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Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • Revised RomanizationAnsan-si
 • McCune-ReischauerAnsan-shi
Ansan City Hall.jpg
Official logo of Ansan

Emblem of Ansan
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Coordinates: 37°19′0″N 126°50′0″E / 37.31667°N 126.83333°E / 37.31667; 126.83333
Country South Korea
First mention940
City status1986
Administrative divisions2 gu, 25 dong
 • Total149.39 km2 (57.68 sq mi)
9 m (30 ft)
(July 31, 2016)
 • Total693,546
 • Density4,600/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
 • Dialect
Postal code
Area code(s)(+82) 31
BirdChinese egret[1]
Ansan Lake Park in April 2018
Ansan Lake Park in April 2018

Ansan (Korean pronunciation: [an.san]) is a city in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea. It lies southwest of Seoul, and is part of the Seoul National Capital Area. It is connected to Seoul by rail via Seoul Subway Line 4. Ansan is situated on the Yellow Sea coast and some islands lie within its jurisdiction. The largest and best-known of these is Daebu Island. Several higher learning institutions are located in Ansan. They include Ansan University, Ansan College of Technology, Seoul Institute of the Arts, and the ERICA campus of Hanyang University. The Korea Transportation Safety Authority, a government agency, is also headquartered in Ansan on June 3, 2002.[2][3] With its high number of foreign workers, Wongokbon-dong has been designated a multicultural area.[4]

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You are arriving via the tunnel entrance. You are arriving via the Exhibition Road entrance. You have exited South Kensington tube station. You are arriving via the Grand Entrance on Cromwell Road. Welcome to the world's most famous museum of art and design. Your mission is to gain knowledge and experiences from the V&A in order to discover the mystery behind a legend of creation. The legend is at a secret place in the V&A. The more experience you achieve the higher level you will gain and the closer you will get to completing the mission. You are entering the new Renaissance Gallery. Who are you? What are you doing here? Who am I? What a ridiculous question for I am an actor working under the guidance of Will Shakespeare, the great playwright. Now leave me to learn my lines. Put money in thy purse. It was your that ricky wrench thou to me and theft my jollity but she rankles me still. What does this guy want? Sorry, I was just watching you. What do you want you dirty peasant? All I want to know is how to find the Camberwell Youth Group. C C C Camberwell? What is Camberwell? I have other duties to do. Ok. You are now in the Cast Courts. Oi! How do I leave this land of death and find the CreateVoice youth forum? O pardon me thy bleeding piece of earth, that I am meek and gentle with thee butchers that art the ruins of the noblest man that ever lived in the tide of times. Wo! to the hand that shed this costly blood. Over thy wounds do I now prophesize which like dumb mouths do open their ruby lips. These are hands-on exhibits. You may touch them. There's actually nothing here for me. If you head up to the Theatre and Performance Galleries I think you might find something that will interest you. Ooo, it's cold in here! Please bring me back a costume while you're there. You are now entering the John Madejski Garden. This door is out of bounds. It was lovely to meet you. And you. And don't get lost again. No I won't. Actually I'm looking for the shop, do you know where it is? The lady over there will be able to help you. Thank you very much for everything. Bye. Bye. Where the hell is this Camberwell College Design Group? This is the British Galleries. Hello. Hello. Have you got anything for young people? We have our Create! programme so Create! Performance is the new theme but every couple of months we've got a different theme around this Create! branding. At the moment we’ve got an exhibition at the main entrance called Decode which is an interactive exhibition looking at digital design. As part of that we are doing a whole design festival around it this weekend. Everything goes up on the website and there's a whole young persons section you can check. We have a CreateVoice youth forum and they're always looking for new members. You have a say in the all the different events we put on in the museum and how the museum interacts with young people. Actually, I've got one last question do you know where the shop is at all? You are now at the Ceramic Staircase. You are now in the Silver Galleries. You may now stamp a V&A hallmark. I hear you're looking for the CreateVoice youth forum it can be found in the Sackler Centre. Now leave me stuck on the wall. Cheers mate. Finally! I work here at the V&A and I noticed that you have a card for our Camberwell student marketing the V&A to 16 to 24 years old events. Yeah? I'm Laura. Nice to meet you. Hi. Would you like me to show you where it is? Yeah. Well come with me then we'll go downstairs to the Sackler Centre. The name of our project is 'Meet Me at the V&A'. It's to encourage 16 to 24 year olds to come to the V&A as a meeting place so that they can interact with the collection. These are a few of the lines that we came up with based on the artefacts that are kept there. 'Meet by the horny chair'. 'Meet me by the lion's balls'. 'Meet me by the lazy cow'. It's really trying to find the most humorous part of the museum and something that would attract young people there. We also have these appointment cards as well which we thought would be really good to be left around London and the idea is that maybe you would use the V&A as a place to date. You put your name and phone number on the back of one of the cards so if they were left around in a pub or bar or something then it's an easy way of passing on the information. One was charmed by the beautiful face of the young Albert. I have developed delicate feelings for the lovely little man and I hope to set my eyes upon his beautiful face once again. I'm Henry VIII and I just killed another wife. We are the Vandanlists and we've taken over the V&A! We want to make the V&A available to young people. We want to create a place where they want to come and have parties and enjoy themselves and learn. You may now purchase items in the shop. You have reached the Sackler Centre Art Studio. CreateVoice is a forum and it's for young people from 16 to 24 years old who are interested in the arts and interested in knowing more about the Victoria and Albert Museum and getting involved in activities. What I enjoy about CreateVoice is the range of people that it encapsulates and the other thing I absolutely love about it is the fact that in the V&A we have such a range of traditional and modern. We are attempting to sort of mix together these different sorts of artworks. Excuse me, do you know how to get to the Digital Pioneers event? Oh right. It’s just down the corridor. Have you had a look around in here? No, not really. Will you show me about? Yeah, because I was the curator for these galleries. Ok, so what does that mean? It means that I look after all the objects in the collection. This is the Theatre and Performance Galleries so we try to make it so that people would want to go to a performance after they've been. So we have things like the rhino which is actually a prop like a pantomime horse so that two people would get inside. You are now at the Residency Studios. The residency here is for six months but just to clarify that the artists don't live here. You base your working practice. So your studio's here and you work in order to develop your own artwork your own art practice. You engage with the public you engage in education programmes and you engage with the staff of the V&A in order to forge a kind of working relationship between contemporary art and the V&A as an institution. The V&A is an inspiring place to be. In its history it has affected the UK as a place of great innovation and can inspire young people to find an interest and bring their own backgrounds to the V&A. You are now in the Decode Digital Design Sensations event. Please enter the Hochhauser Auditorium to see the Digital Pioneers screening. We had to make a stop motion animation and we had to get inspiration from something in the museum. It's a good learning experience because I got to try out some new programmes and hopefully they will help me out when I apply to university. We are all going to be mentoring the next people who are going to join the course and I'd like to share my experience with them. Hello. Hello. Hi. Hello. Hello. Anyway you've had a very, very interesting and exciting time here. Exciting as it was I think that the next time you come you need to find as much out about the thing you are fascinated by as you can because if you do that you will find how relevant everything you see here is to your lives. It will tell you so much not only about the past but also about you because it’s all about comparing things and trying to understand things from other people's point of view. Who made that amazing thing? Could anybody make it today? Where did it come from? I'm going to discover all the things that I need to find out here. What do you think is so special about the V&A and how has it influenced your own creativity? It was the first museum I ever came to. I moved to London when I was seventeen. We used to come on the train once a week for a whole day and sketch in here. You could just discover whatever you wanted and focus on it and you had to just do a drawing of it. Anyway we loved coming. It's very exciting going to the Kensington tube station. You can go under the tunnels and come up here through the tunnel. Do you think the V&A can free the imagination of young people? I think that the only way you ever know anything is through your imagination. It's the way you get knowledge because you don't get it from reason. Reason is something you do to check things later but knowledge comes to you in flashes you get one thing and it connects with another and you think I understand something about that. And I think all these objects and the things that are in here they've got feelings and you understand things sometimes by feeling. Later on through reason you can try and analyse what that was. What people don't understand sometimes when they go to a museum is that it is relevant to their lives today because if you understand the way people saw the world in the past it tells you something about the age in which you live. What are you thinking? Maybe the way other people saw things is better than the way you saw things or whatever. That's the route of intelligence it's the route of understanding the world you live in. We know that you are interested in the environment so how do you think that will affect the future of fashion? What you can do now is so much more important than what you can do tomorrow and I don't think we will solve our problems unless everybody in the world starts to understand that every problem they have, it has to be seen in the context of climate change. As for fashion, I don't know what you wear when you've got nowhere to go, no water to drink. I really don’t know. What was it like having an exhibition here at the Victoria & Albert Museum? It was thirty years work and it was like putting a lake into a bottle to concentrate it all. It was an incredibly prestigious thing to happen to me because the V&A has this amazing prestige anyway and they did the most wonderful, wonderful job. And it just looked great and it had record attendances. And so I was really grateful to be able to show people what I did. It was a great opportunity for me to see my work as well. I'm glad you've enjoyed yourselves so much and I think that the next time you come you will start to get more and more out of coming here.



Ancient Era

The first humans in Ansan were in the New Stone Age, and many shell middens and prehistoric remains are found at Oido, Sihwaho, Chojidong and Daebudo.[5][6] In the Seonbu-dong and Wolpi-dong area, over 10 stone dolmen tombs can be found.[7]:28 Also in 1995, Old Stone Age relics were found while constructing the Seohaean Expressway.[8][9] Most dolmens in Ansan are north dolmen, but the dolmen in Seonbu-dong is table-shaped and another table-shaped tomb was found in Hakon-dong, Gwangmyeong. There are many ancient relics found in the city.[10][11]

Three Kingdoms and Goryeo Era

Not much evidence or antiquities survive from the Proto-Three Kingdoms and Samhan periods are in Ansan and nearby areas.[7]:29 The Mahan confederacy in Chen Shou in Records of the Three Kingdoms preserves writings about the chiefdom state.[10][12] Ansan was in communion with Baekje but very little has been saved.

In the Later Three Kingdoms era, the Ansan area was owned by Taebong (also known as Hugoguryeo, "Later Goguryeo") in Silla Hyogong's 4th year (AD 900).[7]:31 After then, Gung Ye, who was ruler of Taebong, was overthrown by Wang Geon, and the Ansan area was turned over to Goryeo, founded by Wang Geon. First the Gung Ye Ganggu-gun was changed to Ansan-gun but the state of the military was preserved.

Joseon Era

Ansan belonged to Gyeonggijwa-do (left Gyeonggi province) in the Joseon dynasty. Taejo's 5th year (AD 1396), Ansan-eoso (meaning Ansan fishery) that is now under direct control of a detached building of Saongwon (the Department of foods and meals in the Joseon dynasty) was set up.[7]:32 After Gyeonggijwa-do and Gyeonggiwo-do (right Gyeonggi province) were unified in Teajong's 2nd year (AD 1402), Ansan was still called Ansan. Under Teajong's 13th (1413), the whole country was detached into eight provinces.

Modern Era

Until 1914, Ansan City and the southern part of today's Siheung city consisted of Ansan County. In 1914, Ansan County was annexed to Siheung County. This region produced high quality salt from ancient times and valuable marine products. Ansan was then a fishing village.[13] In 1986, several towns of Hwaseong county became incorporated, representing the beginning of Ansan as a city. With currently over 700,000 residents, Ansan now has two distinct and separate districts:[14] Danwon, which has 12 dongs as of 2009, and Sangnok, with 13.


Ansan is located in the southwest of Gyeonggi Province and is situated on the coast of the Yellow Sea (locally called West Sea), at 37°19′N 126°50′E / 37.317°N 126.833°E / 37.317; 126.833. Portions of various Yellow Sea islands lie within its jurisdiction. The largest and best-known of these is Daebu Island.

Ansan Canal
Ansan Canal
Ansancheon Stream
Ansancheon Stream
Blossoms near Ansan Canal
Blossoms near Ansan Canal
Ansan Downtown at Night
Ansan Downtown at Night

Located at the south of the city are Daebudo[15] and Pungdo.[16] Kwonsun, Gunpo, and Anyang are located in the east of Ansan. The Yellow Sea to the west, Hwaseong to the south, and Siheung to the north are other boundaries.



The Ansan Line is a major rail line in Ansan. The Ansan Line is part of the Seoul Metropolitan Subway as Line 4. Service connects to Oido and Songdo in Incheon. The subway is also connected to the public bus system in Ansan. Previously, the first railroad in the city was the Suin Line which was opened by Korea under Japanese rule. Late 2019, The subway linking Suwon to Ansan is being prepared to open. Its name is Suinseon. This will expand the living space in Ansan.

(Gunpo) ← BanwolSangnoksuHanyang Univ. at AnsanJungangGojanChojiSingiloncheon → (Siheung)

Future expansion

The Suin Line connecting Suwon to Incheon is set to expand in 2017 when the route from Suwon will connect at Hanyang Univ. at Ansan.[17]

(Hwaseong) ← Sari — Hanyang Univ. at AnsanJungangGojanChojiAnsanSingiloncheon → (Siheung)

The Shin Ansan Line will connect Yeouido to Ansan in 2023.[citation needed]

Yeouido - Yeoungdeungpo - Dorim Sageori - Daerim Samgeori - Guro Digital Complex - Doksan - Siheung Sageori - Suksu - Gwangmyeong - Mokgam - Sungpo - Jungang - Hosu - Hanyang Univ. (Technopark at Ansan)
It will take only 30 minutes from Yeouido to Ansan.[18]


Ansan Bus Terminal
Ansan Bus Terminal

The Ansan Bus Terminal (안산종합버스터미널) near Ansan Station provides daily bus service to Incheon International Airport and most cities in South Korea. Buses travel via Gimpo International Airport and Incheon International Airport. Express buses to Iksan, Dongdaegu, and Gwangju are also available.[19] Near Sangnoksu Station are buses going to Suwon Station and Gangnam Station. Ansan has 53 bus lines with 537 buses operating in and out of the city limits, connecting the city with Seoul and other outlying Gyeonggi cities. The Ansan transfer center also has express city buses, city buses and intercity buses to link to Banwal industrial estate, Sihaw lake and nearby cities.


Pedalro is a public bicycle system in Ansan City. There are 101 Pedalro stations in Ansan. This is run on a membership basis.[20]

Public institutions

The Korea Transportation Safety Authority, a government agency of South Korea, is headquartered in Ansan.[2] Other major institutions in Ansan include:

  • Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology
  • Korea Electrotechnology Research Institute
  • Metropolitan Air Quality Management Office
  • Korea Institute of Industrial Technology, Kyeonggi Province Technology Ansan Center
  • Korea Testing Laboratory, Ansan Center

Administrative districts

The administrative district of Ansan is parted into 25 Dong, 1187 Tong and 5884 Ban. The extent of Ansan is 149.06㎢ (Sangnok-gu : 57.83㎢ Danwon-gu : 91.23㎢).[21] The population standard was 281,829 households and 761,279 people at the end of 2012, of which the Korean citizen population was 715,108 with 43,465 foreigners recorded.[22]

Larger map of the Ansan-si districts. Danwon-gu district covers the west mainland part and stretches to the sea to cover Daebudo and Pungdo islands.
Larger map of the Ansan-si districts. Danwon-gu district covers the west mainland part and stretches to the sea to cover Daebudo and Pungdo islands.
Ansan is composed of two districts: Sangnok-gu in the east and Danwon-gu in the west.
Ansan is composed of two districts: Sangnok-gu in the east and Danwon-gu in the west.
Borough Administrative Dong Hangul(Korean) Chinese character extent household population
Il-dong 일동 一洞 2.41 11,215 27,580
I-dong 이동 二洞 2.44 13,884 30,395
Sa 1-dong 사1동 四洞 2.36 16,749 39,594
Sa 2-dong 사2동 3.65 12,740 36,395
Sa 3-dong 사3동 3.68 7,147 20,835
Bono-dong 본오동 本五洞 6.45 17,589 43,811
Bono-2 dong 본오2동 0.82 12,300 33,038
Bono-3 dong 본오3동 1.1 9,992 25,268
Bugok-dong 부곡동 釜谷洞 6.22 8,832 22,775
Wolpi-dong 월피동 月陂洞 5.54 17,394 46,734
Seongpo-dong 성포동 聲浦洞 1.7 9,767 30,250
Banwol-dong 반월동 半月洞 13.16 8,077 21,122
Ansan-dong 안산동 安山洞 8.36 3,842 10,026
Wadong 와동 瓦洞 3.23 19,372 46,755
Gojan-1 dong 고잔1동 古棧洞 1.75 9,282 24,548
Gojan-2 dong 고잔2동 1.87 9,650 25,465
Hosu dong 호수동 湖水洞 2.48 14,723 45,093
Wongokbon-dong 원곡본동 元谷洞 8.12 14,884 49,007
Wongok-1 dong 원곡1동 0.95 4,399 16,034
Wongok-2 dong 원곡2동 0.56 5,323 17,058
Choji-dong 초지동 草芝洞 21.16 17,720 55,351
Seonbu-1 dong 선부1동 仙府洞 0.86 7,544 20,179
Seonbu-2 dong 선부2동 2.07 11,619 27,390
Seonbu-3 dong 선부3동 5.81 13,774 37,439
Dea-bu dong 대부동 大阜洞 42.37 3,614 7,384


Ansan had Hyanggyo, nationally sponsored schools, throughout the Joseon Dynasty and Goryeo. Modern institutions of higher learning located in Ansan include Ansan University, Ansan College of Technology, Seoul Institute of the Arts, and the ERICA campus of Hanyang University.

List of universities in Ansan:

There are 24 high schools, 29 middle schools, 54 elementary schools and 96 kindergartens in the city.[27] Danwon High School in Ansan was particularly affected by the Sinking of the MV Sewol in 2014 as a large number of the passengers were students from the school, and city streets featured many ribbon memorials and other markers and ceremonies for the disaster.[28]


Because Ansan is a planned city built behind the Ansan Smart Hub following the government's industrial planning, the proportion of agriculture in the Ansan economy is very low. Meanwhile, as the government intensively drove a manufacturing industry plan in the Ansan area before Ansan was built, many people work in the manufacturing industry. There are two national industrial complexes, Banwol and Sihwa, as well as the local Banwol plating industrial complex.[29][30][31]

Cultural institutions and heritage

In the past Ansan had fewer attractions and a poor reputation due to its industrial and fishing roots, but the east side of the city has recently experienced several beautification projects. The canal systems which bisect the city have bicycling and walking paths, and are covered with roses, tulips, and cherry blossoms in spring. A community bicycle system sponsored by the city is also available for park access and riding. Nowadays, Ansan has many museums and galleries, such as the Ansan Culture and Arts Center, Seongho Memorial Hall, Danwon Sculpture Park, and Hwarang Public Garden. Ansan has run city bus tours for cultural heritage sightseeing since 2008.[32][33][34][35][36]

Walking path along Ansan Canal in Summer
Walking path along Ansan Canal in Summer


The Jet-mer-ri village deity is held every year in Jet-mer-ri shrine to the village deity from 1984, and since 1987 the Beal-Mang-Sung art festival is held. Also, since 1991 the Danwon art festival and since 1996 the Sung-ho cultural festival is held. The Ansan Street Arts Festival is held in Ansan Culture Square in May since 2005. Other festivals in Ansan include:

  • Ansan Kim Hong-do Festival (September)
  • Byeolmangseong Art Festival (September)
  • Seongho Cultural Festival (May)
  • Ansan Street Arts Festival(May)
  • Ansan Daebu Island: The scent of ocean tulip festival (April)
  • Ansan Valley Rock Festival (July)

Historical monuments and structures

Historical monuments and structures in Ansan include:

  • Ansan Town Wall[37]
  • Byeolmangseong Fortress[38]
  • Cheongmundang[39]
  • Daebudo Island Charity Monument (Daebudo Jaseonbi)[40]
  • Gosong Pavilion[41]
  • Hong Jeonghui Gate of Filial Duty (Hongjeonghui Hyojamun)[42]
  • Jaetmeori Local God Shrine[43]
  • Korean Juniper Tree in Palgok-ri[44]
  • Ojeonggak Pavilion[45]
  • Sasechungyeolmun (Shrine of Loyalty, Virtue and Filial Duty)[46]
  • Seonbu-dong Dolmens[47]
  • Ssanggyesa Temple[48]
  • Tomb of Ahn Tandae[49]
  • Tomb of Choi Hon[50]
  • Tomb of Gang Jing[51]
  • Tomb of General Choi Jeong-geoi[52]
  • Tomb of Han Eungin[53]
  • Tomb of Hong Cheoyun[54]
  • Tomb of Jeong Eonbyeok[55]
  • Tomb of Princess Jeongjeong[56]
  • Tomb of Yi Ik[57]
  • Tomb of Yi Inhyeon[58]
  • Tomb of Yu Seok[59]
  • Tomb of Yun Gang[60]

Modern monuments and cultural institutions

Modern monuments and cultural institutions in Ansan include:

Parks and natural landmarks

Ansan Lake Park
Ansan Lake Park

Ansan is home to several parks, including:

Ansan canal through trees
Ansan canal through trees
Ansan Canal, South Korea
Ansan Canal, South Korea
Ansan Dutch Garden Roses
Ansan Dutch Garden Roses


Large and small stadiums have been founded from the 1990s on in Ansan.[90] Major sports events in the city take place at the Ansan Wa~ Stadium.[91][92]

The city is home to Shinhan Bank S-Bird Woman’s Basketball Team (member of the Women's Korean Basketball League)[93] It was also a home to the now-defunct National League soccer club Ansan Hallelujah.

Ansan is also home to Ansan OK Savings Bank Rush & Cash volleyball club. They are members of the V-League.[94]

Ansan established a professional soccer team called the Ansan Grinus FC.[95] In first year, the team also received the 'Plus Stadium'[96] award and the 'Full Stadium' award.[97] At present (April 10, 2018), the Ansan Grinders FC has placed second.[98]

TV and Movies

The pension complex on Daebu Island is used as a location for dramas such as Boys Over Flowers (TV series) and A Man Called God[99]

Sister cities

Sister cities (foreign cities)

Sister cities (domestic cities)

Friendly Cooperation Cities

Government offices


  • 1st - Jeon Chang-seon (January 1, 1986 ~ February 10, 1988)
  • 2nd - Jang Ui-jin (February 11, 1988 ~ June 4, 1988)
  • 3rd - Lee Sang-yong (June 5, 1988 ~ December 26, 1989)
  • 4th - Lee Soo-yeong (December 27, 1989 ~ January 2, 1992)
  • 5th - Cho Gun-ho (January 3, 1992 ~ January 10, 1993)
  • 6th - Kim Tae-su (January 11, 1993 ~ October 5, 1994)
  • 7th - Choi Soon-sik (October 5, 1994 ~ June 30, 1995)
  • 8th - Song Jin-sub (July 1, 1995 ~ June 30, 1998)
  • 9th - Park Sung-gyu (July 1, 1998 ~ June 30, 2002)
  • 10th - Song Jin-sub (July 1, 2002 ~ June 30, 2006)
  • 11th - Park Joo-won (July 1, 2006 ~ June 30, 2010)
  • 12th - Kim Chul-min (July 1, 2010 ~ June 30, 2014)
  • 13th - Je Jong-gil (July 1, 2014 ~ )

Notable people from Ansan


  • Council of the National Multicultural City
  • Council of the National Lifelong Learning City
  • Metropolitan mayor nationwide council

See also


  1. ^ "Symbol". Ansan-si. Retrieved 2016-10-04.
  2. ^ a b Home page. Korea Transportation Safety Authority. Retrieved on June 9, 2009.
  3. ^ Seungwoon, Song jungsun,Kim hyejin,Joe. 교통안전공단 - 공단소개  > 공단소개  > 일반현황 > 설립목적 및 연혁 > 2000년 이후.
  4. ^ [창간특집]그 곳에 가면 외국의 축제가 있다 (in Korean). 2009-06-02. Retrieved 2018-04-11.
  5. ^ Sin(신), Daegwang(대광) (2010). 청소년을 위한 안산 역사 이야기. 부민문화사. ISBN 978-89-385-0118-9.
  6. ^ 시민의 힘으로 일구어 낸 '시흥 오이도 유적' (Korean). OhmyNews. 1 April 2002. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d Ansan; Hanyang University (2002). 안산시의 역사와 문화유적. 한양대학교 문화재연구소총서. Institute Of Cultural Properties, Hanyang University. 4. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
  8. ^ 안산시 및 한양대학교 (2002년), 28쪽
  9. ^ 단국대학교 중앙박물관 (1995년), 〈구석기 유적 조사 보고〉, 《서해안 고속도로 건설구간(안산-안중 간) 유적 발굴조사 보고서(2)》에서.
  10. ^ a b 안산시 및 한양대학교 (2002년), 29쪽.
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External links

  1. ^ "2015년 인구주택총조사 전수집계결과 보도자료" [2015 Population and Housing Census]. Statistics Korea.
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