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Anna Lisitsyna

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Anna Mikhaylovna Lisitsyna
Lisitsyna.jpg
Native name
А́нна Миха́йловна Лиси́цына
Born14 February 1922
Zhitnoruchey village, Karelia, Russian SFSR
Died3 August 1942 (aged 20)
Svir River, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Cause of deathDrowning
Nationality Soviet Union
AwardsHero of the Soviet Union
Order of Lenin
Order of the Red Star

Anna Mikhaylovna Lisitsyna (Russian: А́нна Миха́йловна Лиси́цына; 14 February 1922 – 3 August 1942) was a Soviet partisan who was posthumously awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union on 25 September 1943 for her resistance activities.[1][2]

Early life

Lisitsyna was born on 14 February 1922 to a Vepsian family in Zhitnoruchey, Karelia. After graduating from secondary school in Rybreka she studied to become a librarian from 1938 to 1940 in Leningrad, after which she worked as a librarian at the Segezha Regional Club until the German invasion of the Soviet Union. She was a member of the Komsomol and enjoyed sports, including cycling, skiing, and sharpshooting, which later proved to be useful skills when she was a partisan.[3][4]

Partisan activities

On 15 June 1942 Lisitsyna, fellow partisan Mariya Melentyeva, and six other partisans were sent by the Red Army behind enemy lines in Leningrad for a one-month reconnaissance-in-force mission, where the two were assigned to establish an underground Komsomol Committee and construct safehouses for other partisans in Sheltozero in addition to gathering information on enemy forces, fortresses, and firing points. A village elder where she was stationed assisted in establishing the Komsomol division, which spread anti-axis leaflets in prisoner-of-war camps and in Finnish Army barracks. After pinpointing locations of Axis garrisons for the Soviet Airforce to bomb and lists of names of several individuals who had assisted the Axis, the partisans were told they would have to return to Soviet-controlled territory alone because the aircraft assigned to transporting them could not make the trip. The journey required the partisans to cross the Svir river, which was icy but not frozen. When they discovered the small boat intended for the crossing was gone, they constructed a haphazard raft that fell apart during the crossing. After she fell into the water she removed her heavy dress and placed the important documents on her head under her hat; due to the temperature of the water Lisitsyna developed cramps so bad she couldn't move, but couldn't yell for help because there were several enemy camps on the shore. Melentyeva tried to save Lisitsyna but couldn't carry her across the river, so she left Lisitsyna behind and took the documents from Lisitsyna with her.[5][6][7]

Recognition

Lisitsyna was posthumously awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union on 25 September 1943 by decree of the Supreme Soviet. The street named after her in Petrozavodsk bears a memorial plaque to her and her image was featured in the Petrozavodsk Gallery of Heroes.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ Sakaida, Henry (2012-04-20). Heroines of the Soviet Union 1941–45. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 58. ISBN 9781780966922.
  2. ^ Залесский, Константин (2017-09-05). Великая Отечественная война. Большая биографическая энциклопедия (in Russian). Litres. ISBN 545727697X.
  3. ^ Shadov, Ivan (1988). Герой Советского Союза II, Любовь - Яшчук. Moscow: Voenizdat. ISBN 5203005362. OCLC 312615596.
  4. ^ a b "Лисицына Анна Михайловна". www.warheroes.ru. Retrieved 2018-04-29.
  5. ^ Janina, Cottam (1998). Women in War and Resistance: Selected Biographies of Soviet Women Soldiers. Newburyport, MA: Focus Publishing/R. Pullins Co. ISBN 1585101605. OCLC 228063546.
  6. ^ Fish, Gennady (1969). "Карельские девушки". Героини. Очерки о женщинах — Героях Советского Союза (in Russian). Politizdat (I): 327–345.
  7. ^ "Из наградного листа". pobeda.gov.karelia.ru. Archived from the original on 2018-04-06. Retrieved 2018-04-29.
This page was last edited on 29 September 2019, at 12:59
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