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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Anne Clough
Anne clough.jpg
Born(1820-01-20)20 January 1820
Liverpool, Lancashire, England
Died27 February 1892(1892-02-27) (aged 72)
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England
Academic background
Alma materWelsh National School
InfluencesEmily Davies, Barbara Bodichon, Frances Buss
Academic work
Institutionsfirst principal Newnham College, Cambridge
Main interestssuffragist

Anne Jemima Clough (20 January 1820 – 27 February 1892) was an early English suffragist and a promoter of higher education for women. She was the first principal of Newnham College.

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  • Georgia Tech Spring 2015 Commencement Ph.D. and Master's Ceremony
  • Doctoral and Master's Ceremony Spring Commencement 2016

Transcription

[MUSIC PLAYING] [MUSIC MEDLEY "PRINCE OF DENMARK'S MARCH" & "POMP AND CIRCUMSTANCE"] [MUSIC - "RONDEAU"] Students, please rise for the faculty processional. [MUSIC "TRUMPET TUNE AND AYRE"] Good evening, and welcome. Please rise and remain standing for the National Anthem, which we sung by members of Nothing But Treble. [MUSIC "THE STAR SPANGLED BANNER"] O say can you see by the dawn's early light, What so proudly we held at the twilight's last gleaming. Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight, o'er the ramparts we watched were so gallantly streaming. And the rockets' red glare, the bombs bursting in air gave proof through the night that our flag was still there. O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave, o'er the land of the free and the home of the brave. [APPLAUSE] Please be seated. Well, good evening. At this point, it's my pleasure to introduce Mr. Nassir Mokarram, doctoral candidate in Material Science and Engineering who will give us our reflection. I remember seven years ago I was studying in my college dorm in Tehran. And while three of my roommates were asleep, the fourth one quietly asked me to join him and watching this amazing events that he was streaming on his computer. I put my ear close to his headphone and started watching, too. It was a glorious ceremony-- outstanding speaker's, superb setting. My roommate and I were so inspired. Every few minutes, we were staring at each other asking in our heads, is there a one in a million chance that we could be in that even one day? By now, I guess you're dying to know what you're watching. It was a Georgia Tech Commencement ceremony. In our wildest dream, we would have never imagined that one day one of us would not only attend and graduate with the honor of getting a Ph.D. Degree from this Institute, but would also stand here and partake in the very ceremony that inspired us seven years ago. President Obama said it well a couple of months ago in this very arena, Georgia Tech is one of the finest technical institutes in the world. In fact, Georgia Tech's fame around the world is a much more than many of my American friends think. I'm not exaggerating when I tell you that there are college students in the farthest point around the globe-- from Iran to China, from Chile to Turkey-- who are watching this ceremony right now. Smart people who envy you all and who wish to have the privilege you have here today. These are not just words coming out of my mouth to inspire you. I live that life. I'm leaving that dream right now. Yet sometime I see my friends here depressed, complaining often about the smallest things. And I always wonder, have they forgotten that they are living out this amazing dream? Recently though, I think I found an answer for it. I came to the realization that I-- that we never actually reach our goals. I say we don't reach our goal's, not because we are incapable of achieving them, simply because the nature of our goals is constantly evolving. We get closer and closer to them. And they will be replaced by more ambitious ones. While this is fantastic news pushing us to climb higher and higher, it has one major drawback. We tend to forget that we are constantly living within the realm of our previous dreams. And we are often too eager to move toward the next goal to stop, take pause, and be grateful for our realized dreams. So as you all are walking on this stage, I'm sure you're thinking about your next ambitious goal. While you're thinking about next dream and graduating from this exceptional school, stop for a second. Reflect. Breathe in this cheerful and accomplished moment deeply. And my friends, remember you're living a dream-- realize. And forever, you will be a proud Georgia Tech alum. Thank you very much. [APPLAUSE] Thank you, Nassir. And good luck as you move on with the rest of your life. Thank you very much. I appreciate it. Thank you. [APPLAUSE] Graduates, members of the faculty and staff, distinguished guests, families, and friends it's my great pleasure to welcome you to the 249th Commencement ceremonies here at Georgia Tech. This weekend we are awarding 2,700 degrees, including the 700 graduate students that will be recognizing tonight. This is a momentous occasion for you and we're very pleased that all of you could make it. [APPLAUSE] As we celebrate the successful conclusion of one chapter of your lifelong education, it's important to acknowledge that you've not done it alone. With us today are many families, friends, and colleagues whose love and support have helped to make this day possible. In addition with us tonight are members of the faculty who guided and mentored these students sharing with them their time, their wisdom, and their expertise in order to help each and every one of them reach their own individual goal in their fullest potential. Would the members of the faculty please rise and be recognized. [APPLAUSE] Well, I could try to tell you how much the graduates appreciate all of your efforts and support. I think it means more coming from them. [VIDEO PLAYBACK] -Thank you mom and dad and all my family for all the support. -I would like to thank all my siblings, my parents-- especially my mom and dad wherever you are up there. Rest assured that I'll make you proud. -[SPEAKING SPANISH] -Thank you so much, Alex. You are more than an advisor. You've been a mentor and a brother-- whatever you want to call it. But my whole graduate year is thanks to you. Thank you so much. -I'm so, so grateful. I wouldn't even be here. I wouldn't have been able to do this without you, but I want to give a shout-out to Natalie because she's the youngest and this is her first plane trip and I am so excited that she's here to see me walk across the stage. Thank you. -Papa and Ma, this is for you. -I'd like to thank my parents who have always been there for me. And also my elder brother and my younger sister. -In France, we don't goodbye, we say, a bientot. So a bientot, everyone. Ciao. [END PLAYBACK] [APPLAUSE] At this time, I'd like to introduce several members of the stage party. And we'll ask that you hold your applause as they stand when I call their names. Dr. Zvi Galil, dean of the College of Computing. [APPLAUSE] That's not a very good start. Dr. Jacqueline Jones Royster, dean of the Ivan Allen College of Liberal Arts. [APPLAUSE] Dr. Steven French, dean of the College of Architecture. [APPLAUSE] Dr. Maryam Alavi, dean of the Scheller College of Business. Dr. Paul Goldbart, dean of the College of Sciences. Dr. Gary May, dean of the College of Engineering. Dr. Susan Cozzens, Vice Provost, Graduate Education and Faculty Development. Dr. Colin Potts, Vice Provost for Undergraduate Education. Dr. Stephen Cross, Executive Vice President for Research. Dr. Archie Ervin, Vice President for Institute University. Mr. Barrett Carson, Vice President for Development. Mr. John Stein, Interim Vice President for Student Affairs and Dean of Students. Mr. Bing Wang representing the library. Ms. Michelle Tullier, representing the Center for Career Discovery and Development. And finally with us on stage this evening is Dr. George Nemhauser, our mace-bearer and distinguished professor. Thank you for being with us. [APPLAUSE] This is a momentous day for you as graduates and for your family and friends who are sharing this celebration of your accomplishments. You've worked very hard to earn degrees from one of the best institutions in the nation, and in many areas, one of the best in the world. You're well positioned for success and you can be proud of your alma mater. As I look out on all of you today, I see a group that's well prepared for a life of accomplishment and contribution in an ever changing world. Not because you've learned everything that you will need to know, but because your Georgia Tech education has been designed to provide you with a solid foundation on which you can build throughout your lifetime as you learn and grow. It's designed to prepare you to work collaboratively to identify challenges, and create solutions, and to be a leader in business, industry, government, and the communities in which you will work and live. You are prepared to not only face the future, but to help design it. You have a wonderful future ahead of you. And all of us here today to watch you commence are expecting great things from you in the years to come. [APPLAUSE] At this time, I'd like to ask Dr. Rafael Bras, Provost and Executive Vice President for Academic Affairs and our commencement speaker, Georgia Tech President Emeritus G. Wayne Clough to join me at the podium. [APPLAUSE] After serving as Georgia Tech's president from 1994 to 2008, Dr. Clough became the 12th secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, a position he held until October of 2014. We're happy to report that he's back home here at Georgia Tech. As President Emeritus, he has an office on campus and is already actively interacting with our students, our faculty, and the Georgia Tech community. Dr. Clough was the first Georgia Tech alum to serve as president of the Institute and his time as Georgia Tech's president was momentous. The Clough Undergraduate Learning Commons named in recognition of his leadership opened in August of 2011. And from the very first day it opened, it's become a center of campus life, and collaborative learning, and serves as a reminder of the esteem in which he's held by this Institute. Dr. Clough earned his bachelor's degree and master's degree in Civil Engineering from Georgia Tech in 1964 and '65 respectively. He received his doctorate in Civil Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley and was a member of the faculty at Duke University, Stanford, and Virginia Tech as well as serving as Dean of Virginia Tech's College of Engineering. In 1993 and '94, Dr. Clough was Provost and Vice President of Academic Affairs at the University of Washington before becoming Georgia Tech's tenth President. One of the most significant honors a university can bestow is that of the honorary doctorate. At Georgia Tech, we hold these degrees very dear. Only 30 honorary degrees have been awarded in the Institutes almost 130 year history. Honorary degree holders include President Jimmy Carter, Atlanta mayor Ivan Allen Junior, Astronaut John Young, Oil Executive Pete Silos, and Senator Sam Nunn. Today, the Georgia Institute of Technology will confer its 31st honorary Doctor of Philosophy to President Emeritus G. Wayne Clough. [APPLAUSE] We have a citation for President Clough and it says, "To all whom these presents may come, greetings. Whereas G. Wayne Clough has profoundly affected the world around him as Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, an American treasure in the largest museum and research complex in the world, has been recognized nationally and internationally for his contributions to the field of civil and environmental engineering over the decades. And it's provided inspiration and transformative leadership as the first alumni to serve as President of the Georgia Institute of Technology where he led the Institute to national prominence during his 14-year tenure. Now, therefore, we do hereby confer the degree of Honorary Doctor of Philosophy with all the rights, privileges, and honors thereunto appertaining. In witness, whereof, the signatures of the chancellor of the University System of Georgia and the President and the registrar of the Georgia Institute of Technology are here to subscribed in the seal of the Institute is affixed. Given this day in Atlanta, the 1st of May, 2015." Congratulations. [APPLAUSE] Thank you very much, President Peterson and Provost Bras. And thank you for your kind remarks, President Peterson and particularly for your strong leadership of my alma mater and the years since I left the Institution in 2008. It is nice to be back home. So faculty, graduates, families, friends, and distinguished guest, let me add my greetings to all of you on this very special day. It is humbling to receive an honorary doctor from Georgia Tech knowing the distinct honor that this represents. If you think about it, it took me five years to get my bachelor's and master's from Georgia Tech. But it took me about 50 years more to be awarded this degree. So I'm truly grateful-- one, that you deem me worthy of such a recognition and two, that I've survived long enough to be here to get it in person. For that, I have to thank my parents, and good genes, and luck for bringing me to this day. Let me add my congratulations to those of you today receiving your graduate degrees from Georgia Tech-- an institution that's risen to the heights of national and global prominence only within the past few decades. My congratulations to the Board of Regents-- President Peterson, the administration, the great faculty, and staff who've made it so. I am proud to have contributed during my time as president here. It is very rewarding actually to work for something you believe in. Something you can all remember. Now, in addition to my B.S. and M.S. from Georgia Tech, I later added-- that was noted-- a Ph.D. from UC Berkeley back in another time and another day in the 1960s. I mentioned Berkeley since so much change was going on out there as well as across the country in what some people call the Age of Aquarius-- with particularly an interesting time for young man who had never been west of the Mississippi River. Various movements came and went and the median opportunistic politicians made the most of it. As to me, let me just say that my educational experience went beyond what I expected it to. One lesson learned-- I want to leave this with you-- be sure you know which way the wind is blowing when the tear gas canisters are fired. In spite of all the seeming distractions, my time at Berkeley was a very special period in my life where I could undertake research with a simple pleasure of discovery being the only goal. I learned from an outstanding faculty who were working on the cutting edge of computer simulation and earthquake engineering. Now back then, the world was smaller, but computers were bigger. And you had to feed them. Well, I know you all appreciate the power of the digital devices you have in your pocket, on your wrist, or in your glasses. Back then, I got my exercise every day by peddling my bicycle over to the computer center in the middle of campus to drop off my program, which came in the form of a 2000 card box of cards-- punch cards. It was my fervid hope that someday in the next day or two my program would actually run. Now some of you may not even know what a punch card is. I can tell you from experience because I've been there, you can see one if you visit the Smithsonian of American History Museum. Think about it. Today, you really never get to physically see your program. But I did it, and I gave it all the love that I could. Just think about what you missed. On the plus side of life in the slow lane back then with no email, no Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, or text to monopolize my time. I had time to make great friends-- many of whom have stayed in touch my entire life. After I undertook my own career as a faculty member, I had the privilege to conduct research with my own graduate students. And I advised 34 students ti the completion of their Ph.D degree. These young men and women became like an extended family to my wife and me. And we've remained in touch all these years. Two years ago, we had a reunion at Glacier National Park, where we spent more time talking about their children and grandchildren than about their careers. This summer we're all getting together again on the Sonoma Coast of California to drink a little wine and enjoy the coast. I take great pride in their accomplishments-- many of whom are faculty members at distinguished universities today. I might have inspired them back then, but they definitely inspire me today. It's a lineage that keeps on giving. For example, one of my graduate students was John Lucia Moult who served here as chair of the School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, the dean of the College of Engineering, and then Provost-- who went on to become president of Cal Tech, and who is now serving as president of the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology in Saudi Arabia. He advised many Ph.D. Students himself. And one of them is David Frost, a faculty member here in Civil Engineering. So you can think of David as my academic grandson. Not long ago, a young man introduced himself to me in New York City at a function as David's Ph.D. Student and told me he was my academic great-grandson. That brought a smile to my face. Now, each of you graduates today have started on a road where the friendships you've made here will last a lifetime and you'll look back on your time in this special environment as one of the best of your lives. So savor that time. Remember that time. You're generation lives in a world my generation could barely imagine. According to IBM, we now create 2.5 quintillion bytes of data every day two days. In the last five years or so, we've learned are over 2,000 planets in our galaxy that may harbor life. Not long ago, we had no proof water on the other-- there was water on other heavenly bodies. But the news is arriving almost every day of places where water-- life sustaining water-- is being found. Some years back, we were astonished when the human genome was sequenced. But today, we sequence hundreds of other life forms and a thousand more are underway. Today, we are on the way to cure many forms of cancer, and microsurgery procedures produce miraculous results with short to almost zero stays in hospitals. I know about this personally because only a few years ago I had a treatment for a rapid heartbeat that had plagued me for decades. And that was done in two hours-- that procedure-- after which, I walked out of the hospital, went back to work the next day. No field is immune to this rapid pace of change. For example, every day we're enlightened by new insights about our culture and our history because of increased access to knowledge through digital technology and what is now known as the internet of things. All of this reflects a golden age for research and knowledge creation. Yet for all that's being accomplished, your generation faces new challenges that are globally connected and complex. Climate change is affecting all of our natural system-- something that I saw firsthand as I travelled around the world as a secretary at the Smithsonian. Some would say we're at the risk of experiencing the sixth great extinction on earth-- this one caused by human beings, not natural causes or cataclysmic events. This even has been given a name-- the Age of the Anthropocene-- a one where humans are making indelible marks on the face of the earth that will be seen 100 million years from now. Today, there are serious threat to the world's coral reefs. Our oceans are acidifying and sea levels are rising causing us to rethink our ability to protect our coastal cities. We know that 75% of the diseases are subject to, especially pandemics, come from zoonotic sources. And they can travel quickly from insects and animals into our cities. And in spite of all the exabytes of information we're swimming in, we find ourselves often falling short when it comes to understanding our world and its diversity. Finally, standardized tests show time and again that far too many people are uninformed about history and science. And our society is seeing an opportunity gap growing between the haves and have-nots of our nation. Your generation is on the verge of the greatest discovery in the history of the Americans in the human species. But your generation also faces challenges that are global and unprecedented involving the fate of our species and our planet. Today's challenges will require work and wisdom if they are to be addressed successfully. And the clock is ticking. Of all the hominid species that have existed on Earth, only one now survives-- homo sapiens. Homo sapiens is Latin for man and wise. Are we truly wise enough to make the changes we need to keep our small, blue planet viable for future generations of our kind and all the other creatures that depend on us for survival? Are we willing to make the hard choices and decisions needed to create a future we all hope can exist? Personally, I'm an optimist. And I believe that those of you leaving this campus today are ready to take on the issues your world faces, no matter how large they are. The author F. Scott Fitzgerald once said, "The test of a first-rate intelligence is the ability to hold two opposed ideas in mind and retain the ability to function. One should," he said, "for example, be able to see that things are hopeless, but be determined to make them otherwise." He continued. "This philosophy fitted onto my early adult life when I saw the improbable, the implausible, and often impossible come true." I hope you are leaving here equipped with that budding wisdom because you indeed have a first-rate intelligence. I know you will use your first-rate intelligence and your wisdom to take on what might seem hopeless, implausible, or impossible and make them otherwise. Make your children and your grandchildren proud as we are proud of you here today. Again, my congratulations to all of you on your degrees and my best wishes for your future. Thank you. [APPLAUSE] Thank you, Dr. Clough. I'd also like to recognize Mrs. Anne Clough who's with us here today. She served as Georgia Tech's first lady for 14 years and she's sitting right over here. Anne, stand up. Be recognized. [APPLAUSE] We now come to the time that you've been waiting for-- the conferring of your degrees. The moment of walking across the stage represents the culmination of much work and achievement for each of our graduates. I would ask that after you receive your diploma you return to your seat and show your fellow students the same respect they have given you as you cross the stage. A note to our guests. Last year, we instituted a New Georgia Tech tradition of holding a separate Ph.D. hooding ceremony before the Commencement ceremonies. Many of you joined us for this special event earlier this morning. And now we look forward to presenting the diplomas and shaking the hands of each of Georgia Tech's newest Ph.D. Recipients. I'm pleased to welcome back Dr. Rafael Bras to the podium who will now present the candidates for the doctoral degree. [APPLAUSE] Will the candidates for the doctoral degrees please rise. [APPLAUSE] Mr. President, I have the honor of presenting to you for the doctoral degrees, those candidates who have completed all of their requirements for those degrees. Upon the recommendation of the Georgia Institute of Technology faculty, and by the authority of the Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia, I confer upon each of you the degree of Doctor of Philosophy with the rights, privileges, and responsibilities thereunto appertaining. Congratulations on earning Georgia Tech's highest academic degree. [APPLAUSE] [READING NAMES] Please join me in congratulating all of our doctoral degree recipients. [APPLAUSE] Dr. Bras will now present the candidates for the master in Master of Science degrees. Will the candidates for the master of Master of Sciences degrees please rise. [APPLAUSE] Mr. President, I have the honor of presenting to you for the master of Master of Science degrees those candidates who have completed all requirements for these degrees. Upon the recommendation of the faculty of the Georgia Institute of Technology and by the authority of the Board of Regents of the university system of Georgia, I confer on each of you the master's degrees with all the rights, privileges, and responsibilities thereunto appertaining. Congratulations. [APPLAUSE] [READING NAMES] [APPLAUSE] Will all of the graduates please rise. [APPLAUSE] You are all to be commended. You have earned a degree from one of the most prestigious institutions in the world. Master's graduates, you can now commemorate your achievements by moving your tassel from the right to the left. Congratulations. [APPLAUSE] Please be seated. Almost there. Georgia Tech alumni are an extraordinary group of high achievers to welcome the members of this year's graduating class into the fellowship of Tech, I'm pleased to introduce Mr. Bob Stargel, class of 1983 and this year's chairman of the Georgia Tech Alumni Association. [APPLAUSE] Good evening. It is an honor and a privilege to congratulate this evening's degree recipients and welcome you into a very select group of people, that being the Georgia Tech Alumni Association. Today's alumni stand at over 143,000 people each of which you came here to complete a journey of learning, exploring, growing, having fun-- albeit, that may be a relative term here-- and obtaining the critical skills that are necessary to solve the complex problems of the world. We have in the past and we will in the future. Our journey of attaining the degree from Georgia Tech is a common bond we all share. Regardless of how we arrived is one that has provided challenges, instilled discipline, created values, and afforded learning experience as we all sought to get out of this great institution. I arrived on Tech's campus with the same hopeful, anticipation, and excitement that many of you did when you arrived and you do today. I was intellectually thirsty, eager to meet new people, solve problems, and enjoy the college life that would shape who I was and what I would do. Believe it or not, I turned down a full ride to an Ivy League school because an alumnus from my hometown of Cincinnati, Ohio called me and said, would you come to this institution that he was so proud of. I knew of the reputation of Georgia Tech as a top tier university. And it was a lot warmer in the south so I came south. The impact of that alumnus was lost at me at the time, but I've grown to understand and recognize it as the first connection to the great Georgia Tech Alumni Association. This alumnus directed me to financial aid, co-ops jobs, allowing me to complete my degree at the Georgia Tech at this North Avenue trade school. You see, I was intellectually thirsty and proud to be coming to this university-- a top tier university, the same feeling that many of you have today. Look to your left and look to your right. One of you will not be here your sophomore year. Now, these were words that were uttered during my tenure. I'm glad to say we don't do that anymore. I kind of felt sorry for one of those guys. I said, I got this. I thought. But I did survive my freshman year. Coming even thirstier and prouder to be at this top tier university. My sophomore year turned into a nightmare due to poor study habits and bad studying. I learned that I was not naturally brilliant. That I needed to go to class and that I needed to form study groups to get out of this great institution. So I put in the work just like you all did. And I got out of the institution. I earned my degree in electrical engineering and those nightmares were replaced with the hopeful excitement and anticipation that I had upon entering the school five years earlier. Now remember, I was a co-op. So take that into account. The same feeling that we have today-- but please be advised that will take each of you five to 10 years to get over that nightmare of waking up for final, or dissertation, having either not gone to class or overslept. It's just going to happen. Your class is better prepared, more diverse, and has greater potential than those who came before you. You each have completed your own journey that has resulted in earning your degree from a top tier university and the smartest public university in America according to Business Insider. I ask you to keep it that way by continuing to stay connected to Tech-- get involved in a local affinity group, recruit for your company, come back and be a guest lecture, and contribute to role call. To help you get started, an anonymous alumni has actually contributed $25 in your name. Please keep these donations going forward in the future to help ensure your school will be even better tomorrow than it is this day of your graduation. Stay thirsty, my friends. Continue to grow. Seek new challenges. Think critically, and ask tough questions. You are now a member of the Georgia Tech alumni network and your achievements help this institution secure bright and diverse students, faculty, and administration, and global recognition as one of the best universities to attend. And be proud that you are a part of that. Congratulations once again to this year's graduating class. May that hopeful excitement and anticipation that you feel now remain with you throughout your journey. Go Jackets. [APPLAUSE] Just to clarify, that's stay thirsty for knowledge. Thank you, Bob. We appreciate your comments. In closing, I'd like to express my appreciation to Joe Hughes and to Harry Sharp for announcing the graduates names and all of my associates for help making this event possible. [APPLAUSE] At this time, members of Nothing But Treble will lead us in the Alma Mater followed immediately by the faculty recessional. The graduates in the audience are requested to remain standing as a platform party recesses. Then, I invite all of you to join in the singing of the country's best known fight song, the Ramblin' Wreck. Thank you. Have a wonderful evening, and congratulations. [APPLAUSE] [MUSIC "GEORGIA TECH ALMA MATER"] Oh sons of Tech arise behold. The banner as it reigns supreme for from on high the White and Gold waves in its triumphant gleam. The spirit of the cheering throng resounds with joy revealing a brotherhood in praise and song, in memory of the days gone by. Oh, Scion of the Southland, in our hearts you shall forever fly. [APPLAUSE] [MUSIC "TRUMPET TUNE AND AYRE"] [MUSIC - "RAMBLIN' WRECK"] I'm a ramblin' wreck from Georgia Tech and a hell of an engineer. A helluva, helluva, helluva, helluva, hell of an engineer. Like all of my jolly good fellows I drink my whiskey clear. I'm a ramblin' wreck from Georgia Tech and a hell of an engineer. Oh, and if I had a daughter, sir, I'd dress her in White and Gold, put her on the campus to cheer the brave and bold. And if I had a son, sir, I'd tell you what he'd do. He would yell, "To hell with Georgia!" like his daddy used to do. Oh, I wish I had a barrel of rum and sugar three thousand pounds, a college bell to put it in and a clapper to stir it around. I'd drink to all the good fellows who come from far and near. I'm a ramblin', gamblin', hell of an engineer. Hey! [APPLAUSE] [LOUD NOISES] [MUSIC - "RAMBLIN' WRECK"] Go Jackets! Go Jackets! Go Jackets! [MUSIC PLAYING]

Contents

Life

Clough was born at Liverpool, Lancashire, the daughter of a cotton merchant. She was the sister of Arthur Hugh Clough, the poet and assistant to Florence Nightingale. When two years old she was taken with the rest of the family to Charleston, South Carolina. It was not till 1836 that she returned to Britain, and though her ambition was to write, she was occupied for the most part in teaching.[1]

Her father's failure in business led her to open a school in 1841. This was carried on until 1846. In 1852, after making some technical studies in London and working at the Borough Road and the Home and Colonial schools, she opened another small school of her own at Ambleside in Westmorland. Giving this up some ten years later, she lived for a time with the widow of her brother Arthur Hugh Clough—who had died in 1861—in order that she might educate his children. (The youngest daughter, Blanche Athena, subsequently devoted her life to helping her aunt.[2]) Keenly interested in the education of women, she made friends with Emily Davies, Barbara Bodichon, Frances Buss and others. After helping to found the North of England Council for Promoting the Higher Education of Women, she acted as its secretary from 1867 to 1870 and as its president from 1873 to 1874.[1]

It led to the organisation of local lectures by the universities. The higher local examinations for women had been started in 1869, and in 1870 Henry Sidgwick suggested that lectures should be given in Cambridge to assist the candidates. The plan was most successful, women coming long distances to attend the lectures. It was therefore determined to open a house of residence in Cambridge University to accommodate the students, and Miss Clough was asked to be its head. She began work at a house in Regent Street, Cambridge, in October 1871 with five students, and out of that beginning was evolved Newnham College. In 1872 Miss Clough removed to the more convenient premises known as Merton Hall, but the number of students so increased that in 1874 a new house again became imperative. It was decided to build one; a sum of £10,000. was subscribed by friends of women's education. Newnham Hall, the old hall of the present Newnham College, was opened in 1875. More room was, however, soon needed, and Newnham College was established on its present basis, under the principalship of Miss Clough, in 1880. As the college developed Miss Clough acquired the position of a recognised leader in the education of women, and many things now regarded as a matter of course are due to her initiative.[3] Clough's personal charm and high aims, together with the development of the college under her care, led her to be regarded as one of the foremost leaders of the women's educational movement.[1]

Death and legacy

Detail on Memorial gates at the college
Detail on Memorial gates at the college

She was cared for at the end of her life by her niece BA Clough and her friend Edith Sharpley who was the classics lecturer. They were both present when she died[4] at Cambridge on 27 February 1892. Two portraits of Clough are at Newnham College, one by Sir William Blake Richmond, the other by James Jebusa Shannon. [1]

Edge Hill University has a hall of residence called Clough in honour of her contribution to higher education and the history of education in Lancashire.

Further reading

  • Blanche Athena Clough, Memoir of Anne Jemima Clough, 1897.

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d Chisholm 1911.
  2. ^ "Blanche Athena Clough 1861–1960". Newnham College.
  3. ^ Lee 1901.
  4. ^ Whyles 2016.

References

External links

Academic offices
Preceded by
First Principal
Principal of Newnham College, Cambridge
1871–1892
Succeeded by
Eleanor Mildred Sidgwick
This page was last edited on 17 November 2018, at 09:12
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