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Alexandre de Beauharnais

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Alexandre

Général ALEXANDRE FRANCOIS MARIE DE BEAUHARNAIS (1760-1794).jpg
Portrait by Georges Rouget (1834)
Birth nameAlexandre François Marie
Born(1760-05-28)28 May 1760
Fort-Royal, Martinique, France
Died23 July 1794(1794-07-23) (aged 34)
Paris, France
Buried
Allegiance Kingdom of France
 First French Republic
Service/branchInfantry
Years of service1776 – 1793
RankDivisional general
Unit
Pavillon royal de France.svg
French Royal Army
Tricolour Cockade.svg
French Revolutionary Army
Commands heldArmy of the Rhine
Battles/warsFrench Revolutionary Wars (1792–1802)
Spouse(s)
Other work

Alexandre François Marie, Viscount of Beauharnais (28 May 1760 – 23 July 1794) was a French political figure and general during the French Revolution. He was the first husband of Joséphine Tascher de la Pagerie, who later married Napoleon Bonaparte and became empress of the First French Empire. Beauharnais was executed by guillotine during the Reign of Terror.

Family

Beauharnais was born in Fort-Royal (today's Fort-de-France), Martinique. He was the son of Governor François de Beauharnais, Marquess de la La Ferté-Beauharnais, and Marie Henriette Pyvart de Chastullé. On 13 December 1779 in Paris, he married Joséphine Tascher de la Pagerie, the future Empress of France. They had two children, Eugène  (1781 – 1824) and Hortense (1783 – 1837).

Career

Beauharnais fought in Louis XVI's army in the American Revolutionary War. He was later deputy of the noblesse in the Estates-General, and was president of the National Constituent Assembly from 19 June to 3 July 1791 and from 31 July to 14 August 1791. Made a general in 1792 (during the French Revolutionary Wars), he refused, in June 1793, to become Minister of War. He was named General-in-Chief of the Army of the Rhine in 1793.

Death

On 2 March 1794, the Committee of General Security ordered his arrest. Accused of having poorly defended Mainz during the siege in 1793, and considered an aristocratic "suspect", he was jailed in the Carmes prison and sentenced to death during the Reign of Terror. His wife, Josephine, was jailed in the same prison on 21 April 1794, but she was freed after three months, thanks to the trial of Maximilien Robespierre. Beauharnais was guillotined, together with his cousin Augustin, on the Place de la Révolution (today's Place de la Concorde) in Paris, only five days before the deposition and execution of Robespierre.

References

External links

  • Marek, Miroslav. "A listing of the descendants of the Beauharnais family". genealogy.euweb.cz.
This page was last edited on 15 May 2020, at 13:03
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