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Angram Reservoir

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Angram Reservoir
Picture of a reservoir in North Yorkshire, England
Angram Reservoir, looking upstream
LocationUpper Nidderdale, North Yorkshire
Coordinates54°10′50″N 1°56′22″W / 54.18056°N 1.93944°W / 54.18056; -1.93944
Typereservoir
Primary inflowsRiver Nidd, Stone Beck
Primary outflowsRiver Nidd
Basin countriesUnited Kingdom
Surface area34 ha (84 acres)
Max. depth33.4 m (110 ft)
Water volume4.75 million cubic metres (1,040×10^6 imp gal)

Angram Reservoir is the first of three reservoirs on the River Nidd in Upper Nidderdale, North Yorkshire, England, the others being Scar House Reservoir and finally the compensation reservoir Gouthwaite Reservoir.[1] It is located at OS map reference SE040759. Between them they attract around 150,000 visitors a year.[2]

The reservoir takes its name from Angram, a settlement in the township of Stonebeck Up, submerged when the reservoir was completed in 1919.[3][4]

Little Whernside (604 metres [1,982 ft]) to the north and Great Whernside (704 metres [2,310 ft]) to the west of the reservoir are close by.

The River Nidd flows for approximately 2 miles (3 km) from the flanks of Great Whernside before joining the reservoir.[5]

History

The reservoir was built to supply water to the Bradford area of West Yorkshire. It was built by Bradford Corporation between 1904 and 1919, under an Act of Parliament in 1890 which also authorised the corporation to construct three other reservoirs in upper Nidderdale. Haden Carr reservoir was first built in the 1890s, just below Angram, and the works included the Nidd Aqueduct, by which water was transferred from Haden Carr to Chellow Heights via the Nidd Aqueduct using gravity only and no pumping.[6] A small village was constructed at Angram site to house workers. The dam was faced with stone, which came from a quarry on the south side of the dale above Scar House, two miles down the dale.[7]

Two bypass channels on each side of the reservoir were used to bypass the reservoir and maintain the level of the River Nidd. Once Scar House Reservoir was constructed, these become obsolete, but control machinery can still be seen on the Nidd and Stone beck inlets.

Completed 1919
Dam height 61 m / 200 ft

Facilities

There is a shelter near the dam, but no other facilities. Near the dam of Scar House Reservoir, 1.2 miles (2 km) from the dam of Angram Reservoir, there is a car park, picnic areas and toilets.

There is a permissive footpath across the dam and around the reservoir.[8] Fishing is not permitted at the reservoir.[9]

References

  1. ^ Cudworth, W. (1896). Manningham, Heaton, and Allerton (townships of Bradford) treated historically and topographically. Рипол Классик. p. 232. ISBN 978-5-87547-985-4. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  2. ^ "Scar House Reservoir". yorkshireguides. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  3. ^ Priestley, Mike (7 January 2008). "In the steps of the bringers of city's water". Telegraph and Argus. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  4. ^ "Parish of Kirkby Malzeard". Genuki. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  5. ^ Hewitt, R. (2011). Map Of A Nation: A Biography of the Ordnance Survey. Granta Publications. p. 158. ISBN 978-1-84708-452-1. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  6. ^ "The Reservoirs of Nidderdale: Fact Sheet" (PDF). uppernidderdale. p. 1. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  7. ^ Burgess, Eileen (2003). The Reservoirs. The Book of Nidderdale. pp. 12–17. ISBN 1841142476.
  8. ^ "Enjoy walking, cycling, fishing, running, relaxing, exploring" (PDF). yorkshirewater.com. Yorkshire Water. p. 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 March 2016. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  9. ^ "Scar House Reservoir". Nidderdale Angling Club website. Retrieved 18 October 2016.

External links

This page was last edited on 28 July 2020, at 18:58
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