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American International Pictures

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

American International Pictures
Industry Filmed entertainment
Fate Acquired by Filmways
Successor Filmways
Founded April 2, 1954
Founder James H. Nicholson, Samuel Z. Arkoff
Defunct 1980
Headquarters Los Angeles, California
Key people
Roger Corman, Alex Gordon, Lou Rusoff, Herman Cohen

American International Pictures (AIP) was an independent film production and distribution company formed on April 2, 1954 as American Releasing Corporation (ARC) by James H. Nicholson, former Sales Manager of Realart Pictures, and Samuel Z. Arkoff, an entertainment lawyer. It was dedicated to releasing low-budget films packaged as double features, primarily of interest to the teenagers of the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s. Nicholson and Arkoff formed ARC in 1954;[1] their first release was The Fast and the Furious in 1955.

AIP personnel

Nicholson and Arkoff served as executive producers while Roger Corman and Alex Gordon were the principal film producers and, sometimes, directors. Writer Charles B. Griffith wrote many of the early films, along with Arkoff's brother-in-law, Lou Rusoff, who later produced many of the films he had written. Other writers included Ray Russell, Richard Matheson and Charles Beaumont. Floyd Crosby, A.S.C. famous for his camera work on a number of exotic documentaries and the Oscar winner, High Noon, was chief cinematographer. His innovative use of surreal color and odd lenses and angles gave AIP films a signature look. The early rubber monster suits and miniatures of Paul Blaisdell were used in AIP's science fiction films. The company also hired Les Baxter[2] and Ronald Stein to compose many of its film scores.

In the 1950s the company had a number of actors under contract, including John Ashley, Fay Spain and Steve Terrell.

Emphasis on teenagers

When many of ARC/AIP's first releases failed to earn a profit, Arkoff quizzed film exhibitors who told him of the value of the teenage market as adults were watching television.[3][4] AIP stopped making Westerns with Arkoff explaining: "To compete with television westerns you have to have color, big stars and $2,000,000".[5]:126

AIP was the first company to use focus groups,[6] polling American teenagers about what they would like to see and using their responses to determine titles, stars, and story content. AIP would question their exhibitors (who often provided 20% of AIP's financing[5]:35) what they thought of the success of a title, then would have a writer create a script for it.[5]:156 A sequence of tasks in a typical production involved creating a great title, getting an artist such as Albert Kallis who supervised all AIP artwork from 1955–73[7] to create a dynamic, eye-catching poster, then raising the cash, and finally writing and casting the film.

The ARKOFF formula

Samuel Z. Arkoff related his tried-and-true "ARKOFF formula" for producing a successful low-budget movie years later, during a 1980s talk show appearance. His ideas for a movie included:

  • Action (exciting, entertaining drama)
  • Revolution (novel or controversial themes and ideas)
  • Killing (a modicum of violence)
  • Oratory (notable dialogue and speeches)
  • Fantasy (acted-out fantasies common to the audience)
  • Fornication (sex appeal, for young adults)

Later the AIP publicity department devised a strategy called "The Peter Pan Syndrome":

a) a younger child will watch anything an older child will watch;
b) an older child will not watch anything a younger child will watch;
c) a girl will watch anything a boy will watch
d) a boy will not watch anything a girl will watch;
therefore:
to catch your greatest audience you zero in on the 19-year-old male.[8]

American Releasing Company

AIP began as the American Releasing Company, a new distribution company formed in the early 1950s formed by James H. Nicholson and Samuel Z. Arkoff.

Roger Corman

They were interested in distributing a car chase movie produced by Roger Corman for his Palo Alto Productions, The Fast and the Furious (1955). Corman had received offers from other companies for the film, but ARC offered to advance money to enable Corman to make two other films. Corman agreed, The Fast and the Furious performed well at the box office and the company was launched.

Corman's next two films for the company were a Western Five Guns West (1955), which Corman directed, and a science fiction film, The Beast with a Million Eyes (1955). The title from the latter had come from Nicholson.

ARC also distributed the Western Outlaw Treasure (1955) starring Johnny Carpenter.

Alex Gordon

ARC got Corman to direct another Western and science fiction double bill Apache Woman (1955) and Day the World Ended (1955). Both scripts were written by Arkoff's brother-in-law Lou Rusoff, who would become the company's leading writer in its early days. Apache Woman was produced by Alex Gordon, an associate of Arkoff's, Day was produced by Corman. Both were made by Golden State Productions, ARC's production arm.[9]

Normally B movies were made for the second part of a bill and received a flat rate. As television was encroaching on the B movie market, Nicholson and Arkoff felt it would be more profitable to make two low budget films and distribute them together on a double bill. Nicholson came up with a title for a film to support Day the World Ended, The Phantom from 10,000 Leagues (1955), but lacked the money to make both films. They split the costs with Dan and Jack Milner, film editors who wanted to get into production. The resulting double bill was very successful at the box office. [9]

Gordon also produced The Oklahoma Woman (1955), a Western by Corman, made through Sunset Productions. It was put on a double bill with Female Jungle (1955), a film noir.

Other films released under the ARC banner include a British documentary Operation Malaya (1955) and Corman's Gunslinger (1956).

American International in the 1950s

Arkoff and Nicholson had always wanted to name their company "American International Pictures" but the name was unavailable. When the name became available, they changed over.

There were three main production arms at AIP in the late 1950s: Roger Corman, Alex Gordon and Lou Rusoff, and Herman Cohen. Arkoff and Nicholson would buy films from other filmmakers as well, and import films from outside America.

Roger Corman

Corman continued to be an important member of AIP (though he also worked for Allied Artists and his own Filmgroup company during this period). He had a big hit for the company with the science fiction film It Conquered the World (1956) from a script by Rusoff that was rewritten by Charles B. Griffith.

His films included Rock All Night (1956); Naked Paradise (1957), in which Arkoff had a small role; The Undead, Sorority Girl, The Saga of the Viking Women and Their Voyage to the Waters of the Great Sea Serpent (1957), Machine Gun Kelly with Charles Bronson, and Teenage Cave Man (1958), with Robert Vaughn.

AIP also distributed films Corman helped finance such as Night of the Blood Beast, She Gods of Shark Reef and The Brain Eaters (1958).

Alex Gordon and Lou Rusoff

The other key producer for AIP was Alex Gordon who mostly made films though his Golden State Productions outfit, usually written by Lou Rusoff. He made Girls in Prison (1956), with director Edward L. Cahn who would become one of AIP's most prolific directors. AIP released it on a double bill with Hot Rod Girl (1956).

Cahn also directed the following for Gordon: The She-Creature (released with It Conquered the World); Flesh and the Spur, the last Western made by AIP; Shake, Rattle & Rock!, a rock musical with Mike Connors; Runaway Daughters (1956); Voodoo Woman, Dragstrip Girl (1957), with John Ashley; Motorcycle Gang (1957), again with Ashley; Jet Attack and Submarine Seahawk (1958). Most of these were written by Rusoff and directed by Edward L. Cahn.

Gordon left AIP and Rusoff alone produced Hot Rod Gang (1958) and Ghost of Dragstrip Hollow (1959).

Herman Cohen

Another key producer for AIP was Herman Cohen who had a huge hit with I Was a Teenage Werewolf (1957) starring Michael Landon). He followed it with I Was a Teenage Frankenstein, Blood of Dracula (1957), How to Make a Monster (1958), The Headless Ghost and Horrors of the Black Museum (1959).

Other producers

Other key collaborators who worked for AIP in the late 1950s included:

Pickups

AIP would flesh out their distribution schedule by buying films made by outside producers. These included The Astounding She-Monster, the documentary Naked Africa, The Screaming Skull (1957), The Cool and the Crazy, Daddy-O, Dragstrip Riot and Tank Batallion (1958).

Anglo-Amalgamated

AIP developed a mutual relationship with Britain's Anglo-Amalgamated who would distribute AIP's product in the UK. In return, AIP would distribute their films in the US, such as The Tommy Steele Story (1957) and Cat Girl (1957).

AIP also imported The White Huntress (1954, England), Pulgarcito (1958, Mexico) and The Sky Calls (1959, Russia).

Late 1950s crisis

AIP became a victim of its own success when other companies started copying its double-bill strategy. Costs were rising and were not compensated by increased box office grosses. They shut down most of their production arms and focused on distributing films from Italy, while they decided what to do next.

AIP's 1960s output

Imports

In the late 1950s, AIP kept their company afloat by importing films from Italy. These included Sheba and the Gladiator (1959), Goliath and the Barbarians (1959)

There was also Atomic Agent (1959, France), The Angry Red Planet (1959, Denmark), Tiger of Bengal (1959) and The Indian Tomb (1960) from Fritz Lang in Germany, Portrait of a Sinner (1959, Germany), The Professionals (1960, Britain), and Escape to Paradise (1960, the Philippines).

They also bought Why Must I Die? and The Jailbreakers (1960).

The Corman-Poe cycle

In the early 1960s, AIP gained some kudos by combining Roger Corman, Vincent Price and the stories of Edgar Allan Poe into a series of horror films, with scripts by Richard Matheson, Charles Beaumont, Ray Russell, R. Wright Campbell and Robert Towne.

The original idea, usually credited[who?] to Corman and Lou Rusoff, was to take Poe's story "The Fall of the House of Usher", which had both a high name-recognition value and the merit of being in the public domain, and thus royalty-free, and expand it into a feature film. Corman convinced the studio to give him a larger budget than the typical AIP film so he could film the movie in widescreen and color, and use it to create lavish sets as well.[10] The success of House of Usher led AIP to finance further films based on Poe's stories. The sets and special effects were often reused in subsequent movies (for example, the burning roof of the Usher mansion reappears in most of the other films as stock footage) making the series quite cost-effective. All the films in the series were directed by Roger Corman, and they all starred Price except The Premature Burial, which featured Ray Milland in the lead. It was originally produced for another studio, but AIP acquired the rights to it.[11]

As the series progressed, Corman made attempts to change the formula. Later films added more humor to the stories, especially The Raven, which takes Poe's poem as an inspiration and develops it into an all-out farce starring Price, Boris Karloff and Peter Lorre; Karloff had starred in a 1935 film with the same title. Corman also adapted H. P. Lovecraft's short novel The Case of Charles Dexter Ward in an attempt to get away from Poe, but AIP changed the title to that of an obscure Poe poem, The Haunted Palace, and marketed it as yet another movie in the series. The last two films in the series, The Masque of the Red Death and The Tomb of Ligeia, were filmed in England with an unusually long schedule for Corman and AIP.

Although Corman and Rusoff are generally credited with coming up with the idea for the Poe series, in an interview on the Anchor Bay DVD of Mario Bava's Black Sabbath, Mark Damon claims that he first suggested the idea to Corman. Damon also says that Corman let him direct The Pit and the Pendulum uncredited. Corman's commentary for Pit mentions nothing of this and all existing production stills of the film show Corman directing.

List of Corman-Poe films

Of eight films, seven feature stories that are actually based on the works of Poe.

  1. House of Usher (1960) - Based on the short story "The Fall of the House of Usher"
  2. The Pit and the Pendulum (1961) - Based on the short story of the same name
  3. The Premature Burial (1962) - Based on the short story of the same name
  4. Tales of Terror (1962) - Based on the short stories "Morella", "The Black Cat", "The Cask of Amontillado" and "The Facts in the Case of M. Valdemar"
  5. The Raven (1963) - Based on the poem of the same name
  6. The Haunted Palace (1963) - Based on H.P. Lovecraft's novella The Case of Charles Dexter Ward, using the title from Poe's 1839 poem
  7. The Masque of the Red Death (1964) - Based on the short story of the same name with another Poe short story, "Hop-Frog", used as a subplot
  8. The Tomb of Ligeia (1965) - Based on the short story "Ligeia"

Occasionally, Corman's 1963 film The Terror (produced immediately after The Raven) is recognized as being part of the Corman-Poe cycle, although the film's story and title are not based on any literary work.

Based in rented office space at the Chaplin Studios, during the early 1960s AIP concentrated on horror films inspired by the Poe cycle. In 1962, Arkoff said AIP were in a position similar to Columbia Pictures just before they made Submarine and Dirigible:

Before that they were on poverty row. Our better position will enable us to obtain more important writers, perhaps more important producers as well. We're a privately owned company at the moment but perhaps within two or three years we will become a public company.[12]

Beach Party era

Beginning with 1963's Beach Party, AIP created a new genre of beach party films featuring Annette Funicello and Frankie Avalon. The original idea and the first script were Rusoff's. The highly successful and often imitated series ended in 1966 with the seventh film, The Ghost in the Invisible Bikini. Many actors from the beach films also appeared in AIP's spy-spoofs, such as Dr. Goldfoot and the Bikini Machine (1965) and car racing sagas like Fireball 500 (1966) and Thunder Alley. During this time, AIP also produced or distributed most of Corman's horror films such as X: The Man with X-Ray Eyes.

In 1966, the studio released The Wild Angels starring Peter Fonda, based loosely on the real-life exploits of the Hells Angels motorcycle gang. This film ushered in AIP's most successful year and kicked off a subgenre of motorcycle gang films that lasted almost ten years and included Devil's Angels, The Glory Stompers with Dennis Hopper, and The Born Losers—the film that introduced the Billy Jack character.

In 1968, AIP launched a $22 million film program.[13] The psychedelic and hippie scenes of the late '60s were also exploited with films like The Trip, also with Fonda, Riot on Sunset Strip, Wild in the Streets, Maryjane, Gas-s-s-s and Psych-Out with Jack Nicholson. These "social protest" films were also highly successful. Horror movies also enjoyed a revival of popularity in the late 60s.[14]

International American International

In the United Kingdom, AIP struck up a film making partnership with Nat Cohen and Stuart Levy's Anglo-Amalgamated.

On a trip to Italy, Arkoff met Fulvio Lucisano, an Italian screenwriter and producer who eventually headed Italian International Film,[15] which co-produced 25 films in Italy for AIP.[16] Due to importing completed productions from other foreign countries being cheaper and more simplistic than producing their own in-house studio films in America, AIP had released many giallo, peplum, Eurospy and Macaroni Combat war films featuring many American stars and Italian stars such as the comedy team of Franco Franchi and Ciccio Ingrassia. However, AIP released only two Spaghetti Westerns (Massacre Time and God Forgives... I Don't!), perhaps recalling their failure of Westerns in the 1950s. Many of these films were edited, rewritten with different (dubbed English) dialogue, usually by Arkoff's nephew Ted Rusoff, and sometimes rescored by Les Baxter.

AIP, through Henry G. Saperstein is known for being the major U.S. distributor for Toho's Godzilla and Daiei's Gamera (kaiju) films of the '60s and '70s. AIP also distributed other Japanese science fiction films like Frankenstein Conquers the World, Monster from a Prehistoric Planet and the South Korean production Yonggary, Monster from the Deep as well as two Japanese animated features from Toei Animation, Alakazam the Great and Jack and the Witch.

AIP also released a pair of Japanese spy thrillers redubbed as a comedy co-written by Woody Allen called What's Up Tiger Lily?.[17]

The studio also released edited and English-dubbed versions of several Eastern Bloc science fiction films, that had the dialogue rewritten for the American market and in some cases had additional scenes filmed with American and British actors. These include the Soviet film Planeta Bur (Planet of Storms) which was released by AIP in two different English-dubbed versions, as Voyage to the Prehistoric Planet and Voyage to the Planet of Prehistoric Women and the highly regarded 1963 Czech science fiction film Ikarie XB-1, which was retitled Voyage to the End of the Universe.

A few years later, AIP backed a British Poe film directed by Gordon Hessler: The Oblong Box (1969) based on the short story of the same name.

AIP-TV

In 1964, AIP became one of the last film studios to start its own television production company, American International Productions Television (a.k.a. American International Television or AIP-TV).[18] AIP-TV at first released many of their 1950s films to American television stations, then filmed unsuccessful television pilots for Beach Party and Sergeant Deadhead. The company then made several colour sci-fi/horror television films by Larry Buchanan that were remakes of black-and-white AIP films, and sold packages of many dubbed European, Japanese and Mexican films (the last type produced by K. Gordon Murray) and foreign-made live-action and animated TV series (including Prince Planet). The best known animated series AIP-TV distributed was Sinbad Jr. and his Magic Belt.

In order to allay the fears of cinema owners who feared current releases would soon end up being shown on television, AIP issued a statement retroactive to 1963 that the company would not release any of their films to television until five years after cinema release unless the film had not made back its original negative costs.[19] AIP-TV also filmed specials of promotion of AIP films such as The Wild Weird World of Dr. Goldfoot (1965, ABC) and An Evening of Edgar Allan Poe (1972, syndication), both with Vincent Price.

In 1978, AIP-TV distributed the pop music series Twiggy's Jukebox. For several years around this time, AIP-TV also distributed several British TV series, including The Avengers, to U.S. stations.

AIP Records

AIP started their own record label, American International Records, in 1959[20] to release music used in their films. There were a number of soundtrack albums as well.[21]

AIP Records was once distributed by MGM Records,[22] the record label owned by AIP's successor-in-interest MGM.

Later years

In 1969 AIP went public to raise extra capital, issuing 300,000 shares.[23][24]

In 1970, they entered into an agreement with Commonwealth United Entertainment to issue their films.[25] In 1971 they released 31 films, their greatest number to date, and were seen as one of the most stable companies in Hollywood.[26] Despite their exploitation roots, they did not concentrate on X or R rated filmmaking during this period.[27]

Resignation of Nicholson

In 1972 James H. Nicholson resigned from AIP to set up his own production company working out of 20th Century Fox, called Academy Pictures Corporation; its only two releases were The Legend of Hell House and Dirty Mary Crazy Larry.[28][29] AIP bought out over 100,000 of Nicholson's shares.[30] He died shortly thereafter of a cancerous brain tumor.[31]

Arkoff alone

Arkoff continued on at AIP as president until the end of the decade. Heads of production during the 1970s included Larry Gordon[32] and Jere Henshaw.

By the early 1970s AIP felt the horror movie cycle was in decline, and so switched to other genres, such as kung fu and gangsters.[33] Notably they produced some of that decade's blaxploitation films like Blacula, and Foxy Brown. In a throwback to the old "studio days", the company is credited with making Pam Grier a household name, as the majority of her early '70s films were made under contract to American International.

In the mid to late 1970s, AIP began to produce more mainstream films such as Bunny O'Hare, Cooley High, The Great Scout & Cathouse Thursday, The Amityville Horror, Love at First Bite, Meteor, Force 10 from Navarone, Shout at the Devil, The Island of Dr. Moreau and C.H.O.M.P.S.[34] The increased spending on these projects, though they did make some money, contributed to the company's downfall. In the meantime, the studio imported and released its final foreign film, an Australian film, Mad Max, dubbed into American English.

James Nicholson's first wife Sylvia was still a major shareholder of the company. She sued AIP for mismanagement but this was resolved in 1978 when AIP bought out her shares.[35]

Merger with Filmways

By the late 1970s costs of making movies continued to rise, AIP's tactic of moving into bigger budgeted quality pictures was not paying off at the box office, and Arkoff began to think of merging the company. "We've been the Woolworths of the movie business but Woolworths is being out priced," said Arkoff.[36] Talks began with Filmways Incorporated. Negotiations stalled for a while[37] but resumed a number of months later.[38] In 1979 AIP was sold to Filmways, Inc. for $30 million and became a subsidiary production unit thereof renamed Filmways Pictures in 1980.[39][40]

Arkoff was unhappy with the direction of the company and resigned to set up his own production company, receiving a pay out worth $1.4 million.[41][42]

AIP-TV was absorbed as the wholly owned program syndication arm of Filmways Television. Filmways was later bought by Orion Pictures Company in 1982 and Filmways was later renamed to Orion Pictures Corporation, but retained the distribution arm. This allowed Orion to establish its own distribution after utilizing Warner Bros. for distribution which still has distribution rights to Orion films Warner distributed. Today, a majority of the AIP library is owned by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer's subsidiary Orion Pictures Corporation. The American International name is still a registered trademark owned by MGM's Orion Pictures unit.[43][44]

List of American International Pictures films

1950s

Release Date Title Genre Director
as American Releasing Corporation
1955 Operation Malaya Documentary David MacDonald
February 15, 1955 The Fast and the Furious Crime John Ireland
April 15, 1955 Five Guns West Western Roger Corman
May 15, 1955 Outlaw Treasure Western Oliver Drake
June 15, 1955 The Beast with a Million Eyes Sci-fi David Kramarsky
Lou Place
Uncredited:
Roger Corman
September 15, 1955 Apache Woman Western Roger Corman
December 1955 Day the World Ended Sci-fi Roger Corman
December 1955 The Phantom from 10,000 Leagues Sci-fi Dan Milner
June 15, 1956 The Oklahoma Woman Western Roger Corman
June 15, 1956 Female Jungle Crime Bruno VeSota
June 1956 Gunslinger Western Roger Corman
as American International Pictures
July 15, 1956 It Conquered the World Sci-fi Roger Corman
July 1956 Girls in Prison Crime Edward L. Cahn
July 1956 Hot Rod Girl Action Lew Landers
August 1956 The She Creature Horror Edward L. Cahn
September 25, 1956 Flesh and the Spur Western Edward L. Cahn
November 1956 Runaway Daughters Crime Edward L. Cahn
November 1956 Shake, Rattle & Rock! Musical Edward L. Cahn
1957 The Astounding She-Monster Sci-fi horror Ronald V. Ashcroft
January 1957 Naked Paradise Crime Roger Corman
February 10, 1957 Not of This Earth Sci-fi Roger Corman
February 10, 1957 Attack of the Crab Monsters Sci-fi Roger Corman
March 1, 1957 Voodoo Woman Horror Edward L. Cahn
April 24, 1957 Dragstrip Girl Action Edward L. Cahn
April 1957 Rock All Night Crime Roger Corman
March 1957 The Undead Horror Roger Corman
June 19, 1957 I Was a Teenage Werewolf Horror Gene Fowler Jr.
June 1957 Invasion of the Saucer Men Sci-fi Edward L. Cahn
August 1957 Naked Africa Documentary Ray Phoenix
August 1957 Reform School Girl Crime Edward Bernds
August 1957 Rock Around the World Musical Gerard Bryant
August 1957 The White Huntress Adventure George P. Breakston
September 1957 Cat Girl Horror Alfred Shaughnessy
October 22, 1957 Motorcycle Gang Outlaw biker Edward L. Cahn
October 25, 1957 The Amazing Colossal Man Sci-fi Bert I. Gordon
October 1957 Sorority Girl Drama Roger Corman
November 23, 1957 I Was a Teenage Frankenstein Horror Herbert L. Strock
November 1957 Blood of Dracula Horror Herbert L. Strock
December 1957 The Saga of the Viking Women and Their Voyage to the Waters of the Great Sea Serpent Adventure Roger Corman
January 1958 The Screaming Skull Horror Alex Nicol
January 1958 Terror from the Year 5000 Sci-fi Robert J. Gurney Jr.
February 1958 Jet Attack War Edward L. Cahn
February 1958 Suicide Battalion War Edward L. Cahn
March 1958 The Cool and the Crazy Drama William Witney
March 1958 Daddy-O Crime Lou Place
March 1958 Dragstrip Riot Drama David Bradley
April 1958 Attack of the Puppet People Sci-fi Bert I. Gordon
May 28, 1958 The Bonnie Parker Story Crime William Witney
May 1958 Machine-Gun Kelly Action Roger Corman
June 1958 High School Hellcats Crime Edward Bernds
June 1958 Hot Rod Gang Drama Lew Landers
July 1, 1958 How to Make a Monster Horror Herbert L. Strock
July 30, 1958 War of the Colossal Beast Sci-fi Bert I. Gordon
July 1958 Hell Squad War Burt Topper
July 1958 Tank Battalion War Sherman A. Rose
July 1958 Teenage Cave Man Sci-fi Roger Corman
August 1958 Night of the Blood Beast Sci-fi horror Bernard L. Kowalski
August 1958 She Gods of Shark Reef Adventure Roger Corman
September 1958 The Brain Eaters Sci-fi horror Bruno VeSota
September 1958 Earth vs. the Spider Sci-fi Bert I. Gordon
December 1958 Submarine Seahawk War Spencer Gordon Bennet
February 1959 Paratroop Command War William Witney
March 1959 Operation Dames War Louis Clyde Stoumen
March 1959 Roadracers Action Arthur Swerdloff
March 1959 Tank Commandos War Burt Topper
April 29, 1959 The Headless Ghost Horror Peter Graham Scott
April 29, 1959 Horrors of the Black Museum Horror Arthur Crabtree
July 1959 Diary of a High School Bride Romance Burt Topper
July 1959 Ghost of Dragstrip Hollow Horror William J. Hole Jr.
September 23, 1959 Sheba and the Gladiator Sword-and-sandal Guido Brignone
October 21, 1959 A Bucket of Blood Horror Roger Corman
October 1959 Attack of the Giant Leeches Sci-fi horror Bernard L. Kowalski
November 23, 1959 The Angry Red Planet Sci-fi Sidney W. Pink
November 1959 Goliath and the Barbarians Sword-and-sandal Carlo Campogalliani

1960s

Release Date Title Genre Director
June 22, 1960 House of Usher Horror Roger Corman
June 1960 The Jailbreakers Crime Alexander Grasshoff
June 1960 Why Must I Die? Crime Roy Del Ruth
July 1960 The Amazing Transparent Man Sci-fi Edgar G. Ulmer
July 1960 Beyond the Time Barrier Sci-fi Edgar G. Ulmer
August 31, 1960 Circus of Horrors Horror Sidney Hayers
October 1960 The Indian Tomb Adventure Fritz Lang
October 1960 The Tiger of Eschnapur Adventure Fritz Lang
November 1960 Goliath and the Dragon Sword-and-sandal Vittorio Cottafavi
February 15, 1961 Black Sunday Horror Mario Bava
March 22, 1961 The Hand Crime Henry Cass
March 22, 1961 Konga Horror John Lemont
April 1961 Beware of Children Comedy Gerald Thomas
May 1961 Master of the World Sci-fi William Witney
July 14, 1961 Alakazam the Great Anime Taiji Yabushita
Daisaku Shirakawa
August 12, 1961 The Pit and the Pendulum Horror Roger Corman
December 6, 1961 Portrait of a Sinner Drama Robert Siodmak
December 12, 1961 The Continental Twist Musical William J. Hole
December 13, 1961 Assignment Outer Space Sci-fi Antonio Margheriti
December 13, 1961 The Phantom Planet Sci-fi William Marshall
December 28, 1961 Flight of the Lost Balloon Sci-fi adventure Nathan Juran
December 1961 Guns of the Black Witch Adventure Domenico Paolella
1962 Battle Beyond the Sun Sci-fi Mikhail Karyukov
Aleksandr Kozyr
1962 A House of Sand Drama Robert Darwin
1962 Duel of Fire Adventure Umberto Lenzi
March 7, 1962 The Premature Burial Horror Roger Corman
March 10, 1962 Journey to the Seventh Planet Sci-Fi Sidney W. Pink
April 25, 1962 Burn, Witch, Burn Horror Sidney Hayers
May 20, 1962 Invasion of the Star Creatures Sci-fi comedy Bruno VeSota
June 1962 The Prisoner of the Iron Mask Adventure Francesco De Feo
July 4, 1962 Tales of Terror Horror Roger Corman
July 5, 1962 Panic in Year Zero! Nuclear war thriller Ray Milland
August 10, 1962 The Brain That Wouldn't Die Sci-fi Joseph Green
August 1962 Marco Polo Adventure Piero Pierotti
September 1962 White Slave Ship Adventure Silvio Amadio
November 18, 1962 A Story of David Biblical Bob McNaught
December 1962 Samson and the Seven Miracles of the World Sword-and-sandal Riccardo Freda
December 1962 Warriors Five! War Leopoldo Savona
January 20, 1963 Reptilicus Sci-fi horror Sidney W. Pink
January 25, 1963 The Raven Horror Roger Corman
March 3, 1963 California Western Hamil Petroff
March 26, 1963 Operation Bikini War Anthony Carras
April 24, 1963 Free, White and 21 Drama Larry Buchanan
May 1, 1963 The Mind Benders Spy Basil Dearden
June 6, 1963 Night Tide Horror Curtis Harrington
June 12, 1963 Erik the Conqueror Adventure Mario Bava
June 17, 1963 The Terror Horror Roger Corman
August 7, 1963 Beach Party Beach party William Asher
August 28, 1963 The Haunted Palace Horror Roger Corman
September 18, 1963 X: The Man with the X-Ray Eyes Horror Roger Corman
September 25, 1963 Dementia 13 Horror Francis Coppola
December 18, 1963 Samson and the Slave Queen Sword-and-sandal Umberto Lenzi
December 25, 1963 Goliath and the Sins of Babylon Sword-and-sandal Michele Lupo
1964 Hercules and the Tyrants of Babylon Sword-and-sandal Domenico Paolella
1964 Swingers' Paradise Musical Sidney J. Furie
January 22, 1964 The Comedy of Terrors Comedy horror Jacques Tourneur
January 22, 1964 Pyro... The Thing Without a Face Horror Julio Coll
March 8, 1964 The Last Man on Earth Horror Ubaldo Ragona
Sidney Salkow
March 12, 1964 Summer Holiday Beach party Peter Yates
March 25, 1964 Muscle Beach Party Beach party William Asher
March 1964 Under Age Drama Larry Buchanan
April 1, 1964 Commando War Frank Wisbar
April 1, 1964 Torpedo Bay War Charles Frend
Bruno Vailati
April 1964 Unearthly Stranger Sci-fi John Krish
May 6, 1964 Black Sabbath Giallo Mario Bava
May 20, 1964 The Evil Eye Giallo Mario Bava
June 24, 1964 The Masque of the Red Death Horror Roger Corman
June 1964 Some People Musical Clive Donner
July 22, 1964 Bikini Beach Beach party William Asher
September 17, 1964 Godzilla vs. the Thing J-Horror Ishirō Honda
September 1964 Diary of a Bachelor Comedy Sandy Howard
October 29, 1964 The Time Travelers Sci-fi Ib Melchior
November 11, 1964 Pajama Party Beach party Don Weis
November 25, 1964 Navajo Run Western Johnny Seven
November 25, 1964 Voyage to the End of the Universe Sci-fi Jindřich Polák
December 29, 1964 T.A.M.I. Show Concert documentary Steve Binder
1965 The Eye Creatures Sci-Fi Larry Buchanan
January 20, 1965 The Tomb of Ligeia Horror Roger Corman
January 27, 1965 Operation Snafu War comedy Cyril Frankel
March 3, 1965 The Lost World of Sinbad Adventure Senkichi Taniguchi
March 11, 1965 Atragon J-Horror Ishirō Honda
March 1965 Rome Against Rome Sword-and-sandal Giuseppe Vari
April 14, 1965 Beach Blanket Bingo Beach party William Asher
April 20, 1965 The Pawnbroker Drama Sidney Lumet
April 28, 1965 The Fool Killer Adventure drama Servando González
April 1965 Taboos of the World Shockumentary Romolo Marcellini
May 19, 1965 Go Go Mania Musical Frederic Goode
May 26, 1965 War-Gods of the Deep Horror Jacques Tourneur
June 30, 1965 Ski Party Beach party Alan Rafkin
July 8, 1966 Frankenstein Conquers the World J-Horror Ishirō Honda
July 14, 1965 How to Stuff a Wild Bikini Beach party William Asher
August 1, 1965 Voyage to the Prehistoric Planet Sci-fi Curtis Harrington
August 18, 1965 Sergeant Deadhead Comedy Norman Taurog
October 27, 1965 Die, Monster, Die! Horror Daniel Haller
October 27, 1965 Planet of the Vampires Sci-fi Mario Bava
November 6, 1965 Dr. Goldfoot and the Bikini Machine Comedy Norman Taurog
November 30, 1965 King & Country Drama Joseph Losey
1966 Zontar, the Thing from Venus Sci-fi Larry Buchanan
1966 Curse of the Swamp Creature Sci-fi Larry Buchanan
January 12, 1966 Secret Agent Fireball Eurospy Luciano Martino
January 1966 Conquered City War Joseph Anthony
January 1966 Spy in Your Eye Eurospy Vittorio Sala
March 1966 Queen of Blood Sci-fi Curtis Harrington
March 2, 1966 Blood Bath Horror Jack Hill
April 12, 1966 The Girl-Getters Drama Michael Winner
April 13, 1966 The Dirty Game Eurospy anthology Christian-Jaque
Werner Klingler
Carlo Lizzani
Terence Young
April 1966 Man from Cocody Action Christian-Jaque
April 1966 What's Up, Tiger Lily? Spy comedy film Woody Allen
Senkichi Taniguchi
April 1966 The Ghost in the Invisible Bikini Beach party Don Weis
May 1966 The Great Spy Chase Eurospy Georges Lautner
June 7, 1966 Fireball 500 Car racing film William Asher
July 1966 Tarzan and the Valley of Gold Adventure Robert Day
July 20, 1966 The Wild Angels Outlaw biker Roger Corman
November 9, 1966 Dr. Goldfoot and the Girl Bombs Eurospy comedy Mario Bava
November 1966 Door to Door Maniac Crime Bill Karn
December 28, 1966 Trunk to Cairo Spy Menahem Golan
1967 Mars Needs Women Sci-fi Larry Buchanan
1967 In the Year 2889 Sci-fi Larry Buchanan
1967 Creature of Destruction Sci-fi Larry Buchanan
January 18, 1967 War Italian Style War comedy Luigi Scattini
March 18, 1967 Riot on Sunset Strip Drama Arthur Dreifuss
March 22, 1967 Thunder Alley Car racing film Richard Rush
April 1967 Devil's Angels Outlaw biker film Daniel Haller
May 17, 1967 The Million Eyes of Sumuru Action Lindsay Shonteff
August 23, 1967 The Trip Drama Roger Corman
November 22, 1967 The Glory Stompers Outlaw biker Anthony M. Lanza
1968 Voyage to the Planet of Prehistoric Women Sci-fi Peter Bogdanovich
January 18, 1968 The Born Losers Outlaw biker T. C. Frank
January 24, 1968 Maryjane Drama Maury Dexter
January 24, 1968 The Wild Racers Racing car film Daniel Haller
May 1968 The Mini-Skirt Mob Outlaw biker Maury Dexter
May 1968 The Savage Seven Outlaw biker Richard Rush
May 15, 1968 Witchfinder General Horror Michael Reeves
May 29, 1968 Wild in the Streets Comedy-drama Barry Shear
September 22, 1968 Psych-Out Drama Richard Rush
November 1968 Killers Three Crime Bruce Kessler
December 20, 1968 Three in the Attic Comedy-drama Richard Wilson
1969 'It's Alive!' Horror Larry Buchanan
March 18, 1969 The Wonderful World of Puss 'n Boots Anime Kimio Yabuki
April 16, 1969 Hell's Belles Outlaw biker Maury Dexter
May 1969 God Forgives... I Don't! Spaghetti Western Giuseppe Colizzi
May 23, 1969 Destroy All Monsters J-Horror Ishirō Honda
June 11, 1969 The Oblong Box Horror Gordon Hessler
July 23, 1969 Spirits of the Dead Anthology horror Roger Vadim
Louis Malle
Federico Fellini
August 19, 1969 Angel, Angel, Down We Go Crime Robert Thom
August 27, 1969 De Sade Drama Cy Endfield
Uncredited:
Roger Corman
Gordon Hessler
September 8, 1969 The Honeymoon Killers Crime Leonard Kastle
September 10, 1969 Hell's Angels '69 Outlaw biker Lee Madden
Conny Van Dyke

1970s

Release Date Title Genre Director
1970 Strawberries Need Rain Fantasy Larry Buchanan
1970 Pacific Vibrations Documentary John Severson
January 1970 The Savage Wild Documentary Gordon Eastman
January 1970 Scream and Scream Again Sci-fi thriller Gordon Hessler
January 14, 1970 The Dunwich Horror Horror Daniel Haller
March 24, 1970 Bloody Mama Drama Roger Corman
April 15, 1970 The Haunted House of Horror Slasher Michael Armstrong
May 8, 1970 Lola Romantic comedy-drama Richard Donner
June 1970 A Bullet for Pretty Boy Action Larry Buchanan
June 10, 1970 Count Yorga, Vampire Horror Bob Kelljan
July 29, 1970 Cry of the Banshee Horror Gordon Hessler
September 2, 1970 Angel Unchained Outlaw biker Lee Madden
September 9, 1970 Venus in Furs Erotic thriller Jesús Franco
October 22, 1970 The Vampire Lovers Horror Roy Ward Baker
February 17, 1971 Gas-s-s-s Sci-fi comedy-drama Roger Corman
February 18, 1971 Wuthering Heights Romance Robert Fuest
March 17, 1971 Blood and Lace Horror Philip S. Gilbert
April 22, 1971 The Hard Ride Outlaw biker Burt Topper
April 28, 1971 The Incredible 2-Headed Transplant Sci-fi horror Anthony Lanza
May 18, 1971 The Abominable Dr. Phibes Comedy horror Robert Fuest
August 20, 1971 Swedish Fly Girls Drama Jack O'Connell
September 29, 1971 Chrome and Hot Leather Outlaw biker Lee Frost
October 6, 1971 Murders in the Rue Morgue Horror Gordon Hessler
October 13, 1971 A Lizard in a Woman's Skin Giallo Lucio Fulci
October 18, 1971 Bunny O'Hare Comedy Gerd Oswald
October 27, 1971 Some of My Best Friends Are... Drama Mervyn Nelson
October 1971 1000 Convicts and a Woman Drama Ray Austin
December 22, 1971 Kidnapped Adventure Delbert Mann
January 19, 1972 Together Mockumentary Sean S. Cunningham
February 2, 1972 The Return of Count Yorga Horror Bob Kelljan
February 1972 Godzilla vs. the Smog Monster J-Horror Yoshimitsu Banno
March 10, 1972 Frogs Horror George McCowan
March 15, 1972 Whoever Slew Auntie Roo? Horror Curtis Harrington
April 1972 Dr. Jekyll and Sister Hyde Sci-fi horror Roy Ward Baker
May 17, 1972 Blood from the Mummy's Tomb Horror Seth Holt
May 1972 Pickup on 101 Drama John Florea
Wild in the Sky Action comedy William T. Naud
The Bloody Judge Horror Jesús Franco
June 14, 1972 Boxcar Bertha Crime Martin Scorsese
July 19, 1972 The Thing with Two Heads Sci-fi Lee Frost
July 21, 1972 F.T.A. Documentary Francine Parker
July 1972 Dr. Phibes Rises Again Horror Robert Fuest
August 16, 1972 Slaughter Blaxploitation Jack Starrett
August 25, 1972 Blacula Blaxploitation William Crain
August 1972 Deathmaster Horror Ray Danton
The Sandpit Generals Drama Hall Bartlett
September 1972 Tam-Lin Horror Roddy McDowall
October 10, 1972 Baron Blood Horror Mario Bava
November 1972 The Dirt Gang Action drama Jerry Jameson
November 10, 1972 Unholy Rollers Action comedy Vernon Zimmerman
November 22, 1972 Prison Girls Crime Thomas De Simone
January 19, 1973 Black Mama White Mama Women in prison Eddie Romero
January 1973 Manson Documentary Robert Hendrickson and Laurence Merrick
February 7, 1973 Black Caesar Blaxploitation Larry Cohen
March 27, 1973 Sisters Horror Brian De Palma
April 1973 Cannibal Girls Comedy horror Ivan Reitman
May 4, 1973 Deep Thrust Action Huang Feng
June 13, 1973 Coffy Blaxploitation Jack Hill
June 27, 1973 Scream, Blacula, Scream Blaxploitation Bob Kelljan
June 1973 Little Cigars Crime comedy Chris Christenberry
July 20, 1973 Dillinger Crime John Milius
August 8, 1973 Heavy Traffic Animated comedy-drama Ralph Bakshi
August 31, 1973 Slaughter's Big Rip-Off Blaxploitation Gordon Douglas
September 1973 Death Line Horror Gary Sherman
October 31, 1973 The Italian Connection Action Fernando di Leo
October 1973 The Screaming Tiger Action Lung Chien
November 21, 1973 Battle of the Amazons Sword-and-sandal Alfonso Brescia
December 1973 Hell Up in Harlem Blaxploitation Larry Cohen
January 30, 1974 The Bat People Horror Jerry Jameson
February 13, 1974 Bamboo Gods and Iron Men Blaxploitation comedy Cesar Gallardo
February 1974 Secret Life of a Schoolgirl Wife Comedy-drama Leon Capetanos
March 6, 1974 Deranged Horror Alan Ormsby
March 20, 1974 Sugar Hill Blaxploitation horror Paul Maslansky
April 5, 1974 Foxy Brown Blaxploitation Jack Hill
May 15, 1974 Truck Stop Women Action Mark L. Lester
May 22, 1974 Madhouse Horror Jim Clark
June 5, 1974 Thriller: A Cruel Picture Rape and revenge Alex Fridolinski
Dirty O'Neil Crime thriller Leon Capetanos
Lewis Teague
June 26, 1974 The Nine Lives of Fritz the Cat Animated comedy Robert Taylor
Truck Turner Blaxploitation Jonathan Kaplan
July 17, 1974 Golden Needles Action Robert Clouse
July 1974 Savage Sisters Women in prison Eddie Romero
August 8, 1974 Macon County Line Action Richard Compton
August 18, 1974 Act of Vengeance Horror Bob Kelljan
October 1974 Hangup Action Henry Hathaway
November 22, 1974 Sunday in the Country Crime thriller John Trent
December 25, 1974 Abby Blaxploitation horror William Girdler
1975 Vampira Comedy horror Clive Donner
February 1975 Super Stooges vs. the Wonder Women Superhero comedy Alfonso Brescia
March 26, 1975 Sheba, Baby Blaxploitation William Girdler
March 1975 House of Whipcord Horror Pete Walker
War Goddess Adventure Terence Young
The Wild Party Comedy-drama James Ivory
April 25, 1975 The Reincarnation of Peter Proud Mystery horror J. Lee Thompson
May 21, 1975 Cornbread, Earl and Me Drama Joseph Manduke
The Wild McCullochs Drama Max Baer Jr.
May 1975 What Have You Done to Solange? Giallo Massimo Dallamano
June 11, 1975 Murph the Surf Biographical crime comedy Marvin J. Chomsky
June 25, 1975 Cooley High Comedy-drama Michael Schultz
July 2, 1975 Bucktown Blaxploitation Arthur Marks
July 31, 1975 Hennessy Thriller Don Sharp
August 13, 1975 The Land That Time Forgot Adventure fantasy Kevin Connor
September 3, 1975 Return to Macon County Drama Richard Compton
September 28, 1975 Walking Tall Part 2 Crime Earl Bellamy
December 17, 1975 Sixpack Annie Action comedy Graydon F. David
December 25, 1975 Friday Foster Blaxploitation Arthur Marks
January 14, 1976 Killer Force Thriller Val Guest
March 1976 Bobbie Jo and the Outlaw Crime drama Mark L. Lester
One Summer Love Romantic drama Gilbert Cates
April 21, 1976 Crime and Passion Crime Ivan Passer
May 1976 Annie Drama Massimo Dallamano
June 18, 1976 The Food of the Gods Sci-fi thriller Bert I. Gordon
June 23, 1976 The Great Scout & Cathouse Thursday Comedy Don Taylor
I Don't Want to Be Born Horror Peter Sasdy
July 9, 1976 A Small Town in Texas Crime Jack Starrett
July 30, 1976 Squirm Horror Jeff Lieberman
July 1976 At the Earth's Core Sci-fi fantasy Kevin Connor
Special Delivery Crime comedy Paul Wendkos
August 13, 1976 Futureworld Sci-fi thriller Richard T. Heffron
August 25, 1976 J.D.'s Revenge Blaxploitation Arthur Marks
September 17, 1976 Street People Action Maurizio Lucidi
October 7, 1976 A Matter of Time Musical Vincente Minnelli
October 8, 1976 Scorchy Crime Howard Avedis
November 24, 1976 Shout at the Devil War Peter R. Hunt
December 24, 1976 The Monkey Hustle Blaxploitation Arthur Marks
The Town That Dreaded Sundown Horror Charles B. Pierce
December 1976 Escape from Angola Adventure Leslie H. Martinson
January 23, 1977 The Day That Shook the World Historical drama Veljko Bulajić
February 2, 1977 Chatterbox Sex comedy Tom DeSimone
February 11, 1977 Strange Shadows in an Empty Room Crime Alberto De Martino
March 4, 1977 Death Weekend Horror William Fruet
April 1, 1977 Breaker! Breaker! Action Don Hulette
June 15, 1977 Tentacles Horror Ovidio G. Assonitis
June 29, 1977 Empire of the Ants Sci-fi horror Bert I. Gordon
July 6, 1977 The People That Time Forgot Adventure fantasy Kevin Connor
July 13, 1977 The Island of Dr. Moreau Sci-fi fantasy horror Don Taylor
August 10, 1977 The Little Girl Who Lives Down the Lane Mystery thriller Nicolas Gessner
August 17, 1977 Joyride Adventure crime comedy Joseph Ruben
August 31, 1977 Walking Tall: Final Chapter Crime Jack Starrett
October 14, 1977 Rolling Thunder Neo-noir John Flynn
December 28, 1977 Grayeagle Western adventure Charles B. Pierce
December 1977 The Incredible Melting Man Sci-fi horror William Sachs
The Private Files of J. Edgar Hoover Biographical drama Larry Cohen
February 1978 Record City Comedy Dennis Steinmetz
March 1978 Last Cannibal World Horror Ruggero Deodato
April 19, 1978 Holocaust 2000 Horror Alberto De Martino
May 13, 1978 Jennifer Horror Brice Mack
May 24, 1978 Youngblood Action Noel Nosseck
May 26, 1978 Here Come the Tigers Sports comedy Sean S. Cunningham
High-Ballin' Action comedy Peter Carter
May 1978 Our Winning Season Drama Joseph Ruben
June 6, 1978 Cracking Up Comedy Rowby Goren
Chuck Staley
June 22, 1978 Matilda Comedy Daniel Mann
June 1978 Who Can Kill a Child? Spanish horror Narciso Ibáñez Serrador
July 14, 1978 Mean Dog Blues Drama Mel Stuart
October 5, 1978 The Norsemen Adventure Charles B. Pierce
December 8, 1978 Force 10 from Navarone War Guy Hamilton
April 18, 1979 The Evictors Crime horror Charles B. Pierce
April 27, 1979 Love at First Bite Comedy horror Stan Dragoti
June 1, 1979 Sunnyside Action Timothy Galfas
July 27, 1979 The Amityville Horror Horror Stuart Rosenberg
September 14, 1979 California Dreaming Comedy-drama John D. Hancock
September 1979 Seven Action Andy Sidaris
October 5, 1979 Something Short of Paradise Romantic comedy David Helpern
October 19, 1979 Meteor Disaster Ronald Neame
November 1979 Jaguar Lives! Action Ernest Pintoff
December 21, 1979 C.H.O.M.P.S. Sci-fi comedy Don Chaffey

1980s

Release Date Title Genre Director Notes
February 15, 1980 Mad Max Action George Miller Australian sci-fi dystopian film dubbed in American English
March 14, 1980 Defiance Action John Flynn
March 14, 1980 The Visitor Sci-fi horror Michael J. Paradise
March 28, 1980 Nothing Personal Romantic comedy George Bloomfield
May 1, 1980 Gorp Sex comedy Joseph Ruben
July 11, 1980 How to Beat the High Cost of Living Crime comedy Robert Scheerer

Unproduced films

The following films were announced for production by AIP but never made:

Financial earnings

  • 1970 - $22.7 million[69]
  • 1971 - $21.4 million[70]
  • 1972 - $24 million
  • 1973 - $24.5 million[71] - profit $744,000[72]
  • 1974 - $32.5 million - profit of $931,400[33]
  • 1975 - $48.2 million[73]
  • 1978 - $51.2 million - profit $1.8 million[74]

Notes

  1. ^ Johnson, John Cheap Tricks and Class Acts, 1996, McFarland, p.265
  2. ^ "Artist Interviews » Les Baxter". www.artistinterviews.eu. Retrieved 21 April 2018. 
  3. ^ Shocker Pioneers Tell How to Make Monsters: Want to Make a Monster? Experts Tell How It's Done Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] September 17, 1958: E1.
  4. ^ Samuel Z Arkoff Biography, Fancast, archived from the original on 2011-07-23 .
  5. ^ a b c Doherty, Thomas (1988), Teenagers and Teenpics, Unwin-Hyman .
  6. ^ Booker, M. Keith. Historical dictionary of American cinema. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press. p. 22. ISBN 0-8108-7192-0. 
  7. ^ Albert Kallis – bio, Learn about movie posters, archived from the original on 2008-03-21 .
  8. ^ Bean, Robin and Austen, David U.S.A. Confidential p.215 Films and Filming November 1968 quoted in p.157 Doherty, Thomas Teenagers and Teenpics Unwin-Hyman 1988
  9. ^ a b Shocker Pioneers Tell How to Make Monsters: Want to Make a Monster? Experts Tell How It's Done Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 21 Sep 1958: E1.
  10. ^ Corman, Roger How I Made 100 Movies in Hollywood and Never Lost a Dime 1998 DaCapo Press
  11. ^ Corman, Roger & Jerome, Jim How I Made Over a Hundred Movies in Hollywood and Never Lost a Dime 1998 DaCapo Press
  12. ^ Who Needs High Salaried Stars? Horrors! Film Makers Find Audiences Prefer Action Alpert, Don. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 15 July 1962: A8.
  13. ^ AIP Reveals Its 1968 Film Program Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 13 Jan 1968: b7.
  14. ^ Bye, Bye, Beach Bunnies: Bye, Bye, Beach Bunnies By VINCENT CANBY. New York Times (1923–Current file) [New York, N.Y] 02 Mar 1969: D1
  15. ^ Italian International Film on IMDbPro (subscription required)
  16. ^ p.96 + p.214 Arkoff, Sam & Trubo, Richard Flying Through Hollywood by the Seat of My Pants 1990 Carol Publishing
  17. ^ "International Secret Police". tokyo street report. 2009-04-16. Archived from the original on 4 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-02. 
  18. ^ "American-International Television (AIP-TV) - IMDbPro". imdb.com. Retrieved 21 April 2018. 
  19. ^ Heffernan, Kevin Ghouls Gimmicks and Gold: Horror Films and the American Movie Business, 2004, Duke University Press, p.167
  20. ^ Nielsen Business Media, Inc (1959-06-08). Billboard – Google Books. Retrieved 2010-08-02. 
  21. ^ "American International Records – CDs and Vinyl at Discogs". Discogs.com. Retrieved 2010-08-02. 
  22. ^ "Together/AIR Album Discography". Bsnpubs.com. 2000-04-12. Retrieved 2010-08-02. 
  23. ^ American International Pictures Wall Street Journal (1923 - Current file) [New York, N.Y] 03 June 1969: 29
  24. ^ American International Pictures Wall Street Journal (1923 - Current file) [New York, N.Y] 10 July 1969: 27
  25. ^ American International Pictures Enters Film Accord Wall Street Journal (1923 - Current file) [New York, N.Y] 10 Apr 1970: 22.
  26. ^ 30 FEATURES SET: AIP ANNOUNCES PLANS FOR BUSIEST FILM YEAR Warga, Wayne. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 28 Jan 1971: g11.
  27. ^ X-Rated Movies: On the Downswing? The Washington Post, Times Herald (1959-1973) [Washington, D.C] 31 Mar 1971: B4
  28. ^ Nicholson to Quit American International Pictures Post Wall Street Journal (1923–Current file) [New York, N.Y] 17 January 1972: 18.
  29. ^ Nicholson Plans Own Film Firm Los Angeles Times (1923–Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif.] 22 January 1972: b6
  30. ^ California Film Maker Buys Own Stock From Ex-Officer Wall Street Journal (1923–Current file) [New York, N.Y] 19 September 1972: 43.
  31. ^ J.H. Nicholson, Film Maker, Dies of Cancer. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif.] 11 December 1972: 26
  32. ^ LARRY GORDON ROLLS HIS DICE Taylor, Clarke. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 08 Oct 1978: n35
  33. ^ a b The dime-store way to make movies-and money By Aljean Harmetz. New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 04 Aug 1974: 202.
  34. ^ Policy Shift Set by American International Pictures Inc. Wall Street Journal (1923 - Current file) [New York, N.Y] 25 May 1972: 7.
  35. ^ American International Pictures Buys Shares From Sylvia Nicholson Wall Street Journal (1923 - Current file) [New York, N.Y] 19 Apr 1978: 36.
  36. ^ Filmways Inc. Signs Accord in Principle For Movie Maker Wall Street Journal (1923 - Current file) [New York, N.Y] 10 Oct 1978: 48
  37. ^ American International Pictures, Filmways Inc. Terminate Merger Plan By a WALL STREET JOURNAL Staff Reporter. Wall Street Journal (1923 - Current file) [New York, N.Y] 11 Dec 1978: 20.
  38. ^ May Revive Merger Talks With Filmways, AIP Says Jones, John A. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 12 Feb 1979: d12.
  39. ^ Filmways Says Assets Were Overstated For American International Pictures Inc. By a WALL STREET JOURNAL Staff Reporter. Wall Street Journal (1923 - Current file) [New York, N.Y] 03 Dec 1979: 8.
  40. ^ AIP BITES DUST AS FILMWAYS RENAMES STUDIO Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 13 Mar 1980: f3.
  41. ^ President of Filmways' American International Pictures Resigns Post Wall Street Journal (1923 - Current file) [New York, N.Y] 06 Dec 1979: 30.
  42. ^ Filmways Inc. Pays Ex-Aide $1.4 Million Wall Street Journal (1923 - Current file) [New York, N.Y] 08 July 1980: 8
  43. ^ http://tess2.uspto.gov/bin/gate.exe?f=doc&state=4010:i6p96l.3.5
  44. ^ How Accountants Helped Orion Pictures Launch Its Financial Comeback Welles, Chris. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 15 May 1983: f1.
  45. ^ Smith p 97
  46. ^ Smith p98
  47. ^ Smith p99
  48. ^ Smith p 114
  49. ^ a b Smith p 118
  50. ^ Smith p 159
  51. ^ a b c d Smith p 249
  52. ^ Smith p 161
  53. ^ Smith p 188, 230
  54. ^ Smith p 188
  55. ^ Smith p 192
  56. ^ First Kiss January 1962 Charlton Comics
  57. ^ pp.219-220 Palmer, Randy Paul Blaisdell, Monster Maker: A Biography of the B Movie Makeup and Special Effects Artist McFarland, 1 Jan 1997
  58. ^ a b Grand Guignol Set at Vine St. Cabaret: Huston 'Sells' Kipling Yarn; Sinatra, AIP Think Young Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 12 July 1963: D11.
  59. ^ a b c Smith p 208
  60. ^ a b AIP Millions for Poe, Beach Parties: 'Flowers' Oscar Hopeful; Burton Buys, May Direct Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 02 Jan 1964: C11.
  61. ^ Hollywood To Make A Big Silent Film." Times [London, England] 3 Mar. 1965: 15. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 15 June 2014.
  62. ^ Howard Hughes, Aide Part Company Dorothy Kilgallen:. The Washington Post, Times Herald (1959-1973) [Washington, D.C] 11 June 1964: E22.
  63. ^ Smith p 262
  64. ^ a b Smith p 289
  65. ^ American Film Executive On Study Visit South China Morning Post & the Hongkong Telegraph 15 Sep 1965: 7.
  66. ^ MOVIE CALL SHEET: Spiegel to Film 'Swimmer' Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 19 Mar 1965: D13.
  67. ^ a b c American International Expanding Operations Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 04 May 1966: e13.
  68. ^ Smith p 315
  69. ^ American International Pictures' Profit Steady: Company Says Results for Third Fiscal Quarter Were About the Same as for Year-Ago Period Wall Street Journal (1923 - Current file) [New York, N.Y] 12 Oct 1971: 37.
  70. ^ American International Pictures Wall Street Journal (1923 - Current file) [New York, N.Y] 09 May 1973: 19.
  71. ^ Horror or Horrid Films, AIP Quickies Score at Box Office: FILMS Getze, John. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 20 Feb 1974: d10. Turn on hit highlighting for speaking browsers
  72. ^ Stockholder Meeting Briefs Wall Street Journal (1923 - Current file) [New York, N.Y] 26 June 1973: 35
  73. ^ American International Will Be 'Happy' if Net Matches Fiscal 1975's Wall Street Journal (1923 - Current file) [New York, N.Y] 27 Oct 1975: 18.
  74. ^ AMERICAN INTERNATIONAL EPIC: CHINESE BOOK U.S. FILM 'FUTUREWORLD' Bry, Barbara. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 05 Jan 1979: d16.

References

  • Mark Thomas McGee, Faster and Furiouser: The Story of American International Pictures (McFarland & Company, 1995) ISBN 0-7864-0137-0.
  • Gary A. Smith, American International Pictures: The Golden Years, Bear Manor Media 2013


External links

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