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Alligator Effigy Mound

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Alligator Effigy Mound
Nearest cityGranville, Ohio
Coordinates40°4′11.76″N 82°30′3.71″W / 40.0699333°N 82.5010306°W / 40.0699333; -82.5010306
NRHP reference #71000643 [1]
Added to NRHPNovember 5, 1971
Photo of the site
Photo of the site

The Alligator Effigy Mound is an effigy mound in Granville, Ohio, United States. The mound is believed to have been built between AD 800 and 1200 by people of the Fort Ancient culture.[2] The mound was likely a ceremonial site, as it was not used for burials.

Located on privately owned land, Alligator Mound is one of two extant effigy mounds known in the present-day state of Ohio, along with Serpent Mound in Adams County, Ohio.[2][3] It has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1971.[1] Effigy mounds were built more often by ancient indigenous peoples located in the areas of the present-day states of Illinois, Iowa, and Wisconsin than in the Ohio area, and many have survived there.[2][3]

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ Alligator Mound, Ohio - Ancient Aliens In America?
  • ✪ Archaeology Month: The Serpent & The Alligator: Ohio's Ancient Effigy Mounds
  • ✪ The Mystery Of Alligator Mound
  • ✪ Great Wonder of the Ancient World - The Great Serpent Mound
  • ✪ Indian Mound in The Green Swamp


Hey guys, let's take a look at the mysterious Alligator Mound in Granville, Ohio. What we can see from the ground level is just a pile of dirt that doesn't make much sense, but let's look it from the air. As we go up, these irregular mounds start to take the shape of a large animal. You can see the head, the long body and all four legs and there is also a long curving tail. This was built at least a thousand years ago, so the biggest question is who could have seen it from the sky at that time? Today, we can see this animal shape because we have all sorts of aircrafts, but the mound builders and other Native American tribes could only look at it as a pile of dirt from the ground. And if you look around, you'll realize that this area is more elevated than the surroundings which means that there are no vantage points on the ground to see this animal shape. So, if it was not meant to be seen by human beings, who else could have seen it other than extraterrestrials? Today, you can see that the structure is not clearly visible because of all the grass growing around. But this is an aerial photograph taken in 1928 and you can see that there is no grass and the shape can be seen clearly from the sky. People talk about Nazca lines of Peru, but this Alligator mound is also a similar creation that can be seen only from the air. This so-called alligator is 250 feet long and 76 feet wide. Archaeologists have no idea when it was built and initially assumed that it was built around 100 A.D. But in the last few years, they have reversed this theory and now claim that it was built around 1000 A.D. The blatant truth is that we don't really know when it was built. In fact, we don't even know if it is an alligator at all, modern day experts say that it could be an underwater panther or an opossum. What was this so-called Alligator Mound used for? Why did the mound builders bring soil and clay from various places to build a strong structure that would last for many centuries? It's no surprise that archaeologists think that it was used for religious purposes. This is the usual conclusion reached when they cannot find any specific purpose for ancient structures. However, it is logical to think that it served a practical purpose since so much effort was put into creating this structure. If it was designed to be seen by extraterrestrials, did it also serve as a signal for them? This is especially true because the large fields of Newark Earthworks which could have been used as alien landing strips are located just 6 miles away. So, if an aircraft was flying from the Northwest direction, the alligator mound would act as a signal pointing to the Newark Earthworks for landing. Is this a far-fetched theory? No, because we used the same technology to guide our aircrafts in 1920s. Large concrete arrows called Beacon Arrows were placed on the ground to help navigation and airplanes followed these arrows to reach airports. So, it is very possible that the alligator mound was also used as a signal to ancient astronauts leading to them to Newark Earthworks. Archaeologists found a few large stones placed on the alligator mound, so it is possible that once upon a time the entire structure was covered with stones. This would have been an amazing sight to see from the sky and would also be visible from a much higher altitude. But it gets much better; archeologists noticed that the stones were burnt because they were repeatedly set on fire. Now, imagine the entire mound set on fire at night. It would be a fantastic signal that would also work during night time. This is the same technology that we used or still use by installing airway beacon towers to navigate airplanes. Just like modern human beings, did the mound builders also build the so-called Alligator Mound to help navigate their flying Gods? What do you think?Please do let me know your opinion. Thank you for watching and talk to you soon.


Survey history

Squier and Davis: 1848

Ephraim George Squier and Edwin Hamilton Davis surveyed the privately held site in Granville, Ohio for the Smithsonian Institution and reported their findings in their 1848 publication Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley. They described the site as "strange." They report the location of the work as being 150 to 200 feet in height. They note that people in the area called it "the alligator," "although the figure bears as a close resemblance to the lizard as any other reptile." The head of the effigy points towards the southwest. The work totaled 250 feet in length from head to tail. The body was noted at 40 feet wide, and each leg was measured at 36 feet. They describe the ends of the paws as being "a little broader than the remaining portions of the same, as if the spread of those toes had been originally indicated."[4]

Squier and Davis note that the head, shoulders and rump of the effigy are higher than the rest of the body. The height of the mound ranges from four feet to six feet. In the middle of the effigy was a small mound, which they believed was used as an altar. Stones covered the altar, with marks from being lit on fire in the past. A graded way was made from the altar to the "top of the effigy." The graded way is ten feet wide. They note evidence of excavation in parts of the effigy with little disturbance to the site. Through excavation they determined that the site is made of clay and that the clay had been imported from another area. They also noted that no historical excavation, made by the creators of the effigy, was found in the region.[4]

They examine the headland where the mound is built. They describe it as a "beautifully rounded spur of land," and question if the site was rounded by humans to create such a rounded place. During their visit, they also noticed that damage had been done to the headland. They note that other earthworks can be seen from the top of the headland, specifically those in the Newark group.[4]

After their survey, Squier and Davis concluded that the site was used for sacrifices or "on stated or extraordinary occasions,".[4]

Lepper and Frolking: 1999

In 1999 Brad Lepper and Tod A. Frolking conducted a professional archaeological investigation of the mound. By radiometric dating of a piece of charcoal recovered from the base of the mound, they estimate its construction to have been 1,000 years BP (about AD 950).[2] Lepper suggests that the Alligator Mound is an effigy of an underwater panther, a powerful figure in Native American myth. He thinks that early European settlers misinterpreted what Native Americans told them about the effigy. They were told that it was a fierce creature that lived in the water and ate people, which they assumed to be an alligator.[5]


  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  2. ^ a b c d "Alligator Mound". Ohio Historical Society. Retrieved 2008-10-26.
  3. ^ a b "The Licking County Historical Society - Alligator Mound". The Licking County Historical Society. Archived from the original on 2008-08-04. Retrieved 2008-10-26.
  4. ^ a b c d Ephraim George Squier; Edwin Hamilton Davis (1848). Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley. Smithsonian Institution. pp. 217–221.
  5. ^ Lepper, Brad; Frolking, Tod A. (2003). "Alligator Mound: Geoarchaeological and Iconographical Interpretations of a Late Prehistoric Effigy Mound in Central Ohio, USA". Cambridge Archaeological Journal. 13 (2): 147–167. doi:10.1017/S0959774303000106.

External links

This page was last edited on 20 May 2019, at 23:25
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