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Anthem of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Imnul de Stat al RSS Moldovenești
English: 'State Anthem of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic'
Имнул де Стат ал РСС Молдовенешть
Moldovan SSR Anthem Music Sheet.InstrumentalSimple (1980-1991).svg

Former regional anthem of Moldavian SSR
LyricsEmilian Bukov and Bogdan Istru (Ivan Bodarev)
MusicȘtefan Neaga (1945)
Eduard Lazarev (musical renovation in 1980)
Adopted1945 (original version)
1980 (renewed version)
Relinquished1980 (original version)
1991 (renewed version)
Preceded byDeșteaptă-te, române!
Succeeded byDeșteaptă-te, române! (until 1994)
Limba Noastra
Audio sample
"Imnul de Stat al RSS Moldovenești" (post-1980 version)

The State Anthem of the Moldavian SSR[a] was the regional anthem of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic, a constituent republic of the Soviet Union.[1]

Originally, the anthem began with the words, "Moldova cu doine străbune pe plaiuri"[2] and was composed by Ștefan Neaga, with lyrics by the poets Emilian Bukov and Bogdan Istru (Ivan Bodarev) in 1945.

Ivan Bodiul, the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Moldova, authorized composer Eduard Lazarev to modify the anthem in a "Musical Renovation". (Second Edition of the Anthem).[3]

The lyrics were rewritten, removing all references to Joseph Stalin. The music was also altered, removing the original three-stanza structure in favor of a single-stanza three-part structure.[1]

The beginning words of the anthem were changed to "Moldova Sovietică".

History

In 1945 Ștefan Neaga wrote the melody for the Anthem of Moldova SSR, for which the poets Emil Bukov and Bogdan Istru created the lyrics. Thanks to this work, the composer and the writers won the first prize of a great national musical contest in the Soviet Union,[citation needed] where composers from Moldova and other Soviet republics presented their works.[4]

"E. Bukov remembered how demanding and self-critic was Ștefan Neaga. For this anthem, he made dozens of variants, each time being dissatisfied. The Anthem -said the composer-, had to be composed so when a person hears it, he would stand up filled by a deep patriotic sentiment.[5]

The anthem that they created, was highly appreciated by musicians, becoming for over 45 years the main song of the country. Through this musical work, Neaga became the eternal pride and joy of the Moldavian people. (Moldova socialistă, 1951)"Moldavian SSR's anthem is one of the best creations of this genre. Adopted in 1945, it entered for three and half decades in our republic's symbolism".[6]

It was very melodic and it had some ties with folk music. The musicologist Leonid Răilean testified: "In the years of the "greater country" (USSR), one day, the anthem ceased to like. When Stalin died in 1953, during the De-Stalinization, the State Anthems were muted by Nikita Khrushchev and the Moldovian SSR anthem was like a long melody it supposed that they were 25 years of a anthem without lyrics. In 1977, the Soviet Union adopted a new constitution and lyrics of the National Anthem, all its Socialist Republics followed the same path. Bodiul, who took over in 1961, got bored with the long anthem without lyrics and decided to make it shorter and simpler, keeping the original idea. And, as its author was no longer alive, Ivan Bodiul authorized Eduard Lazarev "to renovate" the anthem. The task was given to the composer who maintained the music of the verses, added an introduction, an intermezzo, and in the end a variation of the old Chorus. This renovation deformed and damaged the music structure and thus, its sonority. One way or another, in the early 90s, this anthem was thrown to the garbage dump of history, as well as other signs of the past times".[7]

Ștefan Neaga said that he wanted to represent with his work "the creativity and love of Great Stalin, the certainty of the victory of communism, and his desire to give all his forces in this unique case".[8]

"I wanted to play in this gratifying music event, to create the symbol of these historic victories, in which the Moldovan people regained their freedom."[9]

Neaga was an artist who supervised under his own magnifying glass the weaknesses of his art. French writer Claude Roy said that there is a type of character in which one can see a creation as "an art to shine for yourself and for others, a little more than one can really live your life."[citation needed]

Mystery of lyrics

In the only instrumental recording of the Moldavian SSR National Anthem, made by the Brass Band of the USSR Ministry of Defence in 1968, the original version made by Neaga in 1945 can be heard. It is a "typical" Soviet Anthem with three stanzas and three choruses.

Stalin in 1945
Stalin in 1945

Moldovan politician and historian Valeriu Passat (ro), stated in his exhibition "13 ani de Stalinism. RSS Moldovenească în anii 1940–1953" (13 Years of Stalinism, Moldavian SSR in years 1940–1953) that Iosif Mordoveț (ro) forced the authors to write the anthem.[10]

According to Vladimir Poțeluev,[11] this anthem was created by an order made by the Supreme Soviet in Moscow, after the annexation of the Moldavian ASSR and Bessarabia (the west and east territory of the Dniester River) to the Soviet Union. It also said that the top brass (Stalin and others) set multiple rules for the writers of the lyrics:

  • Mention to the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
  • Mention to the "Yugo Liberation" from capitalism.
  • Mention to the development of infrastructure under the Soviets.
  • Mention to the unity of Moldavian people with the rest of the union (something typical in the anthems of the Soviet republics).
  • Mention to the total expulsion of fascists on Moldavian Territory (Soviet victory over Hitler).

Rejected lyrics:

Emil Samoilă Leonid Cornenanu Variant of Liviu Deleanu – rejected for aggression
  • „Cotropitorii fasciști au cutezat
  • Să înrobească al nostru sfânt pământ.
  • Din piepturi zid de oțel am ridicat.
  • Dușmanului noi i-am săpat mormânt!
  • Republică-suroră, în vecii să fii slăvită!
  • În armonie noroadele trăiesc!
  • Puterea lor îi astăzi însutită
  • și din izbândă, izbândă făuresc!”
  • „Noi veacuri întregi am zăcut în robir,
  • La Nistru și Prut ne doineam versul trist.
  • Dar Lenin și Stalin ne-au dat bucurie,
  • Ne-a dat-o iubitul partid comunist.”
  • „Crescută sub spada lui Ștefan cel Mare
  • și slova înțeleptului Domn Cantemir,
  • moldova renaște din noi în hotare,
  • călită în lupte și mari izbândiri.”

Lyrics

Note on orthography

The Cyrillic script was used officially for the Romanian language (also called Moldovan in Transnistria and by less developed rural regions of Moldova)[12][13] during Soviet times. However, after 1989, the Romanian language in modern-day Moldova now officially uses the Latin script; only the breakaway state of Transnistria (claimed internationally as part of Moldova) still officially uses the Cyrillic alphabet.

Original version (1945–1953)

Cyrillic script
(then official)
Latin script
(now official)
IPA transcription
(Moldavian dialect)
Poetic English translation

I
Молдова ку дойне стрэбуне пе плаюрь,
Ку поамэ ши пыне пе дялурь ши вэй.
Луптынд ку-ажуторул Русией мэреце,
А врут неатырнаря пэмынтулуй ей.

Рефрен:
Славэ ын вякурь, Молдовэ Советикэ,
Креште ку алте републичь сурорь,
Ши ку драпелул Советик ыналцэ-те,
Каля сэ-ць фие авынт крятор.

II
Пе друмул луминий ку Ленин ши Сталин,
Робия боерилор крунць ам ынвинс.
Пе ной дин избындэ-н избындэ ынаинте,
Не дуче слэвитул партид комунист.

Рефрен

III
Ын армия ноастрэ, луптынд витежеште,
Пе душманий цэрий ый вом бируй,
Ши-н маря фамилие а Униуний,
Молдова Советикэ-н вечь а-нфлори.

Рефрен[1]

I
Moldova cu doine străbune pe plaiuri,
Cu poamă și pâne pe dealuri și văi.
Luptând cu-ajutorul Rusiei mărețe,
A vrut neatârnarea pământului ei.

Refren:
Slavă în veacuri, Moldovă Sovietică,
Crește cu alte republici surori,
Și cu drapelul Sovietic înalță-te,
Calea să-ți fie avânt creator.

II
Pe drumul luminii cu Lenin și Stalin,
Robia boierilor crunți am învins.
Pe noi din izbândă-n izbândă înainte,
Ne duce slăvitul partid comunist.

Refren

III
În armia noastră, luptând vitejește,
Pe dușmanii țării îi vom birui,
Și-n marea familie a Uniunii,
Moldova Sovietică-n veci a-nflori.

Refren[1]

1
[mol.do.ʝa ku doj.ne strə.bu.ne ce pla.jur]
[ku po̯a.mɨ ʃɨ pɨ.ne ce de̯a.lur ʃɨ vəj ‖]
[lup.tənd kwa.ʒu.to.rul ru.sɨ.jej mə.rə.tsə]
[a vrut ne̯a.tɨr.na.rɛ pə.mɨn.tu.luj jej ‖]

[rə.frən]
[sla.vɨ ɨɱ va.kur ǀ mol.do.vɨ so.ʝə.ti.kɨ]
[krəʃ.te ku al.te rə.pu.bli(t)ʃʲ su.ror]
[ʃɨ ku dra.ce.lul so.ʝə.tik ɨ.nal.tsə.te]
[ka.lɛ səts çi.je a.vɨnt kra.tor ‖]

2
[ce dru.mul lu.ɲi.nij ku le.nin ʃɨ sta.lin]
[ro.ɟi.je bo.je.rɨ.lor krunts am ɨn.ʝins ‖]
[ce noj din iz.bɨn.dəʔn̩ iz.bɨn.dɨ ɨ.na.in.te]
[ne du.(t)ʃe slə.ʝi.tuʎ car.tid ko.mu.nist ‖]

[rə.frən]

3
[ɨn ar.ɲi.je no̯as.trə ǀ lup.tɨnd ʝi.te.ʒəʃ.te]
[ce duʃ.ɲa.nij tsə.rɨj ɨj vom ɟi.ru.i]
[ʃɨʔɲ̩ ɲa.rɛ ça.ɲi.li.je a u.ni.u.nij]
[mol.do.ʝa so.ʝə.ti.kəʔɲ̩ ʝe(t)ʃʲ aɱ.flo.ri ‖]

[rə.frən]

I
Moldova, land of ancestral doina-s abound,
Its hills and valleys, where grapes and bread are found.
With the aid of Great Russia, we fight in battle,
To make thy land free, we conquer thy struggle.

Refrain:
O Soviet Moldova, eternally flourish,
With the others, we are able to grow,
And around the Soviet flag, up it riseth,
Let the path be thy great gifted flow.

II
Lenin and Stalin, with us, in thy path agleam,
We have defeated the cruel boyar's bondage.
For us from victory to victory alee,
The glorious Communist Party leadeth us!

Refrain

III
Among our Army, fighting valiantly,
We'll beat the enemies of thy country,
And in the great family of the Union,
Soviet Moldavia shall flourish evermore.

Refrain

Post-Stalinist version (1980–1991)

After Stalin's death in 1953, like other SSR anthems, any mentions of the former leader have been removed; however, a new version of the anthem wasn't adopted until 1980. The anthem was rewritten from the typical three verses with choruses—like other SSR anthems—to a three-part single verse without choruses, which was used until the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.[1]

The music was composed by Ștefan Neaga and was arranged by Eduard Lazarev, and the lyrics were written by Emilian Bucov and Bogdan Istru.[1]

Moldovan Cyrillic script
(then official)
Romanian Latin script
(now official)
IPA transcription
(Moldavian dialect)
Poetic English translation

I
Молдова Советикэ, плаюл ностру-н флоаре,
Алэтурь де алте републичь сурорь.
Пэшеште ымпреунэ ку Русия маре,
Спре ал Униуний сенин виитор.

II
Дойна ынфрэцирий прослэвеште Цара,
Ку ынцелепчиуне кондусэ де Партид.
Кауза луй Ленин – каузэ мэряцэ –
О ынфэптуеште попорул стрынс унит.

III
Славэ ын вякурь, ренэскут пэмынт!
Мунка сэ-ць фие крятор авынт!
Ши комунисмул – цел нестрэмутат –
Ыналцэ-л прин фапте пентру феричиря та![1][14][15]

I
Moldova Sovietică, plaiul nostru-n floare,
Alături de alte republici surori.
Pășește împreună cu Rusia mare,
Spre al Uniunii senin viitor.

II
Doina înfrățirii proslăvește Țara,
Cu înțelepciune condusă de Partid.
Cauza lui Lenin – cauză măreață –
O înfăptuiește poporul strâns unit.

III
Slavă în veacuri, renăscut pământ!
Munca să-ți fie creator avânt!
Și comunismul – țel nestrămutat –
Înalță-l prin fapte pentru fericirea ta![1][14]

1
[mol.do.ʝa so.ʝə.ti.kɨ ǀ pla.jul nos.truʔɱ̩ flo̯a.rə]
[a.lə.tur de al.te rə.pu.bli(t)ʃʲ su.ror ‖]
[pə.ʃəʃ.te ɨm.prəw.nɨ ku ru.sɨ.je ɲa.rə]
[sprə al u.ni.u.nij sə.niɲ ʝi.ji.tor ‖]

2
[doj.na ɨɱ.frər.tsɨ.rɨj pro.slə.ʝeʃ.te tsa.ra]
[ku ɨn.tsə.lep.(t)ʃi.u.ne kon.du.sɨ de car.tid ‖]
[kaw.za luj le.nin ǀ kaw.zɨ mə.ra.tsɨ]
[o ɨɱ.fəp.tu.jeʃ.te po.po.rul strɨns u.nit ‖]

3
[sla.və ɨɱ va.kur ǀ rə.nəs.kut pə.mɨnt ‖]
[muŋ.ka səts çi.je kra.tor a.vɨnt ‖]
[ʃɨ ko.mu.niz.mul tsəl nes.trə.mu.tat]
[ɨ.nal.tsəʔl̩ prɨɲ çap.te cen.tru çe.rɨ.(t)ʃi.rɛ ta ‖]

1
Soviet Moldova, our land of flowers,
Along with our sister republics,
Together with Great Mother Russia we march on,
Toward the Union's future so serene.

2
The fraternal doina the country praiseth,
As our great Party sagaciously us leadeth.
The cause of Lenin, a cause so noble,
Brought about by our undivided people.

3
Of aeons glorious, oh land renewed!
For thee may labour be a sire great!
And communism, this goal unshaken –
Thou raisest it through the achievements for thy blessing!

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Romanian: Imnul de Stat al RSS Moldovenești, Moldovan Cyrillic: Имнул де Стат ал РСС Молдовенешть; Russian: Гимн Молдавской ССР, romanizedGimn Moldavskoj SSR

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Moldova (1945-1991) – nationalanthems.info
  2. ^ "Catalog BNRM |". catalog.bnrm.md. Retrieved 2016-01-20.
  3. ^ "НЯГА Штефан". kishinev84.murvanidze.com. Archived from the original on 2017-05-10.
  4. ^ Știrbu, Alina. Maestrul Ștefan Neaga la intersecții de culturi: Dezvăluiri genetice și identitare a personalității lui Ștefan Neaga. pp. 102 & 103.
  5. ^ Nistru, 1975
  6. ^ Sovet. Moldova, 1990
  7. ^ Șmurgun, N., Rev. Moldova. – 2011. – Noiem. – Dec. – P. 28-33.
  8. ^ MS 1950
  9. ^ MS 1945
  10. ^ "Tiparire - Eveniment / "Stalinismul", expus de Valeriu Pasat". www.timpul.md.
  11. ^ "Despre simbolurile "naționale" ale Republicii Sovietice Socialiste Moldovenești". www.curaj.net. Archived from the original on 2017-09-22.
  12. ^ Article 12 of the Constitution of Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublika, kspmr.idknet.com, 24 December 1995
  13. ^ Population by main nationalities, mother tongue and language usually spoken, 2004 (XLS), National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Moldova
  14. ^ a b Гимн Молдавской ССР
  15. ^ Духовой оркестр МО СССР - Государственный гимн Молдавской ССР текст песни

External links

This page was last edited on 7 July 2021, at 22:30
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