To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Aracruz, Espírito Santo

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Município de Aracruz
Putiri Beach, Aracruz, Espírito Santo
Putiri Beach, Aracruz, Espírito Santo
Flag of Aracruz
Official seal of Aracruz
Location of Aracruz in Espírito Santo
Location of Aracruz in Espírito Santo
Aracruz is located in Brazil
Location of Aracruz in Brazil
Coordinates: 19°49′12″S 40°16′22″W / 19.82000°S 40.27278°W / -19.82000; -40.27278
Bandeira do Espírito Santo.svg
Espírito Santo
Brazil State EspiritoSanto.svg
FoundedApril 3, 1848
 • MayorJones Cavaglieri (Solidariedade)
 • Total1,423.87 km2 (549.76 sq mi)
 • Total93,325
 • Density66/km2 (170/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-3 (BRT)

Aracruz is a municipality at the central coast of Espírito Santo, Brazil.


Aracruz covers 1,423.87 km2 (549.76 sq mi), and has a population of 93,325 with a population density of 66 inhabitants per square kilometer.[1] The municipality contains part of the 785 hectares (1,940 acres) Comboios Biological Reserve, a fully protected area.[2] The 17,741 hectares (43,840 acres) Santa Cruz Wildlife Refuge created in 2010 extends offshore from the municipality.[3] The coastline of the municipality is also protected in part by the 112,545 hectares (278,100 acres) Costa das Algas Environmental Protection Area, created in 2010.[4]


The municipality's history begins in 1556, when two Jesuit priests (Braz Lourenço and Diogo Jácomo) founded Santa Cruz, a town then called Aldeia Nova (New Village). Aldeia Nova later became known as Aldeia Velha (Old Village), since it didn't prosper as much as its neighbour, which then became known as Aldeia Nova, and is today called Nova Almeida. Aldeia Velha became emancipated as a municipality in 1848, and changed its name to Santa Cruz. In 1943, the municipality and its capital were both renamed Aracruz. However, the biggest economic driver at the time was jacarandá wood, and Sauaçu held most of the wood processing plants (serrarias), so in 1948 the capital was moved to Sauaçu (also called Sauassu), and the capital's name went with it. Sauaçu then became known as Aracruz, and Aracruz reverted to its formal and present name, Santa Cruz.

Santa Cruz was founded at the mouth of the Piraquê-mirim and Piraquê-açu Rivers, as were a number of Amerindian tribes. After a visit from the Emperor Peter II who slept in Santa Cruz in 1860, he signed permission for 386 Italian families to settle in Santa Cruz, and those families founded Fazenda Nova Trento (New Trento Farm) around 1874. Other groups moved up the Piraquê-açu river to found Palmas Farm (Fazenda das Palmas) and Santa Teresa. At this time coffee and cassava plantations were common.

Another large wave of Italian immigrants began coming around 1872, when a ship called Sofia arrived bringing 386 Italians from the region of Trento. Those went on to found Nova Trento Colony.


According to the IBGE population estimate for 2016, Aracruz is the tenth most populated municipality in Espírito Santo, with 96.746 residents.


Today Aracruz is home to roughly 1500 Native Americans divided into six reservations: Caieiras Velha, Comboios, Irajá, Pau Brasil, Tekoá and Três Palmeiras. Only in the last couple of decades have they been able to secure their land here, as many problems with the local paper industry greatly prolonged their land struggles. Those Amerindians belong to two tribes: the Tupiniquim and the Guarani. The Native Americans in Aracruz Municipality no longer speak their native languages, but they hold on to their traditional subsistence farming and handcraft trade.


  1. ^ "Aracruz" (in Portuguese). Brasília, Brazil: Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatstica. 2015. Retrieved 2015-09-02.
  2. ^ Unidade de Conservação: Reserva Biológica de Comboios (in Portuguese), MMA: Ministério do Meio Ambiente, retrieved 2016-04-25
  3. ^ RVS Santa Cruz (in Portuguese), ISA: Instituto Socioambiental, retrieved 2016-10-23
  4. ^ APA Costa das Algas (in Portuguese), ISA: Instituto Socioambiental, retrieved 2016-10-28
This page was last edited on 3 August 2019, at 04:30
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.