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Hebrew transcription(s)
 • officialAllonim
Alonim's Old Dining Room, April 2017.jpg
Alonim is located in Jezreel Valley region of Israel
Coordinates: 32°43′11.27″N 35°8′38.39″E / 32.7197972°N 35.1439972°E / 32.7197972; 35.1439972
CouncilJezreel Valley
AffiliationKibbutz Movement
Founded26 June 1938

Alonim (Hebrew: אַלּוֹנִים‎, lit. Oaks) is a kibbutz in northern Israel. Located in the Lower Galilee, it falls under the jurisdiction of Jezreel Valley Regional Council. In 2019 the kibbutz had a population of 515.[1]


Ottoman era

In the Ottoman era, a village called Qusqus, or Kuskus,[2] was situated here. In 1859, the population was given as 100, with 16 feddans of tillage.[3]

In 1875, Victor Guérin visited, and estimated that the village had 200 inhabitants.[4] In 1881, the PEF's Survey of Western Palestine described Kuskus as an adobe village in the oak-woods on high ground.[3]

British Mandate era

In 1925 a Zionist organisation purchased 30 feddans in Kiskis (present Alonim) and Tabon (present Kiryat Tiv'on) from the Sursuk family of Beirut. At the time, there were 36 families living there.[5] From 1931, and lasting several years, the Jewish Agency struggled to evict the tenant farmers from Qusqus, from the land which was to become Alonim.[6]

The kibbutz was established on 26 June 1938 as part of the tower and stockade settlement project.[7]

During the 1936–39 Arab revolt in Palestine, Alonim was frequently attacked and three of its members were killed. It began as an orchard and dairy farm, and manufactured flutes, which were popular with Israeli children.

By 1945, al Tivon (Alonim) (previously Qusqus Taboun) had 370 Muslim and 320 Jewish inhabitants, with a total land area of 5,823 dunams.[8][9] Of this land, 141 dunams were used for plantations and irrigable land, 2,038 for cereals,[10] while 3,644 dunams were classified as non-cultivable land.[11]

In 1947, Alonim had a population of over 450.

State of Israel

The Israel National Arabian Horse Show is an annual event held at Kibbutz Alonim.[12] As one of its economic branches, the kibbutz operates chicken coops in partnership with Kibbutz Hannaton.[13]


  1. ^ a b "Population in the Localities 2019" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  2. ^ personal name, or “mince meat”, according to Palmer, 1881, p. 113
  3. ^ a b Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 271
  4. ^ Guérin, 1880, p. 398
  5. ^ according to List of villages sold by Sursocks and their partners to the Zionists since British occupation of Palestine, evidence to the Shaw Commission, 1930
  6. ^ Avneri, 1984, pp. 156-7
  7. ^ Kibbutz Alonim Founded by Ha-Shomer Youth
  8. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 15
  9. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 49 Archived 2015-09-24 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 92 Archived 2015-09-24 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 142 Archived 2015-06-02 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ Israelis and Palestinians unite over horses, The Jerusalem Post
  13. ^ Nefesh B'Nefesh: Kibbutz Hannaton


External links

This page was last edited on 25 April 2021, at 14:31
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