jesus' name, right now. Amen. Check it. It's gone. Amen. Go, right now, in the name of Jesus. Try again. Bones, I command you to mend right now in Jesus' name. Try it out. Is it similar to Reiki? - No, Jesus. Jesus, not Reiki. - No, no. No energy? God. No, it's not energy. Thank you, Jesus. What do you think about what just happened? It's cool. - It's pretty cool? We are born, put here on earth with a purpose. That is, to seek and find God. The problem is that we don't seek Him. Because we don't seek Him, we don't find Him. Have you heard about Jesus? We live 2015 years after Jesus Christ. God is real and He called us to be His disciples, Jesus' disciples, to go out and show the world He is real. Fifth of April, 1995, I repented. I recognized I have sinned and gave my life to Jesus and a light came into my body and I fell to the floor, and I met God. When you become a born-again Christian, the Spirit of God comes and lives in you and you get to do the things Jesus did. The Bible says that we should be doers of the Word and not only hearers. If we only hear the Word and do not do it, we are deceiving ourselves. We are like a man looking in a mirror but as soon as we go away, we have forgotten what we saw. Sunday after Sunday there are millions of Christians who are sitting in church and listening to the Word of God. But as soon as they go away, they have forgotten what they heard. As a pastor, in the last couple of years I started to get really hungry. I would read through the Book of Acts and I became angry at the way that I saw things happening in the Book of Acts, and I didn't see this happening in my church, or in my own life, or with the eldership, or the structure of the church at all. We weren't just going out & healing people. We would lay hands on people and tell them to go home and they'll get better maybe, in the future, or maybe not. But what I read in the Book of Acts is that the Apostles were going out and they were just doing this stuff daily. I really felt that that's what I wanted. So for two years I've been hungry for this stuff, believing that this is what I was called to do, but I hadn't really been able to do it. The church system has to change. We have to stop being a building-focused, Sunday service-attending institution. People are sitting in churches, year after year waiting, waiting for that special minister to come and pray for them saying, now you have the anointing. You can go out and you can do this or that for God. Or they are just sitting there, hoping that someone will see them, see their talents. And that is not what we see the Bible telling us to do. That is not what we see Jesus telling us to do. In 1995, I was working as a baker and I didn't know anything about God. I didn't know anything about the Bible. I was as a young boy in Denmark, baptized in the Lutheran Church. I was confirmed in the Lutheran Church when I was fourteen. But it was tradition. It's tradition for many people today. One night I looked up in the air and said, "Come on God, are You there? If You are there, come and take me. I want to know You." And a short time after, I heard the gospel and the fifth of April, 1995, 9:30 in the evening, I repented and I gave everything to Jesus. But then I started to come in a church. And I started to become like the people in the church. And I thought it was Christianity, to meet God and then come to a church and sit there every Sunday. But I got more and more frustrated. Because I was like, "Come on, there must be more than just going to a church, sitting there two hours every Sunday and listening to somebody preaching." And at one time, I started to just read the Book of Acts, read about the first Christians, how they were living. And they didn't do the same as I was doing. They saw how lives got changed where they came. And at that time I was so frustrated, because I had been a Christian like many years. But I had never healed the sick, never cast out a demon. I had never led anybody to Christ. I had never experienced the life we read about in the first church in the Book of Acts. So one day in frustration, I was like, "God, I give you everything. I want to see this life." And then I started to see this life, more and more and more. But the problem was that in the beginning there was nobody who could disciple me. There was nobody, like Jesus did when Jesus said, "Come and follow Me and I will make you fishers of men." Come and follow Me, I will show you how to heal the sick, how to preach the gospel. I will show you, train you, in how you can be effective in the Kingdom of God. Nobody did that. But what is different now, is that now we are starting to disciple people. And if we take what we have learned and give it to the next generation of disciples and they continue from there, and then take that and give it to the next generation of disciples, in a very short time, we will have disciples walking around on earth, looking exactly like Jesus, doing the same things Jesus did. Yes, even greater things because He went to the Father. I've prepared the best for you. Yes I have prepared a place of rest. I've prepared the best for you. Yes I have prepared a place of rest. And in that place: Life in abundance. In that promised land... Now we will listen to a friend of ours, Simon Ådahl. In Swedish. Sweden rules, man! Father, I pray that we will take Europe, also Denmark, and Norway and the whole world for You! I became a Christian about eleven years ago. And I came into the Swedish state church from a totally non-Christian background. After a while, me and my wife, we moved to another city and we came into a very big church there. We became leaders in a big outreach work there in church. We were supposed to be an example but I had never led anybody to Christ, I had never baptized anybody myself, I had never seen anybody with my own eyes who I prayed for getting healed. I came to a point when one night we were out and there came a man to my table actually, and he asked, "Yeah, I see what you do, I want to become a Christian. How do I do it?" And my reaction was, "Okay, I pick you up tomorrow and I bring you to church." So I did that. I brought him to church and I brought him to the pastor and the pastor led him to salvation. But that made me react. I understood that something was wrong, 'cause I read the Bible a lot, I went to Bible school for a couple years I know what the Bible said and I was the one who was supposed to do these things. I was the one who was supposed to lay hands on the sick and they will recover. I was the one who was supposed to baptize people, and I didn't do it. Something was wrong. I started to think, maybe they are lying, maybe it's not true, what people are telling me. So I started to go out. Every morning I woke up and just prayed to the Lord. And it was raining sometimes, snow, bad weather, I just went out because I was really crying out to the Lord. I want to know You. I want to have the real life. And one day I was at work and I was reading a Christian newspaper. There was a small note there about a Danish man who was in a shopping mall in Sweden praying for sick people and they got healed. And I was like, "What?" I saw this kind of article before but this just took my heart, and I felt that this is God. So I called him and he answered. He was a normal man like me. We spoke and I told him about my journey and he thought, this is amazing, we should meet. So I gathered a couple of friends and we went down to him in Denmark. Then he asked us, "Why did you come to Denmark?" We said, "We want to see people get healed." Then he said, "Okay, in about fifteen minutes you'll see the first person get healed." I was like, " yeah, yeah." I could not believe this. How can this be a part of my life? But we went out on the streets and we came to a gang of people, maybe about 25, 30 years old. One of the girls had a problem with her knee for many years. He told me to lay my hands on her knee and command the pain to go away. I almost blacked out, I was so nervous. And I had no faith, either, I think. I said, okay I do it. So I did it and she like jumped up. "What?" And she got healed. And the whole crowd was like... This rocked my world. I just realized, this is true. This is true. This actually was enough for me. I prayed for one person and then I went by myself. We, as Christians, are called to make disciples. Another word we have started using is the word 'kickstarting'. It's like if you have a motorbike and you want to start the engine, you kickstart it. And when that motorbike is started you can drive all over the place. In the same way, we as Christians need to get kickstarted in doing the things Jesus has called us to. When we, for example, kickstart a Christian in healing the sick, we take them out on the streets and say, "Come and follow us." And then we show them how to do it. And when they have done it one time, they can do it again. You say you have pain all over your body, most in your legs? Yeah. And we'll pray for it; you'll see it. I command all pain, leave right now. Be healed right now in the whole body. I command all pain, leave the body right now. The whole body, right now. I pray for healing right now, in the name of Jesus. Amen. Just move, try to move it. Try to feel it. It felt good. - It felt good, yeah? But do you feel the pain now? No. - It's gone? Yeah. People get surprised. I command this back to be totally restored, right now. Bend over like this, try to feel it. And up again. - For real, it is gone. For real. - What? I swear. - I am not making things up. You can feel it. It just went away. - Oh, yes. Oh, my God. This is growing all over the world. The last years we have seen hundreds of thousands of people getting healed. By normal believers, who get kickstarted and start to go out and heal the sick. And those people now start to lead other people to Christ. So the last years we have seen thousands of people coming to Christ. And this is really powerful. I came to Stockholm and met this brother and he was there with a bunch of guys, and his wife was there, too. And there we went out. He first stopped this person who had pain and he placed his hand on this person, and this person got healed. And I was just like, Wow, this is amazing! This person got healed and I was like, now it's not on YouTube anymore. I am not watching this on YouTube, but now I see it in front of me. It was amazing, seeing the reaction of this person who got healed. The next thing that happened was that this lady came and she had pain in her stomach. This man, that was kickstarting me was like, Now it is your time to pray. Just place your hand and command the pain to go. So I just placed my hand and I was hesitating, but I placed my hand and just commanded, "In Jesus' name, pain go." I just removed my hand and suddenly, you should have seen the face of this woman. She was like, how did you do that? What? Are you kidding me? - No, we are not kidding. This is true, and that is why we do this. No. This is sick. Jesus healed you, not me. Wow, I have never been in such a thing before, and my dreams just came true, right there. This is actually the best day of my life. Being part of what I have been longing for, for such a long time. So on my way back home I was so filled up with joy. So I was sitting in the bus going home. When I arrived, I could not just sit or just like go home. I just went around in the city downtown and I was praying for people and the very same day, and I came across these girls that I prayed for and they got healed instantly as well. I was like, Wow! So this is not something that happened in Stockholm and stayed there. It continues, you know. Ever since then, I was going out every day. Every day I was out on the streets and I've seen thousands getting healed. It just changed me. It changed the entire me. It's, WOW! Move your leg. I do not feel anything. It disappeared? I cannot feel it. - No. I cannot feel it. I cannot feel it. Is it not strange? - Yes. It was Jesus who healed you. Bend over and try to feel it. It worked, Dennis. - Try it. Try it. How does it feel now? - It feels perfect. All pain is gone? - All pain is totally gone. I swear to God. Thank you, Jesus. I was not expecting what we saw, I kinda was... this is supposed to happen. I have seen it happen in videos all the time but I've never been able to do it myself and I fully expected that this is what God does. This is what He uses me for. This is my purpose here. We prayed for one girl who had some issues with the back. I think she had some kind of surgery. Pain, go right now. Back, go in place right now, in the name of Jesus. I don't know if you feel something happening. Oh, snap. - Wow, something happened. She got filled with the Holy Spirit and God met her in a radical way. She was in tears. - She fell down in front of us. Fill her up. More, more. The Holy Spirit is over you, just open your mouth. Holy Spirit, more, more, more. Fill her up. You just got baptized, filled with the Spirit. He is there, He is there. This is a new beginning. It's a new beginning for you. It's a new beginning. God, we thank You for freedom. God, we thank You for a new beginning. Her family that was with her, her sister-in-law and her kids, were just totally at peace; like everything's normal, and people walking by, "What's going on?" And I just remember thinking, This is so cool, what's happening to this girl right now. She had no idea what would happen that day. She got back up and you could tell she was a different person. God had changed her from the inside out. I'm okay, Lillia, I'm okay. This is good. - Way more than okay. Way better than just okay. God, He wants to be alive. He wants to show us and show who He is to us. And see, this is God. This is outside here. Not in a fine church, but God is there and He wants to be part of our life. He wants to be part of your life. Then we moved on from there. Then we prayed for a guy named Danny. Right, first we asked for another guy if he had any pain. He said, "No." And then Danny came. Right. We asked a gentleman on a bench if we could pray. He said, "No, no, no, I'm okay." And a guy named Danny said, "Oh, my back really hurts." - "For how long?" "For ten years." Actually it was five years that this man's back hurt. And so we said, "Okay cool, well let's sit you down." And we sat him down and his one leg was longer than the other by about half an inch. Leg grow, loosen and grow right now in the name of Jesus. There it is. - Yeah, whoa, there is movement. Did you feel that? - And it moved in your hands. Something popped when it came out. Danny, try to stand up and feel your back now. That is pretty good. - Is it gone? Yeah. - Fifteen years, and it's gone. Yeah, well five. - Oh, five years, and it's gone now. What did you experience? - I don't know, I felt it's good. This is the first time he does this. That was awesome, and while looking for more people we decided to go get some ice cream. We went in and you talked to the lady behind the counter. There was a woman behind the counter and she asked what we were doing, where we were from, and so we explained to her, "Oh, we're going around and praying. I am from Houston and we are with people from all over and we're praying for people with sickness or pain." She said, "Really?" I told about Danny. She said, "Oh my gosh, I want to meet this guy." I thought she meant Danny, who got healed. "I don't know where he is, sorry." She said, "Whenever he comes back to pray, you let me know." In my mind, I thought, "That was me! I'm right here." So, yeah I'll come back, just a minute. And she came around the counter and took off her shoe. "It is this ankle." She opened up and I continued praying for her. It got better and better. I turn around and there are 4 or 5 people saying, "I have pain." "Could you pray for me?" How is it? - What are you doing? It wasn't me, man. - I was in pain. I'm not lying. Is it gone completely? Come on, jump, jump! - I can do it now. What are you doing? Jesus. - It's Jesus. Go down, go down, go down! When could you do that last time? In the military. - Ten years ago? Yeah, ten years ago. - So you couldn't do this for ten years? No. Every time I can't. Come on! - No, I know it feels good. Sit in the chair. See if you can do this quick as usual. And then stand up. If this is God, then... I love you. It is God! Ten years you have not been able to do that. No, I haven't; I've been in pain, always going to the doctors, in & out. But Jesus is the great Doctor. He is the highest and He is there. He is. Amen. What is wrong with you? - My arm. You cannot lift it higher than that? No. How long have you had that? - Like six weeks. So in six weeks you have not been able to do like this. Be loosened right now in the name of Jesus, right now. You got it! You got it. It's yours, keep it. Before you could get to here and it would hurt, right? Moving better, yeah? It's good. - Up with your hand! Give me five. You feel good? Now we know what it's like. Yeah. So we get to go back to Houston and go find parks and stores. When we eat pizza somewhere... that's not off-limits for God. Yeah, it is like a redhead growing up in Asia thinking, "I feel like there has to be more in life. Everybody is the same." and then going to Ireland. "There is, there really is! There are people like me!" That is how I feel, like, "Oh, this is life, okay good." That is what I wanted, and now I can go and do that. Yeah, so we are excited to go back and I just feel like... Man! My neighbors, the people, they have no idea what is about to hit them. Because I get it now, I can do this. God, I can absolutely do this. We're living in really exciting times in Europe, we're beginning to see a reenactment of the Book of Acts in our times. We're seeing that people are going out with the gospel, with the demonstration of the Kingdom. And it is often a very clear gospel message, about turning away from one's sins, and part of the package is actually baptism and being filled with the Holy Spirit. So often in our church systems they are separated. But what we are seeing more and more, it's coming together into one stream, like it was in the Book of Acts. So there's no waiting. So when somebody repents and expresses faith in Jesus, they are taken wherever there is water. And it can be anywhere; it can be a lake, it can be in a rainwater tub, it can be in a bath, or wherever. People are baptized immediately and at the same time, also filled with the Holy Spirit. The first words that came out of Jesus' mouth, were, "Repent, the Kingdom of God is near." And we are called to preach repentance today. And it's like that part has been lost in the church today. We are talking about faith, but we do not talk about repentance. They are almost afraid to talk about sin. But we are called to talk about sin. We are called to preach repentance. We have to say what sin is. We have to say that those people who continue in sin, are going to die. We have to talk about sin before we talk about that Jesus was the Lamb of God, who came to remove our sin. Because if we don't talk about sin, what should people then do with Jesus? Where are you going? - I go with God, to heaven. Why? - Because... Are you a good person? - Yeah. Have you ever lied? - Yeah. Have you ever stolen anything? Downloaded something without paying? - Yes. Have you had sex outside of marriage? These are three of the ten commandments. How many shall I go through? It's all about how we compare ourselves to each other. Of course, if you compare yourself to people around you, you can think you are a good person. The question is not if you think you're a good person. The question is, Are you good enough? The Bible says, if you have just done one of the sins, you are guilty of them all. It's not like in other things, like it's okay if you weigh and you have bad deeds and the good... It is not like that. It is guilty or not guilty. If you have once broken the law, you are guilty of breaking the law. If we talk about God, no person can ever come to God, come to heaven by our good deeds. It is not possible. And I have always thought I was a good person because, yes, I have been fighting a little too much, I have been drinking too much. I have been doing things, but... this person and this person is much worse than me. So my problem was that I compared myself to people around me, instead of comparing myself to the One I am going to stand in front of one day. I believe we have to get back to what the Bible shows us. Repentance isn't so much feeling sorry about our sins and what we've done and how we've violated God's Word, in the sense of ourselves. Being sorry is not true repentance. It's part of it, but it is not the full story. We see Pharaoh in the Old Testament with the Israelites in Egypt. He was sorry. He proclaimed, "Oh, I have sinned against God." So he confessed his sin, but he did not turn away from his sin. Neither is it just remorse. A lot of people say that, "You see, they're really sorry; they're crying because they have true remorse." Judas in the New Testament, he had remorse. He was so remorseful that he actually committed suicide, but he did not turn away from his sin. When we read the Bible, we can see that God brackets repentance with forgiveness, rather than forgiveness with faith in Jesus. And I think, looking at it in the latter part, we often think that with faith in Jesus, God automatically forgives us our sins. And as you read the Bible, you discover that's not the case. Let's imagine you and me play chess together. I move, and then it's your turn. I want to see you move. My turn. Your turn. Am I now allowed to do this? Move one there, and one there. Am I allowed to move two times? - No. Why? Because there are rules. And the rules are that you move one time, then I move one time. When it comes to God, you have sinned. You have done something that's wrong and because of that, you are divided from God. You can not have fellowship with God because of our sin. Our sin causes that God cannot have fellowship with us. God is looking at you and says, "I don't want to punish you, but I am holy, so I need to do it." "But at the same time, I want to give you a chance to get forgiveness and get a relationship with Me, so I sent my son, Jesus, to die for you." So it's like this. You have sinned and broke the commandments of God. That's why we are living without fellowship with God. We are living our own life, divided from God. God looked down on you and said, "I don't want to judge you, I want to forgive you, so I send my son, Jesus, to die for you." Whose turn is it now? Your turn. God wants to forgive. He wants to set you free. He wants to give you a new life and heal through you. He wants to do those things, but he says, "Move, it is your turn!" He is waiting for you to do it. But as soon as you say, I repent, and receive that forgiveness. As soon as you do this, God is like, "I'm going to forgive you." It is so important to understand, because there's so many people... I had that at one time. Like you, I believed there was a God. But in my mind, in my universe, "Okay, when it's time, He will come to me. It's up to Him. He's great. He can do it when he wants to." And I moved the responsibility from me over to Him. A true deep repentance requires action. It's not just a word; it's not just something that we think. True repentance is not only realizing that you have sinned against a holy God, but that you then confess your sins to him, you are remorseful to Him, and you turn away from that sinful life and you start living His life. The word for repent in the Bible is the word 'metanoia' which means to 'again think'. And God wants us to think again. About our lives and how we've lived. If we will have a rethink about God and how our sins affect Him, then God will also have a rethink about what he thinks about us. And if you confess your sin and get it out in the light, you experience forgiveness. But if you keep it close, every time you take a step toward the light, Satan is going to say, "But remember, but remember..." - Yes, that's what he does. But now it's out. You have confessed it. You have said it to me; you have said it. Be led by the Holy Spirit; maybe you should say it to the whole world. I don't know what, but there is forgiveness. People need to hear this. There is freedom. There's so many girls going through it, so many women. And they have done exactly the same, carried it around, thirty, forty, fifty years. This is not where freedom is. Freedom is what you experience, right now. I came today, seeking God for the gift of tongues. And for anything else in my life that I may need deliverance from. And over this weekend, God has delivered me and blessed me with the gift of tongues, and washed me with water baptism. I've been living for over thirty years with shame and embarrassment, as a secret... that when I was in my twenties I had an abortion. And each and every day from that day forward, the devil has had his way with me. So I've been seeking God, too, as I was watching Torben's videos. Telling God, I can't do it anymore. Pleading, asking, wanting to know if He had forgiveness for me. And then it came that He led me to come here this weekend. And I felt led to speak with Torben, that God had something to say through him to me. So, I was given the opportunity by God to be freed. Delivered from this pain. Over thirty years, I am free. Thank you, Jesus. Thank you. Be free. ...that when I was in my twenties... God help me... He has! I had an abortion and ever since that day, God has tried to tell me it's okay, but the devil just had that greater hold on my life. He just kept hanging on and hanging in. I remember the day it happened like yesterday and I feel the pain the same. It's a new beginning. It's a new start. Are you ready to get baptized to Jesus Christ to wash away your sins? - Yes. So, on your own faith, we baptize you to Jesus Christ. Die with Christ. Up with Christ. Yay! Free! Yes! Come, let's pray for you. God, we thank You for Elizabeth. God, we thank You for your freedom. And when she confessed that, another woman came up and confessed the same sin. And suddenly, her testimony already brought life and forgiveness to another. And that woman, there, got baptized in water and she experienced that freedom. Later we were at a meeting with eighty people, where she explained how she had done that, and it was sin, with the abortion, but Jesus had forgiven her her sins. When she confessed that, and shared that testimony at a meeting with eighty people, out of that meeting, there came twelve women to her afterwards confessing the same. And here we see the power in confessing sins, the power of baptism in water, and what the gospel is all about. "He who believes and is baptized shall be saved," Jesus said. What's really interesting about water baptism is that... I believe that through time and tradition today, we look at a sacrament very different than what the Bible shows us a sacrament really is. Often we look at a sacrament as an outward sign of an inward reality. And what's interesting about that definition is that it takes the spiritual and the physical and it completely separates these two things. And as a result, we only see baptism as something that's just ceremonial and has no connection with anything in the spiritual realm. In other words, it's just like a confirmation of something that's already taken place in the spirit. But baptism is very, very different from that. What we've discovered, is that baptism is not something that's just sacramental, as far as being an outward sign of an inward reality. We're seeing that when you go into that water, the Spirit of God is touching that. And when the physical and the spiritual connect in water baptism, God does something miraculous. What's interesting is that water baptism is two things. It's both a bath and a burial. And to have a bath, you have to be dirty! So, what does that mean? It means that a person who's getting baptized needs to acknowledge their sins before God. And in that sense, baptism and repentance go hand in hand. It's turning and coming in faith. And the requirement for baptism, what God wants us to bring, is repentance and faith in Jesus Christ. A person comes, dead in their sins, and what happens is we take that person, who's coming in his sins, bringing proof of repentance, and then we baptize him. So when that person comes out, they are brand new and clean. I tell many people that we meet, water baptism isn't just a clean start off. It is a brand new, clean life to start. Let it out, let it out. More, more. Glory, glory. Thank you, Jesus. Thank you, Jesus. Thank you, Jesus. Thank you, Jesus. Thank you, Jesus. Thank you, Jesus. Thank you, Jesus. Praise your name. Thank you, Jesus. Thank you, Jesus. How do you feel? I was feeling like something went out of... Welling up; it's the living water that's welling up inside of you and God is releasing that through your mouth. Claudio, you are a brand new man. - Amen. You feel good? - Yeah. This is just the beginning, Claudio. This is just the beginning. - Yes. God's given you this gift now. There's gonna be times where you may not know what to pray for. And now you can go in faith and pray. You know what's great about praying in tongues is that I can concentrate on other things while praying because my mind is not praying. I'm just letting my mouth move by faith. And the Spirit intercedes through us. So God just used you. The Spirit came in and intercedes through you. It's beautiful. - Amen. Thanks, God. Isn't God good? - Yes. He's great. - Yes, He is. I've learned something today. The power of water baptism unto Jesus. It is no longer like a symbol, like most churches might believe, like I used to believe, because that's all I knew. I just thought it was something you just go through with a sprinkle or whatever. But there's so much power when you truly believe what it's all about. About the death, the burial, the closure, the old man, the nature is gone, and a new man comes up. As I've learned today, do you believe in Jesus as your Lord and Savior? Yes, I do. Well, the old man goes under, you die, and a new man arises. And as soon as he came up out of the water, he said something left him. A great weight left him and no longer had any hold on his life. And immediately he received the baptism of the Holy Spirit. And this brother was so broken, he was sobbing. He was just holding his chest. It was so precious to see. It was so precious to see what God was doing in his life. And all he could do was just weep in the presence of God. And for me, just to see what God had... He drove, I guess three, four hours to get here because this is what he wanted. And that thing that was attacking him all this time no longer has power over him, and he is free. He is totally free. And I am truly thankful. So now I have learned that there is something to water baptism, there is something to repentance, there is something to having the baptism with the Holy Spirit. All three things are needed. And that has truly changed my life. And now I preach that message until the day I die. Because I have experienced it, and it was one of the most powerful demonstrations of God's love that I have ever seen. The reason why I believe we're seeing this happen now is because when that old man dies, demons lose their grip and their grab. They can no longer torment a dead man. Because the old man dies. And when you come out of that water, you're somebody brand new. There's a new man wearing your old clothes. When Jesus was walking here on earth, He was preaching repentance. And then He was teaching that people need to be born again, out of water and Spirit. But He could not, at that time, baptize people in His name. He could not baptize people with the Holy Spirit. But after the cross, when Peter stood up on Pentecost, we hear the full gospel for the first time, when Peter said, "Repent, get baptized for the forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the Holy Spirit." Okay, you kneel down and you say, "I baptize you to Jesus Christ" and make sure he goes down. Die with Christ. Up with Christ. Freedom! Freedom! Go! Go! Freedom! Freedom! Come! Leave! Go! Go! Go! I command you, spirit go! Right now! Come out! Go! In the name of Jesus, I command this spirit, go! Leave him, right now! Out! Out! Go! In the name of Jesus, I command every demon, go, right now! Go! Right now! Come out! I command this demon, go! Go, right now! Demon, go! I command every demon, leave him right now! Lie, go! Come out! More, more. Let it go! I command you, demon, in the name of Jesus, come out! Get out! More! Go! Go! Go! In the name of Jesus, I command the last thing to go! Go! In the name of Jesus, every demon, come out! Right now! Leave him! Leave him! Fill him up! Fill him up! More! Freedom! Freedom! This is real. Thank you. This is real! If you want to read a book about this, I want to recommend a book. Maybe you have heard about it. The name of the book is the Bible. This is what we read in the Bible. He got set free and then the Holy Spirit took over. It's not just a picture; it's real. And if this is real in the Bible, what about the rest? Every word is real, from the beginning to the end. Hallelujah! My friend! I still remember clenching my fists, and I remember banging on the water, and then I was really yelling out loud, and then there was a commotion, something happening. I didn't know it was me. I didn't know what was happening. I had my eyes closed, and then I opened my eyes, and I was in a different position to where I was before. I was looking, and Torben was over there, and I was facing this way, and before, I was facing the other way. I didn't quite understand why. And then there was some more commotion. The last thing I remember was Torben saying, "Demons, get out." It was peaceful then; it just calmed down. There was quietness and silence. I can remember looking up and there were loads of people with all their cameras out. Many people looked at me and it was like I was in a bit of a shock. Like coming out of a surgery and everyone's there. In terms of how I can explain it, through my life and my experiences, there's not anything that's close to this. But the best thing I have from my experience is it's like having a tooth taken out. I knew there was something in there when this commotion was going on, that had no right to be there. It's like now that that tooth has come out, and there's nothing there. It has come out. Gone. And there's like new skin there. When you have your tooth taken out, you want to get your tongue and you want to touch it. You just creep your tongue over to where the tooth has come out, to feel what it is like, and it was like that. There was something new and young there, where this tooth had been. And I'm happy I'm free, thanks to Jesus Christ. As soon as people get baptized, I start to pray for them for deliverance because now they have died with Christ, they have risen up with Christ, so now Satan has to leave them. And it's really strong to see deliverance out there as part of baptism. And it was so powerful. So many people came and saw it and suddenly there was a multitude of 150, 200 people looking on. Right after he got set free, he got baptized with the Holy Spirit and spoke in tongues. It was really powerful. Then we were supposed to baptize the rest of his family: his son and his daughter, and his wife. When they came down in the water, ready to get baptized, God did something amazing. We read in the gospels today that Jesus got baptized in the river Jordan. We read the bit when the heavens opened and the Holy Spirit came down like a dove. Me and Lauren, we were just saying, "Shall we pray that something like that happens today? That we see a sign in the sky when we get baptized?" So when we got baptized, I was in the water waiting to get baptized, and I heard people in the crowd saying, "Look up!" And I turned and I looked up and saw 'real' written in the sky. And it was like my prayer had been answered as I was about to get baptized. Thank you, Jesus. Everybody pointed and said, "Look, look up!" And up in the sky, there had just been an airplane writing in the sky, 'real'. And it was in the same time that I was praying for her husband and he got delivered, and I had been saying, "This is real. This is not a picture." "If this is real. Everything we read in the Bible is real." And suddenly we saw it, in the sky, that God had written, 'real'. real Torben, look up! - Yeah, I have seen it. Yeah, I see it. We started to preach the gospel afterwards and many more people repented and got saved that day. Instead of just baptizing eight people as we were supposed to, we baptized more than thirty people. Because people who saw what happened, saw how people got delivered from demons, saw how they received the Holy Spirit, they also repented from their sins and came and got baptized and experienced the same. The demonic world is so real. It's very real. I have seen glimpses of it in churches when evangelists had come, or so-called "men of God" had come, people who walk in authority. They pray for people and see them manifest. But I had never seen it happen from my own hand. The first real experience I had and probably the biggest experience is when my wife and I baptized someone for the first time in our home. This person, she was involved in New Age: Reiki healing, tarot card reading, crystals, a lot of New Age things. We baptized her and if we had just left it at that like a normal church service, we would have smiled, given her a certificate and had a cup of coffee afterwards. But we continued to pray for her, and pray for her, and after about two minutes, the demons started to manifest. And one after one, they manifest and we cast them out. And it was the most real, the most radical experience, that I've ever had. It opened my eyes up to the battle. This is a fight. We are not just asked, we are not told it's a good idea, but we are commanded by Jesus to cast out demons. We're given the responsibility to set people free in Jesus' name. Why is there a fight going on? Because Satan don't like it. But now we are going under water and then she's going to come up and you are going to see a freedom. You are going to see a freedom and a new life. Just kneel down. Don't be afraid. Kneel down. Just kneel down. - I cannot. No, you can, you can. In the name of Jesus, you can, you can. It's a new life. Satan is a liar. Satan is a liar. He has been lying and he don't want you to give everything over to Jesus Christ. Because when you give yourself over, he will set you free and Satan is going to lose and he don't want this. You can. My knees don't want to bend. Go down, in the name of Jesus. She wants to, but her knees don't want to bend. She cannot get down. There is a fight going on. In Jesus' name, God, we thank you. Just go down, in the name of Jesus, just go down. Down, down, just go down, in the name of Jesus. In the name of Jesus. In the name of Jesus, go down. Go down, go down. In the name of Jesus, go down. Are you ready to get baptized to Jesus Christ? So on your own faith we baptize you to Jesus Christ. Just go down. Die with Christ. Up with Christ. Freedom! Freedom! Satan, go! Leave her! Leave her, right now! Come out! Come out! Leave him! Go! Come out! Go! Right now! Loose! Loose! Go! Go! In the name of Jesus, I command this religious spirit, go, right now, in the name of Jesus! Go! Last thing, go! Go! Go, in the name of Jesus! Go! Right now! Go! Go! Get out, in the name of Jesus! Get out! Go! Right now! Come out! Every anger, every fear, go right now, in the name of Jesus! Come out! Right now! Get out! Get out now! Come out, right now! I command you, go! Go! Go right now! Freedom! Right now! Let it go! I command this demon, go! I command this spirit to go! Get out! Get out! Just now! Go, in the name of Jesus! Go right now, in the name of Jesus! Get out right now! Go! Go! I command every demon, leave him right now! Come out! Go, right now in Jesus' name! Come out! Come out, right now! Go! Go! Go, in the name of Jesus! I command every spirit, leave him. Right now! Right now! Come out! Get out! Get out! Get out right now in Jesus' name. Come out! Come out! Hallelujah. Can you experience a freedom? You are free. How is it? - It's great, thank you! Come on, a new life. Come on, can you see it? I love it! Come on friends, can you see it? This is the power in baptism. Repent from your sins, towards Jesus Christ. It is a battle. But Satan has lost. Jesus is alive. A new life, a new life. Freedom. - Yes. Praise the Lord. Praise Jesus. Thank you that you are filling her up. Thank you, thank you. Amen! Amen! You got the Holy Spirit. - Yeah. He has never spoken in tongues before now. Powerful! We have seen so many people got delivered from sin in baptism. We have seen schizophrenic people get delivered from demons in baptism. We have seen people with eating disorders get delivered in baptism. We have seen sick people get healed in baptism. We have seen many people who were not able before to receive the baptism with the Holy Spirit. But when they got baptized in water, the Holy Spirit came over them and they started to speak in tongues. It is real. I tell you, it is real. I don't know how to explain it, but the Spirit of God came and I was really baptized in the Spirit. I really spoke in tongues. I'm going to pray and you are going to help me. What is your name? - Kathy. Kathy has anxiety and she also wants to get baptized with the Holy Spirit. We just met and I talked about baptism with the Holy Spirit and how it is. God, I believe in you. I believe in you, Jesus. I repent. And I ask you, set me free from every anxiety and come with your Holy Spirit. Fill me up. Baptize me. Right now. In the name of Jesus. The Bible is clear that there is always a sign when people receive the baptism with the Holy Spirit. In the Book of Acts, chapter 8, we can read about Philip, how he came to Samaria and he preached the gospel. And people received the message and they repented and they got baptized in water to Jesus Christ. But at that time they had not yet received the baptism with the Holy Spirit. So when the Apostles came, they saw that they have not received the baptism with the Holy Spirit. So they laid their hands on them and they received the baptism with the Holy Spirit. You don't read right there what happened, but you know there was a sign. Why? Because there was a guy, Simon. Simon, he saw how the Holy Spirit was given by the hands of the apostles. And when he saw that, he wanted the same power, that those people on which he would lay his hands would also receive the Holy Spirit. Now we start to speak in tongues, when I say, "Now" just say the first words and let it out. Now. Holy Spirit, freedom. Freedom, right now. Freedom, right now. Freedom, freedom. Holy Spirit, freedom. Freedom, right now. Come with your strength, right now. Strength, strength. Yeah, it's cool, isn't it? I had mine done yesterday. He got baptized with the Holy Spirit yesterday and you, today. I have never spoken in tongues before. How? It just came? - Yeah. How was that? That was awesome; that's crazy amazing. Try to imagine that here in the middle of the street. That's awesome, thank you. Thank you so much. You go and tell others now about this. I have always felt that if there are two camps; if you go to one camp they only talk about miracles, miracles. That didn't seem to make a lot of sense to me for the simple reason that if Jesus only wanted to help us with miracles and healing my physical body, and that's all he wanted to do, then it kind of contradicts this whole aspect of God promising to give us believers a new body one day. But at the same time, if I go to the other side of the camp and I say miracles are not for today, it's only the Word of God, then it contradicts Scripture because the Scripture says that the Word will come with power and He'll confirm it with power. So where is that middle road? And the middle road is found in the Word of God, where there is a balance of both; where we want the Word of God to come together with the power of God and actually make a transformation in people's lives, where people will truly be convicted by the Holy Spirit, experience a new life, repent, turn from sin, not just confess sin, but forsake sin, receive the power of God, be baptized in water, speak in tongues, and operate on a day-to-day basis with the power of God in you or rather, in the temple, which is us. For years, I just goofed around with religion. Then I moved away from it completely, and then there was this hunger to come back to it. And as I came back, I realized there were areas in my life where I was shut down in unbelief. That doesn't happen for today; that was only in Jesus' time, or that's only meant for a few people. Then I read the Bible and it says, "These signs will follow those who believe." And I'm saying," I am a believer, why is it not happening?" And what we need is to stir each other's faith. If I have a team of people and all doing the same thing, I get encouraged in my faith. The same with you now. Today you have a gift of a language. If you don't use that gift, guess what will happen? It will fall away. What will happen if you have this in you now and you are not going to read your Bible? You will throw it all away. Cultivate it; make it your lifestyle. Make God the center of your life and do what we are doing to your friends. Think of anyone you know, any one of your friends. Call them and tell them what happened. Share your testimony and then you pray for them. Believe that when you put your hand to pray, I am talking with confidence. Guess how long have I been doing this? Since yesterday. - Today. Today is my first day healing people. I am praying for healing today. Now just imagine, all that church junk we learned, and I could never do anything. And now with the power of God in us, you can do it right now, and actually look for somebody, pray for them and you will have a healing. That's the power of Jesus Christ. He is amazing! Come on, all come together. Watch what's happening. You will see what God is going to do. Is that awesome? - Yeah. Who wants to come first, who has got a problem? No, no, really. - You have got blisters, right now. Okay. - You have got pain in the ankle? No, on my foot, I have got blisters everywhere. Okay. Be healed, in Jesus' name. How do you feel? Move your leg. Oh, my God. No, I don't feel anything. - Really? On a scale of one to ten, do you feel any pain? Only two. - Okay, let's pray again. Bones, come into alignment. Be healed, in Jesus' name. I don't feel anything. That's crazy. It is! Isn't Jesus awesome? He is amazing, isn't He? - I love Him. Thank you so much. - Are you sure? You are not just saying this to please me? - No, I am being legit. I can actually walk. - Fantastic. Walk and show me. Come on. No pain at all? Fabulous. Praise Jesus, praise Him. Who is the next? I have joint pains in my knee. Right. - Yeah. How long have you had it for? It started about the middle of last year and it comes and goes. What would you say is the pain level now? Can you feel any pain? When I put pressure on it. Okay, let's pray. Knees, joints be healed, in Jesus' name. Move it now and see how you feel. Just move it around. That's a bit funny. It was there two seconds ago and now it doesn't hurt. At all? Completely? At all. I'm putting pressure on it. If I put pressure on it normally I feel like... Is it completely gone? - Yeah. Praise God for that. You know how this healing happened? By the power of Jesus. It's Jesus that does it, not me. I am not any special person; I am just a messenger. Anyone else has got anything? Come on. I recently recovered from a sprained ankle and still get pain every now and again. Do you have it right now? - A little bit. Move it around and see what kind of pain you have. Yeah, I have got pain. - Okay. Ankles, be healed, in the name of Jesus. Move your ankle. - That feels weird. Come on, walk a little bit. That's so... - Isn't He amazing? I am as amazed as you, because you know what? I am a new Christian. I have just been baptized in water. I have just received the baptism of the Holy Spirit. I spoke in a foreign language, just like the Bible says. Then the Bible says, go out and heal people. Don't listen to the religious denominations of Christianity. That's all rubbish. That's all religion. True followers of Christ do what Jesus tells us to do, and that's what we do. We are simple, ordinary people, just going out and listening to what Jesus says. How much do you know about the Holy Spirit? And baptism with the Holy Spirit? - He intercedes for me. Have you heard about speaking in tongues? I have; I have seen it when I was younger but I got really scared, so I wasn't sure what it was, with very little understanding about the Bible and how the Holy Spirit works. It was kind of hard for me to understand, but in the church that I go to I have not seen it happening yet. In the Book of Acts, chapter 19, you read about Paul, how he came to Ephesus, where he met some believers. He did not ask them which church they attended, because this is not important. He asked them, "Did you receive the Holy Spirit when you believed?" And those believers had not yet got baptized in water in the name of Jesus Christ and they had not yet received the Holy Spirit. So Paul, there baptized them to Jesus Christ and when he then laid the hands on them, they all received the Holy Spirit and started speaking in tongues. Freedom. Freedom. More. More freedom. Freedom, right now. God, we thank you for your love. We thank you for your freedom. Thank you Holy Spirit that you are filling her up. You are filling her up. Never the same, never the same. How are you? You felt that... God... You have never experienced that? I will never be the same. And there in that mall, I laid the hands on her and the Holy Spirit came over her. She had never experienced that before. She was so touched by the Holy Spirit, so we decided to go outside to talk and pray a little more. Outside, when I prayed for her, a demon started to manifest. I command this spirit, go right now! I command this, leave her, right now! There is freedom. There is freedom. Come out! Go! Freedom, right now. Freedom, right now. Go! Go, I command this spirit, go! Go! Go! Right now! Go! Leave her! Leave her! Right now! Leave her! In the beginning, I did not know exactly what I was praying for, but then God revealed it to me. He showed me a sin in her life that she had done. When I told her that, she broke down crying and said, "How did you know, how did you know this? Can God forgive me?" There, outside that mall that young girl met God. It was so strong. So at one point, there came three guards running out and she said, "Go away, go away, I want to talk with them. I want to talk with them." And that day, that girl met God. Later in the afternoon, she came and we prayed for her and she got baptized with the Holy Spirit and spoke in tongues. It was very emotional. And when he was praying for me, I have never mentioned it to him before but he did tell me that I reminded him of someone who was going through the same thing. And that's when I knew that God wanted to tell me that day that He has forgiven me. Even though, I didn't want to forgive myself because I thought there is no forgiveness for such thing. But that day, God used Torben to let me know that He loves me and He forgave me from what I have done. And He has allowed me to experience that. I will never forget it and I will never be the same again. Can you tell about yesterday and then what happened today? - Yeah. Sorry, I'm just really happy. I thought about it yesterday. It really is His way of telling me. Because I was tired of looking for answers and I could not find it anywhere. There was always something inside me. Yesterday it was finalized for me and I am just really happy for it. So today I got baptized. I felt really great after. It's something that I have been thinking of doing before but I thought that there are things I have to do first before I can do it. I have to talk to a pastor, have a couple of seminars or something like that, So, on your own faith we baptize you to Jesus Christ. Die with Christ. Up with Christ. God, we thank you for Maria. We thank you for everything you have done, God. Thank you for what you did yesterday and today. Thank you for what you are going to do in the future, God. It's so amazing, how God really answers prayers and how He can give you, in His perfect time, the things that you need to learn and the things you need to know about His love. I was actually praying the night before I met Torben. I was praying that night on the highway while I was driving. I was praying that I would have this desire in my heart to know Him and to reach out and just give everything to Him, but I didn't know where to start. I felt like I've ran away so far that... He's not there anymore. But yesterday He answered my prayer and He made me realize that He was there the entire time. He was right there, when I was grieving, when I was depressed. Depression got me big. But I'm still here and I'm a representation of His love. I really think that when the church comes back to a true baptism, the true gospel: Repent, turn to Christ. Be baptized for the remission of your sins. Die with Christ and rise with Christ and be filled with the Holy Spirit. That would change this world. What we see in the Book of Acts is an organic, dynamic life with God that is not based on hierarchy. It's not based on programs or projects. It's people who are following Jesus. As we are living the Book of Acts, we are now seeing how that plays out in life. And now, when we look into that perfect mirror of God's Word, where it says, "The Word became flesh." It's happening in our own lives. So it's like, we are now looking at ourselves when we read Scripture. I see people who are fed up with structure. I see people who are fed up with traditions. I see people who will not accept anything but the truth. Almost every Christian in the world wants to see a revival. But my picture of revival was like, some angels from heaven will come, or a light, and everyone gets started and just wake up, and then we have the revival. But, what we see today is that when all Christians on this planet get activated, start doing the things the Bible says we are going to do: go out, heal the sick, preach the gospel, lead people to Christ; then we have the revival. I believe that the revival has been here since Jesus came 2000 years ago. I truly believe this is the last reformation, the last reformation of the church. This stuff is real. It's real. You can do it. It's just a case of going out there and start working on the street. We hide a lot of stuff in the church and there is a lot of bondage in the church, but we need to get out there and be doing it, on the edge. God is real and He called us to be His disciples, Jesus' disciples, to go out and show the world He is real. This is real. It is real. I tell you, it is real. It's real! It's really real! It's really real, y'all! This is real! If this is real in the Bible, what about the rest? Every word is real, from the beginning to the end. Real. This is real. We are living in the last days, where God is bringing His church back to the truth, back to the real life we have been longing for. The real life we have been reading about in the Book of Acts, where the Holy Spirit is leading. This is happening, and it's happening all over the world. So let us keep the focus, let us continue making disciples and let Jesus build His church. I believe it's the last reformation and this is just the beginning. Do you still remember the word I spoke to you? Do you still remember the dream I gave to you? Time passes and the calendar's filled up. But one is necessary, spend time with me. Wake up, my people. Soon, I'm coming back. One is necessary. Spend time with me. I'm guiding you. If you want to be my disciple, you must deny yourself and lay your own dreams down. Follow me, no matter what the cost is. Then you will get eternal life. Wake up, my people. Soon, I'm coming back. One is necessary. Spend time with me. I'm guiding you. Do you have time for me? To seek my Kingdom, to seek my face. I want to speak to you. I want to lead you step by step. I'm calling you. Will you follow me no matter what the cost is? I'm calling you. I'm calling you. Subtitles by: Mark Sheats, Robbert Dam, Therese Visconti & Lourens Akkerman. Subtitles by the Amara.org community

Contents

Meaning of the name

The title of the work in Hebrew means "four rows", in allusion to the jewels on the High Priest's breastplate. Each of the four divisions of the work is a "Tur", so a particular passage may be cited as "Tur Orach Chayim, siman 22", meaning "Orach Chayim division, chapter 22". This was later misunderstood as meaning "Tur, Orach Chayim, chapter 22" (to distinguish it from the corresponding passage in the Shulchan Aruch), so that "Tur" came to be used as the title of the whole work.[1]

Arrangement and contents

 A 1565 edition of Even Ha'ezer, the third part of Arba'ah Turim
A 1565 edition of Even Ha'ezer, the third part of Arba'ah Turim

The Arba'ah Turim, as the name implies, consists of four divisions ("Turim"); these are further organised by topic and section (siman, pl. simanim).[2]

The four Turim are as follows:

In the Arba'ah Turim, Rabbi Jacob traces the practical Jewish law from the Torah text and the dicta of the Talmud through the Rishonim. He used the code of Rabbi Isaac Alfasi as his starting point; these views are then compared to those of Maimonides, as well as to the Ashkenazi traditions contained in the Tosafist literature. Unlike Maimonides' Mishneh Torah, the Tur is not limited to normative positions, but compares the various opinions on any disputed point. (In most instances of debate, Rabbi Jacob follows the opinion of his father, Rabbi Asher ben Jehiel, the Rosh.) The Arba'ah Turim also differs from the Mishneh Torah, in that, unlike Maimonides' work, it deals only with areas of Jewish law that are applicable in the Jewish exile.

Later developments

The best-known commentary on the Arba'ah Turim is the Beit Yosef by rabbi Joseph ben Ephraim Karo: this goes beyond the normal functions of a commentary, in that it attempts to review all the relevant authorities and come to a final decision on every point, so as to constitute a comprehensive resource on Jewish law. Other commentaries are Bayit Chadash by rabbi Joel Sirkis, Darkhei Moshe by Moses Isserles, Beit Yisrael (Perishah u-Derishah) by rabbi Joshua Falk, as well as works by a number of other Acharonim. These often defend the views of the Tur against the Beit Yosef.

The Tur continues to play an important role in Halakha.

  • Joseph Caro's Shulchan Aruch, the fundamental work of Halakha, is a condensation of his Beit Yosef and follows the basic structure of the Arba'ah Turim, including its division into four sections and chapters - Tur's structure down to the siman is retained in the Shulchan Aruch.
  • The views in the other commentaries are often relevant in ascertaining or explaining the Ashkenazi version of Jewish law, as codified by Moses Isserles in his Mappah.

Students of the Shulchan Aruch, particularly in Orthodox Semikhah programs, often study the Tur and the Beit Yosef concurrently with the Shulchan Aruch itself: in some editions the two works are printed together, to allow comparison of corresponding simanim.

See also

References

  1. ^ Cf. the analogous back-formation "Chumash".
  2. ^ The Shulchan Aruch contains a further division by paragraph (sa'if, pl. se'ifim), which is incorporated into some editions of the Arba'ah Turim to enable point-by-point comparison.

External links

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