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Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council
Type
Type
Term limits
6 years
Leadership
Leader of the House
Leader of the Opposition
Structure
Seats58 (50 Elected + 8 Nominated)
Legislative Council of Andhra Pradesh.svg
Political groups
Government (9)

Opposition (26)

Others (20)

Vacant (4)

  •    Vacant (4)
Elections
Single transferable vote
Meeting place
Andhra Pradesh Secreteriat.jpg
Assembly Building
Amaravati, Andhra Pradesh, India
Website
http://www.aplegislature.org/web/legislative-council

The Legislative Council of Andhra Pradesh or Andhra Pradesh Śāsana Mandali is the upper house of the legislature of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh; the lower house being the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. It is situated in the state capital of Amaravati, and has 58 members. The Vidhan Parishad has been in existence in two spells - from 1958 to 1985, and from 2007 to till date.

History

In the first years since its creation in post-independence India, the state of Andhra Pradesh worked under a unicameral parliamentary system. On 5 December 1956, the Andhra Pradesh Vidhana Sabha passed a resolution calling for the creation of an upper house, the Vidhan Parishad, to transition to a bicameral system. The members of the majority party/coalition in the lower house would be the ruling party of the upper house, regardless of number. The house will have a chairman who conducts day to day affairs, rather than a speaker.[1] The Vidhan Parishad was formed officially on 1 July 1958 under article 168 of the Constitution of India. The first President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad inaugurated the Vidhan Parishad on 8 July 1958.[1]

Abolition

In the 1980s, Andhra Pradesh became one of the first states to seek the abolition of the upper houses, which were being increasingly criticised as being unnecessary, unrepresentative of the population, a burden on the state budget and causing delays in passing legislation.[1][2][3][4] However, the move was criticised as an attempt by the then-ruling party, the Telugu Desam Party (TDP), to deny their main political opposition, the Indian National Congress (then Congress (I)) of influence in the state government and the control of the upper house, which could delay TDP-sponsored legislation and where the TDP held no seats.[4] In accordance with a resolution passed by the Andhra Pradesh Vidhan Sabha, the Indian Parliament abolished the Vidhan Parishad through the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council (Abolition) Act in 1985, after the Congress (I) suffered a major defeat in the state elections in Andhra Pradesh.[1][4]

Revival

Subsequent attempts were made to revive the Legislative Council under Chief Minister Dr. Marri Chenna Reddy, who belonged to the Congress (I), which had won the state elections in 1989.[1][4] A resolution to revive the Legislative Council was passed in the Vidhan Sabha on 22 January 1990.[1] The Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Indian Parliament, passed legislation authorising the revival of the Legislative Council as per the resolution of the state Vidhan Sabha on 28 May 1990, but the legislation stalled in the lower house, the Lok Sabha, primarily due to its dissolution in 1991 before the completion of its five-year term.[1] The subsequent Lok Sabhas (1991–1996, 1996–1998, 1998–2004) did not take any further action.

After its victory in the 2004 state elections, the Congress-led Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly passed another resolution on 8 July 2004 calling for the revival of the Legislative Council.[1] This time it was introduced in the Lok Sabha as the Andhra Pradesh Council Bill on 16 December 2004. On 15 December 2006 the Lok Sabha passed the legislation, which was quickly passed by the Rajya Sabha on 20 December, and received the assent of the President on 10 January 2007.[1] The newly revived Legislative Council was constituted on 30 March 2007 and inaugurated on 2 April by Rameshwar Thakur, the Governor of Andhra Pradesh.[1]

Designations and present members

The Chairman, elected by the Council, presides over the sessions of the Council. The Deputy Chairman is also elected to preside in the Chairman's absence.[citation needed]

Presiding Officers

Designation Name
Governor Bhiswa Bhushan Harichandan
Chairman Mohammed Ahmed Shariff
Deputy Chairman Reddy Subrahmanyam
Leader of the House Pilli Subhash Chandra Bose, YSRCP
Leader of the Opposition Yanamala Rama Krishnudu, TDP
Secretary of Legislative Council M. Vijaya Raju

Members

No Party Members
1 Telugu Desam Party 26
2 YSR Congress Party 9
3 Progressive Democratic Front 5
4 Bharatiya Janata Party 3
5 Independent 3
6 Nominated 8
7 Vacant 4
- Total 58

Membership and tenure

The Legislative Council is a permanent house, not subject to dissolution.[1] Its 58 members serves six-year term, and every two years, one-third of the total number of members "retire" in rotation, and undergo the re-election process.[1] To become a member, the individual must be a citizen of India and at least 30 years of age. 8 members of the Council are nominated by the Governor of Andhra Pradesh. 40 members are elected by an electoral college of the Legislative Assembly and local governing bodies. The 10 remaining members would be elected from constituencies of college graduates and teachers.[5]

Constituencies and Members

Constituency # District Name Party Date of Retirement
Graduates

constituencies

1 East Godavari,West Godavari Illa Venkateswara Rao Progressive Democratic Front 30-03-2025
2 Krishna,Guntur Kalagara Sai Lakshmana Rao Progressive Democratic Front 30-03-2025
3 Anantapur,Kurnool,Kadapa Vennapusa Gopal Reddy YSR Congress Party 29-03-2023
4 Srikakulam,Vizianagaram,Visakapatnam P. V. N. Madhav Bharatiya Janata Party 29-03-2023
5 Chittoor, Nellore,Prakasam Yandapalli Srinivasulu Reddy Progressive Democratic Front 29-03-2023
Teachers

constituencies

6 Srikakulam,Vizianagaram,Visakhapatnam Pakalapati Raghu Varma Independent 30-03-2025
7 Chittoor,Nellore,Prakasam Vitapu Balasubrahmanyam Progressive Democratic Front 29-03-2023
8 Anantapur,Kurnool,Kadapa Katti Narasimha Reddy Independent 29-03-2023
9 East Godavari,West Godavari Ramu Surya Rao Progressive Democratic Front 29-03-2021
10 Krishna,Guntur A. S. Ramakrishna Independent 29-03-2021
Local Authorities constituencies 11 Kadapa Mareddy Ravindranath Reddy Telugu Desam Party 29-03-2023
12 Anantapur Gunapati Deepak Reddy Telugu Desam Party 29-03-2023
13 Nellore Vakati Narayana Reddy Bharatiya Janata Party 01-05-2023
14 West Godavari Angara Ramamohan Telugu Desam Party 01-05-2023
15 West Godavari Manthena Venkata Satyanarayana Raju Telugu Desam Party 01-05-2023
16 East Godavari Chikkala Ramachandra Telugu Desam Party 01-05-2023
17 Srikakulam Satrucharla Vijaya Rama Raju Telugu Desam Party 01-05-2023
18 Chittoor B.N Rajasimhulu Telugu Desam Party 01-05-2023
19 Kurnool K.E. Prabhakar Telugu Desam Party 01-05-2023
20 Guntur Ummareddy Venkateswarlu YSR Congress Party 18-06-2021
21 Vizianagaram Dwarapureddi Jagadeeswara Rao Telugu Desam Party 18-06-2021
22 Chittoor Gali Saraswathi Telugu Desam Party 18-06-2021
23 East Godavari Reddy Subrahmanyam Telugu Desam Party 18-06-2021
24 Krishna Venkateswara Rao Buddha Telugu Desam Party 18-06-2021
25 Krishna Yalamanchili Venkata Babu Rajendra Prasad Telugu Desam Party 18-06-2021
26 Visakhapatnam Pappala Chalapathirao Telugu Desam Party 18-06-2021
27 Visakhapatnam B. Naga Jagadeeswara Rao Telugu Desam Party 18-06-2021
28 Guntur Vacant TBD 18-06-2021
29 Prakasam Vacant TBD 18-06-2021
30 Anantapur Vacant TBD 18-06-2021
Members elected by Legislative Assembly 31 Guntur Janga Krishna Murthy YSR Congress Party 29-03-2025
32 East Godavari Yanamala Ramakrishnudu Telugu Desam Party 29-03-2025
33 Krishna Parchuri Ashok Babu Telugu Desam Party 29-03-2025
34 Visakhapatnam Duvvarapu Rama Rao Telugu Desam Party 29-03-2025
35 Kurnool B Tirumala Naidu Telugu Desam Party 29-03-2025
36 Kurnool Challa Ramakrishna Reddy YSR Congress Party 29-03-2023
37 Guntur Mopidevi Venkata Ramana Rao YSR Congress Party 29-03-2023
38 Kurnool Gangula Prabhakar Reddy YSR Congress Party 29-03-2023
39 Krishna Batchula Arjunudu Telugu Desam Party 29-03-2023
40 Guntur Nara Lokesh Telugu Desam Party 29-03-2023
41 Guntur Vacant TBD 29-03-2023
42 Prakasham Pothula Suneetha Telugu Desam Party 29-03-2023
43 Kadapa Devasani Chinna Govinda Reddy YSR Congress Party 24-05-2021
44 Anantapur Shaik Mohammed Iqbal YSR Congress Party 29-03-2021
45 East Godavari Pilli Subhash Chandra Bose YSR Congress Party 29-03-2021
46 Anantapur Gundumala Thippe Swamy Telugu Desam Party 29-03-2021
47 East Godavari Vattikuti Veera Venkanna Chowdary Telugu Desam Party 29-03-2021
48 West Godavari Shariff Mohammed Ahmed Telugu Desam Party 24-05-2021
49 Vizianagaram Gummidi Sandhya Rani Telugu Desam Party 29-03-2021
50 East Godavari Somu Veerraju Bharatiya Janata Party 24-05-2021
Nominated 51 Kurnool N.M.D Farooq Nominated 20-07-2023
52 Kadapa Chadipiralla Sivanatha Reddy Nominated 20-07-2023
53 Chittoor Gownivaari Sreenivasulu Nominated 11-06-2021
54 Nellore Beeda Ravichandra Nominated 11-06-2021
55 Krishna T.D. Janardhan Nominated 11-06-2021
56 Anantapur Pamidi Samanthakamani Nominated 11-06-2021
57 West Godavari Kantheti Satyanarayana Raju Nominated 02-03-2020
58 East Godavari Tadapatla Ratna Bai Nominated 02-03-2020

Sources: in

  • Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council History". National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 3 September 2010.
  2. ^ Sharma. Introduction to the Constitution of India, Fifth Edition. PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd. pp. 212–13. ISBN 978-81-203-3674-2.
  3. ^ Laxmikanth. Indian Polity For UPSC 3E. Tata McGraw-Hill. pp. 27–1. ISBN 978-0-07-015316-5.
  4. ^ a b c d Agarala Easwara Reddy (1994). State politics in India: reflections on Andhra Pradesh. M.D. Publications Pvt. Ltd. pp. 97–110. ISBN 978-81-85880-51-8.
  5. ^ TMH General Knowledge Manual. Tata McGraw. 2007. p. 176. ISBN 978-0-07-061999-9.
This page was last edited on 22 January 2020, at 14:27
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