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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Arachnology is the scientific study of spiders and related animals such as scorpions, pseudoscorpions, and harvestmen, collectively called arachnids. Those who study spiders and other arachnids are arachnologists.

The word arachnology derives from Greek ἀράχνη, arachnē, "spider"; and -λογία, -logia.

Arachnology as a science

Arachnologists are primarily responsible for classifying arachnids and studying aspects of their biology. In the popular imagination they are sometimes referred to as 'spider experts'. Disciplines within arachnology include naming species and determining their evolutionary relationships to one another (taxonomy and systematics), studying how they interact with other members of their species and/or their environment (behavioural ecology), or how they are distributed in different regions and habitats (faunistics). Other arachnologists perform research on the anatomy or physiology of arachnids, including the venom of spiders and scorpions. Others study the impact of spiders in agricultural ecosystems and whether they can be used as biological control agents.

Subdisciplines

Arachnology can be broken down into more specific specialties. These topics include:

Arachnological societies

Arachnologists are served by a number of scientific societies, both national and international in scope. Their main role is to encourage the exchange of ideas between researchers, to organise meetings and congresses, and in a number of cases to publish academic journals. Some are also involved in science outreach programs, like the European spider of the year, which raise awareness of these animals among the general public.

International

Africa

  • African Arachnological Society (AFRAS) website

Asia

Australasia

Europe

  • Aracnofilia – Associazione Italiana di Aracnologia website
  • Arachnologia Belgica – Belgian Arachnological Society (ARABEL) website
  • Arachnologische Gesellschaft (AraGes) website
  • Association Francaise d'Arachnologie (AsFrA) website
  • British Arachnological Society (BAS) website
  • Czech Arachnological Society website
  • European Society of Arachnology (ESA) website
  • Grupo Ibérico de Aracnologia (Iberian Peninsula) website
  • Magyar Arachnolgia – Hungarian Arachnology

North America

Arachnological journals

Scientific journals devoted to the study of arachnids include:

  • Acarologia
  • Acta Arachnologica – published by the Arachnological Society of Japan
  • Arachnida: Rivista Aracnologica Italiana
  • Arachnology – published by the British Arachnological Society
  • Arachnology Letters – published by the Arachnologische Gesellschaft
  • International Journal of Acarology
  • Journal of Arachnology – published by the American Arachnological Society
  • Revista Ibérica de Arachnología – published by the Grupo Ibérico de Aracnología
  • Revue Arachnologique
  • Serket

Popular arachnology

In the 1970s, arachnids – particularly tarantulas – started to become popular as exotic pets. Many tarantulas thus become more widely known by their common names such as the Mexican redknee tarantula (Brachypelma smithi).

Various societies now focus on the husbandry, care, study and captive breeding of tarantulas, and other arachnids. They also typically produce journals or newsletters with articles and advice on these subjects.

  • British Tarantula Society (BTS) website
  • Deutsche Arachnologische Gesellschaft (DeArGe) website
  • The American Tarantula Society (ATS) website

See also

External Information Links

This page was last edited on 24 April 2018, at 17:59.
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