To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Antilocapridae

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Antilocapridae
Temporal range: Early Miocene–recent
Pronghorn antelope.jpg
Pronghorns in Fort Keogh, Montana
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Superfamily: Giraffoidea
Family: Antilocapridae
Gray, 1866
Genus

Antilocapra
Capromeryx
Stockoceros
Tetrameryx

And see text.

The Antilocapridae are a family of artiodactyls endemic to North America. Their closest extant relatives are the giraffids with which they comprise the superfamily Giraffoidea. Only one species, the pronghorn (Antilocapra americana), is living today; all other members of the family are extinct. The living pronghorn is a small ruminant mammal resembling an antelope.

In most respects, antilocaprids resemble other ruminants. They have a complex, four-chambered stomach for digesting tough plant matter, cloven hooves, and small, forked horns. Their horns resemble those of the bovids, in that they have a true horny sheath, but, uniquely, they are shed outside the breeding season, and subsequently regrown. Their lateral toes are even further diminished than in bovids, with the digits themselves being entirely lost, and only the cannon bones remaining. Antilocaprids have the same dental formula as most other ruminants: 0.0.3.33.1.3.3.

Evolution

The antilocaprids evolved in North America, where they filled a niche similar to that of the bovids that evolved in the Old World. During the Miocene and Pliocene, they were a diverse and successful group, with many different species. Some had horns with bizarre shapes, or had four, or even six, horns. Examples include Osbornoceros, with smooth, slightly curved horns, Paracosoryx, with flattened horns that widened to forked tips, Ramoceros, with fan-shaped horns, and Hayoceros, with four horns.[1][2]

Species

  • Subfamily Antilocaprinae
    • Tribe Antilocaprini
    • Tribe †Ilingoceratini
      • Genus †Ilingoceros
        • Ilingoceros alexandrae
        • Ilingoceros schizoceros
      • Genus †Ottoceros
        • Ottoceros peacevalleyensis
      • Genus †Plioceros
        • Plioceros blicki
        • Plioceros dehlini
        • Plioceros floblairi
      • Genus †Sphenophalos
        • Sphenophalos garciae
        • Sphenophalos middleswarti
        • Sphenophalos nevadanus
    • Tribe †Proantilocaprini
    • Tribe Stockoceratini
      • Genus †Capromeryx - (junior synonym Breameryx)
        • Capromeryx arizonensis - (junior synonym B. arizonensis)
        • Capromeryx furcifer - (junior synonyms B. minimus, C. minimus)
        • Capromeryx gidleyi - (junior synonym B. gidleyi)
        • Capromeryx mexicana - (junior synonym B. mexicana)
        • Capromeryx minor - (junior synonym B. minor)
        • Capromeryx tauntonensis
      • Genus †Ceratomeryx
        • Ceratomeryx prenticei
      • Genus †Hayoceros
        • Hayoceros barbouri
        • Hayoceros falkenbachi
      • Genus †Hexameryx
        • Hexameryx simpsoni
      • Genus †Hexobelomeryx
        • Hexobelomeryx fricki
        • Hexobelomeryx simpsoni
      • Genus †Stockoceros
        • Stockoceros conklingi (junior synonym S. onusrosagris)
          Stockoceros conklingi skeleton
          Stockoceros conklingi skeleton
      • Genus †Tetrameryx
        • Tetrameryx irvingtonensis
        • Tetrameryx knoxensis
        • Tetrameryx mooseri
        • Tetrameryx shuleri
        • Tetrameryx tacubayensis
  • Subfamily Merycodontinae
    • Genus †Cosoryx
      • Cosoryx agilis
      • Cosoryx cerroensis
      • Cosoryx furcatus
      • Cosoryx ilfonensis
      • Cosoryx trilateralis
    • Genus †Meryceros
      • Meryceros crucensis
      • Merycerus crucianus
      • Meryceros hookwayi
      • Meryceros joraki
      • Meryceros major
      • Meryceros nenzelensis
      • Meryceros warreni
    • Genus †Merycodus
      • Merycodus furcatus
      • Merycodus grandis
      • Merycodus necatus
      • Merycodus prodromus
      • Merycodus sabulonis
    • Genus †Paracosoryx
      • Paracosoryx alticornis
      • Paracosoryx burgensis
      • Paracosoryx dawesensis
      • Paracosoryx furlongi
      • Paracosoryx loxoceros
      • Paracosoryx nevadensis
      • Paracosoryx wilsoni
    • Genus †Ramoceros
      • Ramoceros brevicornis
      • Ramoceros coronatus
      • Ramoceros marthae
      • Ramoceros merriami
      • Ramoceros osborni
      • Ramoceros palmatus
      • Ramoceros ramosus
    • Genus †Submeryceros
      • Submeryceros crucianus
      • Submeryceros minimus
      • Submeryceros minor

References

  1. ^ Savage, RJG; Long, MR (1986). Mammal Evolution: an illustrated guide. New York: Facts on File. pp. 232–233. ISBN 0-8160-1194-X.
  2. ^ Palmer, D., ed. (1999). The Marshall Illustrated Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs and Prehistoric Animals. London: Marshall Editions. p. 280. ISBN 1-84028-152-9.


This page was last edited on 11 March 2019, at 08:37
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.