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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ana Mariscal
Ana Mariscal.jpg
Mariscal in 1945
Ana María Arroyo Mariscal

(1923-07-31)July 31, 1923
DiedMarch 28, 1995(1995-03-28) (aged 71)
Madrid, Spain
Years active1940–1968
Spouse(s)Valentín Javier (m.1954)

Ana María Arroyo Mariscal (31 July 1923 – 28 March 1995) better known as Ana Mariscal was a classic Spanish film actress, director, screenwriter and film producer. She also acted in Argentinean films. She was involved in well over 50 films between 1940 and 1968, frequently starring in films she also wrote and directed. She is iconic to 1940s and 50s Spanish cinema. Her brother Luis Arroyo (1915–1956) was also an actor and film director.

Early life and education

Mariscal was born in Madrid in 1923 to a middle-class family. Her father owned a furniture store and a theater that would provide Mariscal much of her early exposure to acting. While occasionally appearing in theater productions with her brother, Mariscal intended to go to university to study mathematics. She decided to pursue acting after being incidentally cast in her first film role.[1][2]


Ana Mariscal began her career after accompanying her actor brother Luis Arroyo to an audition for El Ultimo Husar. Almost by chance, she was noticed by the director Luis Marquina and cast in the film. This would start a prolific career in acting and directing.[3]

Over the next decade, Mariscal starred in over 20 films, becoming a household name in Spain. A few notable films from this time include The Queen's Flower Girl, Raza, A Shadow at the Window, and The Princess of the Ursines. After a decade of typecast roles,[4] Mariscal started her own production company called BOSCO and begin writing and directing her own works.[5] She made her directorial debut with Segundo Lopez, a film she also wrote and starred in. It was a critically well-received comedy with Italian Neo-realist influences. She later directed her esteemed work They fired with their lives that deals with the Spanish Civil War; an event Mariscal herself lived through during her childhood.[6]

In her later career, she shifted among film, television, and theater pursuits, still using her production company to fund her projects. During this period, she directed or became involved with Occidente y sabotaje, El Camino, and The Other Woman. She began teaching classes at the IIEC (Institute of Investigations and Cinematographic Experiences) while still balancing acting and directing jobs. She eventually receded from the world of film making and dedicate her time entirely to the study of literature.[7]

Just a few months before her death, she received the Gold Medal for Merit in the Fine Arts in 1995.[8] She is buried in the Cementerio de la Almudena[9]


Year Film Actress Director Producer Writer
1940 El último húsar Yes No No No
1940 Amore di ussaro Yes No No No
1940 The Queen's Flower Girl Yes No No No
1942 Raza Yes No No No
1942 ¡Qué contenta estoy! Yes No No No
1942 Siempre mujeres Yes No No No
1942 Vidas cruzadas Yes No No No
1943 Cuarenta y ocho horas Yes No No No
1944 Cabeza de hierro Yes No No No
1945 A Shadow at the Window Yes No No No
1945 ¡Culpable! Yes No No No
1945 Viento de siglos Yes No No No
1945 El obstáculo Yes No No No
1947 Dulcinea Yes No No No
1947 Noche sin cielo Yes No No No
1947 The Princess of the Ursines Yes No No No
1948 The Drummer of Bruch Yes No No No
1948 Amanhã Como Hoje Yes No No No
1948 La próxima vez que vivamos Yes No No No
1948 La vida encadenada Yes No No No
1949 Aquellas palabras Yes No No No
1949 Pacto de silencio Yes No No No
1949 Doce horas de vida Yes No No No
1949 A Man on the Road Yes No No No
1950 Woman to Woman Yes No No No
1950 La fuente enterrada Yes No No No
1951 The Great Galeoto Yes No No No
1953 Segundo López, aventurero urbano Yes Yes Yes Yes
1953 Jeromín Yes No No No
1953 Vértigo Yes No No No
1954 Morena Clara Yes No No No
1954 En carne viva Yes No No No
1955 Un día perdido Yes No No No
1955 Baccara Yes No No No
1955 De noche también se duerme Yes No No No
1956 Los maridos de mamá Yes No No No
1956 Enigma de mujer Yes No No No
1958 The Violet Seller Yes No No No
1958 Hay que bañar al nene Yes No No No
1958 Patio andaluz Yes No No No
1958 Carlota Yes No No No
1959 Juego de niños Yes No Yes No
1959 They Fired with Their Lives Yes Yes Yes Yes
1959 The Magistrate Yes No No No
1960 The Football Lottery Yes Yes No No
1961 Hola, muchacho Yes Yes No No
1962 Feria en Sevilla Yes Yes No No
1962 Queen of the Chantecler Yes No No No
1962 Occidente y sabotaje Yes Yes No Yes
1963 El Camino No Yes Yes Yes
1964 The Other Woman Yes No No No
1966 Los duendes de Andalucia No Yes Yes Yes
1966 Vestida de novia Yes Yes No No
1968 El paseíllo Yes Yes No Yes
1987 El polizón del Ulises Yes No No No


Year Award Category Film
1945 CEC Medal Best Leading Actress A Shadow at the Window
1949 CEC Medal Best Leading Actress A Man on the Road
1950 CEC Medal Best Leading Actress Woman to Woman
1994 Gold Medal for Merits in Fine Arts N/A N/A

Further reading

  • Victoria, Fonseca, [2002]. Ana Mariscal : una cineasta pionera. [Madrid]: EGEDA. ISBN 8492015268. OCLC 432886850.


External links

This page was last edited on 20 October 2021, at 07:57
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