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Annie Leigh Browne

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Annie Leigh Browne
Annie Leigh Browne died 1936.jpg
Born 14 March 1851
Bridgwater
Died 8 March 1936
London
Nationality United Kingdom
Education Queens College
Known for championing women's rioghts

Annie Leigh Browne (14 March 1851 – 8 March 1936) was a United Kingdom educationist and suffragist. She co-founded College Hall, London, and funded and worked to get women elected to local government.

Life

Browne was born in Bridgwater in 1851. Both of her grandfathers fought at the Battle of Trafalgar.[1] She, her parents and her sister Mary moved to Clifton near Bristol. There she was educated by tutors and governesses before her family moved to London where she attended Queens College on Harley Street for a year in 1868. That same year John Beddoe and his wife. who were both friends with Mary Carpenter. hosted what was said to be the first women's suffrage meeting at their house in 1868. Browne attended and this was the start of long commitment to the suffrage cause.[2] The two Browne sisters also worked with Octavia Hill, and with Samuel and Henrietta Barnett at Toynbee Hall.[3]

In 1880 she and Mary Stewart Kilgour campaigned for women's education; their work (with inputs from Mary Thomasina Browne - later Lady Lockyer - and Henrietta Müller)[4] and Browne's money led to the opening of College Hall in Byng Place in 1882.[2][5] It later (1932) moved to nearby Malet Street.[5]

In November 1888 the "Society for Promoting the Return of Women as County Councillors" was formed by twelve women. Browne provided early funding and she, Eva McLaren, the Marchioness of Aberdeen, Louisa Temple Mallett[2] and Newnham College founder Millicent Garret Fawcett were key members. It later (1893) became the "Women's Local Government Society,"[6] and its aim was to get women elected to local government.[7] An early victory was the election of two women, Jane Cobden and Lady Margaret Sandhurst, to the London County Council.[4] This was possible because of the wording of the Local Government Act 1888 which did not disqualify women candidates. A later court case determined that this was a mistake. Campaigns were unsuccessfully started to reverse the court's interpretation. However, in 1894 new legislation did allow married women to stand for school boards.[6]

Browne was a member of the Union of Practical Suffragists' executive committee in 1898, a member of the Central Society for Women's Suffrage (and its successor, the London Society for Women's Suffrage), and in February 1907 took part in the 'Mud March' organised by the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies.[4]

Browne died in London in 1936 of bronchitus.

References

  1. ^ Sidmouth Philanthropist, 28 February 2012, Diana Bowerman, Sidmouth Herald, Retrieved 12 January 2017
  2. ^ a b c Jane Martin, ‘Browne, Annie Leigh (1851–1936)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 12 Jan 2017
  3. ^ "Obituary Notices : Fellows:- Lockyer, Mary Thomasina". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 104: 91. 1944. Retrieved 13 January 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c Crawford, Elizabeth (2001). The Women's Suffrage Movement: A Reference Guide, 1866-1928. Psychology Press. pp. 85–86. ISBN 9780415239264. 
  5. ^ a b "College Hall". UCL Bloomsbury Project. Retrieved 13 January 2017. 
  6. ^ a b David Doughan; Professor Peter Gordon; Peter Gordon (3 June 2014). Dictionary of British Women's Organisations, 1825-1960. Taylor & Francis. pp. 223–224. ISBN 978-1-136-89777-1. 
  7. ^ Jane Martin (15 July 2010). Women and the Politics of Schooling in Victorian and Edwardian England. Bloomsbury Publishing. pp. 52–70. ISBN 978-0-8264-2636-9. 
This page was last edited on 16 July 2018, at 23:33
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