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Granger, Washington

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Granger, Washington
Main Street
Main Street
Motto(s): 
Where Dinosaurs Roam
Location of Granger in Washington
Location of Granger in Washington
Granger, Washington is located in the United States
Granger, Washington
Granger, Washington
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 46°20′40″N 120°11′29″W / 46.34444°N 120.19139°W / 46.34444; -120.19139
CountryUnited States
StateWashington
CountyYakima
Area
 • Total1.74 sq mi (4.51 km2)
 • Land1.73 sq mi (4.48 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.04 km2)
Elevation
732 ft (223 m)
Population
 • Total3,246
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
3,830
 • Density2,216.44/sq mi (855.85/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
98932
Area code509
FIPS code53-27960
GNIS feature ID1505218[4]
WebsiteOfficial website
The Yakima Valley Library in Granger
The Yakima Valley Library in Granger

Granger is a city in Yakima County, Washington, United States. The population was 3,246 at the 2010 census. Although it was classified as a town in 2000, it has since been reclassified as a city.

History

Granger was founded in 1902 and named after Walter Granger,[5] superintendent of the Washington Irrigation Company who also laid out the cities of Zillah and Sunnyside. Granger was officially incorporated on September 28, 1909. In the 1910s and 20's, the town had several large industries including a tile and brick company and a cider mill.

The Granger Farm Workers Camp, which opened in May, 1941 two miles north of the city, became known as the Crewport, Washington Farm Labor Camp. It was built by the Farm Security Administration to house Dust Bowl refugees, initially White, and later Mexican Americans, who were brought in to work in the Yakima Valley as a result of World War II labor shortages. The camp closed in the late 1960s.[6]

The Latin radio station "Radio Cadena" or "Radio KDNA" building is in the town of Granger, and was first built in 1979. It was an activist radio station that educated farm workers, advocated farm workers' organizations, and provided Spanish language programs to non-English speaking families. In 2008, a new station building was built.

Geography

Granger is located at 46°20′40″N 120°11′29″W / 46.34444°N 120.19139°W / 46.34444; -120.19139 (46.344319, -120.191290).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.80 square miles (4.66 km2), of which, 1.79 square miles (4.64 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[8]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910453
1920412−9.1%
193056837.9%
194075232.4%
19501,16454.8%
19601,42422.3%
19701,56710.0%
19801,81215.6%
19902,05313.3%
20002,53023.2%
20103,24628.3%
2019 (est.)3,830[3]18.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
2015 Estimate[10]

2010 census

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 3,246 people, 774 households, and 675 families living in the city. The population density was 1,813.4 inhabitants per square mile (700.2/km2). There were 813 housing units at an average density of 454.2 per square mile (175.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 48.6% White, 0.4% African American, 1.7% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 46.9% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 88.2% of the population.

There were 774 households, of which 66.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.2% were married couples living together, 17.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 9.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 12.8% were non-families. 10.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.14 and the average family size was 4.41.

The median age in the city was 22.2 years. 43% of residents were under the age of 18; 11% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.4% were from 25 to 44; 14.9% were from 45 to 64; and 4.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.5% male and 49.5% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,530 people, 570 households, and 501 families living in the town. The population density was 2,019.7 people per square mile (781.5/km2). There were 609 housing units at an average density of 486.2 per square mile (188.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 20.20% White, 0.79% Native American, 76.36% from other races, and 2.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 85.53% of the population.

There were 570 households, out of which 60.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.2% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 12.1% were non-families. 9.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.44 and the average family size was 4.69.

In the town the age distribution of the population shows 43.0% under the age of 18, 14.2% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 12.2% from 45 to 64, and 5.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 21 years. For every 100 females, there were 105.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $26,250, and the median income for a family was $28,026. Males had a median income of $21,458 versus $20,000 for females. The per capita income for the town was $8,111. About 28.5% of families and 34.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.3% of those under age 18 and 21.4% of those age 65 or over.

Trivia

  • There are 32 life-size dinosaur models on display around the town of Granger. They are made from a skeleton of steel rods and chicken wire which is then packed with a cement mix. The idea of using a dinosaur exhibit to attract tourists was first mooted in 1993 and the first dinosaur was produced in 1994.
  • Fred Oldfield, a cowboy and noted artist, is originally from Alfalfa, a subdivision of Granger.

References

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
  3. ^ a b "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places in Washington: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019". United States Census Bureau. May 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ Meany, Edmond S. (1923). Origin of Washington geographic names. Seattle: University of Washington Press. p. 101.
  6. ^ "An Oral History of the Crewport Farm Labor Camp". Center for Columbia River History. 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-16.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
  9. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on October 19, 2016. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
This page was last edited on 27 January 2021, at 02:45
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