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Antarctica Service Medal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Antarctica Service Medal
Antarctica Service Medal.png
Reverse-Antarctica Service Medal.png
Antarctica Service Medal
(left image=obverse, right image=reverse)
TypeMedal
Awarded forService in Antarctica (see "Criteria"' ').
Presented bythe Department of Defense[1]
StatusCurrently awarded
EstablishedPub.L. 86−600, 74 Stat. 337, enacted July 7, 1960[2]
First awarded1960 (retroactive to January 2, 1946)
Antarctica Service Medal ribbon.svg
Precedence
Next (higher)Korean Service Medal
EquivalentArmy - Arctic Tab
Navy & Marine Corps - Navy Arctic Service Ribbon
Air Force - Air Force Overseas Short Tour Service Ribbon with Arctic "A" Device
Coast Guard - Coast Guard Arctic Service Medal
Next (lower)Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal

The Antarctica Service Medal (ASM) was established by the United States Congress on July 7, 1960, under Public Law 600 of the 86th Congress.[3][4] The medal was intended as a military award to replace several commemorative awards which had been issued for previous Antarctica expeditions from 1928 to 1941. With the creation of the Antarctica Service Medal, the following commemorative medals were declared obsolete;

The Antarctica Service Medal is considered an award of the United States Armed Forces, issued in the name of the U.S. Department of Defense, and is authorized for wear on active duty uniforms. The medal may also be awarded to U.S. civilians and citizens of foreign nations who participate in a U.S. Antarctic expedition on the continent at the invitation of a participating U.S. agency (for example, National Science Foundation).[5]

The Arctic equivalents of the Antarctica Service Medal are the Army Arctic Tab, Navy Arctic Service Ribbon, the Coast Guard Arctic Service Medal and the Air Force Overseas Short Tour Service Ribbon with Arctic "A" Device.

Criteria

To qualify for the Antarctica Service Medal, personnel must train or serve ten days stationed on the Antarctic continent, or aboard vessels in Antarctic waters, defined as south of 60 degrees latitude.[6] Flight crews performing transport missions to Antarctica qualify for one day of service for each flight mission performed within a 24-hour time period.[7] Civilians who work in a research facility or on a research vessel are also eligible to receive the Antarctica Service Medal through the National Science Foundation, provided that they also remain south of 60 degrees latitude for a cumulative period of 10 days, or 30 days if prior to October 10, 2008.[8]

Appearance

The award is issued as a bronze medal, 1+14 inches in diameter. Its obverse consists of a polar landscape view and standing figure in Antarctica clothing facing to the front between the horizontally placed words, "ANTARCTICA" on the figure's left and "SERVICE" on the figure's right.[4]

On its reverse is a polar projection with geodesic lines of the continent of Antarctica across which are the horizontally placed words "COURAGE", "SACRIFICE", and "DEVOTION", all within a circular decorative border of penguins and marine life.

The service ribbon is 1+38 inches wide and consists of a 316-inch black stripe on each edge and graded from a white stripe in the center to a pale blue, light blue, greenish blue, and medium blue. The outer bands of black and dark blue represent five months of Antarctic darkness; the center portion, by its size and colors – grading from medium blue through light blue and pale blue to white – symbolizes seven months of solar illumination, and also the aurora australis.[9]

Devices

Wintered Over Discs and Clasps
Wintered Over Discs and Clasps

For those personnel performing extended winter service in Antarctica, a "Wintered Over" device is authorized. The "Wintered Over" bar is only worn on the full-size medal's suspension ribbon. The smaller "disc" device is worn on the uniform ribbon to recognize this service.

The Wintered Over device is bestowed to indicate the number of winters served on the Antarctica continent. The device is worn as a disk on the award ribbon and is issued in bronze for one winter service, gold for two, and silver for three or more winters of service. On the full-sized medal a clasp is worn, issued in the same degree, inscribed with the words "Wintered Over".

Partial list of recipients

References

  1. ^ "Issuances" (PDF). www.esd.whs.mil. 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-09-12. Retrieved 2018-01-15.
  2. ^ Additional details and descriptions are given at 32 CFR 578.24.
  3. ^ "An Act to provide for the presentation of a medal to persons who have served as members of a United States expedition to Antarctica" (PDF). United States Antarctic Program. July 7, 1960. Retrieved January 18, 2013.
  4. ^ a b "Antarctica Service Medal". The Institute of Heraldry: Office of the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the ARMY. Archived from the original on 2013-12-25. Retrieved December 24, 2013.
  5. ^ "United States Antarctic Program". Retrieved May 8, 2020.
  6. ^ "Issuances" (PDF). www.esd.whs.mil. 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-09-12. Retrieved 2018-01-15.
  7. ^ "Antarctica Service Medal". Air Force Personnel Center. Archived from the original on October 5, 2015. Retrieved January 18, 2013.
  8. ^ "Antarctica Service Medal". United States Antarctica Program. National Science Foundation. Retrieved October 21, 2016.
  9. ^ "Background and History of the Antarctic Service Medal" (PDF). Antarctic Journal of the United States. Retrieved 2013-12-24.

External links

This page was last edited on 29 June 2021, at 00:54
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